Juluka

Profile:
Johnny Clegg (who went to six different schools in three different countries in five years and was learning to play classical Spanish guitar) was 14 years old when he heard a garden boy by the name of Charlie Mzila play guitar at a corner cafe in Yeoville, Johannesburg. The sound of the Bellini guitar intrigued little Johnny, and over the next few years he learnt fundamentals of the Zulu culture and traditional "inhlangwini" dancing and stick fighting as he accompanied Mzila to the migrant labour haunts.

This raised the attention of another migrant worker, Sipho Mchunu, who had come to Johannesburg in search of work. In 1969 he tracked Johnny down at his home and challenged him to a guitar duel in his kitchen. This sparked off a friendship and musical partnership and they started playing together as a duo under the name of "Johnny and Sipho". Their infectious melodies and gentle presence didn't disguise the fact that this union between an illiterate gardener from rural Zululand and a Joburg academic was as radical a musical statement as it was possible to make at the height of apartheid repression.

Their first musical breakthrough came in 1976 when, as "Johnny and Sipho", they secured a major recording deal and produced their first hit, "Woza Albert". Under the guide of producer Hilton Rosenthal, the band Juluka (meaning "sweat that comes from dancing" in Zulu and named after Sipho's head bull!) was formed around these two core members.
In late 1979 their first album, "Universal Men", was released. The album was a musical journey into the life of the Zulu migrant worker, living and working in the city, but continually travelling home, caught between two different worlds. It received no airplay but became a word-of-mouth hit.
A second album, "African Litany", was released two years later and was greeted with critical acclaim. An immediate follow-up album, "Ubuhle Bemvelo", was released in 1982. Recorded entirely in the Zulu language, it continued to mix Western and African styles of music and appealed to a niche market.

Juluka were most fruitful during 1982 and 1983 with tours of the USA, Canada, Germany and Scandinavia. In 1983 they released "Work for All" and a year later "Musa Ukungilandela". In the six years that they were initially together, the band recorded two platinum and five gold albums and became an international success.

Juluka was disbanded in June 1985 as Mchunu returned to his roots in Zululand to herd the family cattle and become a livestock farmer - although he did make some solo recordings afterwards, financed and promoted by Clegg.

Says Johnny: "Juluka was Sipho and me. Our band members changed all the time. We went through, like, eight drummers and five bass players. They couldn't understand what it was we were trying to do." Sipho "has 29 kids and five wives. He didn't want to tour anymore internationally, and so the band broke up."

In 1986, Clegg went on to form his second (and more white rock-oriented) inter-racial band Savuka, continuing to blend African music with European (especially Celtic) folk influences.

Clegg, since 1993, has gone solo, performing live with "The Johnny Clegg Band".

Johnny and Sipho did, however, briefly return to recording, performing and touring together in 1996 as Juluka and released Ya Vuka Inkunzi (also known as "Crocodile Love") in 1997.
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Albums

DNW 2429 Juluka - Universal Men album art Juluka Universal Men (Album) CBS DNW 2429 South Africa 1979 Sell This Version
MINC (L) 1020 Juluka - African Litany album art Juluka African Litany (Album) MINC MINC (L) 1020 South Africa 1981 Sell This Version
MINC (E) 1030 Juluka - Ubuhle Bemvelo album art Juluka Ubuhle Bemvelo (Album) MINC MINC (E) 1030 Zimbabwe 1982 Sell This Version
L4 MINC (N) 1040 Juluka - Scatterlings album art Juluka Scatterlings (Album) MINC, MINC L4 MINC (N) 1040 South Africa 1982 Sell This Version
L4 MMINC(N) 1070 Juluka - Work For All album art Juluka Work For All (Album) MINC L4 MMINC(N) 1070 South Africa 1983 Sell This Version
92 51554 Juluka - Stand Your Ground album art Juluka Stand Your Ground (Album) Warner Bros. Records 92 51554 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
CEL 6783 Juluka - Musa Ukungilandela album art Juluka Musa Ukungilandela (Album) MINC CEL 6783 France 1984 Sell This Version
CDM 4051482 Juluka - Juluka Live (The Good Hope Concerts) album art Juluka Juluka Live (The Good Hope Concerts) (Album) MINC, MINC CDM 4051482 South Africa 1986 Sell This Version
4XL 57138 Juluka - The Best Of Juluka album art Juluka The Best Of Juluka(Cass) Rhythm Safari 4XL 57138 US 1991 Sell This Version
3041562 Juluka - Crocodile Love album art Juluka Crocodile Love (Album) CNR Music 3041562 France 1997 Sell This Version

Singles & EPs

MC 65 Juluka - Gijim'beke album art Juluka Gijim'beke(7") MINC MC 65 South Africa 1981 Sell This Version
MC 72 Juluka - Impi album art Juluka Impi(7", Single) Bullet (8) MC 72 Zimbabwe 1981 Sell This Version
92 95997 Juluka - Scatterlings Of Africa / Mad Dog album art Juluka Scatterlings Of Africa / Mad Dog (Single) Warner Bros. Records 92 95997 Canada 1982 Sell This Version
145.067 Juluka - Scatterlings Of Africa album art Juluka Scatterlings Of Africa (Single) Safari Records 145.067 Netherlands 1982 Sell This Version
ZULU LS 2 Juluka - Umbaqanga Music album art Juluka Umbaqanga Music (Single) Safari Records ZULU LS 2 UK 1982 Sell This Version
AR 00936 Juluka - African Ideas album art Juluka African Ideas (Single) Ariston Music AR 00936 Italy 1982 Sell This Version
MC 94 Juluka - Soweto album art Juluka Soweto(7", Single) Bullet (8) MC 94 Zimbabwe 1982 Sell This Version
MC 82 Juluka - Umfazi Omdala / Biza album art Juluka Umfazi Omdala / Biza(7", Single) MINC MC 82 South Africa 1982 Sell This Version
MC 85 Juluka - Woza Friday album art Juluka Woza Friday(7", Single) Bullet (8) MC 85 South Africa 1982 Sell This Version
MC 108 Juluka - Umbaqanga Music album art Juluka Umbaqanga Music(7", Single) MINC MC 108 South Africa 1983 Sell This Version
MC 120 Juluka - December African Rain album art Juluka December African Rain(7") MINC MC 120 South Africa 1983 Sell This Version
16246 Juluka - Scatterlings Of Africa album art Juluka Scatterlings Of Africa(7", Single) Warner Bros. Records 16246 Brazil 1983 Sell This Version
PRO-A-2085 Juluka - Scatterlings Of Africa / Two Humans On The Run album art Juluka Scatterlings Of Africa / Two Humans On The Run(12", Promo) Warner Bros. Records Inc. PRO-A-2085 US 1983 Sell This Version
ZULU 3 Juluka - Impi album art Juluka Impi(7", Single) Safari Records ZULU 3 UK 1983 Sell This Version
MC 102 Juluka - Simple Things album art Juluka Simple Things(7", Single) MINC MC 102 South Africa 1983 Sell This Version