Carl Orff

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Carl Orff
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Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1935/6). He was also successful and influential in the field of music education. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1935/6), a "scenic cantata". It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces. Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. For example, he referred to his works Der Mond (The Moon, 1939) and Die Kluge (The Wise Woman, 1943) as Märchenopern ("fairytale operas"). Both compositions feature the same "timeless" sound, called timeless because they do not employ any of the musical techniques of the period in which they were composed, with the intent that they be difficult to define as belonging to a particular era. Their melodies, rhythms, and accompanying text form a unique union of words and music. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy.

In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Originally a set of pieces composed and published for the Güntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22), this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk, and were written in collaboration with his former pupil, composer and educator Gunild Keetman, who actually wrote most of the settings and arrangements in the "Musik für Kinder" ("Music for Children") volumes. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a very innovative approach to music education for children, known as the "Orff Schulwerk". The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation.
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Albums

16068 A/B Carmina Burana — Carl Orff Carl Orff, Elfride TrötschelHans BraunPaul Kuen, Karl Hoppe*, Eugen Jochum, Chor* Und Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks* Carl Orff, Elfride TrötschelHans BraunPaul Kuen, Karl Hoppe*, Eugen Jochum, Chor* Und Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks* - Carmina Burana (Album) Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon 16068 A/B Germany 1952 Sell This Version
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17 021 LPE, LPE 17 021 Catulli Carmina (Ludi Scaenici) — Carl Orff Carl Orff - Annelies Kupper, Richard Holm, Chor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Josef Kugler, Eugen Jochum Carl Orff - Annelies Kupper, Richard Holm, Chor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Josef Kugler, Eugen Jochum - Catulli Carmina (Ludi Scaenici) (Album) Deutsche Grammophon 17 021 LPE, LPE 17 021 Germany 1954 Sell This Version
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ML 5038 Antigonae — Carl Orff Carl Orff : Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Heinrich Hollreiser Carl Orff : Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Heinrich Hollreiser - Antigonae (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 5038 US 1955 Sell This Version
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ANGEL 3551 B/L Die Kluge — Carl Orff Carl Orff Die Kluge (Album) Angel Records ANGEL 3551 B/L US 1956 Sell This Version
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LPM 18483/85 Trionfi (Carmina Burana · Catulli Carmina · Trionfo Di Afrodite) — Carl Orff Carl Orff, Eugen Jochum Carl Orff, Eugen Jochum - Trionfi (Carmina Burana · Catulli Carmina · Trionfo Di Afrodite) (Album) Deutsche Grammophon LPM 18483/85 Germany 1957 Sell This Version
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LPM 18 408 Die Bernauerin (Ein Bairisches Stück) - Querschnitt — Carl Orff Carl Orff Die Bernauerin (Ein Bairisches Stück) - Querschnitt Deutsche Grammophon LPM 18 408 Germany 1957 Sell This Version
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LPM 18 305 Carl Orff - Annelies Kupper, Elisabeth Lindermeier, Elisabeth Wiese-Lange, Richard Holm, Ratko Delorko, Kurt Böhme, Chor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sinfonie-Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks*, Eugen Jochum Carl Orff - Annelies Kupper, Elisabeth Lindermeier, Elisabeth Wiese-Lange, Richard Holm, Ratko Delorko, Kurt Böhme, Chor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sinfonie-Orchester Des Bayerischen Rundfunks*, Eugen Jochum - El Triunfo De Afrodita (Album) Deutsche Grammophon LPM 18 305 Germany 1957 Sell This Version
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33CX 1480 Carmina Burana — Carl Orff Carl Orff / Wolfgang Sawallisch / Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* Carl Orff / Wolfgang Sawallisch / Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Carmina Burana (Album) Columbia 33CX 1480 UK 1957 Sell This Version
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C 90 288/89, 33WCX514/515 Der Mond — Carl Orff Carl OrffPhilharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl OrffPhilharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch - Der Mond (Album) Columbia, Columbia C 90 288/89, 33WCX514/515 Germany 1957 Sell This Version
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33CX 1550 Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume Two — Carl Orff Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume Two Columbia 33CX 1550 UK 1958 Sell This Version
