b. December 9, 1909 (Birmingham, AL, USA)
d. May 19, 1978 (Cleveland, OH, USA)
Started out playing with George Howe ('27), Luis Russell ('28-29), and James Price Johnson ('32). From '32 he began to regularly lead his own band, which at times included sidemen such as Leon "Chu" Berry, Dizzy Gillespie, and Frank Newton. From 1940 he gave up leading to become manager of Minton's Playhouse, Harlem. He left there in 1969 to become manager of Club Baron, Harlem.