Marian Anderson

Profile:
Marian Anderson (February 27, 1897 – April 8, 1993) was an American singer, one of the most celebrated of the twentieth century. Music critic Alan Blyth said: "Her voice was a rich, vibrant contralto of intrinsic beauty." She performed in concert and recital in major music venues and with famous orchestras throughout the United States and Europe between 1925 and 1965. Although offered roles with many important European opera companies, Anderson declined, as she had no training in acting. She preferred to perform in concert and recital only. She did, however, perform opera arias within her concerts and recitals. She made many recordings that reflected her broad performance repertoire, which ranged from concert literature to lieder to opera to traditional American songs and spirituals. Between 1940 and 1965 the German-American pianist Franz Rupp was her permanent accompanist.

Anderson became an important figure in the struggle for black artists to overcome racial prejudice in the United States during the mid-twentieth century. In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) refused permission for Anderson to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall in Washington, DC. The incident placed Anderson into the spotlight of the international community on a level unusual for a classical musician. With the aid of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt, Anderson performed a critically acclaimed open-air concert on Easter Sunday, April 9, 1939, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in the capital. She sang before an integrated crowd of more than 75,000 people and a radio audience in the millions.

Anderson continued to break barriers for black artists in the United States, becoming the first black person, American or otherwise, to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City on January 7, 1955. Her performance as Ulrica in Giuseppe Verdi's Un ballo in maschera at the Met was the only time she sang an opera role on stage.

Anderson worked for several years as a delegate to the United Nations Human Rights Committee and as a "goodwill ambassadress" for the United States Department of State, giving concerts all over the world. She participated in the civil rights movement in the 1960s, singing at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963. The recipient of numerous awards and honors, Anderson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963, the Congressional Gold Medal in 1977, the Kennedy Center Honors in 1978, the National Medal of Arts in 1986, and a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1991.
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Albums

