Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington

Real Name:
Edward Kennedy Ellington
Profile:
American jazz band leader, and composer (born 29 April 1899 in Washington, District Of Columbia, USA - died 24 May 1974 in New York City, New York, USA).

"Art is dangerous. It is one of the attractions: when it ceases to be dangerous you don't want it." Duke Ellington.

Ellington was an outstanding composer. He wrote thousands of works, composing popular songs, art songs, a wide variety of instrumentals, suites, symphonic works, movie and TV scores, and music for ballet - all of a very high quality.

But to say merely that Ellington was a great composer ignores his achievement as a musician. Ellington is probably the only musician whose name has been associated with a particular style "Ellingtonia". This style does not imply a specific tempo or specific mood, but also a certain standard of quality. Whoever plays "Ellingtonia" must adhere to these standards. Many significant bands have attempted to copy his style.

For Jazz, Ellington was the first orchestra leader to substitute voices for instruments, he popularized the Baritone Sax when he engaged Harry Carney, he influenced countless bands and dance orchestras.

Beginning with his "Jungle Band" to his "Famous Orchestra" which appeared at Carnegie Hall numerous times and even introduced several Jazz suite that Duke had composed, Ellington his the most successful and important orchestra leader in Jazz history. Success did not come easily taking him many years of devoted work to make a name for himself.

He began as a Ragtime pianist in his hometown of Washington. His first composition was "Soda Fountain Rag" which he never recorded. In 1922 he led a fairly successful band which featured Sonny Greer and Otto Hardwick. Several years later, when he opened at the New York Kentuky Club he succeeded in capture the public fancy. This was the first band to capture the now legendary Ellington sound which is clearly present in the number "The Creeper", recorded at the end of 1926.

On 12 April 1927, Duke & his orchestra began the engagement which was to make him world famous: Irvin Mills brought them to the Cotton Club, where they stayed five years. There he laid the Jungle, the Mood and other styles. From December 1926 to October 1930 the Ellington band spent at least 64 days in the studios of 14 recording companies, using 18 different pseudonyms for his band, they recorded about 170 titles.

He is also the father of Mercer Ellington.
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Duke Ellington Discography

Albums

P 138 Duke Ellington A Duke Ellington Panorama(4xShellac, 10", Album) Victor P 138 US 1943 Sell This Version
SP 9 Duke Ellington Black Brown And Beige (A Duke Ellington Tone Parallel To The American Negro)(2xShellac, 12", Album) RCA Victor SP 9 US 1946 Sell This Version
T 477 Duke Ellington The Duke Plays Ellington (Album) Capitol Records, Capitol Records T 477 France 1954 Sell This Version
1004 Duke Ellington The Unusual Ellington(LP, Album, Mono) Jazz Guild 1004 US 1955 Sell This Version
PMEM 6006 Duke Ellington Duke Ellington Presents... (Album) Bethlehem Records PMEM 6006 New Zealand 1956 Sell This Version
1591 Duke Ellington Duke Ellington (Comp) Allegro (2), Royale, Ultraphonic (2) 1591 US 1956 Sell This Version
B 07208 L Duke Ellington / Buck Clayton All-Stars* Duke Ellington / Buck Clayton All-Stars* - At Newport (Album) Columbia B 07208 L Netherlands 1956 Sell This Version
BCP 60 Duke Ellington Historically Speaking - The Duke (Album) Bethlehem Records BCP 60 US 1956 Sell This Version
CL 933 Duke Ellington / Buck Clayton All-Stars* Duke Ellington / Buck Clayton All-Stars* - At Newport(LP, Album, Mono, Promo) Columbia CL 933 US 1956 Sell This Version
MG V-8345 Duke Ellington And Johnny Hodges Duke Ellington And Johnny Hodges - Side By Side (Album) Verve Records MG V-8345 US 1959 Sell This Version
MG V-8317 Duke Ellington & Johnny Hodges Duke Ellington & Johnny Hodges - Back To Back (Duke Ellington And Johnny Hodges Play The Blues) (Album) Verve Records MG V-8317 US 1959 Sell This Version
CS 8098 Duke Ellington Duke Ellington His Piano And His Orchestra At The Bal Masque (Album) Columbia CS 8098 US 1959 Sell This Version
SBBL 514 Duke Ellington Anatomy Of A Murder (Album) Philips SBBL 514 UK 1959 Sell This Version
T.20 761 Duke Ellington Ultra De Luxe(LP) Capitol Records T.20 761 France 1959 Sell This Version
847 048 BY, SBBL 594, 847048BY, SBBL.594 Duke Ellington And His Orchestra, Ellington*, Strayhorn*, Tchaikovsky* Duke Ellington And His Orchestra, Ellington*, Strayhorn*, Tchaikovsky* - The Nutcracker Suite (Album) Columbia 847 048 BY, SBBL 594, 847048BY, SBBL.594 UK 1960 Sell This Version
CS 8241 Duke Ellington Blues In Orbit (Album) Columbia CS 8241 US 1960 Sell This Version
UAS 5092 Duke Ellington featuring Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington featuring Louis Armstrong - Paris Blues (Album) United Artists Records UAS 5092 Canada 1961 Sell This Version
SCX 3430 Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington - Recording Together For The First Time (Album) Roulette SCX 3430 UK 1961 Sell This Version
62056 Duke Ellington And His Orchestra, Grieg*, Ellington* / Strayhorn* Duke Ellington And His Orchestra, Grieg*, Ellington* / Strayhorn* - Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 & 2 / Suite Thursday(LP) CBS 62056 UK 1961 Sell This Version
T 1602 Duke Ellington The Best Of Duke Ellington And His Famous Orchestra (Comp) Capitol Records T 1602 Italy 1961 Sell This Version
V. 33 Duke Ellington "Face À Face"(LP, Album, Ltd, Gat) Philips Réalités V. 33 France 1961 Sell This Version
AS-26 Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins - Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins (Album) Impulse! AS-26 US 1962 Sell This Version
BBL 7528, B 47016L, BBL.7528, B47016 L Duke Ellington And Count Basie Duke Ellington And Count Basie - First Time! The Count Meets The Duke (Album) Columbia BBL 7528, B 47016L, BBL.7528, B47016 L UK 1961 Sell This Version
106 657 L Duke Ellington / Bobby Hackett Duke Ellington / Bobby Hackett - Jazz Concert (Album) Goodyear, CBS Special Products 106 657 L Europe 1962 Sell This Version
CEL 900 George Gershwin, Mel Tormé, Frances Faye, Duke Ellington, Russ Garcia*, Maynard Ferguson, Johnny Hodges George Gershwin, Mel Tormé, Frances Faye, Duke Ellington, Russ Garcia*, Maynard Ferguson, Johnny Hodges - George Gershwin's Porgy And Bess(LP, Album, Gat) Ember Records International Ltd CEL 900 UK 1962 Sell This Version