Real Name:
Édouard Ruault
Profile:
Founder of Barclay Records and the Barclay label. Born Édouard Ruault, the son of a Parisienne waiter, Barclay grew to become the doyen of the French recording industry. From the early 40's, to his death in 2005 aged 84, he also carved a reputation as a playboy and self-confessed scoundrel with the ladies - marrying no less than nine times.

Self-taught on the piano he gained a taste for the industry as a teenager playing in the bar his parents subsequently ran, opposite the Gare de Lyon, where he befriended Louis De Funès. He also attended concerts by Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt and played in his first nightspot at Le Club before the onset of war. After the liberation of France he changed his name to the American-influenced 'Eddie Barclay' and in 1945 was briefly married to Michèle Barraud. His taste in jazz and knowledge of café society held him in good stead when he opened his first discothèque The Barclay in 1947, also forming a jazz group with his second wife Nicole Vandenbusche (aka Eve Williams) as vocalist. He and Nicole later formed their first label, Blue Star, featuring artists such as Eddie Constantine and Don Byas initially on 78 rpm issues, which they ran from their home. The couple later founded Jazz Magazine with editor Boris Vian and their work featured in the Blue Star series House Of Jazz (2). By 1955 Barclay had gained sound knowledge of LP and 45rpm production techniques after a trip to America, returning with a contract to distribute Mercury in Europe.

It was from this point in the late 50s that Barclay's reputation in French-issue jazz recordings was founded. He released many discs in the new 'microgroove' format via Pathé Marconi's studio which became Studio Pathé Marconi EMI and pressing plant at Pathé Marconi, Chatou. Apart from manufacturing & distributing artists from other labels he also hired Gerhard Lehner to record them for the Barclay label. The roster of artists was vast. From Ray Charles, Dizzy Gillespie, Sammy Davis Jr. and Duke Ellington to the likes of Mireille Mathieu, Dalida and Jean Ferrat. He lured Juliette Gréco and Jaques Brel from Philips and also signed Léo Ferré and Charles Aznavour, among many other renowned French artistes. He also transcribed jazz recordings, co-wrote and also scored soundtracks for a number of films.

The Barclay trademark of opulence was his passion for the white suit, his ever-expanding house and estate in Saint-Tropez - a location to which he had been introduced by Bridget Bardot - and his lavish celebrity parties which were the stuff of legend and as much a benefit for the paparazzi as for the guests. Following treatment for throat cancer in 1979 he sold 80% of his Company to PolyGram. His wives were Michèle, Nicole (to whom he was married for 14 years), Marie-Christine Steinberg (By whom he had a son Guillaume), Béatrice (Subsequently the wife of Guy Marchand), Michele, Daniele, Cathy, Caroline (to whom he was married for 11 years) and his last wife Tiare, whom he married in 2002 on the Tahitian island of Moʻorea. Barclay published his autobiography in 1988. After quadruple heart-bypass surgery in 1994 he suffered a number of infections in April 2005 and was admitted to Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, where he subsequently died.
Born: 26th January 1921, Paris, France.
Died: 13th May 2005, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
Sites:
Aliases:
In Groups:
Variations:

Vocals

IMV050 Eddie Barclay - Inédits Radio album art Boris Vian Boris Vian - Inédits Radio(CD, Comp) INA IMV050 France 2003 Sell This Version

Instruments & Performance

SW. 156 Eddie Barclay - Djangology / Michele Blues album art Eddie Barclay Eddie Barclay - Djangology / Michele Blues(Shellac, 10") Swing (3) SW. 156 France 1943 Sell This Version
70016 Eddie Barclay - Mon Ami Réveille-Toi album art Renée Lebas Renée Lebas - Mon Ami Réveille-Toi(7", EP) Barclay 70016 France 1956 Sell This Version
82.144 Eddie Barclay - Surprise Party Pour Danser Et Se Rafraichir album art Various Various - Surprise Party Pour Danser Et Se Rafraichir(LP, Album, Comp) Barclay 82.144 France 1959 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Le Jour Le Plus Long album art Dalida Dalida - Le Jour Le Plus Long (Single) Barclay Belgium 1962 Sell This Version
14 049, 14049 Eddie Barclay - Le Petit Renne Au Nez Rouge album art Paulette Rollin Paulette Rollin - Le Petit Renne Au Nez Rouge(7", EP, RE) Barclay, Barclay 14 049, 14049 France 1962 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Je L'Attends album art Dalida Accompagnée Par Eddie Barclay, Raymond Lefèvre Et Burt Random Dalida Accompagnée Par Eddie Barclay, Raymond Lefèvre Et Burt Random - Je L'Attends (EP) Barclay France 1962 Sell This Version
B-150 Eddie Barclay - Je L'Attends album art Dalida Dalida - Je L'Attends(7", Single) Barclay B-150 Canada 1962 Sell This Version
70551 Eddie Barclay - Le Petit Renne Au Nez Rouge - Chansons Enfantines Vol. 2 album art Paulette Rollin Le Petit Renne Au Nez Rouge Paulette Rollin - Le Petit Renne Au Nez Rouge - Chansons Enfantines Vol. 2(7", EP) Barclay 70551 France 1964 Sell This Version
FA 311 Eddie Barclay - Swing 42 album art Django Reinhardt Première Idée D'Eddie Django Reinhardt - Swing 42(2xCD, Comp) Frémeaux & Associés FA 311 France 1999 Sell This Version
018 431-2 Eddie Barclay - Jazz Sous L'occupation album art Various Various - Jazz Sous L'occupation(CD, Comp, RM) Gitanes Jazz Productions 018 431-2 France 2002 Sell This Version
82 045 Eddie Barclay - Surprise-Party à Saint-Tropez album art Various Various - Surprise-Party à Saint-Tropez(10", Comp) Barclay 82 045 France Unknown Sell This Version
MLP 7025 Eddie Barclay - Vol. 2 - Et Bailler Et Dormir album art Eddie Constantine Eddie Constantine - Vol. 2 - Et Bailler Et Dormir(10", Album) Mercury MLP 7025 France Unknown Sell This Version

