Aram Khatchaturian

Real Name:
Արամ Եղիայի Խաչատրյան (Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian)
Profile:
Aram Khachaturian or Арам Хачатурян (1903–1978) was an Armenian composer and conductor, husband of Nina Vladimirovna Makarova (1908–1976) and uncle of composer Karen Khachaturian (1920–2011). Considered one of the leading Soviet composers of the 20th century, he is a national hero in Armenia. He survived the Soviet regime relatively unscathed, but was in turn humiliated and rewarded by it, receiving awards and titles like "People's Artist of the USSR" (1954), "Hero of Socialist Labour" (1973), the Lenin Prize (1959), four Stalin Prizes (1941–50), and the USSR State Prize (1968) - as well as being branded "fundamentally incorrect", being sent into internal exile, and finding himself obliged to make a forced public apology for his work.

Born and raised in Tbilisi, Khachaturian moved to Moscow in 1921 and enrolled in the Gnesin Musical Institute to study the cello. In 1925, he joined a newly established composition class led by Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin. He continued his studies in composition with Nikolai Myaskovsky in 1929 at the Moscow Conservatory, also taking orchestration lessons from Reinhold Glière. In 1933, he married the composer Nina Makarova, a fellow student from Myaskovsky's class. He graduated from the Conservatory in 1934, and received his Ph.D. two years later.

Khachaturian gained recognition and fame for one of the first major compositions, the Piano Concerto (1936). Other significant works include the Masquerade Suite (1941), Violin Concerto (1940) and Cello Concerto (1946), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), ballets Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954), three symphonies composed from 1935 to 1947, and over twenty film scores. His best-known piece, the 'Sabre Dance' from Gayane, has been covered by numerous musicians and used extensively in popular culture.

During most of his career, Soviet regime gave Khachaturian approval, and he held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers. He joined the Communist Party in 1943. Five years later, Aram was named as one of the leading figures of the "fundamentally incorrect" formalist direction in music alongside with Sergei Prokofiev, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Vissarion Shebalin and Myaskovsky. Their music was denounced as "anti-national." Khachaturian made public apology for his "artistic errors" and was sent away to Armenia as a punishment. The decision to ban the composer was entirely in keeping with the dangerously capricious nature of the regime under Stalin, and, ultimately, he did not change his musical style at all. He was rehabilitated fairly quickly, when his music was used for the documentary film Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1949).

In 1950, he began performing as a conductor and started teaching composition at the Gnessin Institute and Moscow Conservatory. Some of his notable students included عزيز الشوان, Андрей Эшпай, Anatol Vieru, Edgar Oganesyan, Микаэл Таривердиев, Марк Минков, Алексей Рыбников, Толиб Шахиди, Georgs Pelēcis, [Invalid Artist], Nodar Gabunia, [Invalid Artist], Владимир Дашкевич, Кирилл Волков, Viktor Ekimovsky, and Игорь Якушенко.

