Real Name:
Carl Orff
Profile:
Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1935/6). He was also successful and influential in the field of music education. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1935/6), a "scenic cantata". It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces. Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. For example, he referred to his works Der Mond (The Moon, 1939) and Die Kluge (The Wise Woman, 1943) as Märchenopern ("fairytale operas"). Both compositions feature the same "timeless" sound, called timeless because they do not employ any of the musical techniques of the period in which they were composed, with the intent that they be difficult to define as belonging to a particular era. Their melodies, rhythms, and accompanying text form a unique union of words and music. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy.

In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Originally a set of pieces composed and published for the Güntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22), this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk, and were written in collaboration with his former pupil, composer and educator Gunild Keetman, who actually wrote most of the settings and arrangements in the "Musik für Kinder" ("Music for Children") volumes. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a very innovative approach to music education for children, known as the "Orff Schulwerk". The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation.
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Variations:
Carl Orff - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil II album art Carl OrffGunild Keetman Carl OrffGunild Keetman - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil II Columbia, Columbia, Columbia Germany 1958 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume One album art Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume One Columbia, Columbia UK 1958 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil I album art Carl OrffGunild Keetman Carl OrffGunild Keetman - Orff-Schulwerk - Musik Für Kinder Teil I Columbia Germany 1958 Sell This Version
33CX 1550 Carl Orff - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume Two album art Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman Carl Orff & Gunild Keetman - Music For Children (Schulwerk): Volume Two(LP) Columbia 33CX 1550 UK 1958 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 6 - Orff Schulwerk - Dorisch / Phrygisch album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 6 - Orff Schulwerk - Dorisch / Phrygisch (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch "Reines Moll" album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch "Reines Moll" (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
HM 17 030 Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte album art Carl Orff - Gunild Keetman Carl Orff - Gunild Keetman - Weihnachtsgeschichte(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi HM 17 030 Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Weihnachtslieder album art Der Tölzer Knabenchor* Der Tölzer Knabenchor* - Weihnachtslieder (EP) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 7 - Orff Schulwerk - Moll: Stufen / Dominanten album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 7 - Orff Schulwerk - Moll: Stufen / Dominanten (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 4 - Orff Schulwerk - Dur: Unterdominanten / Pentatonik II album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 4 - Orff Schulwerk - Dur: Unterdominanten / Pentatonik II (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
17 059 Carl Orff - Das Huhn Gagackt, Die Ente Quackt  album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Das Huhn Gagackt, Die Ente Quackt (7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 059 Germany 1965 Sell This Version
17 058 Carl Orff - Ei Das Soll Tun Frau Nachtigall album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt*, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt*, Tölzer Knabenchor - Ei Das Soll Tun Frau Nachtigall(7", EP, Mono) Harmonia Mundi 17 058 Germany 1965 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Trari-trara, Der Sommer Ist Da!  album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Trari-trara, Der Sommer Ist Da! (EP) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1967 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Music For Children album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Music For Children Angel Records UK 1971 Sell This Version
80 963 XR Carl Orff - Der Mond album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Der Mond(2xLP + Box) Eurodisc 80 963 XR Germany 1971 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musikalisches Hausbuch album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musikalisches Hausbuch (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1973 Sell This Version
B-15354 Carl Orff - Street Song (Gassenhauer) / Xylophone Fantasy (Improvisation for Xylophone) album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Street Song (Gassenhauer) / Xylophone Fantasy (Improvisation for Xylophone)(7", Single) BASF B-15354 Germany 1974 Sell This Version
15354 Carl Orff - Street Song (Gassenhauer) album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Street Song (Gassenhauer)(7", Single, Mono) BASF 15354 US 1974 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Street Song (Gassenhauer) album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Street Song (Gassenhauer) (Album, Comp) BASF/Harmonia Mundi US 1975 Sell This Version
20 21028-6, HM 30 657, HM 30 907 Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 8 - Orff Schulwerk - Lamento; Komm, Trost Der Nacht; Der Froschkönig; Wiegenlied; Vom Schlaraffenland; Das Himmlische Leben  album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 8 - Orff Schulwerk - Lamento; Komm, Trost Der Nacht; Der Froschkönig; Wiegenlied; Vom Schlaraffenland; Das Himmlische Leben (LP, Album, Gat) BASF, Harmonia Mundi, Harmonia Mundi 20 21028-6, HM 30 657, HM 30 907 Germany 1975 Sell This Version
20 21029-4, none Carl Orff - Musica Poetica 9 - Orff Schulwerk (Bolero • Abendlicher Tanz • Ekstatischer Tanz • Nachtlied • Kehraus) album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica 9 - Orff Schulwerk (Bolero • Abendlicher Tanz • Ekstatischer Tanz • Nachtlied • Kehraus)(LP, Gat) BASF, Harmonia Mundi 20 21029-4, none Germany 1975 Sell This Version
1C 153-99 885/89 Carl Orff - Musica Poetica: Orff-Schulwerk 1-5 album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica: Orff-Schulwerk 1-5(5xLP, Album, Comp + Box) Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 1C 153-99 885/89 Germany 1976 Sell This Version
1C 153-99 890/94 Carl Orff - Musica Poetica: Orff-Schulwerk 6-10 album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica: Orff-Schulwerk 6-10(5xLP, Album, Comp + Box) Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 1C 153-99 890/94 Germany 1976 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Orpheus album art Carl Orff, Hermann PreyLucia PoppRose Wagemann, Karl RidderbuschChor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Münchner Rundfunkorchester, Kurt Eichhorn Carl Orff, Hermann PreyLucia PoppRose Wagemann, Karl RidderbuschChor Des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Münchner Rundfunkorchester, Kurt Eichhorn - Orpheus Acanta, Bellaphon Germany 1980 Sell This Version