Björk ‎– Medúlla

Genre:
Style:
Year:
Notes:
Björk's 6th full-length studio album (or 5th if you do not count her Selmasongs soundtrack album)
DebutPostHomogenicSelmasongsVespertine • Medúlla • DR9VoltaBiophiliaVulnicura

Extra video materials released as a bonus to late Medúlla releases in Europe are also available as separate releases in certain countries: • The Medúlla VideosMedulla Making Of

Medúlla singles:
OceaniaWho Is ItTriumph Of A Heart • ·. Where Is The Line (unr.)·.

Tracklist

Pleasure Is All Mine 3:26
Show Me Forgiveness 1:23
Where Is The Line 4:41
Vökuró 3:14
Öll Birtan 1:52
Who Is It (Carry My Joy On The Left Carry My Pain On The Right) 3:57
Submarine 3:13
Desired Constellation 4:55
Oceania 3:24
Sonnets / Unrealities XI 1:59
Ancestors 4:08
Mouth's Cradle 3:59
Miðvikudags 1:24
Triumph Of A Heart 4:04

Versions (83)

Cat# Artist Title (Format) Label Cat# Country Year
TPLP358 Björk Medúlla(2x12", Album, Ltd) One Little Indian TPLP358 UK 2004 Sell This Version
YT-1073, YT-1074 比约克* Bjorky Medulla(2xHDCD, Album, Unofficial) Elite Music (4), Elite Music (4) YT-1073, YT-1074 Asia 2004 Sell This Version
none Björk Medulla(15xFile, AAC, Album, 256) One Little Indian none 2004
E-756 Bjork* Medulla(2xHDCD, Album, Unofficial) EMI (2) E-756 Asia 2004 Sell This Version
H1696 Bjork* Medulla(2xHDCD, Album, Unofficial) Polydor (2) H1696 Asia 2004 Sell This Version
H1628 Bjork* Medulla(HDCD, Album, Unofficial) Sony Music (2) H1628 Asia 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358 Björk Medúlla(2x12", Album, Ltd, 180) One Little Indian TPLP358 UK & Europe 2004 Sell This Version
UIJP-1003/4 Björk Medúlla(2xLP, Album) Universal Music K.K. UIJP-1003/4 Japan 2004 Sell This Version
9867593 Björk Medúlla(2xLP, Album, Ltd) Polydor 9867593 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358 Björk Medúlla(2xLP, Ltd) One Little Indian TPLP358 UK 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358 Björk Medúlla(2xLP, TP) One Little Indian TPLP358 UK 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Helicon Records 9867590 Israel 2004 Sell This Version
STARCD 6887 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Universal Music STARCD 6887 South Africa 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Universal Music Chile S.A. 9867590 Chile 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Ukrainian Records 9867590 Ukraine 2004 Sell This Version
9867589 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867589 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
9867589 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867589 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Вирджиния Рекърдс 9867590 Bulgaria 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867590 Malaysia 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Universal, Polydor 9867590 Mexico 2004 Sell This Version
260 038-4 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor, Universal 260 038-4 Russia 2004 Sell This Version
9867589 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867589 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867590 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
60249867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Universal Music 60249867590 Brazil 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358CD Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) One Little Indian TPLP358CD UK 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor, Universal Music Australia 9867590 Australasia 2004 Sell This Version
9867589 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867589 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
UICP-1056 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor UICP-1056 Japan 2004 Sell This Version
62984-2 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Elektra 62984-2 US 2004 Sell This Version
9867590, DG8894 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor, Universal Music Korea 9867590, DG8894 South Korea 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358CD Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) One Little Indian TPLP358CD UK 2004 Sell This Version
CD 62984 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Elektra CD 62984 Canada 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album) Polydor 9867590 Argentina 2004 Sell This Version
E2 62984 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Club) Elektra E2 62984 Canada 2004 Sell This Version
F 52901 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Enh, Unofficial) Universal (3) F 52901 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
F52901 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Enh, Unofficial) Universal (3) F52901 Russia 2004 Sell This Version
F52901 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Enh, Unofficial) Universal (3) F52901 Russia 2004 Sell This Version
F52901 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Enh, Unofficial) Universal (3) F52901 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
