Athanasius Kircher

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Athanasius Kircher (born 1601 or 1602 in Fulda, died 1680 in Rome) was a German Jesuit scholar who published around 40 works, most notably in the fields of oriental studies, geology, and medicine. He also invented the first megaphone. Other machines designed by Kircher include an aeolian harp, automatons such as a statue which spoke and listened via a speaking tube, a perpetual motion machine, or a cat piano which would drive spikes into the tails of cats which yowled to specified pitches, although he is not known to have actually constructed the instrument.

The "Musurgia Universalis" (1650) sets out Kircher's views on music: he believed that the harmony of music reflected the proportions of the universe. The book includes plans for constructing water-powered automatic organs, notations of birdsong and diagrams of musical instruments. One illustration shows the differences between the ears of humans and other animals. In "Phonurgia Nova" (1673) Kircher considered the possibilities of transmitting music to remote places.

In 2015 Louis Andriessen composed Theatre Of The World, an opera about Kircher subtitled "a Grotesque Stagework in 9 scenes".
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Albums

SK 60767 Lute Music For Witches And Alchemists — Athanasius Kircher Lutz Kirchhof Musical Cure Against The Poison Of The Tarantula (Tarantella) Lutz Kirchhof - Lute Music For Witches And Alchemists(CD, Album) Sony Classical SK 60767 2000 Sell This Version
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IBS142021 El clave del Emperador — Athanasius Kircher Todos los Tonos y Ayres & Íliber Ensemble Todo Hypodorio and 1 more… Todos los Tonos y Ayres & Íliber Ensemble - El clave del Emperador(CD) IBS Classical IBS142021 Spain 2021 Sell This Version
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Compilations

DTD-25 Pictures Of Sound: One Thousand Years Of Educed Audio: 980-1980 — Athanasius Kircher Patrick Feaster Tripla In Cylindrum Transferenda and 5 more… Patrick Feaster - Pictures Of Sound: One Thousand Years Of Educed Audio: 980-1980 (Comp) Dust-to-Digital DTD-25 US 2012 Sell This Version