Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler

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Gustav Mahler
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Austrian composer and conductor.

He was born 7 July 1860 in Kalischt, Bohemia (today Kaliště, Czech Republic) and died 18 May 1911 in Vienna, Austria.

Gustav Mahler (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʊstaf ˈmaːlɐ]; was a late-Romantic Austrian-Bohemian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler showed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner and Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small—for much of his life composing was a part-time activity, secondary to conducting—and is confined to the genres of symphony and song, except for one piano quartet. Most of his ten symphonies are very large-scale works, several of which employ soloists and choirs in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and were slow to receive critical and popular approval; an exception was the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Mahler's immediate musical successors were the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.
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Gustav Mahler Discography

Albums

M-MM 589 Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban - Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks M-MM 589 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4108 Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Columbia Masterworks ML 4108 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4295 Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabine, Max Reger Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabine, Max Reger - Great Masters of the Keyboard, Volume V(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4295 US 1950 Sell This Version
URLP 7016 Gustav Mahler / Lorri Lail / Josef Metternich / Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin / Rolf Kleinert / Leopold Ludwig Gustav Mahler / Lorri Lail / Josef Metternich / Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin / Rolf Kleinert / Leopold Ludwig - Kindertotenlieder / Songs Of A Wayfarer(LP, Mono) Urania Records, Inc. URLP 7016 US 1950 Sell This Version
DM 5026, DM 5027 Gustav Mahler - Česká Filharmonie* Řídí K. Šejna* Gustav Mahler - Česká Filharmonie* Řídí K. Šejna* - Symphony No 4 In G Major Supraphon DM 5026, DM 5027 Czechoslovakia 1951 Sell This Version
ML 2187 Mahler* - Kathleen Ferrier And Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The*, Bruno Walter Mahler* - Kathleen Ferrier And Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The*, Bruno Walter - Kindertotenlieder Columbia Masterworks ML 2187 US 1951 Sell This Version
PL 7602 Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor (Album) VOX (6) PL 7602 US 1952 Sell This Version
LXT 2718 Mahler* - Eduard van Beinum conducting Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam, The* with Margaret Ritchie Mahler* - Eduard van Beinum conducting Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam, The* with Margaret Ritchie - Symphony No. 4 In G Major Decca LXT 2718 UK 1952 Sell This Version
1308 Gustav Mahler Symphony No. 4 In G Major(LP) Royale 1308 US 1952 Sell This Version
59/60 Gustav Mahler, Vienna Orchestra, F. Charles Adler Gustav Mahler, Vienna Orchestra, F. Charles Adler - Symphony No. 6(LP, Album, Mono) SPA 59/60 US 1952 Sell This Version
WAL 207 Mahler* / Hermann Scherchen Conducting The Orchestra Of The Vienna State Opera* Mahler* / Hermann Scherchen Conducting The Orchestra Of The Vienna State Opera* - 5th Symphony In C Sharp Minor - 10th Symphony In F Sharp Major(2xLP, Album) Westminster WAL 207 US 1952 Sell This Version
A 4212 Mahler*, Kathleen Ferrier, Julius Patzak, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The* Conducted By Bruno Walter Mahler*, Kathleen Ferrier, Julius Patzak, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The* Conducted By Bruno Walter - Das Lied Von Der Erde London Records A 4212 UK 1953 Sell This Version
A 00226 L, A 00227 L Mahler* - Rotterdamer Chöre* und das Rotterdamer Philharmonische Orchester* Ltg. Eduard Flipse Mahler* - Rotterdamer Chöre* und das Rotterdamer Philharmonische Orchester* Ltg. Eduard Flipse - Symphonie Nr. 8 (Album) Philips, Philips A 00226 L, A 00227 L Netherlands 1954 Sell This Version
XWN 18014 Mahler* / Hermann Scherchen Conducts The Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of London* Mahler* / Hermann Scherchen Conducts The Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of London* - Symphony No. 1 In D Major (Album) Westminster XWN 18014 US 1955 Sell This Version
ML 4251 Mahler* - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Mahler* - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major Columbia ML 4251 US 1949 Sell This Version
60272 Gustav Mahler, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau Gustav Mahler, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Mahler: Songs of a Wafarer Kindertotenlieder(LP, Album) Seraphim 60272 US 1955 Sell This Version
PL 9100 Mahler* - Norman FosterJascha Horenstein, Bamberg Symphony* Mahler* - Norman FosterJascha Horenstein, Bamberg Symphony* - Kindertotenlieder · Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen(LP, Mono, Gat) VOX (6) PL 9100 US 1955 Sell This Version
A 00297/98 L Mahler* - Eduard Flipse leitet das Rotterdamer Philharmonische Orchester* Mahler* - Eduard Flipse leitet das Rotterdamer Philharmonische Orchester* - Symphonie Nr. 6(2xLP) Philips A 00297/98 L Netherlands 1955 Sell This Version
A 00410/11 L Mahler* - Ernst Haefliger / Nan Merriman / Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam* / Eduard van Beinum Mahler* - Ernst Haefliger / Nan Merriman / Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam* / Eduard van Beinum - Das Lied Von Der Erde, Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen(2xLP, Mono, Gat) Philips A 00410/11 L Netherlands 1957 Sell This Version
33CX 1541 Mahler* - Emmy Loose, Philharmonia Orchestra London*, Paul Kletzki Mahler* - Emmy Loose, Philharmonia Orchestra London*, Paul Kletzki - Sinfonie Nr. 4 (Album) EMI 33CX 1541 UK 1958 Sell This Version
OS 25039 Mahler*, Kirsten Flagstad, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The* ∙ Conductor Sir Adrian Boult Mahler*, Kirsten Flagstad, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The* ∙ Conductor Sir Adrian Boult - Kindertotenlieder - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen Decca OS 25039 US 1958 Sell This Version
ALP 1270 Mahler*, Brahms*, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Philharmonia Orchestra, Hertha Klust Mahler*, Brahms*, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Philharmonia Orchestra, Hertha Klust - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen) / Seven Songs, Op.32 His Master's Voice ALP 1270 UK 1958 Sell This Version
LPBR-6005 Gustav Mahler, Sir Adrian Boult, London Philharmonic Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, Sir Adrian Boult, London Philharmonic Orchestra* - Symphony No. 1 In D Major (Album) Everest, Everest LPBR-6005 US 1958 Sell This Version
HMS 30-501/2 Mahler* 3ᵉ Symphonie Harmonia Mundi HMS 30-501/2 France 1958 Sell This Version
M2S 601 Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Gustav Mahler, Emilia Cundari, Maureen Forrester, Westminster Choir, John Finley Williamson Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Gustav Mahler, Emilia Cundari, Maureen Forrester, Westminster Choir, John Finley Williamson - Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" (Album) CBS Masterworks M2S 601 1958 Sell This Version