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STC 80 800, 80 800, SCXW 7592 Der Mond (Grosser Querschnitt Aus Der Von Carl Orff Autorisierten Gesamtaufnahme) — Carl Orff Carl Orff, Philharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl Orff, Philharmonia Orchester London* Dirigiert Von Wolfgang Sawallisch - Der Mond (Grosser Querschnitt Aus Der Von Carl Orff Autorisierten Gesamtaufnahme) (Album) Columbia, Columbia, Columbia STC 80 800, 80 800, SCXW 7592 Germany 1958 Sell This Version
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C 80 108 / 33 WSX 511 / WSX 511 Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil II — Carl Orff Carl OrffGunild Keetman Carl OrffGunild Keetman - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil II Columbia, Columbia, Columbia C 80 108 / 33 WSX 511 / WSX 511 Germany 1958 Sell This Version
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C 80 799, 80 799 Die Kluge — Carl Orff Carl Orff - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Rudolf Christ, Marcel Cordes, Gottlob Frick, Paul Kuén*, Benno Kusche, Gustav Neidlinger, Hermann Prey, Georg Wieter, Philharmonia Orchester London*, Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl Orff - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Rudolf Christ, Marcel Cordes, Gottlob Frick, Paul Kuén*, Benno Kusche, Gustav Neidlinger, Hermann Prey, Georg Wieter, Philharmonia Orchester London*, Wolfgang Sawallisch - Die Kluge (Album) Columbia, Electrola Gesellschaft m.b.H. C 80 799, 80 799 Germany 1958 Sell This Version
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C 80 107 / 33 WSX 510 / WSX 510 Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil I — Carl Orff Carl OrffGunild Keetman Carl OrffGunild Keetman - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil I Columbia C 80 107 / 33 WSX 510 / WSX 510 Germany 1958 Sell This Version
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Angel 3582-B Music For Children — Carl Orff Carl Orff And Gunild Keetman Carl Orff And Gunild Keetman - Music For Children (Comp) Angel Records Angel 3582-B US 1959 Sell This Version
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SPAR 8470, SPAR-8470, 8470 Carmina Burana — Carl Orff Carl Orff, Stokowski*, The Houston Symphony Orchestra*, The Houston Chorale Carl Orff, Stokowski*, The Houston Symphony Orchestra*, The Houston Chorale - Carmina Burana (Album) Capitol Records, Capitol Records, Capitol Records SPAR 8470, SPAR-8470, 8470 US 1959 Sell This Version
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008 847 Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus - Ein Weihnachtsspiel — Carl Orff Carl Orff Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus - Ein Weihnachtsspiel (Album) Wergo 008 847 Germany 1960 Sell This Version
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VSD 2066 Carmina Burana — Carl Orff Carl OrffSylvia StahlmanJohn FerranteMorley MeredithHartford Symphony Orchestra* And Symphony Chorale* Conducted By Fritz Mahler Carl OrffSylvia StahlmanJohn FerranteMorley MeredithHartford Symphony Orchestra* And Symphony Chorale* Conducted By Fritz Mahler - Carmina Burana (Album, Comp) Vanguard VSD 2066 US 1960 Sell This Version
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MS 6163 Carmina Burana / Cantiones Profanae — Carl Orff Carl Orff - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Janice Harsanyi / Rudolph Petrak* / Harve Presnell, The Rutgers University Choir, F. Austin Walter Carl Orff - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Janice Harsanyi / Rudolph Petrak* / Harve Presnell, The Rutgers University Choir, F. Austin Walter - Carmina Burana / Cantiones Profanae (Album) Columbia Masterworks MS 6163 US 1960 Sell This Version
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18 717/19 LPM Antigonæ — Carl Orff Carl Orff Antigonæ (Album) Deutsche Grammophon 18 717/19 LPM Germany 1961 Sell This Version
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8 20 204 Carmina Burana — Carl Orff Carl Orff - Jutta Vulpius, Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, Kurt Rehm, Kurt Hübenthal, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Kinderchor Leipzig, Dietrich Knothe, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Herbert Kegel Carl Orff - Jutta Vulpius, Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, Kurt Rehm, Kurt Hübenthal, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Kinderchor Leipzig, Dietrich Knothe, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Herbert Kegel - Carmina Burana (Album) ETERNA 8 20 204 German Democratic Republic (GDR) 1961 Sell This Version
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SUA ST 50409 Carmina Burana — Carl Orff Carl Orff Carmina Burana (Album) Supraphon SUA ST 50409 Czechoslovakia 1961 Sell This Version
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HM 30 655 X Musica Poetica Teil 6 - Orff Schulwerk - Dorisch / Phrygisch — Carl Orff Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 6 - Orff Schulwerk - Dorisch / Phrygisch (Album) Harmonia Mundi HM 30 655 X Germany 1963 Sell This Version
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30 654 Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch "Reines Moll" (Album) Harmonia Mundi 30 654 Germany 1963 Sell This Version
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HM 25 163 Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) — Carl Orff Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) (Album) Harmonia Mundi HM 25 163 Germany 1963 Sell This Version