Garland studied music at Shaw University and the Aeolian Conservatory. He started by playing classical music but joined a jazz band, Graham Jackson's Seminole Syncopators, in 1924, where he first recorded. He had a long run of associations as a sideman on saxophone and clarinet, with Elmer Snowden (1925), Joe Steele (2), Henri Saparo, Leon Abbey (including a tour of South America), Charlie Skeete and Jelly Roll Morton in the 1920s. The 1930s saw him playing with Bobby Neal (1931) and the Mill's Blue Rhythm Band; he was both a performer and an arranger for the Blue Rhythm Band from 1932 to 1936, when Lucky Millinder replaced him. Following this he played with Edgar Hayes (1937), Don Redman (1938), and Louis Armstrong (1939-42). In the 1940s he played with Claude Hopkins and others, and then returned to Armstrong's band from 1945-47. Following this he played with Herbie Fields, Hopkins again, and Earl Hines (1948). In the 1950s, he went into semi-retirement.
Joe Garland Discography
|2482 137||Max Greger||In The Mood Max Greger - Dance Party (LP, Album, Mono, Smplr)||Polydor Special||2482 137||Netherlands||1971||Sell This Version|
|AMC 004||Bleckhornen*||In The Mood Bleckhornen* - Bleckhornen På Trekvart (LP, Album)||NCB||AMC 004||Sweden||1989||Sell This Version|
|GE 41/90, none||Various||Over The Rainbow Various - The Musicals (Cass, Comp)||Gente, Dejavu||GE 41/90, none||Italy||1990||Sell This Version|
|438 118-2||Various||In The Mood (as Joseph Garland) Various - Kino-Klassiker (CD, Comp)||Philips||438 118-2||Germany||1993||Sell This Version|