Carl Orff

Real Name:
Carl Orff
Profile:
Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1935/6). He was also successful and influential in the field of music education. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1935/6), a "scenic cantata". It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces. Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. For example, he referred to his works Der Mond (The Moon, 1939) and Die Kluge (The Wise Woman, 1943) as Märchenopern ("fairytale operas"). Both compositions feature the same "timeless" sound, called timeless because they do not employ any of the musical techniques of the period in which they were composed, with the intent that they be difficult to define as belonging to a particular era. Their melodies, rhythms, and accompanying text form a unique union of words and music. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy.

In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Originally a set of pieces composed and published for the Güntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22), this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk, and were written in collaboration with his former pupil, composer and educator Gunild Keetman, who actually wrote most of the settings and arrangements in the "Musik für Kinder" ("Music for Children") volumes. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a very innovative approach to music education for children, known as the "Orff Schulwerk". The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation.
Sites:
Variations:

Albums

Carl Orff - Catulli Carmina album art Carl Orff / Heinrich Hollreiser Carl Orff / Heinrich Hollreiser - Catulli Carmina (Album) VOX (6) US 1954 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 6 - Orff Schulwerk - Dorisch / Phrygisch album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 6 - Orff Schulwerk - Dorisch / Phrygisch (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch "Reines Moll" album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 5 - Orff Schulwerk - Äolisch "Reines Moll" (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Weihnachtsgeschichte (Musica Poetica: Orff Schulwerk) (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1963 Sell This Version
PL 8640 VOX Carl Orff, Heinrich Hollreiser, The Vienna Chamber Choir Carl Orff, Heinrich Hollreiser, The Vienna Chamber Choir - Catulli Carmina(LP, Album) VOX (6) PL 8640 VOX US 1963 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 3 - Orff-Schulwerk - Dur: Dominanten album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 3 - Orff-Schulwerk - Dur: Dominanten (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 7 - Orff Schulwerk - Moll: Stufen / Dominanten album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 7 - Orff Schulwerk - Moll: Stufen / Dominanten (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Musica Poetica Teil 4 - Orff Schulwerk - Dur: Unterdominanten / Pentatonik II album art Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman Carl Orff, Gunild Keetman - Musica Poetica Teil 4 - Orff Schulwerk - Dur: Unterdominanten / Pentatonik II (Album) Harmonia Mundi Germany 1964 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Die Kluge Der Mond album art Carl Orff, Wolfgang Sawallisch Carl Orff, Wolfgang Sawallisch - Die Kluge Der Mond (Album) Deutscher Schallplattenclub Germany 1965 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Carl Orff - Catulli Carmina album art Carl Orff, Ivo Žídek, Helena Tattermuschová, Czech Philharmonic Chorus , And Members Of The Prague Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Václav Smetáček Carl Orff, Ivo Žídek, Helena Tattermuschová, Czech Philharmonic Chorus , And Members Of The Prague Symphony Orchestra* Conducted By Václav Smetáček - Carl Orff - Catulli Carmina Supraphon Czechoslovakia 1965 Sell This Version
1089 525 Carl Orff, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Herbert Kegel Carl Orff, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Herbert Kegel - Carmina Burana (LP, Album) Heliodor 1089 525 France 1965 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Carmina Burana, Cantiones Profanae album art Carl Orff - Lucia Popp, Gerhard Unger, Raymond Wolansky, John Noble, New Philharmonia Chorus, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Rafael Fruhbeck De Burgos* Carl Orff - Lucia Popp, Gerhard Unger, Raymond Wolansky, John Noble, New Philharmonia Chorus, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Rafael Fruhbeck De Burgos* - Carmina Burana, Cantiones Profanae (Album) His Master's Voice, Angel Records UK 1966 Sell This Version