Writing & Arrangement

560 383 Eddie Barclay - Moi... Moi... Moi... / Tu Me Plais  album art Rose Mania ,Avec Henry Leca Et Son Orchestre Moi... Moi... Moi... Rose Mania ,Avec Henry Leca Et Son Orchestre - Moi... Moi... Moi... / Tu Me Plais (Shellac, 10") Polydor 560 383 France 1952 Sell This Version
VIP 30,070 Eddie Barclay - Mademoiselle From Armentieres album art Line Renaud Tire, Tire L'Aiguille (as Barclay) Line Renaud - Mademoiselle From Armentieres(7", EP) VOX (6) VIP 30,070 US 1953 Sell This Version
N 72.051 H Eddie Barclay - Tire L'aiguille "Laï, Laï, LaÏ" / Histoire De Roses album art Patachou avec Leo Clarens Et Son Orchestre* Tire L'aiguille and 2 more… Patachou avec Leo Clarens Et Son Orchestre* - Tire L'aiguille "Laï, Laï, LaÏ" / Histoire De Roses(Shellac, 10") Philips N 72.051 H France 1953 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Patachou Chante Ses Derniers Succès album art Patachou Tire L’aiguille and 2 more… Patachou - Patachou Chante Ses Derniers Succès (Album) Philips France 1954 Sell This Version
49 231 Eddie Barclay - Wenn Du Wiederkommst / Die Donna Gab Dem Troubadour Ein Zeichen album art Gerhard Wendland Wenn Du Wiederkommst (as Barclay) Gerhard Wendland - Wenn Du Wiederkommst / Die Donna Gab Dem Troubadour Ein Zeichen(Shellac, 10") Polydor 49 231 Germany 1954 Sell This Version
260 V 022 Eddie Barclay - Maria Remusat Chante album art Maria Remusat La Saint-Bonheur (as E. Barclay) Maria Remusat - Maria Remusat Chante(10", Album, Mono) Ducretet Thomson 260 V 022 France 1954 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - 2 - L'Enfant De La Balle album art Patachou Avec Ce Soleil (as E: Barclay) Patachou - 2 - L'Enfant De La Balle (EP) Philips France 1955 Sell This Version
LF 133039 Eddie Barclay - Alec Siniavine Et Sa Musique Douce album art Alec Siniavine Tire L'Aiguille Alec Siniavine - Alec Siniavine Et Sa Musique Douce(10", Album, Mono) Decca LF 133039 France 1955 Sell This Version
260 V 029 Eddie Barclay - Les Gars album art Lily Fayol L'enfant de la Balle Lily Fayol - Les Gars(LP, Album) Ducretet Thomson 260 V 029 France 1955 Sell This Version
47-6173 Eddie Barclay - Theme From Producers Showcase / The Kissing Dance album art Frankie Carle And His Orchestra The Kissing Dance Frankie Carle And His Orchestra - Theme From Producers Showcase / The Kissing Dance(7", Single) RCA Victor 47-6173 US 1955 Sell This Version
424.007 PE Eddie Barclay - Extra Dry N°2 album art Les Bastringuo's L'enfant De La Balle (as E. Barclay) Les Bastringuo's - Extra Dry N°2(7", EP) Philips 424.007 PE France 1955 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - Patachou album art Patachou Tire L'Aiguille (Lai, Lai, Lai) Patachou - Patachou (Comp) Columbia Masterworks US 1956 Sell This Version

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