Name variations: Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Aram Illich Khachaturian, Aram Xačatryan, Արամ Խաչատրյան, Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Арам Хачатрян
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Viewing All | Aram Khatchaturian
A I Khatchaturian, A Khachaturian, A Khatchaturian, A. Chačaturian, A. Chačaturianas, A. Chačaturjan, A. Chačaturjanas, A. Chaczaturian, A. Chatjaturjan, A. Chatschaturjan, A. Chatsjatoerjan, A. Hačarturjans, A. Hačaturian, A. Hačaturijan, A. Hačaturjan, A. Hachaturian, A. Haciaturian, A. Hacsaturján, A. Hatšaturjan, A. I. Khachaturian, A. I. Khatchaturian, A. Il'yich Khatchaturian, A. Kachaturian, A. Kaciaturian, A. Katchatourian, A. Katchaturian, A. Katchaturijan, A. Katchaturjan, A. Katsjatoerian, A. Katsjatoerjan, A. Khachadourian, A. Khachaturaian, A. Khachaturian, A. Khachaturjan, A. Khachaturyan, A. Khachatwian, A. Khatcaturian, A. Khatcharturian, A. Khatchatourian, A. Khatchaturian, A. Khatchaturyan, A. Khatchturian, A. Khatschaturian, A. Khatsjatoerian, A. Khatsjaturian, A.Hachaturan, A.I. Chatschaturjan, A.I. Haciaturian, A.I. Khatchaturian, A.Khachaturian, A.Khatchaturian, A.Khatchturian, Aaram Haciaturian, Aaram Khatchaturian, Adam Katschaturian, Adam Khatschaturian, Adnan Khatchaturian, Alexander Chatschaturjan, Amram Katchaturiam, Amram Khachaturian, Amran Khachaturian, Aram Chačaturian, Aram Chačaturjan, Aram Chaczaturian, Aram Chatchaturjan, Aram Chatjaturjan, Aram Chatjutarjan, Aram Chatschaturian, Aram Chatschaturjan, Aram Chatshaturjan, Aram Chatsjatoerjan, Aram Chjatjaturjan, Aram Hačaturijan, Aram Hačaturjan, Aram Hachaturian, Aram Haciaturian, Aram Hacsaturján, Aram Hatšaturjan, Aram I. Chatschaturjan, Aram Il'Ych Khatchaturian, Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Aram Il'yich Khatchaturian, Aram Il’yich Khachaturian, Aram Ilic Khaciaturjan, Aram Ilich Jachaturián, Aram Ilich Khachaturian, Aram Ilich Khatchaturyan, Aram Ilitch Khatchaturian, Aram Iljič Chačaturjan, Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan, Aram Iljitsch Khachaturian, Aram Iljitsch Khatchaturian, Aram Illitch Khatchaturian, Aram Ilych Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich Khatchaturian, Aram Jachaturián, Aram Kacaturian, Aram Kachaturian, Aram Kaciaturian, Aram Katchaturian, Aram Katschaturian, Aram Kchaczaturian, Aram Khačaturjan, Aram Khachatourian, Aram Khachaturiam, Aram Khachaturian, Aram Khachaturjan, Aram Khachaturyan, Aram Khachturian, Aram Khaciaturian, Aram Khaciaturjan, Aram Khatchatourian, Aram Khatchaturjan, Aram Khatjaturian, Aram Khatschaturian, Aram Khatschaturjan, Aram Khatsjatoerian, Aram Khatsjatoerjan, Aram Khatsjaturjan, Aram Сhatschaturjan, Arams Hačaturjans, Aran Khachaturian, Armen Kachaturian, Chaczaturian, Chatjaturjan, Chatschaturian, Chatschaturjan, Chatsjatoerjan, Chjatjaturjan, E. Chatchaturjan, Hačaturijan, Hačaturjan, Hachaturian, Haciaturian, Hacsaturján, Hascaturján, Hatsathurian, Hatšaturian, Hatšaturjan, Hatshaturjan, Kachaturian, Kaciaturian, Karen Chatschaturjan, Katchachurian, Katchatourian, Katchaturia, Katchaturian, Katchaturyan, Katjaturian, Katschaturian, Katsjakturian, Kchatchaturian, Kha Chaturian, Khachachurian, Khachatourian, Khachaturian, Khachaturian A., Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich, Khachaturjan, Khachaturyan, Khachatyrian, Khachturian, Khaciaturian, Khackaturian, Kharha turian, Khatatchurian, Khatchachourian, Khatchadourian, Khatchaoturian, Khatchatourian, Khatchaturian, Khatchaturian A. I., Khatchaturian A.I., Khatchaturian, Aram Il'yich, Khatchaturjan, Khatchaturyan, Khatchturian, Khatehaturian, Khatjaturian, Khatschaturian, Khatschchaturian, Khatsjatoerian, Khatsjaturjan, Knachaturan, R. I. Khachaturjian, R.I.Khachaturjan, V. Khachaturyan, А. Xaчaтypян, А. Хачатурян, А. Хачятурян, А.И. Хачатурян, А.Хачатурян, Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян, Арам Хачатурян, Хачатурян, Хачатурян Арам, アラム・ハチャトゥリャン, ハチャトゥリアン