HELS-303 Carl Orff - Carmina Burana (Para Solistas, Coro Y Orquesta) album art Carl Orff - Jutta Vulpius, Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, Kurt Rehm, Kurt Hübenthal, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Kinderchor Leipzig, Dietrich Knothe, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Herbert Kegel Carl Orff - Jutta Vulpius, Hans-Joachim Rotzsch, Kurt Rehm, Kurt Hübenthal, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Kinderchor Leipzig, Dietrich Knothe, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Herbert Kegel - Carmina Burana (Para Solistas, Coro Y Orquesta)(LP) Heliodor HELS-303 Mexico 1966 Sell This Version
AN 162 Carl Orff - Rafael Fruhbeck De Burgos*, Wilhelm Pitz, New Philharmonia Orchestra And Chorus*, Lucia Popp, Gerhard Unger, Raymond Wolansky, John Noble Carl Orff - Rafael Fruhbeck De Burgos*, Wilhelm Pitz, New Philharmonia Orchestra And Chorus*, Lucia Popp, Gerhard Unger, Raymond Wolansky, John Noble - Carmina Burana, Cantiones Profanae(LP) His Master's Voice, Angel Records AN 162 UK 1966 Sell This Version
22 16 0003 Carl Orff Orff: Catulli Carmina(LP) Crossroads (3) 22 16 0003 1966 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Hudba Pro Mládež „Schulwerk‟  album art Carl Orff, Ilja Hurník, Petr Eben Carl Orff, Ilja Hurník, Petr Eben - Hudba Pro Mládež „Schulwerk‟ (Album) Supraphon, Gramofonový Klub Czechoslovakia 1967 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Catulli Carmina album art Carl Orff - Judith Blegen, Richard Kness, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, The Temple University Choirs, Robert Page Carl Orff - Judith Blegen, Richard Kness, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, The Temple University Choirs, Robert Page - Catulli Carmina (Album) Columbia Masterworks UK 1967 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Carmina Burana album art Heinz Meyer-Kundt Dirigiert Carl Orff, Gisèle Vivarelli*, Richard Brünner, Robert Titze, Wolfsburger Chorgemeinschaft*, Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie Heinz Meyer-Kundt Dirigiert Carl Orff, Gisèle Vivarelli*, Richard Brünner, Robert Titze, Wolfsburger Chorgemeinschaft*, Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie - Carmina Burana (Album) Electrola Germany 1967 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Oedipus Der Tyrann album art Orff* Oedipus Der Tyrann (Album) Deutsche Grammophon Germany 1967 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Carmina Burana album art Carl Orff - Choir* And Orchestra Of The German Opera Berlin*, Gundula Janowitz, Gerhard Stolze, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Eugen Jochum Carl Orff - Choir* And Orchestra Of The German Opera Berlin*, Gundula Janowitz, Gerhard Stolze, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Eugen Jochum - Carmina Burana (Album) Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon UK 1968 Sell This Version
139 362, 139362 Carl Orff - Carmina Burana album art Carl Orff - Choir* And Orchestra Of The German Opera Berlin*, Gundula Janowitz, Gerhard Stolze, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Eugen Jochum Carl Orff - Choir* And Orchestra Of The German Opera Berlin*, Gundula Janowitz, Gerhard Stolze, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Eugen Jochum - Carmina Burana(LP, Album, Gat) Deutsche Grammophon, Deutsche Grammophon 139 362, 139362 UK 1968 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Trionfo Di Afrodite album art Carl Orff - Czech Philharmonic Chorus, Prague Symphony Orchestra*, Václav Smetáček Carl Orff - Czech Philharmonic Chorus, Prague Symphony Orchestra*, Václav Smetáček - Trionfo Di Afrodite (Album) Supraphon, Supraphon Czechoslovakia 1970 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Carmina Burana album art Orff*, Boston Symphony*, Ozawa*, Evelyn MandacStanley KolkSherrill Milnes, New England Conservatory Chorus And Children's Chorus* Orff*, Boston Symphony*, Ozawa*, Evelyn MandacStanley KolkSherrill Milnes, New England Conservatory Chorus And Children's Chorus* - Carmina Burana (Album) RCA Red Seal US 1970 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Catulli Carmina album art Carl Orff Catulli Carmina (Album) Deutsche Grammophon UK 1971 Sell This Version
Carl Orff - Astutuli album art Carl Orff Astutuli Deutsche Harmonia Mundi Germany 1971 Sell This Version