One of the first active Krautrock units, Amon Düül grew out of a commune in Munich that mixed radical political criticism with a unique vision of free-form improvisation tied to American psychedelic rock. Such open-ended and non-musical origins made the later activity of the group quite confusing, as a quartet of (slightly) more musically inclined members branched out in 1969 as Amon Düül II. Meanwhile, the original Amon Düül continued releasing albums, most of which had actually been recorded during a single jam session by the entire conglomeration in 1969. Though Amon Düül ceased recording material by 1972, frequent reissues during the decade -- and the resumption of the Amon Düül name by several Amon Düül II alumni in the 1980s -- resulted in still more confusion. Listeners unfamiliar with the lineup of every Amon Düül-related release can content themselves with the fact that the main line of the group began with Amon Düül in the late '60s and moved to Amon Düül II for the 1970s recordings. When originally founded in 1968 however, the group was more of an alternative-living commune project than actual recording artists. Wishing to bring their vision of hippie living to a worldwide audience, the collective named themselves Amon Düül (Amon being an Egyptian sun god, Düül a character from Turkish fiction) and recorded hours of material during what is reportedly one mammoth recording session from early 1969. Even before the recording of the debut album Psychedelic Underground that year, several members -- led by vocalist Renate Knaup-Kroaetenschwanz (aka Renate Knaup), guitarist Chris Karrer, bassist John (Johannes) Weinzierl, drummer Peter Leopold and organist Falk U. Rogner -- had broken away from the original group to form Amon Düül II. That group released its own debut album Phallus Dei in 1969. While two additional albums credited to Amon Düül appeared in 1969 and 1971 (Collapsing-Singvögel Rückwärts & Co., Disaster). These were actually comprised of additional recordings from the 1969 session for the first album.
Before disbanding, a last line-up recorded the 2nd real ablum (Paradieswärts Düül) in 1970 for the Ohr label.