Edgard Varèse

Edgard Varèse

Real Name:
Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse
Profile:
French-born composer (22 December 1883, Paris, France - 06 November 1965, Sullivan Street, Greenwich Village, New York, USA).

"I Long for instruments obedient to my thought and whim, with their contribution of a whole new world of unsuspected sounds, which will lend themselves to the exigencies of my inner rhythm." Varèse. June 1917.

Edgard Varèse has been credited as the "Father of Electronic Music". He is often credited as Edgar Varese.

Varèse grew up in the Burgundian village of Le Villars and returned to Paris in 1890. He then moved with his family to Turin, where his early attempts at composition began. Varèse married actress Suzanne Bing, 05 November 1907. His daughter, Claude, was born in 1910 and he divorced Bing in 1913. In 1917 he met Louise Norton and married her, 17 January 1922.

Edgar Varèse (1883-1965) studied with Vincent d'Indy at the Schola Cantorum (1903-5) and Charles-Marie Widor at the Paris Conservatoire (1905-7), then moved to Berlin, where he met Richard Strauss and Ferruccio Busoni.
In 1913 he returned to Paris, but in 1915 he emigrated to New York; nearly all his compositions disappeared at this stage, with the exception of a single published song and an orchestral score, Bourgogne (1908), which he took with him but destroyed towards the end of his life.
His creative output therefore effectively begins with Amériques for large orchestra (1921), which, for all its echoes of Claude Debussy and of
Igor Stravinsky's early ballets, sets out to discover new worlds of sound.
In 1921 Varèse and Carlos Salzedo founded the International Composers' Guild, who gave the first performances of several of Varèse's works for small ensemble, these prominently featuring wind and percussion, and presenting the innovations of Amériques in pure, compact form: Hyperprism (1923), Octandre (1923) and Intégrales (1925).
Arcana (1927), which retums to the large orchestra and extended form with perfected technique, brought this most productive period to an end.
There followed a long stay in Paris (1928-33), during which Varèse wrote Ionisation for percussion orchestra (1931), the first European work to dispense almost entirely with pitched sounds, which enter only in the coda.
He also took an interest in the electronic instruments being developed (he had been calling for electronic means since his arrival in the USA), and wrote for two theremins, or ondes martenot, in Ecuatorial for bass, brass, keyboards and percussion ( 1934).
The flute solo Density 21.5 (1936) was then Varèse's last completed work for nearly two decades.
During this time he taught sporadically and also made plans for Espace, which was to have involved simultaneous radio broadcasts from around the globe; an Etude pour Espace for chorus, pianos and percussion was performed in 1947.
Then, with electronic music at last a real possibility owing to the development of the tape recorder, Varèse produced Déserts for wind, percussion and tape (1954) and Poème Électronique (1957-8), devised to be diffused in the Philips pavilion at the Brussels Exposition of 1958.
Varèse's last years were devoted to projects on themes of night and death, including the unfinished Nocturnal for voices and chamber orchestra (1961) [Which was completed by Chou Wen-chung].
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Edgard Varèse Discography

