Donald Byrd

Donald Byrd

Real Name:
Donaldson Toussaint L'Ouverture Byrd II
Profile:
American jazz trumpeter, composer, bandleader and educator.

Born: 9 December 1932 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.
Died: 4 February 2013 in Dover, Delaware, USA (aged 80).

Byrd attended Cass Tech, where he studied classical music and was mentored by the band director Dr. Harry Begian, a disciplinarian. He played trumpet in military bands during a stint in the Air Force from 1951–1953, before graduating from Wayne State University in 1954 with a music degree. Like other young Detroit jazz musicians, he also studied with bebop pianist Barry Harris (2).

Byrd's warmly burnished sound, fluent technique and aggressive-yet-graceful swing was rooted in the style of Clifford Brown, but his gangly, rhythmically loose phrasing was a unique calling card right from the get-go. As Byrd matured in the late 1950s and early 1960s, he tempered his hummingbird flourishes with a cooler sensibility and phrasing.

Byrd recorded prolifically both as a sideman and a leader, appearing on scores of recordings on the Savoy Records, Prestige, Riverside Records and Blue Note labels. He led a feisty quintet with his old pal from Detroit, baritone saxophonist Pepper Adams, from 1958–1961. Byrd also gave a young pianist from Chicago named Herbie Hancock his first major exposure by hiring him in 1961.

As a composer, Byrd was proficient in church-inspired shouts, funky and sophisticated blues forms and structurally interesting originals. He had a wider field of vision than many of his peers, exemplified by his influential 1963 LP, “A New Perspective” (Blue Note), which married his small group with a gospel choir.

Byrd never stopped going to school. He earned a master's degree in music education from the Manhattan School of Music in the late 1950s, studied composition with the famous classical pedagogue Nadia Boulanger in France in the early 1960s, earned a law degree from Howard University in 1976 and a doctorate from Columbia Teachers College in New York in the early 1980s.

Beginning in the 1960s, Byrd taught at many universities, most notably Rutgers, Howard and North Carolina Central.

By the early 1970s, Byrd had begun exploring a danceable fusion of jazz, R&B and soul. In 1973, he teamed with current and former students at Howard, where he was chairman of the black music department, to make the best-selling LP “Black Byrd”. Produced by brothers Larry Mizell & Fonce Mizell, the record and its sequels elevated Byrd into a crossover star.
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Donald Byrd Discography

