Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Alva Edison

Real Name:
Thomas Alva Edison
Profile:
Thomas Edison (11 February 1847, Milan, Ohio, USA - 18 October 1931, West Orange, New Jersey, USA) was an American inventor.

Edison had only a few months of formal schooling before becoming successively a newsboy, a food hawker on trains and a telegraph operator. In 1870, with money received from the sale of telegraphic inventions, he founded a research laboratory. There he constructed the carbon telephone transmitter (1876), the cylinder phonograph (1877) and the first practical electric light (1879). These devices brought him instant fame, and he spent much of the rest of his life in their improvement; he also aided the creation of the myth that surrounds his achievements.

The phonograph was a badly flawed novelty when it was first introduced, and Edison abandoned it until the late 1880s when, challenged by Charles Tainter’s graphophone, he organized his own recording company. Although he portrayed himself as financially naive, Edison displayed ruthlessness and skill in the subsequent battles between companies. He clung stubbornly to his original ideas, accepting such innovations as disc records and spring-driven machines only under the pressure of competition. He also held strong opinions about music, despite his congenital deafness, and these sometimes adversely affected his choice of artists. Although his vision of the phonograph as a viable recording device for music was largely realized by others, Edison continues to be regarded, in the public mind, as the creator of the recording industry.

The record company bearing his name was established in 1889. Its first catalogue, issued in 1889-90, included works for cornet and woodwind as well as music for band. Early wax cylinders gave way to 80-r.p.m. records from 1912 to 1929, with finer-grooved, longer-playing records from 1926. Except for a small number issued in 1929, Edison’s recordings used a vertical (‘hill-and-dale’) rather than a lateral cut and thus required special playback equipment. His insistence on personally approving artists and repertory recorded by the firm resulted in an unbalanced catalogue. After the closure of the business in October 1929, the equipment was used for research purposes until 1957 when it was sold to the McGraw Electric Co. Compact-discs reissues of several recordings, especially of Edison Diamond Discs and Edison Needle Records, have been produced.
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Artist

Thomas Alva Edison Discography Tracks

Albums

FS-889 Thomas Alva Edison Edison Originals 1878-1956 78th Anniversary(10", Mono, Red) Thomas A. Edison, Incorporated FS-889 US 1956 Sell This Version
Thomas Alva Edison The Sound Of Fame - Original Edison Recordings (Album) Thomas Alva Edison Foundation US 1961 Sell This Version
861 Thomas Alva Edison Edison Speaks(LP) Mark56 Records 861 US 1985 Sell This Version

Singles & EPs

80136 Thomas Alva Edison When The Haying Time Is Over / Rebecca Of Sunny Brook Farm(Edison Disc, Single) Edison Records 80136 US Unknown Sell This Version
C 177 Thomas Alva Edison, New York Military Band Thomas Alva Edison, New York Military Band - The Armistice Day Speech(7") Art Records C 177 US Unknown Sell This Version

Compilations

798 Thomas Alva Edison An Edison Memorabilia Of Vaudeville Performances(LP, Comp, Mono) Mark56 Records 798 US 1978 Sell This Version
796 Thomas Alva Edison Original Recordings of World War 1 Songs(LP, Comp, Mono) Mark56 Records 796 Europe 1978 Sell This Version
Thomas A. Edison* The Edison CD Sampler™ (Album, Comp) Digital Audio Disc Corp. US 1984 Sell This Version
DADA 1, DADA 2, 32DC 889 Thomas A. Edison*, Robert A. Schumann*, Franz Peter Schubert* Thomas A. Edison*, Robert A. Schumann*, Franz Peter Schubert* - DADC Austria - Opening Commemorative Disc(3xCD, Album, Comp, Mono, Promo) DADC Austria, DADC Austria, CBS/Sony DADA 1, DADA 2, 32DC 889 Austria 1987 Sell This Version
77 Various - Edison* Various - Edison* - When Edison Recorded Sound Volume I(2xLP, Comp) Edison Records 77 US Unknown Sell This Version
77-5 Various - Edison* Various - Edison* - The Incredible Talking Machine(LP, Comp) Edison Records 77-5 US Unknown Sell This Version

Miscellaneous

none Thomas Alva Edison Mary Had A Little Lamb (Cyl) Not On Label none US 1878 Sell This Version

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