Real Name:
Édouard Ruault
Profile:
Founder of Barclay Records and the Barclay label. Born Édouard Ruault, the son of a Parisienne waiter, Barclay grew to become the doyen of the French recording industry. From the early 40's, to his death in 2005 aged 84, he also carved a reputation as a playboy and self-confessed scoundrel with the ladies - marrying no less than nine times.

Self-taught on the piano he gained a taste for the industry as a teenager playing in the bar his parents subsequently ran, opposite the Gare de Lyon, where he befriended Louis De Funès. He also attended concerts by Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt and played in his first nightspot at Le Club before the onset of war. After the liberation of France he changed his name to the American-influenced 'Eddie Barclay' and in 1945 was briefly married to Michèle Barraud. His taste in jazz and knowledge of café society held him in good stead when he opened his first discothèque The Barclay in 1947, also forming a jazz group with his second wife Nicole Vandenbusche (aka Eve Williams) as vocalist. He and Nicole later formed their first label, Blue Star, featuring artists such as Eddie Constantine and Don Byas initially on 78 rpm issues, which they ran from their home. The couple later founded Jazz Magazine with editor Boris Vian and their work featured in the Blue Star series House Of Jazz (2). By 1955 Barclay had gained sound knowledge of LP and 45rpm production techniques after a trip to America, returning with a contract to distribute Mercury in Europe.

It was from this point in the late 50s that Barclay's reputation in French-issue jazz recordings was founded. He released many discs in the new 'microgroove' format via Pathé Marconi's studio which became Studio Pathé Marconi EMI and pressing plant at Pathé Marconi, Chatou. Apart from manufacturing & distributing artists from other labels he also hired Gerhard Lehner to record them for the Barclay label. The roster of artists was vast. From Ray Charles, Dizzy Gillespie, Sammy Davis Jr. and Duke Ellington to the likes of Mireille Mathieu, Dalida and Jean Ferrat. He lured Juliette Gréco and Jaques Brel from Philips and also signed Léo Ferré and Charles Aznavour, among many other renowned French artistes. He also transcribed jazz recordings, co-wrote and also scored soundtracks for a number of films.

The Barclay trademark of opulence was his passion for the white suit, his ever-expanding house and estate in Saint-Tropez - a location to which he had been introduced by Bridget Bardot - and his lavish celebrity parties which were the stuff of legend and as much a benefit for the paparazzi as for the guests. Following treatment for throat cancer in 1979 he sold 80% of his Company to PolyGram. His wives were Michèle, Nicole (to whom he was married for 14 years), Marie-Christine Steinberg (By whom he had a son Guillaume), Béatrice (Subsequently the wife of Guy Marchand), Michele, Daniele, Cathy, Caroline (to whom he was married for 11 years) and his last wife Tiare, whom he married in 2002 on the Tahitian island of Moʻorea. Barclay published his autobiography in 1988. After quadruple heart-bypass surgery in 1994 he suffered a number of infections in April 2005 and was admitted to Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, where he subsequently died.
Born: 26th January 1921, Paris, France.
Died: 13th May 2005, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
Sites:
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Writing & Arrangement