Albums

MM664, MM 664 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Ballet Suite album art Khatchaturian*, Philharmonic-Symphony Orch. Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz Khatchaturian*, Philharmonic-Symphony Orch. Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz - Gayne Ballet Suite(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM664, MM 664 US 1947 Sell This Version
MX 292 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne (Ballet Suite #2) album art Khachaturian* : Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz Khachaturian* : Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz - Gayne (Ballet Suite #2) (Album) Columbia Masterworks MX 292 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4071 Aram Khatchaturian - Masquerade Suite / Francesca Da Rimini, Symphonic Fantasia, Op. 32 album art Khachaturian* / Tchaikovsky* - Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Khachaturian* / Tchaikovsky* - Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* - Masquerade Suite / Francesca Da Rimini, Symphonic Fantasia, Op. 32 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4071 US 1948 Sell This Version
MG10000 Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For Violin And Orchestra album art Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh*, Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Alexander Gauk Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh*, Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Alexander Gauk - Concerto For Violin And Orchestra Mercury Classics (3) MG10000 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4030 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne - Ballet Suites Nos. 1 and 2 album art Khachaturian*, Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Efrem Kurtz Khachaturian*, Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Efrem Kurtz - Gayne - Ballet Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (Album, EP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4030 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4288 Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto for Piano and Orchestra album art Khachaturian*Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Oscar Levant Khachaturian*Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Oscar Levant - Concerto for Piano and Orchestra (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4288 US 1950 Sell This Version
DM 1084 Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra album art Khatchaturian* - William Kapell, Serge Koussevitzky, Boston Symphony Orchestra Khatchaturian* - William Kapell, Serge Koussevitzky, Boston Symphony Orchestra - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 1084 US 1946 Sell This Version
CE 1002 Aram Khatchaturian - Trio For Clarinet, Piano And Violin / Sonata For Violin And Piano album art Khachaturian* / Ravel* Khachaturian* / Ravel* - Trio For Clarinet, Piano And Violin / Sonata For Violin And Piano(LP, Mono) Classic Editions CE 1002 US 1950 Sell This Version
Д—0548, Д—0549 Aram Khatchaturian - Концерт Для Скрипки С Оркестром album art А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* - Концерт Для Скрипки С Оркестром Апрелевский Завод, Апрелевский Завод Д—0548, Д—0549 USSR 1952 Sell This Version
VRS-6009 Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For 'Cello And Orchestra (1946) album art Khachaturian*, Sviatoslav Knushevitsky, State Orchestra Of The U.S.S.R.*, Alexander Gauk Khachaturian*, Sviatoslav Knushevitsky, State Orchestra Of The U.S.S.R.*, Alexander Gauk - Concerto For 'Cello And Orchestra (1946) (Album) Vanguard VRS-6009 US 1953 Sell This Version
URLP 7086 Aram Khatchaturian - Piano Concerto album art Khachaturian* - Margot Pinter, Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin*, Arthur Rother* Khachaturian* - Margot Pinter, Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin*, Arthur Rother* - Piano Concerto Urania Records (3) URLP 7086 US 1953 Sell This Version
PLS-14 Aram Khatchaturian - Suite "Masquerade" /  From Ballet "Red Poppy", Overture Of Celebration album art Khatchaturjan* / Glière* Khatchaturjan* / Glière* - Suite "Masquerade" / From Ballet "Red Poppy", Overture Of Celebration(LP) Shinsekai Record PLS-14 Japan 1953 Sell This Version
