Red Nichols

Real Name:
Ernest Loring Nichols
Profile:
Red Nichols (born May 8, 1905, Ogden, Utah, USA – died June 28, 1965, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA) was an American jazz cornettist, composer, and jazz bandleader.

Jazz legend Red Nichols was perhaps one of the most prolific recording artists in history. In the 1920s alone the cornetist appeared on over 4,000 recordings, working with almost every important musician of his time. Though his style of playing was influenced by Bix Beiderbecke, Nichols was a better, more polished musician. His contribution to the early days of jazz cannot be overstated. Few artists can even come close to equaling his accomplishments.

Nichols studied music under his father, a college music professor, and mastered a variety of instruments, though he favored the cornet. As a teen he attended the Culver Military Academy and played in its band before being dismissed. Returning home to Utah he worked in various pit orchestras, joining Ray Stillson in 1922. Later that year he left Stillson for a Midwestern ensemble called the Syncopating Five, a seven-piece group which was later billed as the Royal Palms Orchestra, and toured across country with them.

In 1923 Nichols settled in New York, where he met trombonist Miff Mole, who became a permanent fixture in Nichol's various groups. Nichols most famously recorded under the name Red Nichols And His Five Pennies, but the same group of musicians also recorded under many different pseudonyms, including the Louisiana Rhythm Kings, the Charleston Seven, the Arkansas Travelers, Miff Mole's Molers, the Hottentots, and the Red Heads. The list of top musicians who worked with Nichols is long. They include Benny Goodman, Jimmy Dorsey, Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, Jack Teagarden, Pee Wee Russell, Eddie Lang, Joe Venuti, Adrian Rollini, and Gene Krupa. During the 1920's Nichols also led pit orchestras for two George Gershwin Broadway shows, Girl Crazy and Strike Up the Band, and played with a variety of other bandleaders, including Paul Whiteman, Donald Voorhees, Cass Hagan, Vincent Lopez (2), Henry Halstead, Ross Gorman, Harry Reser, and Bennie Krueger, as well as with the group the California Ramblers.

In the 1930's Nichols formed his own big band, which appeared on both Bob Hope's radio program and the Kellogg College Prom in addition to regular broadcasts from Cleveland's Golden Pheasant restaurant. Vocalists were Frances Stevens, Ernie Mathias, and Tony Sacco (3). Around 1940 Nichols took advantage of the swing craze and updated his sound, though he still featured a Dixieland base. The new band recorded for Bluebird (3), with Bill Darnell and Harry Jaeger providing vocals. The orchestra sounded promising when it debuted but soon floundered. By 1941 it featured an entirely new line-up, including a Wee Bonnie Baker sound-alike by the name of Penny Banks. After a few failed dates in Boston, Nichols gave up the band, selling it to Anson Weeks in 1942.

Nichols briefly found work as a member of the Casa Loma Orchestra before retiring to Hollywood, where he led several small groups throughout the rest of the 1940's and into the 1950's. The highly-fictional 1959 biographical film The Five Pennies, starring Danny Kaye (2), brought renewed interest in his career and prompted Nichols to put together a new Five Pennies.
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Red Nichols Discography Tracks

