Charley Patton

Profile:
Charlie Patton, better known as Charley Patton, was an American Delta blues singer, guitarist and songwriter. Considered by many to be the "Father of the Delta Blues", he inspired most Delta blues musicians.

Born: April 1891 (probable) in Hinds County, Mississippi (near the town of Edwards)
Died: April 28, 1934 on the Heathman-Dedham plantation in Mississippi (near Indianola)

Patton's parentage and race also are uncertain. His parents were Bill and Annie Patton, but locally he was regarded as having been fathered by former slave Henderson Chatmon, several of whose children became popular Delta musicians, as solo performers and as members of groups such as the Mississippi Sheiks. Biographer John Fahey described Patton as having "light skin and Caucasian features." Patton was considered African-American, but because of his light complexion there has been much speculation about his ancestry over the years. One theory endorsed by blues musician Howlin' Wolf was that Patton was Mexican or Cherokee. It is now generally agreed that Patton was of mixed heritage, with white, black, and Native ancestors.

In 1897, his family to Dockery Plantation, a cotton farm and sawmill near Ruleville, Mississippi. There, Patton developed his musical style, influenced by Henry Sloan, who had a new, unusual style of playing music, which is now considered an early form of the blues. Patton performed at Dockery and nearby plantations and began an association with Willie Brown (2). Tommy Johnson, fiddlin' joe martin, Robert Johnson, and Howlin' Wolf also lived and performed in the area, and Patton served as a mentor to these younger performers. He gained popularity for his showmanship, sometimes playing with the guitar down on his knees, behind his head, or behind his back.

He died on the Heathman-Dedham plantation, near Indianola, on April 28, 1934, and is buried in Holly Ridge (both towns are located in Sunflower County). His death certificate states that he died of a mitral valve disorder. Patton's death was not reported in the newspapers.

A memorial headstone was erected on Patton's grave, paid for by musician John Fogerty through the Mt. Zion Memorial Fund in July 1990.
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Singles & EPs

12805 Charley Patton - Screamin' And Hollerin' The Blues / Mississippi Boweavil Blues album art Charley Patton Screamin' And Hollerin' The Blues / Mississippi Boweavil Blues(Shellac, 10", RP) Paramount 12805 US 1929 Sell This Version
12854 Charley Patton - Down The Dirt Road Blues / It Won't Be Long album art Charley Patton Down The Dirt Road Blues / It Won't Be Long(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12854 US 1929 Sell This Version
12792 Charley Patton - Pony Blues / Banty Rooster Blues album art Charley Patton Pony Blues / Banty Rooster Blues(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12792 US 1929 Sell This Version
12953 Charley Patton - Mean Black Moan / Heart Like Railroad Steel album art Charley Patton Mean Black Moan / Heart Like Railroad Steel(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12953 US 1930 Sell This Version
12909 Charley Patton - High Water Everywhere, Part I / High Water Everywhere, Part II album art Charley Patton High Water Everywhere, Part I / High Water Everywhere, Part II(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12909 US 1930 Sell This Version
12972 Charley Patton - Green River Blues / Elder Greene Blues album art Charley Patton Green River Blues / Elder Greene Blues(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12972 US 1930 Sell This Version
13014 Charley Patton - Moon Going Down / Going to Move to Alabama album art Charley Patton Moon Going Down / Going to Move to Alabama(Shellac, 10") Paramount 13014 US 1930 Sell This Version
12998 Charley Patton - Hammer Blues / When Your Way Gets Dark album art Charley Patton Hammer Blues / When Your Way Gets Dark(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12998 US 1930 Sell This Version
12883 Charley Patton - Lord I'm Discouraged / I'm Goin' Home album art Charley Patton Lord I'm Discouraged / I'm Goin' Home(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12883 US 1930 Sell This Version
12943 Charley Patton - Mean Black Cat Blues / Magnolia Blues album art Charley Patton Mean Black Cat Blues / Magnolia Blues(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12943 US 1930 Sell This Version
12986 Charley Patton - Jesue Is A Dying Bed Maker / I Shall Not Be Moved album art Charley Patton Jesue Is A Dying Bed Maker / I Shall Not Be Moved(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12986 US 1930 Sell This Version
12869 Charley Patton - Shake It And Break It But (Don't Let It Fall Mama) / A Spoonful Blues album art Charley Patton Shake It And Break It But (Don't Let It Fall Mama) / A Spoonful Blues(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12869 US 1930 Sell This Version
12924 Charley Patton - Rattlesnake Blues / Running Wild Blues album art Charley Patton Rattlesnake Blues / Running Wild Blues(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12924 US 1930 Sell This Version
12877 Charley Patton - Pea Vine Blues / Tom Rushen Blues album art Charley Patton Pea Vine Blues / Tom Rushen Blues(Shellac, 10") Paramount 12877 US 1930 Sell This Version
13080 Charley Patton - Jim Lee-Part I / Some Summer Day album art Charley Patton Jim Lee-Part I / Some Summer Day(Shellac, 10") Paramount 13080 US 1931 Sell This Version
13040 Charley Patton - Circle Round The Moon / Devil Sent The Rain album art Charley Patton Circle Round The Moon / Devil Sent The Rain(Shellac, 10") Paramount 13040 US 1931 Sell This Version
02931 Charley Patton - Hang It On The Wall / Revenue Man Blues album art Charlie Patton* Hang It On The Wall / Revenue Man Blues(Shellac, 10") Vocalion (2) 02931 US 1934 Sell This Version
02782 Charley Patton - Love My Stuff / Jersey Bull Blues album art Charlie Patton* Love My Stuff / Jersey Bull Blues(Shellac, 10") Vocalion (2) 02782 US 1934 Sell This Version
02680 Charley Patton - High Sheriff Blues / Stone Pony Blues album art Charlie Patton* High Sheriff Blues / Stone Pony Blues(Shellac, 10") Vocalion (2) 02680 US 1934 Sell This Version
02651 Charley Patton - Poor Me / 34 Blues album art Charlie Patton* Poor Me / 34 Blues(Shellac, 10") Vocalion (2) 02651 US 1934 Sell This Version
02904 Charley Patton - Oh Death / Troubled ‘Bout My Mother album art Patton* And Lee* Patton* And Lee* - Oh Death / Troubled ‘Bout My Mother(Shellac, 10") Vocalion (2) 02904 US 1935 Sell This Version

Compilations

OJL-1 Charley Patton - The Immortal Charlie Patton Number 1 album art Charley Patton The Immortal Charlie Patton Number 1 (Comp) Origin Jazz Library OJL-1 US 1962 Sell This Version
OJL-7 Charley Patton - The Immortal Charlie Patton Number 2 album art Charlie Patton* The Immortal Charlie Patton Number 2 (Comp) Origin Jazz Library OJL-7 US 1964 Sell This Version
RL-339 Charley Patton - Delta Blues album art Robert Johnson, Charley Patton, Skip James, Son House Robert Johnson, Charley Patton, Skip James, Son House - Delta Blues (Comp) Roots (2) RL-339 Austria 1971 Sell This Version
L-1020 Charley Patton - Founder Of The Delta Blues album art Charley Patton Founder Of The Delta Blues (Comp, Album) Yazoo L-1020 US 1971 Sell This Version