Real Name:
Carl Orff
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Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1935/6). He was also successful and influential in the field of music education. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1935/6), a "scenic cantata". It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces. Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. For example, he referred to his works Der Mond (The Moon, 1939) and Die Kluge (The Wise Woman, 1943) as Märchenopern ("fairytale operas"). Both compositions feature the same "timeless" sound, called timeless because they do not employ any of the musical techniques of the period in which they were composed, with the intent that they be difficult to define as belonging to a particular era. Their melodies, rhythms, and accompanying text form a unique union of words and music. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy.

In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Originally a set of pieces composed and published for the Güntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22), this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk, and were written in collaboration with his former pupil, composer and educator Gunild Keetman, who actually wrote most of the settings and arrangements in the "Musik für Kinder" ("Music for Children") volumes. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a very innovative approach to music education for children, known as the "Orff Schulwerk". The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation.
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Carl Orff - Antigonae - Scenes IV And V - "This Recording Made Under My Personal Supervision" album art Carl Orff, Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Heinrich Hollreiser Carl Orff, Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Heinrich Hollreiser - Antigonae - Scenes IV And V - "This Recording Made Under My Personal Supervision" Columbia Masterworks UK 1956 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Carmina Burana album art Carl Orff / Wolfgang Sawallisch / Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* Carl Orff / Wolfgang Sawallisch / Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Carmina Burana (Album) Columbia UK 1957 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Die Bernauerin (Ein Bairisches Stück) - Querschnitt album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Die Bernauerin (Ein Bairisches Stück) - Querschnitt Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1957 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Antigonæ album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Antigonæ (Album) Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1961 Sell This Version
HM 17 030 Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte album art Carl Orff - Gunild Keetman Carl Orff - Gunild Keetman - Weihnachtsgeschichte(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi HM 17 030 Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Weihnachtslieder album art Der Tölzer Knabenchor* Der Tölzer Knabenchor* - Weihnachtslieder (EP) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
17 059 Carl Orff - Das Huhn Gagackt, Die Ente Quackt  album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Das Huhn Gagackt, Die Ente Quackt (7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 059 Germany 1965 Sell This Version
17 058 Carl Orff - Ei Das Soll Tun Frau Nachtigall album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt*, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt*, Tölzer Knabenchor - Ei Das Soll Tun Frau Nachtigall(7", EP, Mono) Harmonia Mundi 17 058 Germany 1965 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Frühlingslieder I album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Frühlingslieder I (EP) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1967 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Oedipus Der Tyrann album art Orff* Orff* - Oedipus Der Tyrann Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1967 Sell This Version
HMV SLS 815 Carl Orff - Carl Orff's Music For Children album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Carl Orff's Music For Children(2xLP, RE + Box) EMI HMV SLS 815 UK 1971 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus - Ein Weihnachtsspiel album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus - Ein Weihnachtsspiel Eurodisc Germany 1971 Sell This Version
61 760 Carl Orff - Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus - Ein Weihnachtsspiel  Comoedia de Christi Resurrectione - Ein Osterspiel album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Ludus De Nato Infante Mirificus - Ein Weihnachtsspiel Comoedia de Christi Resurrectione - Ein Osterspiel(2xLP, Album, Clu) Eurodisc 61 760 Germany 1971 Sell This Version
SPRO-9653/9654 Carl Orff - William Tell Overture (Finale) / O Fortuna album art The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra / The London Symphony Orchestra And Chorus* Excalibur / O Fortuna (as Orff) The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra / The London Symphony Orchestra And Chorus* - William Tell Overture (Finale) / O Fortuna(7", Single, Promo) Angel Records SPRO-9653/9654 US 1981 Sell This Version
AGRCD002 Carl Orff - True To Trance 02 album art Various Fortune (Elektrokid vs. Dave Lambert Remix) (as Orff) Various - True To Trance 02(2xCD, Comp, Mixed) Afterglow Records AGRCD002 Germany 2006 Sell This Version
33137 Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte(10") Donauland 33137 Austria Unknown Sell This Version
17 088 Carl Orff - Geistliche Musik: Wessobrunner Gebet album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Fritz Schieri, Kammerchor Der Staatlichen Hochschule Für Musik München Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Fritz Schieri, Kammerchor Der Staatlichen Hochschule Für Musik München - Geistliche Musik: Wessobrunner Gebet(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 088 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
17 082 Carl Orff - Das Knaben Wunderhorn II: Johann, Spann An album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Das Knaben Wunderhorn II: Johann, Spann An(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 082 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
17 084 Carl Orff - Geschichten: Der Herr, Der Schickt Den Jockel Aus album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Hans-Günter Lenders, Der Kölner Kinderchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Hans-Günter Lenders, Der Kölner Kinderchor - Geschichten: Der Herr, Der Schickt Den Jockel Aus(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 084 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
17 083 Carl Orff - Das Knaben Wunderhorn III: Des Antonius Fischpredigt album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Das Knaben Wunderhorn III: Des Antonius Fischpredigt(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 083 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
17 081 Carl Orff - Das Knaben Wunderhorn I: Der Jungste Tag album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Das Knaben Wunderhorn I: Der Jungste Tag(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 081 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
17 086 Carl Orff - Balladen: Es Waren Zwei Königskinder album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor - Balladen: Es Waren Zwei Königskinder(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 086 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
FLP 77 094 Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte album art Carl Orff Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte(10", Mono) Fono-Ring FLP 77 094 Germany, Austria, & Switzerland Unknown Sell This Version
17 085 Carl Orff - Fruhlingslieder II: Der Maien Ist Kommen album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Hans-Günter Lenders, Der Kölner Kinderchor Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Hans-Günter Lenders, Der Kölner Kinderchor - Fruhlingslieder II: Der Maien Ist Kommen(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi 17 085 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
HMS 17 087 Carl Orff - Passion Und Ostern: Es Sungen Drei Engel album art Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Fritz Schieri, Kammerchor Der Staatlichen Hochschule Für Musik München Carl Orff, Gerhard Schmidt-Gaden, Tölzer Knabenchor, Fritz Schieri, Kammerchor Der Staatlichen Hochschule Für Musik München - Passion Und Ostern: Es Sungen Drei Engel(7", EP) Harmonia Mundi HMS 17 087 Germany Unknown Sell This Version