Charlie Christian

Real Name:
Charles Henry Christian
Profile:
US guitar player - one of the 3 or 4 most highly rated in jazz history (* 29 July 1916 in Bonham, Texas, USA; † 02 March 1942 at Seaview Hospital, Staten Island NY, USA).
Inducted into Rock And Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 (Early Influence).

Career began with occasional gigs as a bass player in various combos around Oklahoma in the early days of the Depression. He spent more than a year with pianist Alphonso Trent's sextet, which played in Casper, Wyoming, and Deadwood, South Dakota. Early inspiration for Christian came from Lester Young, who came to town with Walter Page's Blue Devils to play the season at the Ritz Ballroom in 1931. The Ritz was a white ballroom, and the black players had to be content to do their jamming after hours in Slaughter's Hall on East 2nd Street - or "Deep Second" as it was called. Here Christian and his brothers, Hot Lips Page, Lem Johnson, Eddie Durham, Harry Smith, Hobart Banks, Little Dog, James Simpson and other early players gathered to trade ideas and try to top one another, developing on their chosen instruments.

During this period Christian learned from a variety of guitar players with whom he came into contact: Tommy Lee House, Charlie Faris, Claude Burns and Ralph "Chuck" Hamilton. Perhaps his biggest influence at this point was James "Jim Daddy" Walker, one of the stars of Clarence Love's orchestra from Kansas City. Love played Oklahoma City many times from 1933 onwards, and in their first encounters, Walker (4 years Christian's senior) gave him many a lesson in guitar mastery. Other ideas came from Eddie Durham, who Christian heard a year or so later featuring with Jimmie Lunceford's band, and playing a guitar with a resonator. By the time Walker and Christian met again in 1936, however, Christian had developed enormously and was well able to handle the older player.

Christian left Oklahoma City in 1939 at the age of 23, on the promptings of Mary Lou Williams and John Hammond, and soon joined Benny Goodman's band. Over the next 3 years he would tour across the US with Goodman, and achieve huge popularity. Recordings - both live broadcasts and in the studio (for Columbia and others) also followed. He won the Down Beat Poll for Best Jazz Guitarist in 1939, '40 and '41, and equivalent Metronome polls in 1940 and '41.

In June 1941, Christian's health failed and he was quickly admitted to first Bellevue, then Seaview hospital in NY. He was never able to recover from the tuberculosis, and died 9 months later.
Sites:
In Groups:
Variations:

