Carl Orff

Carl Orff

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Carl Orff
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Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1937). He was also successful and influential in the field of music education. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces. Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. For example, he referred to his works Der Mond (The Moon, 1939) and Die Kluge (The Wise Woman, 1943) as Märchenopern ("fairytale operas"). Both compositions feature the same "timeless" sound, called timeless because they do not employ any of the musical techniques of the period in which they were composed, with the intent that they be difficult to define as belonging to a particular era. Their melodies, rhythms, and accompanying text form a unique union of words and music. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy.

In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Originally a set of pieces composed and published for the Güntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22), this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk, and were written in collaboration with his former pupil, composer and educator Gunild Keetman, who actually wrote most of the settings and arrangements in the "Musik für Kinder" ("Music for Children") volumes. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a very innovative approach to music education for children, known as the "Orff Schulwerk". The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation.
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Carl Orff Discography

Albums

Carl Orff / Eugen Jochum, Chorus Of The Bavarian Radio*, Annelies Kupper, Richard Holm Carl Orff / Eugen Jochum, Chorus Of The Bavarian Radio*, Annelies Kupper, Richard Holm - Catulli Carmina (Ludi Scaenici) (Album) Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1954 Sell This Version
16069 LP Carl Orff, Elfride TrötschelHans BraunPaul Kuen, Karl Hoppe*, Eugen Jochum, Chor* Und Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks* Carl Orff, Elfride TrötschelHans BraunPaul Kuen, Karl Hoppe*, Eugen Jochum, Chor* Und Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks* - Carmina Burana(10", Mono, Gat) Deutsche Grammophon 16069 LP Germany 1955 Sell This Version
Carl Orff Die Kluge (Album) Angel Records, Angel Records, Angel Records US 1956 Sell This Version
Carl Orff, Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Heinrich Hollreiser Carl Orff, Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Heinrich Hollreiser - Antigonae - Scenes IV And V - "This Recording Made Under My Personal Supervision" Columbia Masterworks UK 1956 Sell This Version
Carl Orff, Philharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl Orff, Philharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch - Der Mond Highlights (Album) Columbia Germany 1957 Sell This Version
Carl Orff Die Bernauerin (Ein Bairisches Stück) - Querschnitt Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1957 Sell This Version
Carl Orff / Wolfgang Sawallisch / Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* Carl Orff / Wolfgang Sawallisch / Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Carmina Burana (Album) Columbia UK 1957 Sell This Version
Carl OrffPhilharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl OrffPhilharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch - Der Mond Columbia, Columbia Germany 1957 Sell This Version
Carl Orff / Elfride Trötschel · Paul Kuen · Hans Braun · Karl Hoppe · Chor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks · Symphonie-Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Eugen Jochum Carl Orff / Elfride Trötschel · Paul Kuen · Hans Braun · Karl Hoppe · Chor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks · Symphonie-Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Eugen Jochum - Carmina Burana (Album) Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1956 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Rudolf Christ, Marcel Cordes, Gottlob Frick, Paul Kuén*, Benno Kusche, Gustav Neidlinger, Hermann Prey, Georg Wieter, Philharmonia Orchester London*, Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl Orff - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Rudolf Christ, Marcel Cordes, Gottlob Frick, Paul Kuén*, Benno Kusche, Gustav Neidlinger, Hermann Prey, Georg Wieter, Philharmonia Orchester London*, Wolfgang Sawallisch - Die Kluge (Album) His Master's Voice Germany 1958 Sell This Version
Carl OrffGunild Keetman Carl OrffGunild Keetman - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil I Columbia Germany 1958 Sell This Version
Carl OrffGunild Keetman Carl OrffGunild Keetman - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil II Columbia, Columbia, Columbia Germany 1958 Sell This Version
33CX 1550 Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume Two(LP) Columbia 33CX 1550 UK 1958 Sell This Version
CX 1549, 33CX 1549 Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume One(LP) Columbia, Columbia CX 1549, 33CX 1549 UK 1958 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Stokowski* / The Houston Symphony Orchestra* / The Houston Chorale Carl Orff - Stokowski* / The Houston Symphony Orchestra* / The Houston Chorale - Carmina Burana (Album) Capitol Records, Capitol Records, Capitol Records UK 1959 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Janice Harsanyi / Rudolph Petrak* / Harve Presnell, The Rutgers University Choir, F. Austin Walter Carl Orff - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Janice Harsanyi / Rudolph Petrak* / Harve Presnell, The Rutgers University Choir, F. Austin Walter - Carmina Burana / Cantiones Profanae (Album) Columbia Masterworks Netherlands 1960 Sell This Version
008 847 Carl Orff Carl Orff Liest Sein Weihnachtsspiel - Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus(LP, Mono) R. Piper & Co. Verlag München 008 847 Germany 1960 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Jutta Vulpius, Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, Kurt Rehm, Kurt Hübenthal, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Kinderchor Leipzig, Dietrich Knothe, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Herbert Kegel Carl Orff - Jutta Vulpius, Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, Kurt Rehm, Kurt Hübenthal, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Kinderchor Leipzig, Dietrich Knothe, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Herbert Kegel - Carmina Burana (Album) ETERNA German Democratic Republic (GDR) 1961 Sell This Version
Carl Orff Antigonæ (Album) Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1961 Sell This Version
Carl Orff Carmina Burana (Album) Supraphon Czechoslovakia 1961 Sell This Version
LPM 18305 Carl Orff, Annelies Kupper, Richard Holm, Coro Y Orquesta Sinfonica De La Radiodifusión De Baviera* Conducted By Eugen Jochum Carl Orff, Annelies Kupper, Richard Holm, Coro Y Orquesta Sinfonica De La Radiodifusión De Baviera* Conducted By Eugen Jochum - El Triunfo De Afrodita(LP, Album, Mono) Deutsche Grammophon LPM 18305 Spain 1961 Sell This Version
Carl Orff / Heinrich Hollreiser Carl Orff / Heinrich Hollreiser - Catulli Carmina (Album) VOX (6) US 1954 Sell This Version
Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch "Reines Moll" (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 3 - Orff-Schulwerk - Dur: Dominanten (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version