Eugene Ormandy

Eugene Ormandy

Real Name:
Jenö Blau
Profile:
Hungarian-American conductor and violinist ( November 18, 1899, Budapest, Hungary – March 12, 1985, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA).

Ormandy is best known for his longstanding post as the conductor of The Philadelphia Orchestra. He also developed what came to be known as the "Philadelphia Sound," emphasizing lush string sonorities and, often, legato phrasing and rounded tone.

Ormandy, born Jenö Blau, began his musical career at an early age. He could identify symphonies at the age of 3 and could play the violin by the age of 4. When he was 5, he became a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest (now the Franz Liszt Academy of Music). He studied with Jenő Hubay and began his conducting career with the Symphonisches Blüthner-Orchester Berlin (Blüthner Orchestra).

He moved to the United States in 1921 (taking citizenship in 1927). Around this time he changed his name to "Eugene Ormandy," "Eugene" being the equivalent of the Hungarian "Jenő." Accounts differ on the origin of "Ormandy"; it may have either been his own middle name at birth, or his mother's. In the 1920s, Ormandy worked in New York as a conductor and in 1930 made his first appearance in Philadelphia with The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra Of Philadelphia. When Arturo Toscanini was too ill to conduct the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1931, Ormandy was asked to sit in. This led to Ormandy's first major appointment as a conductor in Minneapolis.

From 1931 to 1936 Ormandy served as Music Director of Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (now the Minnesota Orchestra). During his time in Minnesota, RCA Victor contracted the orchestra and recordings were made from 1934-1935. Several premiere recordings were made in Minneapolis, including Zoltán Kodály's <i> Háry János Suite </i> and Arnold Schoenberg’s <i> Verklärte Nacht </i>.

In 1936, Eugene Ormandy began his 44-year long tenure with The Philadelphia Orchestra when he became associate conductor under Leopold Stokowski. In 1938, he was promoted to permanent conductor. Ormandy was a quick learner of scores, often conducting from memory and without a baton. He developed an amazing ensemble rapport and personally hired every one of the 104 musicians who played under his baton.

As music director, Ormandy conducted from 100 to 180 concerts each year in Philadelphia. He led the Philadelphia Orchestra on several national and international tours, including a 1955 tour of Finland, where Ormandy and Orchestra members visited the elderly composer Jean Sibelius and in 1973, they became the first American symphony orchestra in the People's Republic of China. Ormandy and the orchestra recorded extensively for Columbia and RCA, especially during the stereo LP era. Ormandy retired as conductor in Philadelphia at the end of the 1979-1980 season (whereupon he was named Conductor Laureate).

Ormandy was always a knowledgeable, well-prepared conductor, but he was most comfortable with Romantic and post-Romantic music; especially noteworthy were his performances and recordings of Richard Strauss and Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff. He led the first performances of many works by American composers and, in 1948 he led the Philadelphia Orchestra in the first symphony concert broadcast on American TV.

Ormandy's awards include: <b> The Presidential Medal of Freedom</b>, presented by Richard M. Nixon in 1970; <b> The Ditson Conductor's Award </b> for championing American music in 1977; Appointment by Queen Elizabeth II as an honorary <b> Knight of the British Empire </b> in 1976; and he was awarded the <b> Kennedy Center Honors </b> in 1982.
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Eugene Ormandy Discography

