Alfred Schnittke

Alfred Schnittke

Real Name:
Alfred Garyevich Schnittke (Russian: Альфред Гарриевич Шнитке)
Profile:
Alfred Schnittke (1934-1998) was born on 24 November 1934 in Engels, on the Volga River, in the Soviet Union. His father was born in Frankfurt to a Jewish family of Russian origin who had moved to the USSR in 1926, and his mother was a Volga-German born in Russia. Schnittke began his musical education in 1946 in Vienna where his father, a journalist and translator, had been posted. In 1948 the family moved to Moscow, where Schnittke studied piano and received a diploma in choral conducting. From 1953 to 1958 he studied counterpoint and composition with Yevgeny Golubev and instrumentation with Nikolai Rakov at the Moscow Conservatory. Schnittke completed the postgraduate course in composition there in 1961 and joined the Union of Composers the same year. He was particularly encouraged by Phillip Herschkowitz, a Webern disciple, who resided in the Soviet capital. In 1962, Schnittke was appointed instructor in instrumentation at the Moscow Conservatory, a post which he held until 1972. Thereafter he supported himself chiefly as a composer of film scores; by 1984 he had scored more than 60 films. Noted, above all, for his hallmark "polystylistic" idiom, Schnittke has written in a wide range of genres and styles. His “Concerto Grosso No. 1” (1977) was one of the first works to bring his name to prominence. It was popularized by Gidon Kremer, a tireless proponent of his music. Many of Schnittke's works have been inspired by Kremer and other prominent performers, including Yury Bashmet, Natalia Gutman, Gennady Rozhdestvensky and Mstislav Rostropovich. Schnittke first came to America in 1988 for the "Making Music Together" Festival in Boston and the American premiere of “Symphony No. 1” by the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He came again in 1991 when Carnegie Hall commissioned “Concerto Grosso No. 5” for the Cleveland Orchestra as part of its Centennial Festival, and again in 1994 for the world premiere of his “Symphony No. 7” by the New York Philharmonic and the American premiere of his “Symphony No. 6” by the National Symphony. Schnittke composed 9 symphonies, 6 concerti grossi, 4 violin concertos, 2 cello concertos, concertos for piano and a triple concerto for violin, viola and cello, as well as 4 string quartets and much other chamber music, ballet scores, choral and vocal works. His first opera, “Life with an Idiot”, was premiered in Amsterdam (April 1992). His two new operas, “Gesualdo” and “Historia von D. Johann Fausten” were unveiled in Vienna (May 1995) and Hamburg (June 1995) respectively. From the 1980s, Schnittke's music gained increasing exposure and international acclaim. Schnittke has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including Austrian State Prize in 1991, Japan's Imperial Prize in 1992, and, most recently the Slava-Gloria-Prize in Moscow in June 1998; his music has been celebrated with retrospectives and major festivals worldwide. More than 50 compact discs devoted exclusively to his music have been released in the last ten years. In 1985, Schnittke suffered the first of a series of serious strokes. Despite his physical frailty, however, Schnittke suffered no loss of creative imagination, individuality or productivity. Beginning in 1990, Schnittke resided in Hamburg, maintaining dual German-Russian citizenship. He died, after suffering another stroke, on 3 August 1998 in Hamburg. He was married to pianist Irina Schnittke.
Sites:
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Alfred Schnittke Discography

