Aram Khatchaturian

Aram Khatchaturian

Real Name:
Արամ Եղիայի Խաչատրյան (Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian)
Profile:
Aram Khatchaturian or Арам Хачатурян (1903–1978) was an Armenian composer and conductor, husband of Nina Vladimirovna Makarova (1908–1976) and uncle of composer Karen Khachaturian (1920–2011). He is considered as one of the leading Soviet composers of the XX century and a national hero in Armenia. Khatchaturian received numerous high profile awards and honorable titles, including People's Artist of the USSR (1954), Hero of Socialist Labour (1973), the Lenin Prize (1959), four Stalin Prizes (1941–50), and the USSR State Prize (1968).

Born and raised in Tbilisi, Khachaturian moved to Moscow in 1921 and enrolled in the Gnesin Musical Institute to study the cello. In 1925, he joined a newly established composition class led by Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin. Aram continued his studies in composition with Nikolai Myaskovsky in 1929 at the Moscow Conservatory, also taking orchestration lessons from Reinhold Glière. In 1933, Aram Khatchaturian married the composer Nina Makarova, a fellow student from Myaskovsky's class. He graduated from the Conservatory in 1934 and received his Ph.D. degree two years later.

Khatchaturian gained recognition and fame for one of the first major compositions, the Piano Concerto (1936). Other significant works include the Masquerade Suite (1941), Violin Concerto (1940) and Cello Concerto (1946), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), ballets Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954), three symphonies composed from 1935 to 1947, and over twenty film scores. His best-known piece, the 'Sabre Dance' from Gayane, has been covered by numerous musicians and used extensively in popular culture.

During most of his career, Khachaturian was approved by the Soviet government and held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers, even though he only joined the Communist Party in 1943. Five years later, Aram was named as one of the leading figures of the "fundamentally incorrect" formalist direction in music alongside with Sergei Prokofiev, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Vissarion Shebalin and Myaskovsky. Their music was denounced as "anti-national." Khachaturian made public apology for his "artistic errors" and was sent away to Armenia as a punishment. The decision to ban the composer was purely ideological and political, so without him changing anything about the musical style, Aram was rehabilitated soon after, when a documentary film Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1949) was released with music composed by Khachaturian.

In 1950, Aram Khachaturian began performing as a conductor and started teaching composition at the Gnessin Institute and Moscow Conservatory. Some of his notable students include Aziz al-Shawan, Andrei Eshpai, Anatol Vieru, Edgar Oganesyan, Mikael Tariverdiev, Mark Minkov, Alexey Rybnikov, Tolib Shakhidi, Georgs Pelēcis, Rostislav Boiko, Nodar Gabunia, Edward Khagagortyan, Vladimir Dashkevich, Kirill Volkov, Viktor Ekimovsky, and Igor Yakushenko.