DNZ.10085 Eddie Barclay - Charlston Parisien / Ask For Joe album art Norrie Paramor And His Other Orchestra Ask For Joe (as Barclay) Norrie Paramor And His Other Orchestra - Charlston Parisien / Ask For Joe(Shellac, 10") Columbia DNZ.10085 New Zealand 1957 Sell This Version
7E MQ 37 Eddie Barclay - L'Enfant De La Balle album art Eddie Constantine L'Enfant De La Balle (as Barclay) Eddie Constantine - L'Enfant De La Balle(7", EP) La Voce Del Padrone 7E MQ 37 Italy 1957 Sell This Version
70135 Eddie Barclay - Gondolier album art Bob Martin (2) ,Accompagné Par Quincy Jones Et Son Orchestre* Et Voila! (as E. Barclay) and 1 more… Bob Martin (2) ,Accompagné Par Quincy Jones Et Son Orchestre* - Gondolier(7", EP) Barclay 70135 France 1957 Sell This Version
80060 Eddie Barclay - Eddie album art Eddie Constantine Laisse Tomber (as E. Barclay) Eddie Constantine - Eddie(10", Album) Barclay 80060 France 1957 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Succès De Paris album art Michele Delhay* Avec Willy Lecoude Et Son Orchestre Des Champs-Elysées L'Enfant De La Balle (as Barclay) Michele Delhay* Avec Willy Lecoude Et Son Orchestre Des Champs-Elysées - Succès De Paris (Album) Guilde Du Jazz, Guilde Du Jazz, Guilde Du Jazz, Guilde Internationale Du Disque France 1958 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Sacha Distel Chante... album art Sacha Distel Quelque Chose En Toi Sacha Distel - Sacha Distel Chante... (Album) Versailles (2) France 1957 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Once Upon A Summertime album art Blossom Dearie Once Upon A Summertime Blossom Dearie - Once Upon A Summertime (Album) Verve Records US 1958 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - 5 - Mon Charleston - Charleston album art Onésime Grosbois Et Son Piano D'Occasion Onésime Grosbois Et Son Piano D'Occasion - 5 - Mon Charleston - Charleston (EP) Barclay France 1958 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Sarah album art Cécile Devil* Il N'Y A Que Toi Pour Faire Ca (as E. Barclay) Cécile Devil* - Sarah (EP) Barclay France 1958 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - A Taste of Paris  album art Raymond Legrand Et Son Orchestre Surtout Ne Le Répétez Pas (as Barclay) Raymond Legrand Et Son Orchestre - A Taste of Paris (Album) London International UK 1958 Sell This Version
70195 Eddie Barclay - Noël album art Bob Martin (2) Accompagné Par G. Levecque Et Son Orchestre* ,Avec Les Blue Stars Jour De L'An Bob Martin (2) Accompagné Par G. Levecque Et Son Orchestre* ,Avec Les Blue Stars - Noël(7", EP) Barclay 70195 France 1958 Sell This Version
DN 3010 Eddie Barclay - Israel Sings album art Elis Sella With Erna Tauro Quartet Dos Jidische Lidl - Pretty Bride (as Barclay) Elis Sella With Erna Tauro Quartet - Israel Sings(7", EP) Decca DN 3010 Finland 1958 Sell This Version
92.204 Eddie Barclay - Souvenir D'Eté album art Angelo Et Sa Guitare* La Complainte Des Coeurs Purs (as E. Barclay) Angelo Et Sa Guitare* - Souvenir D'Eté(7", EP) Pacific (5) 92.204 France 1958 Sell This Version
TLF 25038 Eddie Barclay - ¿Recordaría Usted? album art Roberto Valentino Tire L'Aiguille - Fox Roberto Valentino - ¿Recordaría Usted?(10") Telefunken TLF 25038 Spain 1958 Sell This Version
90.024 B Eddie Barclay - Tire L'Aiguille album art Henri Génès Tire L'aiguille (Fox Arabe) (as Barclay) Henri Génès - Tire L'Aiguille(7", EP, Mono) Pacific (5) 90.024 B France 1958 Sell This Version
250 V 064 Eddie Barclay - Le Bal Des Truands album art Loulou Legrand Et Son Ensemble Musette* Pour Garder (Tango) Loulou Legrand Et Son Ensemble Musette* - Le Bal Des Truands(LP, Album) Ducretet Thomson 250 V 064 France 1958 Sell This Version
NE 186 Eddie Barclay - Valkoiset Kielot album art Kalevi Tauru Suukkosten Tanssi (La Dance Du Baiser) (as Barclay) Kalevi Tauru - Valkoiset Kielot(7", EP) Triola NE 186 Finland 1958 Sell This Version
72 212 Eddie Barclay - 10 - Charleston - Charleston Torpedo album art Onésime Grosbois Et Son Piano D'Occasion Onésime Grosbois Et Son Piano D'Occasion - 10 - Charleston - Charleston Torpedo(7") Barclay 72 212 France 1958 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Henri Salvador album art Henri Salvador A Cannes Cet Ete (as E. Barclay) Henri Salvador - Henri Salvador (Album) Barclay, Barclay France 1959 Sell This Version
HH 1714, HH 17-14 Eddie Barclay - Pequeña album art Monna Bell La Danza Del Besar (as Barclay) Monna Bell - Pequeña(7", EP) Hispavox, Hispavox HH 1714, HH 17-14 Spain 1959 Sell This Version
70 246 Eddie Barclay - De Cannes À Saint-Tropez Avec Henri Salvador album art Henri Salvador À Cannes Cet Été Henri Salvador - De Cannes À Saint-Tropez Avec Henri Salvador(7", EP) Barclay 70 246 France 1959 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Amstramgram album art Dalida Accompagnée Par Raymond Lefèvre Et Son Orchestre* Amstramgram (as E. Barclay) Dalida Accompagnée Par Raymond Lefèvre Et Son Orchestre* - Amstramgram (EP) Barclay, Barclay France 1959 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Mustapha / Padrone D'O Mare / Tintarella Di Luna / T'Ho Vista Piangere album art Bob Azzam Et Son Orchestre Mustapha (as E. Barclay) Bob Azzam Et Son Orchestre - Mustapha / Padrone D'O Mare / Tintarella Di Luna / T'Ho Vista Piangere (EP) Barclay France 1959 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Et Voila! album art Eddie Barclay Et Son Grand Orchestre* Avec Ces Yeux-La (as E.Barclay) and 5 more… Eddie Barclay Et Son Grand Orchestre* - Et Voila! Barclay France 1959 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Scoubidou (Pommes Et Poires) album art Sacha Distel Et Que Ca Dure (as E. Barclay) Sacha Distel - Scoubidou (Pommes Et Poires) (EP) Philips Italy 1959 Sell This Version

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