Albums

33Д—020371, 33Д—020372 Марк Лубоцкий*, Любовь Едлина* - Т. Витали* / И. Гайдн* / А. Шнитке* Марк Лубоцкий*, Любовь Едлина* - Т. Витали* / И. Гайдн* / А. Шнитке* - Чакона / Соната Для Скрипки И Ф-но № 7 / Соната Для Скрипки И Ф-но(LP, Mono) Мелодия, Мелодия 33Д—020371, 33Д—020372 USSR 1967 Sell This Version
33 С 10—10831-2 Лиана Исакадзе*, Владимир Сканави* - А. Шнитке* / М. Равель* Лиана Исакадзе*, Владимир Сканави* - А. Шнитке* / М. Равель* - Сонаты Для Скрипки И Фортепиано А. Шнитке И М. Равеля(LP) Мелодия 33 С 10—10831-2 USSR 1978 Sell This Version
33 С 10—13135-6 J.Sibelius* / A.Schnittke* - Gidon Kremer, Tatiana Grindenko, London Symphony Orchestra*, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky J.Sibelius* / A.Schnittke* - Gidon Kremer, Tatiana Grindenko, London Symphony Orchestra*, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky - Concerto For Violin And Orchestra / Concerto Grosso(LP) Мелодия 33 С 10—13135-6 USSR 1979 Sell This Version
C 10—08751/13288 А. Шнитке* / Д. Давид* А. Шнитке* / Д. Давид* - Квинтеты(LP) Мелодия C 10—08751/13288 USSR 1979 Sell This Version
201 234 Schnittke* / Strawinsky* / Stockhausen* - Gidon Kremer / Aloys Kontarsky / Philharmonisches Kammerensemble Berlin / Woldemar Nelsson Schnittke* / Strawinsky* / Stockhausen* - Gidon Kremer / Aloys Kontarsky / Philharmonisches Kammerensemble Berlin / Woldemar Nelsson - Schnittke - Strawinsky - Stockhausen - Gidon Kremer Eurodisc 201 234 Germany 1980 Sell This Version
LDX 78675 Alfred Schnitke* Quintette Pour Piano Et Cordes / Prelude A La Memoire De D. Chostakovitch Pour Violon Et Bande Magnétique / Moz-Art, Pour Deux Violons(12", Album, Gat) Le Chant Du Monde, Melodia U.R.S.S. LDX 78675 France 1980 Sell This Version
С 10—15681-2 J. S. Bach* / A. Schnittke* - Oleg Kagan , Conductor Yuri Nikolaevsky* J. S. Bach* / A. Schnittke* - Oleg Kagan , Conductor Yuri Nikolaevsky* - Violin Concerto No. 1 In A Minor / Violin Concerto No. 3 Мелодия С 10—15681-2 USSR 1981 Sell This Version
С10—15537-38 Khalida Akhtyamova*, Leonid Blok - A.Schnittke* / M.De Falla* / I.Albeniz* / E.Granados* Khalida Akhtyamova*, Leonid Blok - A.Schnittke* / M.De Falla* / I.Albeniz* / E.Granados* - Sonata No. 1 For Violin And Piano / Suite Populaire Espagnole / Tango / Spanish Dance(LP) Мелодия С10—15537-38 USSR 1981 Sell This Version
0120 618 Hubert Stuppner / Franz Cibulka / Alfred Schnittke Hubert Stuppner / Franz Cibulka / Alfred Schnittke - Steirischer Herbst Musikprotokoll '81(LP) ORF 0120 618 Austria 1981 Sell This Version
410 549-2 Beethoven* / Schnittke* - Gidon Kremer, Academy Of St. Martin-In-The-Fields*, Neville Marriner* Beethoven* / Schnittke* - Gidon Kremer, Academy Of St. Martin-In-The-Fields*, Neville Marriner* - Violinkonzert • Violin Concerto (Cadenza: Schnittke) (Album) Philips Digital Classics, Philips 410 549-2 Netherlands 1982 Sell This Version
9111 1277 Edison Denisov / Valentin Siľvestrov* / Sofia Gubajdulina* / Alfred Šnitke* Edison Denisov / Valentin Siľvestrov* / Sofia Gubajdulina* / Alfred Šnitke* - Soviet Chamber Music(LP, Album) Opus 9111 1277 Czechoslovakia 1982 Sell This Version
С 10—18403-4 E. Denisov* / A. Schnittke* / S. Gubaidulina* / T. Mansurian* - Soloists Ensemble Of The Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra*, Alexander Lazarev E. Denisov* / A. Schnittke* / S. Gubaidulina* / T. Mansurian* - Soloists Ensemble Of The Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra*, Alexander Lazarev - The Sun Of Inkas / Three Madrigals / Concordanza / Tovem (LP) Мелодия С 10—18403-4 USSR 1983 Sell This Version