Albums

EMS401 Edgard Varèse Complete Works Of Edgard Varèse, Volume 1 EMS Recordings EMS401 US 1950 Sell This Version
S75 695 Edgard Varèse / Robert Craft, Columbia Symphony Orchestra Edgard Varèse / Robert Craft, Columbia Symphony Orchestra - Music Of Edgar Varèse (Album) Columbia Masterworks S75 695 France 1960 Sell This Version
C 30 A 271 Varèse* / Schönberg* - Pierre Boulez Varèse* / Schönberg* - Pierre Boulez - Hyperprisme - Octandre - Intégrales / Suite Op. 29 (Album) Vega C 30 A 271 France 1960 Sell This Version
BRG 72106 Edgar Varèse* A Sound Spectacular. Music Of Edgar Varèse Vol. 2: Arcana ‧ Déserts ‧ Offrandes (Album) Columbia Masterworks BRG 72106 UK 1962 Sell This Version
VSD-71156 Edgar Varèse* / Darius Milhaud / Arthur Honegger Edgar Varèse* / Darius Milhaud / Arthur Honegger - Amériques / L'Homme Et Son Désir / Pacific 231 (Comp) Vanguard Everyman Classics VSD-71156 US 1966 Sell This Version
LSC-2914 Edgard Varèse / Frank Martin (3) / Chicago Symphony Orchestra* / Jean Martinon Edgard Varèse / Frank Martin (3) / Chicago Symphony Orchestra* / Jean Martinon - Arcana / Concerto For Seven Wind Instruments, Timpani, Percussion And String Orchestra (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LSC-2914 US 1966 Sell This Version
RIKS LP 4 Benjamin Britten, Edgard Varèse, Siegfried Naumann, Karl-Erik Welin Benjamin Britten, Edgard Varèse, Siegfried Naumann, Karl-Erik Welin - Les Illuminations / Octandre / Cadenze Per 9 Strumenti / Warum Nicht?(LP, Mono) Expo Norr RIKS LP 4 Sweden 1966 Sell This Version
VCS-10047 Varèse* / Lazarof* - Utah Symphony Orchestra / Maurice Abravanel*, Ariel Bybee / Bass Ensemble Of The University Of Utah* ; Dr. Newell B. Weight* Varèse* / Lazarof* - Utah Symphony Orchestra / Maurice Abravanel*, Ariel Bybee / Bass Ensemble Of The University Of Utah* ; Dr. Newell B. Weight* - Nocturnal / Ecuatorial / Structures Sonores (Album) Vanguard VCS-10047 US 1968 Sell This Version
16.012 Varèse* / Berio* / Jolas* - Orchestre Du Domaine Musical, Gilbert Amy Varèse* / Berio* / Jolas* - Orchestre Du Domaine Musical, Gilbert Amy - Tempi Concertati / Offrandes / D'un Opera De Voyage (Album) Disques Adès 16.012 France 1968 Sell This Version
S 75.695, S 75695 Edgard Varèse, Membres Du Columbia Symphony Orchestra*, Robert Craft Edgard Varèse, Membres Du Columbia Symphony Orchestra*, Robert Craft - Varèse: Density 21.5 - Hyperprism(LP, Album) CBS, CBS S 75.695, S 75695 France 1968 Sell This Version
none Varese* | Apostel* | Denisow* | Haubenstock-Ramati* Varese* | Apostel* | Denisow* | Haubenstock-Ramati* - Musikprotokoll 1970 - Steirischer Herbst - Eine Dokumentation(LP, Album) ORF, Amadeo none Austria 1970 Sell This Version
STGBY 643 Varèse*, Friedrich Cerha, "Die Reihe" Ensemble* Varèse*, Friedrich Cerha, "Die Reihe" Ensemble* - Density, Intégrales, Offrandes, Hyperprism, Octandre, Ionisation (Album) Candide STGBY 643 UK 1971 Sell This Version
3 C 063-10875 Varese* Deserts / Hyperprism / Integrales / Density 21,5 La Voix De Son Maître, La Voix De Son Maître 3 C 063-10875 Italy 1971 Sell This Version
CC 2824 Edgard Varèse, Per Nørgård, Bent Lylloff, Copenhagen Percussion Ensemble Edgard Varèse, Per Nørgård, Bent Lylloff, Copenhagen Percussion Ensemble - Percussion from Denmark(LP) Cambridge Records CC 2824 US 1971 Sell This Version
SXL 6550 Edgar Varèse* Arcana / Intégrales / Ionisation (Album) Decca SXL 6550 UK 1972 Sell This Version
H-71269 Edgard Varèse Offrandes / Intégrales / Octandre / Ecuatorial (Album) Nonesuch H-71269 US 1972 Sell This Version
SRV • 308 SD Edgard Varèse - Maurice de Abravanel , Conductor, Utah Symphony Orchestra Edgard Varèse - Maurice de Abravanel , Conductor, Utah Symphony Orchestra - Amériques / Nocturnal / Ecuatorial (Album) Vanguard Everyman Classics SRV • 308 SD US 1973 Sell This Version
MHS 3726 Edgard Varèse Amériques, Arcana Erato MHS 3726 US 1973 Sell This Version
9 71291-4 B Varèse*, Colgrass*, Cowell*, Saperstein*, Oak* - The New Jersey Percussion Ensemble, Raymond DesRoches* Varèse*, Colgrass*, Cowell*, Saperstein*, Oak* - The New Jersey Percussion Ensemble, Raymond DesRoches* - Percussion Music (Album) Nonesuch 9 71291-4 B US 1974 Sell This Version
APD075S Fredonia Percussion Ensemble / Gitta Steiner / Michael Colgrass / James Stabile / Zita Carno / Edgar Varese* / Niel DePonte Fredonia Percussion Ensemble / Gitta Steiner / Michael Colgrass / James Stabile / Zita Carno / Edgar Varese* / Niel DePonte - Percussion At Fredonia(LP, Album) Instructional Resources Center APD075S US 1975 Sell This Version
25AC 362 Varèse* - New York Philharmonic*, Boulez* Varèse* - New York Philharmonic*, Boulez* - Boulez Conducts Varèse: Amériques / Arcana / Ionisation (Album) Columbia Masterworks 25AC 362 Japan 1977 Sell This Version
SM 5000 Copland* / Varèse* / Britten* Copland* / Varèse* / Britten* - Appalachian Spring / Octandre / Sinfonietta Opus 1(LP) Canadian Broadcasting Corporation SM 5000 Canada 1980 Sell This Version
60286 Edgard Varèse, Robert Craft, Columbia Symphony Orchestra Edgard Varèse, Robert Craft, Columbia Symphony Orchestra - Hyperprism, Integrales, Ionisation(LP) CBS 60286 France 1983 Sell This Version
GSdM 019 Dallapiccola* / Malipiero* / Varèse* / Cage* Dallapiccola* / Malipiero* / Varèse* / Cage* - Documenti Sonori: Dal Dopoguerra Agli Anni '60: Cori Di Michelangelo Buonarroti Il Giovane / Cantari Alla Madrigalesca / Density 21,5 Per Ft. Solo / Music Walk (LP) Gruppo Editoriale Fabbri GSdM 019 Italy 1983 Sell This Version
M 39053 Varèse* / Boulez* / Ensemble Intercontemporain Varèse* / Boulez* / Ensemble Intercontemporain - Varèse: Ecuatorial / Déserts / Intégrales (Album) CBS Masterworks M 39053 US 1984 Sell This Version