Vittorio Gassman

Profile:
Vittorio Gassman (Il Mattatore) (September 1, 1922 - June 29, 2000) was an Italian theatre and film actor and director.

Born in Genoa to a wealthy family of German origins, Gassmann was considered one among the best Italian actors and is commonly recalled as an extremely professional, versatile, magnetic interpreter, whose long career includes both important productions as well as dozens of divertissements (which gave him a vast popularity).
While very young he moved to Rome, where he attended the studies at the Accademia Nazionale d'Arte Drammatica where some of the most important figures of Italian theatre and cinema also studied, such as Paolo Stoppa, Rina Morelli, Adolfo Celi, Luigi Squarzina, Elio Pandolfi, Rossella Falk, Lea Padovani and, later, with Paolo Panelli, Nino Manfredi, Tino Buazzelli, Gianrico Tedeschi, Monica Vitti, Luca Ronconi and many others.
His debut was in Milan, in 1942, with Alda Borelli in Niccodemi's Nemica (theatre), he then moved to Rome and the Teatro Eliseo joining Tino Carraro and Ernesto Calindri in a team that remained famous; with them he acted in a range of plays from bourgeois comedy to the sophisticated intellectual theatre, with no apparent difficulty in the sudden changes.
In 1946 he made his film debut in Preludio d'amore, the year after he appeared in five films. In 1948 his famous interpretation in Riso Amaro displayed his love for cinema and his capability of excelling both in movies and at the theatre.
It was with Luchino Visconti's company that Gassman achieved his mature successes, together with Stoppa, Rina Morelli and Paola Borboni. He played a vigorous Kowalski in Tennessee Williams' Un tram che si chiama desiderio, then emphatic in Shakespeare's Rosalinda or in Vittorio Alfieri's Oreste. He then joined the Teatro Nazionale with Tommaso Salvini, Massimo Girotti, Arnoldo Foà, for a successful Peer Gynt (Ibsen).
With Luigi Squarzina in 1952 he co-founded and co-directed the Teatro d'Arte Italiano, producing the first complete version of Hamlet in Italy, then rare works such as Seneca's Tieste or Eschilo's The Persians.
In 1956, a key year in his career, Gassman played a memorable Othello with the great actor Salvo Randone, exchanging with him the roles of the Moor and Iago. A little later, in the television series entitled Il Mattatore (spotlight chaser) he obtained unexpected success and Il Mattatore soon became the nickname that accompanied him for the rest of his life. That year Gassman also directed and starred in a movie dedicated to theatre: it was a version of Kean.
A true perfectionist, he always hated imperfect diction, or dialectal corruptions (but he was also able to render, perfectly and when needed, most of the many Italian dialects). Quite bravely, he accepted the challenge of directing Adelchi, one of the less known and less "easy" works by Alessandro Manzoni. He toured his production to half a million spectators, crossing Italy with his Teatro Popolare Itinerante (a newer edition of the famous Carro di Tespi).
His productions include most of the famous authors of 20th century, with repeated returns tothe classics of Shakespeare, Dostoevskij and the Greeks. He also founded a theatre school in Florence, which formed many of the more talented actors of the current generations.
In cinema he worked abroad several times and during a stint in Hollywood he met and married Shelley Winters.
But, despite his success in films, Gassman never left theatre. In the later part of his career, he added poetry to his repertoire, helping to bring to Italy foreign works.
Gassman the actor, married "only" actresses: Nora Ricci (with whom he had his first daughter Paola, an actress herself and wife of Ugo Pagliai), Shelley Winters, Juliette Maynel, who gave him Alessandro (also an actor), and Diletta D'Andrea.
Gassman was a man of intense emotions and intellectual honesty; his notable sense of humour and self-irony, brought him in the 1990s to take part in a popular TV show in which he very formally and 'seriously' recited documents such as the gas invoice, as well as the telephone bill and similar texts. He rendered them with the same professional skill that made him famous while reciting Dante's Commedia.
Generally acclaimed as an actor, Gassman was also discussed as a man, due to his private life - his divorces (a noted scandal in 1950s and 60s), his initial atheism (later he gained a certain personalistic faith). Also, in his public appearances on the media he often gave original or unconventional comments, sometimes with the clear intention of disturbing the moderated cultural positions; he also gained many enemies in the world of art for similarly frank judgements.
In his latest years he was victim of depression.
He died of a heart-attack in his Roman home.
Sites:
Variations:
[a1318011]

