Fritz Reiner

Fritz Reiner

Real Name:
Frederick Martin Reiner
Profile:
Prominent conductor of opera and symphonic music in the twentieth century. (December 19, 1888 – November 15, 1963).

Reiner was born in Budapest, Hungary to a secular Jewish family that resided in the Pest area of the city. After preliminary studies in law at his father’s urging, Reiner pursued the study of piano, piano pedagogy, and composition at the Franz Liszt Academy. During his last two years there his piano teacher was the young Béla Bartók.

He worked at opera houses in Budapest and Dresden, where he worked closely with Richard Strauss. He moved to the United States in 1922 to take the post of Principal Conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. He remained until 1931, having become a naturalized citizen in 1928, leaving to teach at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, where his pupils included Leonard Bernstein and Lukas Foss.

He conducted The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra from 1938 to 1948 and made a few recordings with them for Columbia Records. He then spent several years at The Metropolitan Opera, where he conducted a historic production of Strauss's Salome in 1949, and the American premiere of Igor Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress in 1951.

Reiner's focus had been on American music since his arrival in Cincinnati, but after the WWII he began increasing his European activity. When he became music director of The Chicago Symphony Orchestra in 1953 he had a completely international reputation. By common consent, the ten years that he spent in Chicago mark the pinnacle of his career, and are best-remembered today through the many recordings he made in Chicago's Orchestra Hall for RCA Victor from 1954 to 1963.
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Fritz Reiner Discography

Albums

M491, M=491, M 491 Debussy* / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Conducted By Fritz Reiner Debussy* / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Conducted By Fritz Reiner - Debussy: Iberia, Berlioz: Hungarian March (From "The Damnation Of Faust")(3xShellac, 12", Album, Mono) Columbia, Columbia, Columbia Masterworks M491, M=491, M 491 US 1942 Sell This Version
ML-54100 Brahms* / Rudolf Serkin , Piano Withhe Fritz Reiner , Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Brahms* / Rudolf Serkin , Piano Withhe Fritz Reiner , Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Concerto No. 1 In D-minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 15 (Album) Columbia ML-54100 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 2019 Gershwin*, Fritz Reiner, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gershwin*, Fritz Reiner, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Porgy And Bess. A Symphonic Picture(10", Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 2019 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4054 Wagner*, Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Wagner*, Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - A Wagner Program(LP, Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4054 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4116 Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Brahms: Eight Hungarian Dances/Strauss Waltzes (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4116 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4108 Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Columbia Masterworks ML 4108 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4085 Beethoven* : Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Beethoven* : Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 In D Major, Op. 36 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4085 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4249 Shostakovitch* / Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* Shostakovitch* / Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 6 Op. 53 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4249 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 2062 Fritz Reiner / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra / Strauss* Fritz Reiner / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra / Strauss* - Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme Columbia Masterworks ML 2062 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 2048 Ljuba Welitsch - Richard Strauss, Fritz Reiner, The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra* / Tchaikovsky*, Walter Süsskind*, The Philharmonia Orchestra* Ljuba Welitsch - Richard Strauss, Fritz Reiner, The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra* / Tchaikovsky*, Walter Süsskind*, The Philharmonia Orchestra* - Salome - Final Scene/Eugin Onegin - Tatiana's Letter Scene, Op. 24(10", Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 2048 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 2079 Richard Strauss / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell / Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* Richard Strauss / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell / Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* - Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks / Don Juan(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 2079 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4281 J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner - Six Brandenburg Concerto Volume I(LP) Columbia ML 4281 US 1950 Sell This Version
ML 4282 J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner - Six Brandeburg Concerti Volume II(LP) Columbia ML 4282 US 1950 Sell This Version
LM-6102 Risë Stevens, Jan Peerce, Licia Albanese, Robert Merrill, Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra, The Robert Shaw Chorale, Robert Shaw, Children's Chorus From L'Elysée Francaise, Georges Bizet Risë Stevens, Jan Peerce, Licia Albanese, Robert Merrill, Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra, The Robert Shaw Chorale, Robert Shaw, Children's Chorus From L'Elysée Francaise, Georges Bizet - Carmen (Album) His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice LM-6102 US 1951 Sell This Version
LM 1191 Brahms*, Nathan Milstein, Gregor Piatigorsky, Fritz Reiner, The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra Of Philadelphia Brahms*, Nathan Milstein, Gregor Piatigorsky, Fritz Reiner, The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra Of Philadelphia - Double Concert in A Minor, Op. 102(LP, Mono) RCA Victor LM 1191 US 1951 Sell This Version
LM-1806 Richard Strauss - Fritz Reiner, The Chicago Symphony Orchestra Richard Strauss - Fritz Reiner, The Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Salomé: Dance Of The Seven Veils / Also Sprach Zarathustra(LP, Mono) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1806 US 1954 Sell This Version
LM 1718, LM-1718 Beethoven* - Vladimir Horowitz, Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra Beethoven* - Vladimir Horowitz, Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra - "Emperor" Concerto No. 5, In E-Flat, Op. 73 (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM 1718, LM-1718 US 1954 Sell This Version
LM-1831, LM 1831 Brahms*, Artur Rubinstein*, Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra* Brahms*, Artur Rubinstein*, Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra* - Concerto No. 1 In D Minor, Op. 15 RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1831, LM 1831 US 1954 Sell This Version
LM-1903, LM 1903 Brahms* - Heifetz*, Reiner*, Chicago Symphony Orchestra* Brahms* - Heifetz*, Reiner*, Chicago Symphony Orchestra* - Violin Concerto (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1903, LM 1903 US 1955 Sell This Version
LM-1969 Tchaikovsky* - Gilels*Reiner*Chicago Symphony Orchestra* Tchaikovsky* - Gilels*Reiner*Chicago Symphony Orchestra* - Concerto No. 1 (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1969 US 1955 Sell This Version
LM-1807 The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner, Richard Strauss The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner, Richard Strauss - Ein Heldenleben (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1807 US 1955 Sell This Version
LM-1899, LM 1899 Beethoven*, Reiner*, Chicago Symphony Orchestra* Beethoven*, Reiner*, Chicago Symphony Orchestra* - Eroica (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1899, LM 1899 US 1955 Sell This Version
LM-1888 Liebermann* / Richard Strauss - Chicago Symphony Orchestra*, Sauter-Finegan Orchestra, The*, Fritz Reiner Liebermann* / Richard Strauss - Chicago Symphony Orchestra*, Sauter-Finegan Orchestra, The*, Fritz Reiner - Liebermann: Concerto For Jazz Band And Symphony • Richard Strauss: Don Juan(LP, Mono) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1888 US 1955 Sell This Version
LM-1991 Beethoven* - Chicago Symphony Orchestra*, Fritz Reiner Beethoven* - Chicago Symphony Orchestra*, Fritz Reiner - Symphony No. 7 RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1991 US 1956 Sell This Version
LM-1178 Rachmaninoff* - Horowitz*, Reiner*, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra Rachmaninoff* - Horowitz*, Reiner*, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra - Concerto No. 3, In D Minor, Op. 30 (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1178 US 1956 Sell This Version

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