Name variations: Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Aram Illich Khachaturian, Aram Xačatryan, Արամ Խաչատրյան, Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Арам Хачатрян
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A I Khatchaturian, A Khatchaturian, A. Chačaturian, A. Chačaturjan, A. Chaczaturian, A. Chatschaturjan, A. Chatsjatoerjan, A. Hačaturian, A. Hačaturijan, A. Hačaturjan, A. Haciaturian, A. Hatšaturjan, A. I. Khachaturian, A. Kachaturian, A. Katchatourian, A. Katchaturian, A. Katchaturjan, A. Katsjatoerian, A. Katsjatoerjan, A. Khachadourian, A. Khachaturaian, A. Khachaturian, A. Khachaturyan, A. Khachatwian, A. Khatcharturian, A. Khatchatourian, A. Khatchaturian, A. Khatchaturyan, A. Khatsjatoerian, A.I. Chatschaturjan, A.I. Haciaturian, A.Khachaturian, A.Khatchaturian, Aaram Haciaturian, Aaram Khatchaturian, Amram Khachaturian, Aram Chačaturian, Aram Chačaturjan, Aram Chaczaturian, Aram Chatchaturjan, Aram Chatjaturjan, Aram Chatschaturian, Aram Chatschaturjan, Aram Chatsjatoerjan, Aram Chjatjaturjan, Aram Hačaturjan, Aram Hachaturian, Aram Haciaturian, Aram Hacsaturján, Aram Hatšaturjan, Aram Il'Ych Khatchaturian, Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Aram Il'yich Khatchaturian, Aram Ilic Khaciaturjan, Aram Ilich Jachaturián, Aram Ilich Khachaturian, Aram Ilich Khatchaturyan, Aram Iljič Chačaturjan, Aram Iljitsch Khachaturian, Aram Iljitsch Khatchaturian, Aram Illitch Khatchaturian, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich Khatchaturian, Aram Kacaturian, Aram Kachaturian, Aram Kaciaturian, Aram Katchaturian, Aram Kchaczaturian, Aram Khačaturjan, Aram Khachaturian, Aram Khachaturjan, Aram Khachaturyan, Aram Khachturian, Aram Khatchatourian, Aram Khatjaturian, Aram Khatschaturian, Aram Khatschaturjan, Aram Khatsjatoerian, Aram Khatsjatoerjan, Aram Сhatschaturjan, AS. Khatchaturian, Chatjaturjan, Chatschaturian, Chatschaturjan, Chatsjatoerjan, Chjatjaturjan, E. Chatchaturjan, E. Jachaturian, Hačaturijan, Hačaturjan, Haciaturian, Hacsaturjan, Hascaturján, Hatšaturjan, Hatshaturjan, Kachaturian, Kaciaturian, Karen Chatschaturjan, Katchatourian, Katchaturian, Katschaturian, Katsjakturian, Khachatourian, Khachaturian, Khachaturjan, Khachaturyan, Khachturian, Khaciaturian, Khackaturian, Khatchachourian, Khatchatourian, Khatchaturian, Khatchaturian A. I., Khatchaturian A.I., Khatchaturian, Aram Il'yich, Khatchaturjan, Khatschaturian, R. I. Khachaturjian, V. Khachaturyan, А. Xaчaтypян, А. Хачатурян, А. Хачятурян, А.И. Хачатурян, Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян, Арам Хачатурян, Хачатурян, Хачатурян Арам, ハチャトゥリアン

