Olivier Messiaen

Real Name:
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen
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Olivier Messiaen (born December 10, 1908, Avignon, France - died April 27, 1992, Clichy, France) was a French composer and organist.

He studied at the Paris Conservatoire (1919-1930) taught by Paul Dukas, Maurice Emmanuel and Marcel Dupré among others. He was eventually appointed as a professor at the Paris Conservatoire (1941-1978) while also serving as organist at Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris. It is apparent from his first published work of the eight Preludes for piano (1929), that he was using his own modal system, with its strong flavouring of tritones, diminished 7ths and augmented triads. During the 1930's he added a taste for rhythmic irregularity and for the rapid changing of intense colours, in both orchestral and organ works. Most of his compositions were explicitly religious and divided between characteristic styles of extremely slow meditation, bounding dance and the objective unfolding of arithmetical systems. They include the orchestral L'ascension (1933), the organ cycles La nativité du Seigneur (1935) and Les corps glorieux (1939), the song cycles Poèmes pour Mi (1936) and Chants de terre et de ciel (1938), and the culminating work of this period, the Quatuor pour la fin du temps for clarinet, violin, cello and piano (1941). During the war he found himself surrounded by an eager group of students, including Pierre Boulez and Yvonne Loriod, who eventually became his second wife. For her pianistic brilliance he conceived the Visions de l'amen (1943, with a second piano part for himself) and the Vingt regards sur l'enfant Jésus (1944), followed by an exuberant triptych on the theme of erotic love: the song cycle Harawi (1945), the Turangalîla, symphonie with solo piano and ondes martenot (1948) and the Cinq rechants for small chorus (1949). Meanwhile the serial adventures of Boulez and others were also making a mark, and Messiaen produced his most abstract, atonal and irregular music in the Quatre études de rythme for piano (1949) and the Livre d'orgue (1951). His next works were based largely on his own adaptations of birdsongs: they include Réveil des oiseaux for piano and orchestra (1953), Oiseaux exotiques for piano, wind and percussion (1956), the immense Catalogue d'oiseaux for solo piano (1958) and the orchestral Chronochromie (1960). In these, and in his Japanese postcards Sept haïkaï for piano and small orchestra (1962), he continued to follow his junior contemporaries, but then returned to religious subjects in works that bring together all aspects of his music. These include another small-scale piano concerto, Couleurs de la cité céleste (1963), and the monumental Et exspecto resurrectionem mortuorum for wind and percussion (1964). Thereafter he devoted himself to a sequence of works on the largest scale: the choral-orchestral La Transfiguration (1969), the organ volumes Méditations sur le mystère de la Sainte Trinité (1969), the 12-movement piano concerto Des canyons aux étoiles (1974) and the opera Saint François d'Assise (1983).
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Olivier Messiaen Discography Tracks

Albums

ML 4214 Olivier Messiaen - Symphony No. 6 in E Minor / L'Ascension (Four Symphonic Meditations For Orchestra) album art Vaughan Williams* / Messiaen* - Leopold Stokowski, Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Vaughan Williams* / Messiaen* - Leopold Stokowski, Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* - Symphony No. 6 in E Minor / L'Ascension (Four Symphonic Meditations For Orchestra)(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4214 US 1949 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Trois Petites Liturgies De La Présence Divine album art Olivier Messiaen Trois Petites Liturgies De La Présence Divine (Album) Ducretet Thomson France 1955 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Les Concerts Du Domaine Musical - III Concert Saison 1956 album art Domaine Musical* - Gabrieli* / Strawinsky* / Henze* / Messiaen* - Yvonne Loriod, Rudolf Albert Domaine Musical* - Gabrieli* / Strawinsky* / Henze* / Messiaen* - Yvonne Loriod, Rudolf Albert - Les Concerts Du Domaine Musical - III Concert Saison 1956 (Album) Vega France 1956 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant Jésus XVI-XX album art Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant Jésus XVI-XX Vega France 1956 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant Jésus I-IX album art Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant Jésus I-IX (Album) Vega France 1956 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant Jésus X-XV album art Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant Jésus X-XV Vega France 1956 Sell This Version
W-167 Olivier Messiaen - Bohdan Wodiczko, Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii Narodowej* Olivier Messiaen - Bohdan Wodiczko, Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii Narodowej* - Jesień Warszawska, Kronika Dźwiękowa Nr. 1, 1956(10", S/Sided) Polskie Nagrania Muza W-167 Poland 1956 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Quatuor Pour La Fin Du Temps album art Olivier Messiaen Quatuor Pour La Fin Du Temps (Album) Musidisc, Musidisc France 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 078 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 5 : Les Corps Glorieux (2) album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 5 : Les Corps Glorieux (2)(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 078 France 1957 Sell This Version
XWN 18469 Olivier Messiaen - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant-Jésus Nos. I-XII album art Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant-Jésus Nos. I-XII(LP, Mono) Westminster XWN 18469 US 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 080 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 7 : Livre D'Orgue (1) album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 7 : Livre D'Orgue (1)(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 080 France 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 077 Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 4 : Les Corps Glorieux (1)(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 077 France 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 076 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 3 - La Nativité (2) album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 3 - La Nativité (2)(10", Album) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 076 France 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 079 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 6 : Messe De La Pentecôte album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 6 : Messe De La Pentecôte(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 079 France 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 075 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 2 - La Nativité (1) album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 2 - La Nativité (1)(10", Album) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 075 France 1957 Sell This Version
XWN 18470 Olivier Messiaen - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant-Jésus Nos. XIII-XX album art Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod Olivier Messiaen - Yvonne Loriod - Vingt Regards Sur L'Enfant-Jésus Nos. XIII-XX(LP, Mono) Westminster XWN 18470 US 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 081 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 8 : Livre D'Orgue (2) album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 8 : Livre D'Orgue (2)(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 081 France 1957 Sell This Version
260 C 074 Olivier Messiaen - Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 1 : L'Ascension album art Olivier Messiaen Oeuvres Complètes Pour Orgue 1 : L'Ascension(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 C 074 France 1957 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Serenata I / Sonatine / Cantéyodjayâ / Zeitmasze album art Luciano Berio - Pierre Boulez - Olivier Messiaen - Karlheinz Stockhausen Luciano Berio - Pierre Boulez - Olivier Messiaen - Karlheinz Stockhausen - Serenata I / Sonatine / Cantéyodjayâ / Zeitmasze (Album) Vega France 1958 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Catalogue D'Oiseaux album art Olivier Messiaen, Yvonne Loriod Olivier Messiaen, Yvonne Loriod - Catalogue D'Oiseaux Vega, Vega France 1959 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Marcel Dupré At Saint-Sulpice Vol. 5 album art Dupré* And Messiaen* Dupré* And Messiaen* - Marcel Dupré At Saint-Sulpice Vol. 5 (Album) Mercury US 1959 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Fête Des Belles Eaux / Suite / Lalita album art Olivier Messiaen / Darius Milhaud / Jacques Charpentier Olivier Messiaen / Darius Milhaud / Jacques Charpentier - Fête Des Belles Eaux / Suite / Lalita (Album) Erato France 1962 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Turangalila Symphonie album art Olivier Messiaen Turangalila Symphonie (Album) Vega, Vega, Vega Japan 1962 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Visions De L'Amen album art Messiaen*, Yvonne Loriod Messiaen*, Yvonne Loriod - Visions De L'Amen (Album) Vega France 1962 Sell This Version
Olivier Messiaen - Quatuor Pour La Fin Du Temps album art Olivier Messiaen Quatuor Pour La Fin Du Temps (Album) Erato France 1963 Sell This Version