Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler

Real Name:
Gustav Mahler
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Austrian composer and conductor.
Born 7 July 1860 in Kalischt, Bohemia (today Kaliště, Czech Republic) and died 18 May 1911 in Vienna, Austria.

Gustav Mahler (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʊstaf ˈmaːlɐ]; was a late-Romantic Austrian-Bohemian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler showed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner and Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small—for much of his life composing was a part-time activity, secondary to conducting—and is confined to the genres of symphony and song, except for one piano quartet. Most of his ten symphonies are very large-scale works, several of which employ soloists and choirs in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and were slow to receive critical and popular approval; an exception was the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Mahler's immediate musical successors were the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.
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Gustav Mahler Discography

Albums

B 20314-35 Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner - Zweite Symphone - Symphony No. 2(11xShellac, 12", Album) Deutsche Grammophon B 20314-35 Germany 1925 Sell This Version
B 20314-35, 69681-91 Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner - Symphonie C-Moll - Symphony No. 2(11xShellac, 12", Album) Nordisk Polyphon Aktieselskab, Polyphon Musik B 20314-35, 69681-91 Germany 1925 Sell This Version
AM-256 Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection")(11xShellac, 12", Album) RCA Victor AM-256 US 1935 Sell This Version
M-MM-300 Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman, The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman, The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* - Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde (Album) Columbia M-MM-300 US 1937 Sell This Version
M 726 Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* - Symphony No. 9(10xShellac, 12", Album) RCA Victor M 726 US 1938 Sell This Version
M 649 Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major(6xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M 649 US 1940 Sell This Version
M 649 Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major(6xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M 649 US 1940 Sell This Version
M 649 Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major(6xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M 649 US 1940 Sell This Version
M 649 Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major(6xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M 649 US 1940 Sell This Version
MX 267 Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen)(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia MX 267 US 1946 Sell This Version
M-718 Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra - Symphony No. 5(8xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia M-718 US 1947 Sell This Version
M-718 Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra - Symphony No. 5(8xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia M-718 US 1947 Sell This Version
LA 224, K 1624-25 Gustav Mahler, Eduard van Beinum, Eugenia Zareska, The London Philharmonic Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eduard van Beinum, Eugenia Zareska, The London Philharmonic Orchestra - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs Of A Wayfarer)(2xShellac, 12", Album) London Records, Decca LA 224, K 1624-25 1947 Sell This Version
M-MM 589 Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban - Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks M-MM 589 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4108 Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Columbia Masterworks ML 4108 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4295 Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabine, Max Reger Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabine, Max Reger - Great Masters of the Keyboard, Volume V(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4295 US 1950 Sell This Version
VRS 412-413 Mahler* The Youth's Magic Horn(2xLP, Mono + Box) Vanguard Recording Society, Inc. VRS 412-413 US 1950 Sell This Version
URLP 7016 Gustav Mahler / Lorri Lail / Josef Metternich / Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin* / Rolf Kleinert / Leopold Ludwig Gustav Mahler / Lorri Lail / Josef Metternich / Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin* / Rolf Kleinert / Leopold Ludwig - Kindertotenlieder / Songs Of A Wayfarer(LP, Mono) Urania Records, Inc. URLP 7016 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 2187 Mahler* - Kathleen Ferrier And Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The*, Bruno Walter Mahler* - Kathleen Ferrier And Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, The*, Bruno Walter - Kindertotenlieder Columbia Masterworks ML 2187 US 1951 Sell This Version
DM 5026, DM 5027 Gustav Mahler - Česká Filharmonie* Řídí K. Šejna* Gustav Mahler - Česká Filharmonie* Řídí K. Šejna* - Symphony No 4 In G Major Supraphon DM 5026, DM 5027 Czechoslovakia 1951 Sell This Version
XLP 8882 / SL 164 Mahler*, Hermann Scherchen, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Hermann Scherchen, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 8 In E Major ("The Symphony Of A Thousand")(LP, Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks XLP 8882 / SL 164 1951 Sell This Version
PL 7010 Otto Klemperer, Gustav Mahler Otto Klemperer, Gustav Mahler - Mahler Symphony No. 2 In C Minor "Resurrection"(2xLP, Album, Mono) VOX (6) PL 7010 1951 Sell This Version
MG 10102 Gustav Mahler, Zoltán Fekete (2), Ilona Steingruber, Sieglinde Wagner, Erich Majkut Gustav Mahler, Zoltán Fekete (2), Ilona Steingruber, Sieglinde Wagner, Erich Majkut - Das Klagende Lied(LP, Album) Mercury MG 10102 US 1951 Sell This Version
LXT 2718 Mahler* - Eduard van Beinum conducting The Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam* with Margaret Ritchie Mahler* - Eduard van Beinum conducting The Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam* with Margaret Ritchie - Symphony No. 4 In G Major Decca LXT 2718 UK 1952 Sell This Version
PL 7602 Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor (Album) VOX (6) PL 7602 US 1952 Sell This Version