Aram Khatchaturian Discography

Albums

MM664, MM 664 Khatchaturian*, Philharmonic-Symphony Orch. Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz Khatchaturian*, Philharmonic-Symphony Orch. Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz - Gayne Ballet Suite(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM664, MM 664 US 1947 Sell This Version
ML 4030 Khachaturian*, Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Efrem Kurtz Khachaturian*, Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Efrem Kurtz - Gayne - Ballet Suites Nos. 1 and 2 Columbia Masterworks ML 4030 US 1948 Sell This Version
MG10000 Khatchaturian* - David Oistrakh*, Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Alexander Gauk Khatchaturian* - David Oistrakh*, Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Alexander Gauk - Concerto For Violin And Orchestra Mercury MG10000 US 1948 Sell This Version
DM 1084 Khatchaturian* - William Kapell, Serge Koussevitzky, Boston Symphony Orchestra Khatchaturian* - William Kapell, Serge Koussevitzky, Boston Symphony Orchestra - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 1084 US 1946 Sell This Version
ML 4071 Khachaturian* / Tchaikovsky* - Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Khachaturian* / Tchaikovsky* - Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* - Masquerade Suite / Francesca Da Rimini, Symphonic Fantasia, Op. 32 Columbia Masterworks ML 4071 US 1950 Sell This Version
ml 4288 Aram Khatchaturian, New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Oscar Levant Aram Khatchaturian, New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Oscar Levant - Concerto for Piano and Orchestra(LP, Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ml 4288 US 1950 Sell This Version
Д—0548, Д—0549 А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* - Концерт Для Скрипки С Оркестром Апрелевский Завод, Апрелевский Завод Д—0548, Д—0549 USSR 1952 Sell This Version
Д—0548, Д—0549 А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* - Концерт Для Скрипки С Оркестром(LP, Mono) Апрелевский Завод, Апрелевский Завод Д—0548, Д—0549 USSR 1952 Sell This Version
PLS-14 Khatchaturjan* / Glière* Khatchaturjan* / Glière* - Suite "Masquerade" / From Ballet "Red Poppy", Overture Of Celebration(LP) Shinsekai Record PLS-14 Japan 1953 Sell This Version
URLP 7086 Khachaturian* - Margot Pinter, Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin*, Arthur Rother* Khachaturian* - Margot Pinter, Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin*, Arthur Rother* - Piano Concerto(LP) Urania Records (3) URLP 7086 US 1953 Sell This Version
33CX 1303 David Oistrakh* And The Philharmonia Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khatchaturian David Oistrakh* And The Philharmonia Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khatchaturian - Violin Concerto (Album) Columbia 33CX 1303 UK 1955 Sell This Version
Д—2410, Д—2411 А. Хачатурян* Фрагменты Из Балета «Гаянэ»(10", Mono) Апрелевский Завод, Апрелевский Завод Д—2410, Д—2411 USSR 1955 Sell This Version
CL 917 Khatchaturian*, Kabalevsky*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Khatchaturian*, Kabalevsky*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Gayne Ballet Suite / The Comedians, Op.26 Columbia CL 917 US 1956 Sell This Version
SP8349 Khatchaturian* - Leonard Pennario, The Concert Arts Symphony Orchestra, Felix Slatkin Khatchaturian* - Leonard Pennario, The Concert Arts Symphony Orchestra, Felix Slatkin - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra Capitol Records SP8349 Canada 1957 Sell This Version
MAR 572 David Oistrakh*Ludwig van Beethoven / Jean Marie Leclair* / Aram Ilich Khachaturian* David Oistrakh*Ludwig van Beethoven / Jean Marie Leclair* / Aram Ilich Khachaturian* - Kreutzer Sonata / Sonata In D Major / Chanson Poème / Dance In B Flat Major Music-Appreciation Records MAR 572 US 1957 Sell This Version
LSC-2267, LSC 2267 Offenbach* / Khachaturian* - Boston Pops Orchestra*, Arthur Fiedler Offenbach* / Khachaturian* - Boston Pops Orchestra*, Arthur Fiedler - Gaîté Parisienne / Gayne Ballet Suite (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LSC-2267, LSC 2267 Germany 1958 Sell This Version
CE 9 Khatchaturian* / Shostakovitch* - Alexander Gauk Khatchaturian* / Shostakovitch* - Alexander Gauk - The Battle For Stalingrad - Fall Of Berlin Classic Editions CE 9 US 1958 Sell This Version
APCC 60.015 Aram Khatchaturian / Dmitry Kabalevsky / David Oistrach Aram Khatchaturian / Dmitry Kabalevsky / David Oistrach - Concertos Pour Violon Et Orchestre (Comp) Disques Acropole APCC 60.015 France 1958 Sell This Version
630 478 Kogan*, Boston Symphony* / Khachaturian*, Saint-Saens* Kogan*, Boston Symphony* / Khachaturian*, Saint-Saens* - Khatchaturian Concerto / Saint-Saens Havanaise (Album) RCA 630 478 France 1958 Sell This Version
GC 30002 Khatchaturian*, The State Radio Orchestra Of The U.S.S.R.*, Nathan Rachlin Khatchaturian*, The State Radio Orchestra Of The U.S.S.R.*, Nathan Rachlin - Symphony No. 2(LP, Mono) MGM Records GC 30002 US 1958 Sell This Version
SRV-113 SD Khachaturian* / Kabalevsky* - Vladimir Golschmann Conducting The Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Khachaturian* / Kabalevsky* - Vladimir Golschmann Conducting The Vienna State Opera Orchestra* - Suite From Gayne / Suite, The Comedians (Album) Vanguard SRV-113 SD US 1959 Sell This Version
ECD 69 Aram Haciaturian* ‎– Orchestra Simfonică A Filarmonicii De Stat "George Enescu" Dirijor Sir Eugene Goossens Violoncel Vladimir Orlov Aram Haciaturian* ‎– Orchestra Simfonică A Filarmonicii De Stat "George Enescu" Dirijor Sir Eugene Goossens Violoncel Vladimir Orlov - Concert Pentru Violoncel Și Orchestră(10", Mono) Electrecord ECD 69 Romania 1959 Sell This Version
LPBR 6052 Khatchaturian* - Anatole Fistoulari, The London Symphony Orchestra Khatchaturian* - Anatole Fistoulari, The London Symphony Orchestra - Gayne: Ballet Suite (Album) Everest LPBR 6052 UK 1959 Sell This Version
PLP 102 Aram Khatchaturian Gayaneh (Album) Parliament PLP 102 US 1960 Sell This Version
LM-2398, LM 2398, LM2398 Khatchaturian*, Kabalevsky*, Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra Khatchaturian*, Kabalevsky*, Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra - Masquerade Suite / The Comedians (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM-2398, LM 2398, LM2398 Canada 1960 Sell This Version