Albums

Red Nichols - Meet The Five Pennies album art Red Nichols Meet The Five Pennies (Album) Capitol Records Canada 1959 Sell This Version
Red Nichols - Drum Crazy (The Gene Krupa Story) album art Gene Krupa With Anita O'Day And Red Nichols Gene Krupa With Anita O'Day And Red Nichols - Drum Crazy (The Gene Krupa Story) (Album) His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice UK 1960 Sell This Version
Red Nichols - Sessions, Live album art Red Nichols, Firehouse Five Plus 2* Red Nichols, Firehouse Five Plus 2* - Sessions, Live Calliope (3) US 1976 Sell This Version
JA43, JA-43 Red Nichols - The Legendary Earl Baker Cylinders 1926 - Red Nichols Radio Transcriptions 1929-30 album art Earl Baker, Red Nichols Earl Baker, Red Nichols - The Legendary Earl Baker Cylinders 1926 - Red Nichols Radio Transcriptions 1929-30(LP) Jazz Archives, Jazz Archives JA43, JA-43 USA & Canada 1979 Sell This Version
Red Nichols - Syncopated Chamber Music album art Loring Red Nichols And His Band* Syncopated Chamber Music (Album) Audiophile (2) US 1986 Sell This Version
BR-142 Red Nichols - Together Again album art Bing Crosby And Red Nichols Bing Crosby And Red Nichols - Together Again(LP, Album) Broadway Intermission BR-142 US 1988 Sell This Version
S-5-2 Red Nichols - Original 1929 Recordings album art Red Nichols Original 1929 Recordings(CD) Tax S-5-2 Sweden 1991 Sell This Version
T1051 Red Nichols - Parade Of The Pennies album art Red Nichols and his 5 Pennies* Parade Of The Pennies(LP, Album, Mono) Capitol Records T1051 US Unknown Sell This Version
EBF-240 Red Nichols - The History of Jazz The Golden Era Vol. 2 album art Paul Whiteman, Jack Teagarden, Sonny Greer, Red Nichols, Julia Lee, Jay McShann Paul Whiteman, Jack Teagarden, Sonny Greer, Red Nichols, Julia Lee, Jay McShann - The History of Jazz The Golden Era Vol. 2(2x7", EP) Capitol REcords EBF-240 US Unknown Sell This Version
BR-126 Red Nichols - Red Nichols' Pennies Class of '39 album art Red Nichols Red Nichols' Pennies Class of '39(LP) Broadway Intermission BR-126 Unknown Sell This Version
Spokane #9 Red Nichols - Birth Of The Blues album art Bing Crosby, Dinah Shore, Phil Harris, Red Nichols Bing Crosby, Dinah Shore, Phil Harris, Red Nichols - Birth Of The Blues(LP) Spokane Records (3) Spokane #9 US Unknown Sell This Version
T 131 Red Nichols - Red Nichols And His Pennies album art Red Nichols Red Nichols And His Pennies(LP, Mono, Club) World Record Club T 131 UK Unknown Sell This Version
DPC-806 Red Nichols - The One And Only album art Red Nichols The One And Only(Cass) Demand Performance (2) DPC-806 US Unknown Sell This Version

Singles & EPs

774 Red Nichols - A Handful Of Stars / Singin' The Blues / Dancing On The Ceiling album art Ray Noble And His Orchestra / Bobby Hackett And His Orchestra / Red Nichols Ray Noble And His Orchestra / Bobby Hackett And His Orchestra / Red Nichols - A Handful Of Stars / Singin' The Blues / Dancing On The Ceiling(12") V Disc 774 US 1947 Sell This Version
AP-8 Loring Red Nichols And His Band* Syncopated Chamber Music Vol. 2(12", EP, Mic) Audiophile (2) AP-8 US 1953 Sell This Version
AP-7 Red Nichols - Syncopated Chamber Music Vol. 1 album art Loring Red Nichols And His Band* Syncopated Chamber Music Vol. 1(12", EP, Mic) Audiophile (2) AP-7 US 1953 Sell This Version
Red Nichols - The Five Pennies - Part 1 album art Danny Kaye (2), Louis Armstrong, Red Nichols Danny Kaye (2), Louis Armstrong, Red Nichols - The Five Pennies - Part 1 (EP) London Records UK 1958 Sell This Version
Red Nichols - Lullaby In Ragtime / Battle Hymn Of The Republic album art Danny Kaye (2) - Eileen Wilson / Red Nichols - Louis Armstrong Danny Kaye (2) - Eileen Wilson / Red Nichols - Louis Armstrong - Lullaby In Ragtime / Battle Hymn Of The Republic Dot Records US 1959 Sell This Version
EPR 102, DEPR 102 Red Nichols - A Five Pennies Sampler album art Red Nichols A Five Pennies Sampler(7", EP) Dot Records, Dot Records EPR 102, DEPR 102 US 1959 Sell This Version
DEPM 102 Red Nichols - Selmer Sampler album art Red Nichols Selmer Sampler(7", EP) Dot Records DEPM 102 US 1959 Sell This Version
Red Nichols - Jazz Gallery album art Red Nichols Jazz Gallery (EP) Philips Netherlands Unknown Sell This Version
CL. 14596 Red Nichols - Speak Easy / The Beautiful Girls Of Vienna  album art Red Nichols And His New Orchestra With Vocal Group* Speak Easy / The Beautiful Girls Of Vienna (Shellac, 10") Capitol Records CL. 14596 UK Unknown Sell This Version
R 2540 The Charleston Chasers Under The Dir. Of "Red Nichols"* / Fletcher Henderson & His Orchestra* The Charleston Chasers Under The Dir. Of "Red Nichols"* / Fletcher Henderson & His Orchestra* - Delirium / I'm Coming, Virginia(Shellac, 10") Parlophone R 2540 UK Unknown Sell This Version
467 093 TE Red Nichols - A Red Nichols Story - Volume 2 album art Red Nichols A Red Nichols Story - Volume 2(7", EP) Fontana 467 093 TE Netherlands Unknown Sell This Version
none Red Nichols - Kansas City, Kansas album art Red Nichols Kansas City, Kansas(Acetate, 12") Audiodiscs none US Unknown Sell This Version

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