Artist

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Albums

ESJ-1 Jazz Immortal — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Jazz Immortal Esoteric (2) ESJ-1 US 1951 Sell This Version
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ESJ-4 Dizzy Gillespie / Charley Christian 1941 (Minton's Playhouse & Monroe's Uptown, New York City) — Charlie Christian Dizzy Gillespie / Charley Christian* Dizzy Gillespie / Charley Christian* - Dizzy Gillespie / Charley Christian 1941 (Minton's Playhouse & Monroe's Uptown, New York City) (Album) Esoteric (2) ESJ-4 US 1952 Sell This Version
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BLP 5026 Memorable Sessions in Jazz — Charlie Christian Edmond Hall / Charlie Christian / Meade Lux Lewis* / Red Norvo / Teddy Wilson Edmond Hall / Charlie Christian / Meade Lux Lewis* / Red Norvo / Teddy Wilson - Memorable Sessions in Jazz (Album) Blue Note BLP 5026 US 1953 Sell This Version
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B-504, 5-2114 With The Benny Goodman Sextet And Orchestra — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian With The Benny Goodman Sextet* And Orchestra* Charlie Christian With The Benny Goodman Sextet* And Orchestra* - With The Benny Goodman Sextet And Orchestra (Comp, Album, EP) Columbia B-504, 5-2114 US 1955 Sell This Version
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ES-548 Jazz Immortal - After Hours Monroe's Harlem Mintons — Charlie Christian Charley Christian* / Dizzy Gillespie Charley Christian* / Dizzy Gillespie - Jazz Immortal - After Hours Monroe's Harlem Mintons (Album, Comp) Esoteric (2) ES-548 US 1957 Sell This Version
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BPG 62581, 62581 Solo Flight — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian With The Benny Goodman Sextet*, Benny Goodman Septet And Benny Goodman And His Orchestra Charlie Christian With The Benny Goodman Sextet*, Benny Goodman Septet And Benny Goodman And His Orchestra - Solo Flight (Comp) CBS, CBS BPG 62581, 62581 UK 1966 Sell This Version
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FS-219 Charlie Christian — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Charlie Christian(LP, Album, RE) Everest Records Archive Of Folk & Jazz Music FS-219 US 1968 Sell This Version
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KV-106 Charlie Christian At The Carnegie Hall ~1939 — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian With Benny Goodman Charlie Christian With Benny Goodman - Charlie Christian At The Carnegie Hall ~1939 (Album) Kiva (2), ELEC Records KV-106 Japan 1974 Sell This Version
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JA-23 1940. — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Live! With The Benny Goodman Sextet Charlie Christian Live! With The Benny Goodman Sextet - 1940. (Album) Jazz Archives JA-23 US 1975 Sell This Version
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INT 147.520 Tony Rizzi & His Five Guitars Plus Four Plays Charlie Christian — Charlie Christian Tony Rizzi & His Five Guitars Plus Four Plays Charlie Christian Tony Rizzi & His Five Guitars Plus Four Plays Charlie Christian - Tony Rizzi & His Five Guitars Plus Four Plays Charlie Christian(LP, Album, RE) Toledo INT 147.520 Germany 1980 Sell This Version
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ALB 377 Live 1939 / 1941 — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Live 1939 / 1941(2xLP, Album, Gat) Disques Festival ALB 377 France 1983 Sell This Version
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CBS 460612 2 The Genius Of The Electric Guitar — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian The Genius Of The Electric Guitar (Comp) Columbia CBS 460612 2 Europe 1987 Sell This Version
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CD 56059 Charlie Christian 1939-1941 — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian With Benny Goodman Charlie Christian With Benny Goodman - Charlie Christian 1939-1941(CD, RM) Jazz Roots CD 56059 1992 Sell This Version
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3801062 Together — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian - Lester Young Charlie Christian - Lester Young - Together (Comp) Jazz (Archives Of Jazz), Galaxy, Masters Music 3801062 Netherlands 1993 Sell This Version
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3891232 Charlie Christian & Benny Goodman Sextet Charlie Christian & Benny Goodman Sextet - "Live" 1939-1941(CD) Masters Music 3891232 Netherlands 1993 Sell This Version
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4032 An Introduction to Charlie Christian - His Best Recordings, 1939-1941 — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian An Introduction to Charlie Christian - His Best Recordings, 1939-1941(CD) Best Of Jazz 4032 France 1996 Sell This Version
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DRCD 11122 Celestial Express — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Celestial Express(CD) Definitive Records (2) DRCD 11122 US 1999 Sell This Version
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OJCCD-1932-2, ES-548 After Hours — Charlie Christian Charley Christian* / Dizzy Gillespie Charley Christian* / Dizzy Gillespie - After Hours(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE, RM) Original Jazz Classics, Esoteric (2) OJCCD-1932-2, ES-548 Europe 2000 Sell This Version
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UV 129/2 AC/DC Current — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian AC/DC Current(2xCD, Album) Universe (3) UV 129/2 Italy 2004 Sell This Version
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OS 043 Benny Goodman Al Carnegie Hall — Charlie Christian Benny Goodman, Charlie Christian, Lionel Hampton Benny Goodman, Charlie Christian, Lionel Hampton - Benny Goodman Al Carnegie Hall Gli Oscar Del Disco OS 043 Italy Unknown Sell This Version
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BE-KOG 14800 Special Broadcast Jam Sessions — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian, Billy Bauer, Teddy Bunn Quartet, Wes Montgomery Charlie Christian, Billy Bauer, Teddy Bunn Quartet, Wes Montgomery - Special Broadcast Jam Sessions (Comp, Album) Beppo BE-KOG 14800 US Unknown Sell This Version
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l28549 Collection Double Album — Charlie Christian Benny Goodman, Charlie Christian, Lionel Hampton Benny Goodman, Charlie Christian, Lionel Hampton - Collection Double Album(2xLP, Album, 2 L) carrere l28549 France Unknown Sell This Version
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Singles & EPs

VSP 302 Charlie Christian Memorial Album — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Memorial Album(3xShellac, 10", Mono) Vox (6) VSP 302 US 1947 Sell This Version
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45-1634 Profoundly Blue / Blue Harlem — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian With Ed Hall Quartet* / Ike Quebec Charlie Christian With Ed Hall Quartet* / Ike Quebec - Profoundly Blue / Blue Harlem Blue Note 45-1634 US 1956 Sell This Version
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JEP 4547 Jazz Immortal At Minton's  — Charlie Christian Charlie Christian Jazz Immortal At Minton's (7") Jazz Selection JEP 4547 Sweden 1956 Sell This Version