62985-2 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Ltd, Gat) Elektra 62985-2 US 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Promo) Polydor 9867590 Argentina 2004 Sell This Version
UICP-1056 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Promo) Polydor UICP-1056 Japan 2004 Sell This Version
986 759-0 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Promo) Polydor 986 759-0 Thailand 2004 Sell This Version
62984-2 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Promo, Gol) Elektra 62984-2 US 2004 Sell This Version
986 759-0 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Sli) Universal Music Taiwan 986 759-0 Taiwan 2004 Sell This Version
PR 186070904 Bjork* Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) PROF Records PR 186070904 Russia 2004 Sell This Version
TU 08 04 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) Not On Label (Björk) TU 08 04 Bulgaria 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) Polydor (2) 9867590 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) Polydor (2) 9867590 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
CD2004-053 Björk Medúlla(CDr, Album, Enh, Unofficial) ТанцPoll CD2004-053 Russia 2004 Sell This Version
none Björk Medúlla(CDr, Album, Promo, Copy Prot.) Elektra none US 2004 Sell This Version
none Björk Medúlla(CDr, Album, Promo, Copy Prot.) One Little Indian none UK 2004 Sell This Version
none Björk Medúlla(CDr, Album, Promo, Wat) Elektra none US 2004 Sell This Version
none Björk Medúlla(CDr, Album, Promo, Wat) Polydor none Europe 2004 Sell This Version
none Björk Medúlla(CDr, Album, Smplr) Polydor none Germany 2004 Sell This Version
986 759-4 Björk Medúlla(Cass, Album) Polydor 986 759-4 Thailand 2004 Sell This Version
986 759-4 Björk Medúlla(Cass, Album) Ukrainian Records 986 759-4 Ukraine 2004 Sell This Version
260 038-5 Björk Medúlla(Cass, Album) Universal Music Russia 260 038-5 Russia 2004 Sell This Version
9867594, 2560 Björk Medúlla(Cass, Album) Polydor, Universal Music Indonesia 9867594, 2560 Indonesia 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358DVDA Björk Medúlla(DVD-A, Multichannel, Album) One Little Indian TPLP358DVDA UK 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358DVD Björk Medúlla(DVD-V, Multichannel, Album, Spe) One Little Indian TPLP358DVD UK 2004 Sell This Version
985361-7 Björk Medúlla(SACD, Album) Polydor 985361-7 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
UIGP-1001 Björk Medúlla(SACD, Hybrid, Multichannel, Album) Polydor UIGP-1001 Japan 2004 Sell This Version
TPLP358 CDL Björk Medúlla(SACD, Hybrid, Multichannel, Album) One Little Indian TPLP358 CDL UK 2004 Sell This Version
9867592 Björk Medúlla(SACD, Hybrid, Multichannel, Album) Polydor 9867592 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
9867591 Björk Medúlla(SACD, Hybrid, Multichannel, Album, Ltd) Polydor 9867591 Europe 2004 Sell This Version
9868397, 9868937, 986397, 9871137, 9871139 Björk Medúlla(2xDVD, Album, M/Print, S/Edition) Polydor, Polydor, Polydor, Polydor, Polydor 9868397, 9868937, 986397, 9871137, 9871139 Europe 2005 Sell This Version
9868397 Björk Medúlla(2xDVD, Multichannel, Album, Spe) Polydor 9868397 Europe 2005 Sell This Version
9868397 Björk Medúlla(2xDVD-V, NTSC, Spe) Ukrainian Records 9868397 Ukraine 2005 Sell This Version
9867590 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) Polydor (2) 9867590 Russia 2005 Sell This Version
T-1362A Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) MG Records (3) T-1362A Russia 2005 Sell This Version
985 361-7 Björk Medulla(Hybrid, DualDisc, RE) Universal Music Taiwan 985 361-7 Taiwan 2006 Sell This Version
UICY-90188 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Ltd, RE) Universal Music K.K. UICY-90188 Japan 2006 Sell This Version
9853617 Björk Medúlla(Hybrid, DualDisc, Album, RE) Polydor 9853617 Europe 2006 Sell This Version
tplp358dual Björk Medúlla(Hybrid, DualDisc, Album, RE) One Little Indian tplp358dual UK 2006 Sell This Version
R2 73327 Björk Medúlla(Hybrid, DualDisc, Album, RE) Elektra, Rhino Records (2) R2 73327 US 2006 Sell This Version
TPLP358DMM Björk Medúlla(2x12", Album, Ltd, Num, RM, DMM) One Little Indian TPLP358DMM UK 2008 Sell This Version
UICY-93447 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Ltd, Num, RE, RM, SHM) Polydor UICY-93447 Japan 2008 Sell This Version
530 849-4 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, RM, Ltd, Vin) Polydor 530 849-4 Europe 2008 Sell This Version
UICY-20158 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, RE, SHM) Polydor UICY-20158 Japan 2011 Sell This Version
TPLP358LTD Björk Medúlla(2xLP, Album, Ltd, RE, Mar) One Little Indian TPLP358LTD UK 2015 Sell This Version
4751689 Björk Medúlla(2xLP, Album, RE, 180) Polydor 4751689 Europe 2016 Sell This Version
9867589 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, RP) Polydor 9867589 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
OR3666 Björk Medúlla(CD, Album, Unofficial) Not On Label (Björk) OR3666 Russia Unknown Sell This Version

