Earl Robinson formed the jazz / jump-blues group The Scamps at a Civilian Conservation Camp in Parsons, Kansas in 1937. Workers Earl Robinson (from Kansas City, Kansas) and James Whitcomb (from Baxter Springs, Kansas), along with two others, would entertain to pass the time. The group was given the name "The Scamps of CC Camp," and the nickname stuck. Robinson fought in WWII with the US Cavalry and infantry. After the war, he reformed The Scamps and the group began it's peak of popularity. They first recorded in 1947 on the Modern label, which led to bigger recording sessions with Columbia Records in the early 1950s, creating five releases under the name "The 5 Scamps". They appeared on the Peacock label in 1955. The group continued to play live jazz shows in the Kansas City area through the next five decades with Earl Robinson leading the group. The group briefly disbanded for a few years in around 1970, but reformed a few years later with a new lineup. Earl Robinson left the Scamps in 1994, when he was around 75 years of age. He passed away in 2008.