Artist

Vittorio Gassman Discography Tracks

Albums

Vittorio Gassman - Irma La Dolce album art Vittorio Gassman, Anna Maria Ferrero, Alberto Bonucci Vittorio Gassman, Anna Maria Ferrero, Alberto Bonucci - Irma La Dolce Cetra Italy 1958 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Il Mattatore album art Vittorio Gassman Il Mattatore (Album) Cetra Italy 1959 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - William Shakespheare Nell'Interpretazione Di Vittorio Gassman album art Shakespeare*, Gassman* Shakespeare*, Gassman* - William Shakespheare Nell'Interpretazione Di Vittorio Gassman (Album) Cetra Italy 1964 Sell This Version
CL 0529 Vittorio Gassman - Shakespeare Sonetti album art Vittorio Gassman Shakespeare Sonetti(7", MiniAlbum, EP) Cetra CL 0529 Italy 1966 Sell This Version
LPZ 2034 Vittorio Gassman - Montale album art Vittorio Gassman, Eugenio Montale Vittorio Gassman, Eugenio Montale - Montale(LP, Album) Fonit LPZ 2034 Italy 1972 Sell This Version
LPZ 2037 Vittorio Gassman - Il Trasloco, Recital Di Vittorio Gassman album art Vittorio Gassman Il Trasloco, Recital Di Vittorio Gassman(LP, Album) Fonit LPZ 2037 Italy 1973 Sell This Version
LPZ 2033 Vittorio Gassman - Poeti Americani D'oggi Lettura Di Vittorio Gassman album art Vittorio Gassman Poeti Americani D'oggi Lettura Di Vittorio Gassman(LP, Album) Fonit Cetra LPZ 2033 Italy 1973 Sell This Version
CLC 0850 Vittorio Gassman - La Solitudine album art G. Albertazzi* - V. Gassman* G. Albertazzi* - V. Gassman* - La Solitudine(LP) Cetra CLC 0850 Italy 1974 Sell This Version
FM 13538 Vittorio Gassman - Naufrago D'Amore album art Giuseppe Grieco, Vittorio Gassman, I Ragazzi Della Bottega Teatrale Di Firenze, Augusto Martelli Giuseppe Grieco, Vittorio Gassman, I Ragazzi Della Bottega Teatrale Di Firenze, Augusto Martelli - Naufrago D'Amore(LP, Album) Five FM 13538 Italy 1985 Sell This Version
CLC 0824 Vittorio Gassman - Teatro album art Vittorio Gassman Teatro(LP) Fonit Cetra S.p.A. CLC 0824 Italy Unknown Sell This Version
LPC 1 Vittorio Gassman - La Solitudine album art Vittorio Gassman, Fred Bongusto, Paola Pitagora Vittorio Gassman, Fred Bongusto, Paola Pitagora - La Solitudine(LP) Cetra LPC 1 Uruguay Unknown Sell This Version

Singles & EPs

Vittorio Gassman - Dante album art Vittorio Gassman Dante Cetra, Cetra Italy 1955 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Amleto  - "I Monologhi" album art Vittorio Gassman Amleto - "I Monologhi" (EP) Cetra Italy 1955 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - "I Promessi Sposi" Letti Da Gassman album art Vittorio Gassman "I Promessi Sposi" Letti Da Gassman (EP) Cetra Italy 1955 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Pascoli album art Vittorio Gassman Pascoli Cetra Italy 1955 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Le Poesie Di A. Manzoni Lette Da Vittorio Gassman album art Vittorio Gassman Le Poesie Di A. Manzoni Lette Da Vittorio Gassman (EP) Cetra Italy 1955 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Dante / Canto XXXIII Del paradiso album art Vittorio Gassman Dante / Canto XXXIII Del paradiso Cetra Italy 1955 Sell This Version
CL. 0420 Vittorio Gassman - Saba album art Vittorio Gassman Saba(7") Cetra CL. 0420 Italy 1955 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Poeti Moderni Letti Da Vittorio Gassman album art Vittorio Gassman Poeti Moderni Letti Da Vittorio Gassman (EP) Cetra Italy 1956 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Il Sonetto Attraverso I Tempi album art Vittorio Gassman Il Sonetto Attraverso I Tempi (EP) Cetra Italy 1956 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Dante - Inferno Canti XXVI E XXXIII album art Vittorio Gassman Dante - Inferno Canti XXVI E XXXIII Cetra, Cetra Italy 1958 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Leopardi Letto Da Vittorio Gassman album art Leopardi*, Vittorio Gassman Leopardi*, Vittorio Gassman - Leopardi Letto Da Vittorio Gassman (EP) Cetra Italy 1958 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Leopardi Letto Da Vittorio Gassman album art Vittorio Gassman Leopardi Letto Da Vittorio Gassman (EP) Cetra, Cetra Italy 1958 Sell This Version
Vittorio Gassman - Mistici Del '200 album art Vittorio Gassman Mistici Del '200 (EP) Cetra Italy 1958 Sell This Version
CL. 0437 Vittorio Gassman - Dante album art Vittorio Gassman Dante(7") Cetra CL. 0437 Italy 1958 Sell This Version