Recommendations

Reviews Show All 12 Reviews

Add Review

viens

viens

September 4, 2015
referencing Medúlla, 2xLP, Album, Ltd, RE, Mar, TPLP358LTD
Great reissue, clean and strong sound on this colored 45rpm version. Somehow I was expecting a bad copy since many people had trouble with these 2015 colored reissues (I had already ordered it); at least Medúlla has no trouble at all.
mrsutton

mrsutton

June 15, 2015
referencing Medúlla, DVD-V, Multichannel, Album, Spe, TPLP358DVD
DVD-A 24bit version of the 5.1 has a faulty mixed left surround speaker, no high end!! Be warned!! if this the same on the DVD-A standalone release?
Eviltoastman

Eviltoastman

May 29, 2011
referencing Medúlla, 2x12", Album, Ltd, TPLP358

This isn't an in depth review, but I've read that some are reporting that there is an EQ issue (at least with the 33rpm version), but I'd like to confirm that the sound on this 45 rpm version is quite fantastic and a joy to listen to.

I've not heard the 33rpm versions but would assume that the sound would be eq'd lower due to the format limitation and should therefore be quieter than this so I'm surprised that there are reports of a distorted sound. I'd like to give that edition a spin to rule out the possibility of the aforementioned review being affected by poor equipment.
dghkfhldfdhlfa

dghkfhldfdhlfa

December 13, 2010
referencing Medúlla, CD, Album, 62984-2
what a strange record - in substance, in intent and within somebody like bjork's back catalog. for those living under a rock over the last several years, or perhaps born in the 1990s, this record is bjork's attempt to eliminate all musical instruments from the recording process. yes, it is the actualization of the worst nightmare of musician unions everywhere, the creation of a fully developed record using nothing but a voice and computer.

of course, none of that is actually true. several voices are used on this record and they come from a rather broad "underground" background including mike patton from mr. bungle & faith no more and robert wyatt from soft machine. peter hooke, of joy division and new order fame, also makes an appearance as do several more modern record producers: mark bell and matmos most prominently. furthermore, the record is extremely heavily programmed in one way or another; whether the sequencers are using voice snippets or synthesized drums is in many ways not particularly relevant. this is an idm record first and an a capella disc second.