Albums

MG 12017 Julian "Cannonball" Adderley* With Horace Silver, Paul Chambers (3), Donald Byrd, Nat Adderley, Jerome Richardson, Kenny Clarke Julian "Cannonball" Adderley* With Horace Silver, Paul Chambers (3), Donald Byrd, Nat Adderley, Jerome Richardson, Kenny Clarke - Bohemia After Dark (Album) Savoy Records MG 12017 US 1955 Sell This Version
32-013 Donald Byrd Byrd's Eye View (Album) Transition 32-013 UK 1955 Sell This Version
TRLP 5 Donald Byrd Byrd Jazz (Album) Transition TRLP 5 US 1956 Sell This Version
7062 Farmer* / Byrd* Farmer* / Byrd* - 2 Trumpets (Album) Prestige 7062 US 1956 Sell This Version
MG 12064 Donald Byrd, Hank Mobley, Horace Silver, Doug Watkins, John La Porta*, Ronnie Ball, Wendell Marshall, Kenny Clarke Donald Byrd, Hank Mobley, Horace Silver, Doug Watkins, John La Porta*, Ronnie Ball, Wendell Marshall, Kenny Clarke - The Jazz Message Of (Album) Savoy Records MG 12064 US 1956 Sell This Version
LP 7035, PRLP 7035 The Jackie McLean Quintet* With Donald Byrd And Elmo Hope The Jackie McLean Quintet* With Donald Byrd And Elmo Hope - Lights Out! (Album) Prestige, Prestige LP 7035, PRLP 7035 US 1956 Sell This Version
LP 7080 Woods* / Byrd* Woods* / Byrd* - The Young Bloods (Album) Prestige LP 7080 US 1956 Sell This Version
TRLP 17 Donald Byrd Byrd Blows On Beacon Hill (Album) Transition TRLP 17 US 1956 Sell This Version
MG 12032 Donald Byrd Byrd's Word (Album) Savoy Records MG 12032 US 1956 Sell This Version
CL 1058 Don Byrd* - Gigi Gryce Don Byrd* - Gigi Gryce - Modern Jazz Perspective (Album) Columbia CL 1058 US 1957 Sell This Version
PRLP 7092 Art Farmer / Donald Byrd / Idrees Sulieman Art Farmer / Donald Byrd / Idrees Sulieman - 3 Trumpets (Album) Prestige PRLP 7092 US 1957 Sell This Version
B 07904 R Don Byrd*, Gigi Gryce Don Byrd*, Gigi Gryce - Jazz Lab (Album) Columbia B 07904 R Netherlands 1955 Sell This Version
BLP 1540 Hank Mobley With Donald Byrd And Lee Morgan Hank Mobley With Donald Byrd And Lee Morgan - Hank Mobley With Donald Byrd And Lee Morgan (Album) Blue Note BLP 1540 US 1957 Sell This Version
BLP 1564 Paul Chambers Quintet With Donald Byrd, Cliff Jordan*, Tommy Flanagan, Elvin Jones Paul Chambers Quintet With Donald Byrd, Cliff Jordan*, Tommy Flanagan, Elvin Jones - Paul Chambers Quintet (Album) Blue Note BLP 1564 US 1957 Sell This Version
32-099 Red Garland Quintet* Featuring / John Coltrane And Donald Byrd Red Garland Quintet* Featuring / John Coltrane And Donald Byrd - All Mornin' Long (Album) Esquire 32-099 UK 1958 Sell This Version
JLP 1059 Gigi Gryce / Donald Byrd Gigi Gryce / Donald Byrd - Jazz Lab (Album) Jubilee JLP 1059 US 1958 Sell This Version
JGM 1064, JLP 1064 Jackie McLean, Donald Byrd, Mal Waldron, Doug Watkins, Ronald Tucker Jackie McLean, Donald Byrd, Mal Waldron, Doug Watkins, Ronald Tucker - Jackie McLean featuring Don Byrd(LP, Album) Jubilee, Jubilee JGM 1064, JLP 1064 US 1958 Sell This Version
BLP 4007 Donald Byrd Off To The Races (Album) Blue Note BLP 4007 US 1959 Sell This Version
BLP 4026 Donald Byrd Fuego (Album) Blue Note BLP 4026 US 1959 Sell This Version
BLP 4019 Donald Byrd Byrd In Hand (Album) Blue Note BLP 4019 US 1959 Sell This Version
PRLP 7209 The Red Garland Quintet With John Coltrane And Donald Byrd The Red Garland Quintet With John Coltrane And Donald Byrd - High Pressure (Album) Prestige PRLP 7209 US 1959 Sell This Version
P-7181 The Red Garland Quintet Featuring John Coltrane And Donald Byrd The Red Garland Quintet Featuring John Coltrane And Donald Byrd - Soul Junction (Album) Prestige P-7181 US 1960 Sell This Version
JLP 6 Donald Byrd - Hank Mobley - Kenny Drew Donald Byrd - Hank Mobley - Kenny Drew - Hard Bop(LP, Album, Mono, RE) Jazzland JLP 6 US 1960 Sell This Version
84061 Donald Byrd At The Half Note Cafe, Vol. 2 (Album) Blue Note 84061 US 1960 Sell This Version
BST-84060 Donald Byrd At The Half Note Cafe, Vol. 1 (Album) Blue Note BST-84060 US 1960 Sell This Version