С 10—18757-62 USSR Ministry Of Culture Orchestra, The* , Conductor Gennadi Rozhdestvensky - E. Denisov* / S. Gubaidulina* / A. Schnittke* USSR Ministry Of Culture Orchestra, The* , Conductor Gennadi Rozhdestvensky - E. Denisov* / S. Gubaidulina* / A. Schnittke* - Symphony Music By Soviet Composers(3xLP + Box) Мелодия С 10—18757-62 USSR 1983 Sell This Version
С10—19237-38 Mikhail Khomitser, Anton Ginsburg - B. Martinu*, A. Schnittke* Mikhail Khomitser, Anton Ginsburg - B. Martinu*, A. Schnittke* - Sonata No.2 For Cello And Piano / Sonata For Cello And Piano(LP) Мелодия С10—19237-38 USSR 1983 Sell This Version
С 10—18359-60 Natalia Gutman* - P. Hindemith*, A. Schnittke* Natalia Gutman* - P. Hindemith*, A. Schnittke* - Three Pieces For Cello And Piano, Op. 8 / Sonata For Cello And Piano(LP) Мелодия С 10—18359-60 USSR 1983 Sell This Version
ABRD 1089 Shostakovich* / Schnittke* - Luba Edlina, Rostislav Dubinsky Shostakovich* / Schnittke* - Luba Edlina, Rostislav Dubinsky - Violin Sonata Op. 134 / Violin Sonata No. 1 / Sonata In The Olden Style(LP) Chandos ABRD 1089 UK 1983 Sell This Version
C10 21225 004 Alfred Schnittke, Chamber Orchestra Of Georgia Conducted By Liana Isakadze Alfred Schnittke, Chamber Orchestra Of Georgia Conducted By Liana Isakadze - Concerto Grosso For Two Violins, Piano, Harpsichord And Orchestra Мелодия C10 21225 004 USSR 1984 Sell This Version
411 107-1 Alfred Schnittke, Gidon Kremer, Basler Sinfonie-Orchester, Heinz Holliger Alfred Schnittke, Gidon Kremer, Basler Sinfonie-Orchester, Heinz Holliger - Violin Concerto No.2 / Piano Quintet(LP) Philips 411 107-1 Netherlands 1984 Sell This Version
С10 22845 004 Д. Шостакович* / А. Шнитке*, Владимир Крайнев Д. Шостакович* / А. Шнитке*, Владимир Крайнев - Концерт N1 Для Фортепиано С Оркестром / Концерт Для Фортепиано С Оркестром Мелодия С10 22845 004 USSR 1985 Sell This Version
8111 0496 Hana Dvořáková, Česká Filharmonie*, G. Rožděstvenskij* - C. Franck* / A. Šnitke* Hana Dvořáková, Česká Filharmonie*, G. Rožděstvenskij* - C. Franck* / A. Šnitke* - Untitled(LP) Panton 8111 0496 Czechoslovakia 1985 Sell This Version
С10 23085 000 A. Bruckner* / A. Schnittke* A. Bruckner* / A. Schnittke* - Motets / Symphony No. 2(2xLP) Мелодия С10 23085 000 USSR 1986 Sell This Version
BIS-CD-336 Stravinsky*, Shostakovich*, Schnittke*, Torleif Thedéen, Roland Pöntinen Stravinsky*, Shostakovich*, Schnittke*, Torleif Thedéen, Roland Pöntinen - The Russian Cello(CD, Album) BIS BIS-CD-336 Scandinavia 1986 Sell This Version
А10 00271 005 Альфред Шнитке* - Геннадий Рождественский*, Государственный Симфонический Оркестр Министерства Культуры СССР Альфред Шнитке* - Геннадий Рождественский*, Государственный Симфонический Оркестр Министерства Культуры СССР - Симфония №4 (Album) Мелодия А10 00271 005 USSR 1987 Sell This Version
GCD 00062 Alfred Schnittke Symphony # 1 (Album) Мелодия GCD 00062 USSR 1987 Sell This Version
BIS-CD-377 Alfred Schnittke / Lev Markiz / New Stockholm Chamber Orchestra Alfred Schnittke / Lev Markiz / New Stockholm Chamber Orchestra - Concerto Grosso I · Concerto For Oboe And Harp · Concerto For Piano And Strings(CD) BIS BIS-CD-377 Sweden 1987 Sell This Version

Reviews

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nondor

nondor

September 29, 2013
edited over 2 years ago
The String Quartets are brutal, lyrical, sensuous, painful, exquisite, seemingly alive...they're discrete entities, lifeforms unhampered by the tenets ov governement, posthumous psychic spawns. I was amused and impressed by the irreverence of his early symphonys...I am finding myself now unwilling to write further, I am unworthy, Schnittke reviews me from his snow-dusted soviet grave.

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