the juxtaposition of very dour and minimal electronic beats with traditional icelandic throat singing is at times bluntly startling, particularly when it takes on nationalist political undertones. bjork's politics are often lost in her stage persona and her persistent interest in pushing the envelope of what could be considered to be "pop music". she seems to primarily be interested in the coalescence of geographically isolated populations into unified, independent voices. the implication is that her ideal global framework is one where nations are small and insulated but, by extension, have equal voices. if you can imagine a united nations with 1000 seats, each one representing a unique culture as opposed to a diverse country, then you are getting close to a vague picture of bjork's ideal world.

i find the ideal to be noble but unrealistic and perhaps a little too strongly rooted in cultural identity at the expense of global identity. on the one hand, a single world culture would take away the most powerful weapon that the elite has: xenophobia. without the ability to spread propaganda based on xenophobia, the war economy could not burn and war could not exist. yet, bjork seems to have an aversion to this ideal in the sense that it destroys identity, it would leave the world a rather dour and boring place where everybody is the same. is that a realistic analysis? within nations, are we not all unique? so, why maintain the negative aspects of nations?

it was easy to label this as a classic when it first came out as it was so unique in it's intent that it was clearly going to carve a unique niche for itself. however, sometimes these kinds of projects simply don't hold up to too much scrutiny and i'm afraid that this appears to be the case with this record. first, it suffers from "hit single syndrome". "hit single syndrome" is the preventable condition of feeling forced to include a marketable track on an album-length concept record. i've heard too many full concepts articulated, and, yes, even recently, through major label contracts and wide distributions to believe that the label is really behind the "hit single syndrome" to any measurable degree. sure, there are some exceptions, but the only legitimate examples of label intrusion that i've ever seen are at the record level. it's never "include this single". it's always "don't release this record.". it's hard to contemplate how they would have let this record out at all if they didn't think it was marketable. so, you really need to pin the "hit single" thing on the artists themselves.

on this record, the hit single is "who is it". it just doesn't work on the record, especially not after you've heard it several times. the track is just weak; it's a great pop song and little else. the other problem is that the more you listen to the disc, the "icelandic throat singing" starts to sound more and more like "christian hymning". i'm sure there's all kinds of influence flowing around all kinds of different ways. yet, the hymning gets a little tiresome after a while.

you have to give her points for being brave and you have to admire the concept. overall, it is an intriguing listen and it's great to toss on once in a while. yet, the material is just not strong enough to let it flow well enough to allow it to carve out a niche. the quintessential mic/machine disc that eliminates all musical instruments and must be heard by all has yet to be written.
Ramzy

Ramzy

April 24, 2008
referencing Medúlla, 2xLP, Ltd, TPLP358

I really don't understand why record companies do this - just like Vespertine, this album is pressed far too loudly, and the vinyl just distorts all the time. In addition to which the volume means it doesn't fit on a single vinyl, necessitating three side changes instead of just one. Debut, Post, Telegram and Homogenic all sound lovely, and then suddenly One Little Indian apparently forgot how to make LPs. It's a shame, because it completely ruins the album. I actually might buy the CD. That's how bad it is.
ncw

ncw

January 27, 2005
edited over 6 years ago
referencing Medúlla, CD, Album, TPLP358CD
so so good, throat singing is the way
fabz

fabz

October 11, 2004
edited over 11 years ago
referencing Medúlla, CD, Album, 62984-2

There's no doubt that in every Björk release you will observe an evolution in her style, however in my opinion Medúlla is not an evolution but mutation indeed. Do not expect the melodic tunes and sing-along songs from her previous albums but a musical experiment. Submarine is the best track in this album but the other tracks difer much from what Björk used to sound.