Albums

MX-251, MX 251, X-MX-251 Gershwin*, Oscar Levant, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Gershwin*, Oscar Levant, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Rhapsody In Blue(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MX-251, MX 251, X-MX-251 US 1945 Sell This Version
M-588 The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston - Six Dances(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M-588 US 1947 Sell This Version
MX-291 Eugene Ormandy Peer Gynt Suite No 1 Op 46(Shellac, 12", Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks MX-291 US 1947 Sell This Version
ML 2194 Chausson* | Saint-Saëns*, Zino Francescatti With The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Chausson* | Saint-Saëns*, Zino Francescatti With The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Chausson: Poème For Violin And Orchestra, Op. 25 • Saint-Saëns: Introduction And Rondo Capriccioso For Violin And Orchestra, Op. 28(10") Columbia Masterworks ML 2194 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4017 Brahms*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Brahms*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Symphony No. 4 In E Minor, Op. 98(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4017 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4022 Dvorak*, Gregor Piatigorsky With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Dvorak*, Gregor Piatigorsky With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Dvorak: Concerto In B Minor For Cello And Orchestra, Op. 104(LP, Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4022 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4132 Grieg* , Liszt* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Grieg* , Liszt* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Peer Gynt Suite No. 1, Op. 46 / Hungarian Rhapsody No. 1; Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4132 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4024 Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Franck* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Franck* - Symphony In D Minor (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4024 US 1949 Sell This Version
WDM 262 Eugene Ormandy / Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy / Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - The Music Of Johann Strauss (Album) RCA Victor WDM 262 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4247 Prokofiev* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, The Westminster Choir*, Dr. John Finley Williamson*, Jennie Tourel Prokofiev* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, The Westminster Choir*, Dr. John Finley Williamson*, Jennie Tourel - Alexander Nevsky - Cantata, Op. 78 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4247 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 2054 Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Handel*, Corelli* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Handel*, Corelli* - A Handel - Corelli Concert Columbia Masterworks ML 2054 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4089 Rimsky-Korsakov* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Rimsky-Korsakov* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Scheherazade (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4089 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4121 Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / John Barbirolli* Conducts The New York Philharmonic Orchestra / Tchaikovski* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / John Barbirolli* Conducts The New York Philharmonic Orchestra / Tchaikovski* - Serenade In C & Theme And Variations(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4121 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4239 Bartok* / Miaskovski* / Ormandy* Bartok* / Miaskovski* / Ormandy* - Concerto No. 3 For Piano And Orchestra; Symphony No. 21 In F-sharp Minor, Op. 51(LP, Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4239 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4142 Eugene Ormandy Prokofiev: Scythian Suite, Op. 20 / Respighi: Feste Romane(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4142 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4177 Hindemith* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell Hindemith* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell - Nobilissima Visione / Symphonic Metamorphosis On Themes Of Carl Maria Von Weber (1943)(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4177 US 1949 Sell This Version
LM 8 Tchaikovsky*, Philadelphia Orchestra*, Eugene Ormandy Tchaikovsky*, Philadelphia Orchestra*, Eugene Ormandy - Nutcracker Suite (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM 8 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4031 Rudolf Serkin Serkin Philadelphia Orchestra*, Ormandy* Rudolf Serkin Serkin Philadelphia Orchestra*, Ormandy* - Concerto In A Minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 54(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4031 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4467, ML-4467 Berlioz* / The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Berlioz* / The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Symphonie Fantastique, Op. 14 (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks ML 4467, ML-4467 Canada 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4044, ML 54044 R. Strauss* / The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy R. Strauss* / The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Rosenkavalier Suite • Death And Transfiguration(LP) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks ML 4044, ML 54044 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 2140 Schönberg*, Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* With Martha Lipton / Alban Berg, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy , Conductor, With Gertrude Ribla Schönberg*, Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* With Martha Lipton / Alban Berg, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy , Conductor, With Gertrude Ribla - Gurrelieder: Lied Der Waldtaube / Three Exerpts From "Wozzeck," Op.7(10", Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 2140 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4268 Eugene Ormandy, George Szell, Joseph Haydn, The Philadelphia Orchestra, The Cleveland Orchestra Eugene Ormandy, George Szell, Joseph Haydn, The Philadelphia Orchestra, The Cleveland Orchestra - Haydn: Symphony No. 101 In D Major ("The Clock") / Symphony No. 92 In G Major ("Oxford")(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4268 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4328 Serge Prokofiev*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Serge Prokofiev*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 6 In E-Flat Minor, Op. 111(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4328 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 2158 Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Sibelius* / Rachmaninoff* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Sibelius* / Rachmaninoff* - Sibelius And Rachmaninoff(10") Columbia Masterworks ML 2158 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4041 Schumann*, Rudolf Serkin, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Schumann*, Rudolf Serkin, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Concerto In A Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 54(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4041 US 1950 Sell This Version

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