M-555, M 555 Marian Anderson - Songs Of Brahms album art Brahms* - Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Brahms* - Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Songs Of Brahms Victor Red Seal, Victor Red Seal M-555, M 555 Canada 1939 Sell This Version
M 986 Marian Anderson - Songs And Spirituals album art Marian Anderson Songs And Spirituals(4xShellac, 10", Album) RCA Victor Red Seal M 986 US 1942 Sell This Version
128 Marian Anderson - Music From America #128 album art Marian Anderson, The Bell Telephone Orchestra, Donald Voorhees Marian Anderson, The Bell Telephone Orchestra, Donald Voorhees - Music From America #128(Vinyl, 16", Transcription) Armed Forces Radio Service 128 US 1945 Sell This Version
DM 1087 Marian Anderson - Bach Arias album art Marian Anderson, Robert Shaw, RCA Victor Chamber Orchestra, Robert Bloom, Joseph Fuchs, Johann Sebastian Bach Marian Anderson, Robert Shaw, RCA Victor Chamber Orchestra, Robert Bloom, Joseph Fuchs, Johann Sebastian Bach - Bach Arias (Album, Comp) RCA Victor DM 1087 US 1947 Sell This Version
MO 1238 Marian Anderson - Marian Anderson Sings Spirituals album art Marian Anderson Marian Anderson Sings Spirituals (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal MO 1238 US 1948 Sell This Version
DM 882 Marian Anderson - Two Songs For Alto, Viola Obligato And Piano album art Marian Anderson With William Primrose Marian Anderson With William Primrose - Two Songs For Alto, Viola Obligato And Piano(2xShellac, 12", Album) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 882 US 1948 Sell This Version
1589 Marian Anderson - Their First Recordings album art Elizabeth Wysor, Marian Anderson Elizabeth Wysor, Marian Anderson - Their First Recordings(LP) Allegro-Royale 1589 USA & Canada 1950 Sell This Version
LM 98 Marian Anderson - Marian Anderson Sings Beloved Schubert Songs album art Schubert* / Marian Anderson, Franz Rupp Schubert* / Marian Anderson, Franz Rupp - Marian Anderson Sings Beloved Schubert Songs (Album) RCA Victor LM 98 US 1951 Sell This Version
LM 1146 Marian Anderson - Alto Rhapsody • Kindertotenlieder  album art Marian Anderson / Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra, Robert Shaw Chorale Of Men's Voices*, Robert Shaw / The San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux Marian Anderson / Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra, Robert Shaw Chorale Of Men's Voices*, Robert Shaw / The San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux - Alto Rhapsody • Kindertotenlieder (Comp) His Master's Voice LM 1146 US 1951 Sell This Version
LM 7008 Marian Anderson - Christmas Carols album art Marian Anderson Christmas Carols (Comp, Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM 7008 US 1951 Sell This Version
ERB-7006 Marian Anderson - Marian Anderson Sings Eleven Great Spirituals  album art Marian Anderson / Franz Rupp Marian Anderson / Franz Rupp - Marian Anderson Sings Eleven Great Spirituals (Album, EP) RCA Victor Red Seal ERB-7006 US 1952 Sell This Version
LRM 7006 Marian Anderson - Marian Anderson Sings Eleven Great Spirituals  album art Marian Anderson Marian Anderson Sings Eleven Great Spirituals (7", Album, Mono) RCA Victor Red Seal LRM 7006 Spain 1952 Sell This Version
18105 Marian Anderson - Marian Anderson Sings album art Marian Anderson / Thelma Carpenter, Ames Brothers*, The Harmonaires Marian Anderson / Thelma Carpenter, Ames Brothers*, The Harmonaires - Marian Anderson Sings (Album) Royale 18105 US 1954 Sell This Version
LM-1911 Marian Anderson - A Masked Ball (Highlights) album art Verdi*, Zinka Milanov, Roberta Peters, Marian Anderson, Jan Peerce, Leonard Warren, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra* Verdi*, Zinka Milanov, Roberta Peters, Marian Anderson, Jan Peerce, Leonard Warren, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra* - A Masked Ball (Highlights) (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1911 Canada 1955 Sell This Version
LM-2032 Marian Anderson - Spirituals album art Marian Anderson With Franz Rupp Marian Anderson With Franz Rupp - Spirituals (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-2032 Canada 1956 Sell This Version
50281 Marian Anderson - The First Recordings Of Marian Anderson / The First Recordings Of Zinka Milanov album art Marian Anderson / Zinka Milanov Marian Anderson / Zinka Milanov - The First Recordings Of Marian Anderson / The First Recordings Of Zinka Milanov(LP) Halo 50281 US 1957 Sell This Version
LM-2212, LM 2212 Marian Anderson - The Lady From Philadelphia album art Marian Anderson The Lady From Philadelphia (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM-2212, LM 2212 Canada 1958 Sell This Version
Д—6145, Д—6146 Marian Anderson - Поет Негритянские Спиричуэлс album art Мариан Андерсон* Поет Негритянские Спиричуэлс Апрелевский Завод, Апрелевский Завод Д—6145, Д—6146 USSR 1960 Sell This Version
RSMC 1378 Marian Anderson - On Christmas Day album art Leonard Bernstein And The New York Philharmonic* With Marian Anderson, Chorus Of The Schola Cantorum*, Boy's Choir Of St. Paul's, London* Leonard Bernstein And The New York Philharmonic* With Marian Anderson, Chorus Of The Schola Cantorum*, Boy's Choir Of St. Paul's, London* - On Christmas Day(LP) Not On Label RSMC 1378 US 1960 Sell This Version
LSC 2613 Marian Anderson - Christmas Carols album art Marian Anderson Christmas Carols (Album) RCA Red Seal LSC 2613 US 1962 Sell This Version
LSC-2592 Marian Anderson - He's Got The Whole World In His Hands  And  18 Other Spirituals album art Marian Anderson, Franz Rupp Marian Anderson, Franz Rupp - He's Got The Whole World In His Hands And 18 Other Spirituals (Comp, Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LSC-2592 US 1962 Sell This Version
FC 7770, SC 7770 Marian Anderson - Snoopycat (The Adventures Of Marian Anderson's Cat "Snoopy") album art Marian Anderson Snoopycat (The Adventures Of Marian Anderson's Cat "Snoopy") (Album) Folkways Records FC 7770, SC 7770 US 1963 Sell This Version
33 Д—8993-4 Marian Anderson - Мариан Андерсон album art Marian Anderson / И. С. Бах* Marian Anderson / И. С. Бах* - Мариан Андерсон Мелодия, Мелодия 33 Д—8993-4 USSR 1961 Sell This Version
LM-2712 Marian Anderson - Songs By Schubert - Schumann - Brahms - Strauss - Haydn album art Marian Anderson Songs By Schubert - Schumann - Brahms - Strauss - Haydn (Album) RCA Victor LM-2712 Canada 1964 Sell This Version
30,301, 30.301, LM 2769, LM.2769 Marian Anderson - Songs At Eventide album art Marian Anderson Songs At Eventide (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal 30,301, 30.301, LM 2769, LM.2769 South Africa 1964 Sell This Version