Swiss artist and writer, born 29 February 1864 in Bern, Switzerland and died 6 November 1930 in Waldau, Switzerland. From 1895 to his death he lived in the psychiatric clinic in Waldau near Bern, where he produced an oeuvre of more then 1400 drawings, more then 1500 collages and 25000 pages of writings. He is considered one of the most important early Art Brut and Outsider Artists. Surrealist André Breton
considered him among the 3 or 4 most important artists, in 1948 Jean Dubuffet
showed 120 of Wölfli's drawings, and in 1972 at the Documenta 5 in Kassel a part of the show was dedicated to him.