P 8223, P-8223 Aram Khatchaturian - Ballet Suites: Gayne / Masquerade album art Khachaturian*Fabien Sevitzky Conducting The Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra* Khachaturian*Fabien Sevitzky Conducting The Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra* - Ballet Suites: Gayne / Masquerade(LP, Album, Mono) Capitol Records, Capitol Records P 8223, P-8223 US 1953 Sell This Version
CRLP 136 Aram Khatchaturian - Symphony No. 2 album art Khachaturian*, National Philharmonic Orchestra Khachaturian*, National Philharmonic Orchestra - Symphony No. 2(LP, Mono) Colosseum (4) CRLP 136 US 1953 Sell This Version
VRS-6020 Aram Khatchaturian - A David Oistrakh Recital album art Prokofiev*, Tchaikovsky*, Rachmaninoff*, Brahms*, Glazounov*, Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh* Prokofiev*, Tchaikovsky*, Rachmaninoff*, Brahms*, Glazounov*, Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh* - A David Oistrakh Recital Vanguard VRS-6020 US 1954 Sell This Version
URLP 7119 Dmitri Shostakovich, Aram Khatchaturian Dmitri Shostakovich, Aram Khatchaturian - Shostakovich - Piano Concerto / Khachaturian - Cello Concerto(LP) Urania Records (3) URLP 7119 US 1954 Sell This Version
CRLP 175 Aram Khatchaturian - Caucasian Folk Songs And Dances Volume II : Georgian (Gruzia) And Armenian album art Georgian National Symphony Orchestra of Tbilisi, Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khatchaturian Georgian National Symphony Orchestra of Tbilisi, Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khatchaturian - Caucasian Folk Songs And Dances Volume II : Georgian (Gruzia) And Armenian(LP, Album) Colosseum (4) CRLP 175 US 1955 Sell This Version
35277, ANG. 35277 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Suite / Masquerade album art Aram Khatchaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra Aram Khatchaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra - Gayne Suite / Masquerade (Album) Angel Records, Angel Records 35277, ANG. 35277 US 1955 Sell This Version
35100 Aram Khatchaturian - Khatchaturian Violin Concerto album art Khatchaturian* - Igor Oistrakh*, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eugene Goossens* Khatchaturian* - Igor Oistrakh*, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eugene Goossens* - Khatchaturian Violin Concerto (Album) Angel Records 35100 US 1955 Sell This Version
CBT 555 Aram Khatchaturian - Violin Concerto album art David Oistrakh* And The Philharmonia Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khachaturian* David Oistrakh* And The Philharmonia Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khachaturian* - Violin Concerto (Album) Columbia CBT 555 UK 1955 Sell This Version
33 C 1041 Aram Khatchaturian - "Gayaneh" Suite album art Aram Khatchaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra Aram Khatchaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra - "Gayaneh" Suite Columbia 33 C 1041 UK 1955 Sell This Version
33C 1043 Aram Khatchaturian - Masquerade And In Memoriam album art Khachaturian*Philharmonia Orchestra, Aram Khachaturian* Khachaturian*Philharmonia Orchestra, Aram Khachaturian* - Masquerade And In Memoriam(10", Mono) Columbia 33C 1043 UK 1955 Sell This Version
CL 917 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Ballet Suite / The Comedians, Op.26 album art Khachaturian* / Kabalevsky* / The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Khachaturian* / Kabalevsky* / The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Gayne Ballet Suite / The Comedians, Op.26 Columbia CL 917 US 1956 Sell This Version
Д 03194—03195 Aram Khatchaturian - Концерт Для Фортепиано С Оркестром = Concerto For Piano And Orchestra album art A. Khachaturyan* - L. Oborin*, USSR Radio Symphony Orchestra* A. Khachaturyan* - L. Oborin*, USSR Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Концерт Для Фортепиано С Оркестром = Concerto For Piano And Orchestra Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga Д 03194—03195 USSR 1956 Sell This Version
MAR 572 Aram Khatchaturian - Kreutzer Sonata / Sonata In D Major / Chanson Poème / Dance In B Flat Major album art David Oistrakh*Ludwig van Beethoven / Jean Marie Leclair* / Aram Ilich Khachaturian* David Oistrakh*Ludwig van Beethoven / Jean Marie Leclair* / Aram Ilich Khachaturian* - Kreutzer Sonata / Sonata In D Major / Chanson Poème / Dance In B Flat Major Music-Appreciation Records MAR 572 US 1957 Sell This Version