Real Name:
Édouard Ruault
Profile:
Founder of Barclay Records and the Barclay label. Born Édouard Ruault, the son of a Parisienne waiter, Barclay grew to become the doyen of the French recording industry. From the early 40's, to his death in 2005 aged 84, he also carved a reputation as a playboy and self-confessed scoundrel with the ladies - marrying no less than nine times.

Self-taught on the piano he gained a taste for the industry as a teenager playing in the bar his parents subsequently ran, opposite the Gare de Lyon, where he befriended Louis De Funès. He also attended concerts by Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt and played in his first nightspot at Le Club before the onset of war. After the liberation of France he changed his name to the American-influenced 'Eddie Barclay' and in 1945 was briefly married to Michèle Barraud. His taste in jazz and knowledge of café society held him in good stead when he opened his first discothèque The Barclay in 1947, also forming a jazz group with his second wife Nicole Vandenbusche (aka Eve Williams) as vocalist. He and Nicole later formed their first label, Blue Star, featuring artists such as Eddie Constantine and Don Byas initially on 78 rpm issues, which they ran from their home. The couple later founded Jazz Magazine with editor Boris Vian and their work featured in the Blue Star series House Of Jazz (2). By 1955 Barclay had gained sound knowledge of LP and 45rpm production techniques after a trip to America, returning with a contract to distribute Mercury in Europe.

It was from this point in the late 50s that Barclay's reputation in French-issue jazz recordings was founded. He released many discs in the new 'microgroove' format via Pathé Marconi's studio which became Studio Pathé Marconi EMI and pressing plant at Pathé Marconi, Chatou. Apart from manufacturing & distributing artists from other labels he also hired Gerhard Lehner to record them for the Barclay label. The roster of artists was vast. From Ray Charles, Dizzy Gillespie, Sammy Davis Jr. and Duke Ellington to the likes of Mireille Mathieu, Dalida and Jean Ferrat. He lured Juliette Gréco and Jaques Brel from Philips and also signed Léo Ferré and Charles Aznavour, among many other renowned French artistes. He also transcribed jazz recordings, co-wrote and also scored soundtracks for a number of films.

The Barclay trademark of opulence was his passion for the white suit, his ever-expanding house and estate in Saint-Tropez - a location to which he had been introduced by Bridget Bardot - and his lavish celebrity parties which were the stuff of legend and as much a benefit for the paparazzi as for the guests. Following treatment for throat cancer in 1979 he sold 80% of his Company to PolyGram. His wives were Michèle, Nicole (to whom he was married for 14 years), Marie-Christine Steinberg (By whom he had a son Guillaume), Béatrice (Subsequently the wife of Guy Marchand), Michele, Daniele, Cathy, Caroline (to whom he was married for 11 years) and his last wife Tiare, whom he married in 2002 on the Tahitian island of Moʻorea. Barclay published his autobiography in 1988. After quadruple heart-bypass surgery in 1994 he suffered a number of infections in April 2005 and was admitted to Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, where he subsequently died.
Born: 26th January 1921, Paris, France.
Died: 13th May 2005, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
Sites:
Aliases:
In Groups:
Variations:

Albums

6511 Eddie Barclay - Montparnasse album art Various Chesterfield Boogie Various - Montparnasse(LP) Riviera (3) 6511 France 1951 Sell This Version

Singles & EPs

Eddie Barclay - Petite Surprise-Party Pour Une Lady album art Various Milord (Fox) Various - Petite Surprise-Party Pour Une Lady (EP) Barclay Spain 1960 Sell This Version
72 525, 72525 Eddie Barclay - Selection Club De L'Esquinade album art Various Twist Train Various - Selection Club De L'Esquinade(7", EP) Barclay, Barclay 72 525, 72525 France Unknown Sell This Version

Compilations

80101 Eddie Barclay - Un Soir A Paris - Edition Spéciale album art Various Remerciements Et Présentation D'Irving Green Various - Un Soir A Paris - Edition Spéciale(LP, Comp) Barclay 80101 France 1959 Sell This Version
72 317, 72317 Eddie Barclay - Ouah ! Ouah ! album art Various Oui, Oui, Oui, Oui and 1 more… Various - Ouah ! Ouah !(7", EP, Comp) Barclay, Barclay 72 317, 72317 France 1959 Sell This Version
WLP-29 Eddie Barclay - You Hit Parade In Paris 1962 album art Various Le Chemin De La Joie Various - You Hit Parade In Paris 1962(Flexi, 8", Comp, Red) Barclay WLP-29 Japan 1962 Sell This Version
425/3 Eddie Barclay - La Grande Parade Des Grands Orchestres 3 album art Various La Valse Des Lilas and 5 more… Various - La Grande Parade Des Grands Orchestres 3(Cass, Comp, RE) Sélection Du Reader's Digest, Hispavox, RCA 425/3 France 1982 Sell This Version
302 614 Eddie Barclay - Les Realisateurs - Jean-Pierre Mocky album art Various Chut Various - Les Realisateurs - Jean-Pierre Mocky(CD, Comp) Play Time 302 614 France 1993 Sell This Version
3046762 Eddie Barclay - Du Rififi Au Ciné : Bandes Originales De Polars Des Années 50-60 album art Various Bob Le Flambeur Various - Du Rififi Au Ciné : Bandes Originales De Polars Des Années 50-60(CD, Comp, Ltd, Num) Play Time 3046762 France 1999 Sell This Version
CHAP 235, CHAP 236, CHAP 237, CHAP 238, CHAP 239 Eddie Barclay - Millennium [1900-1999] album art Various Rockin' The Blues [Rock 'n' Roll/jazz Fusion] (as Frank Barclay) Various - Millennium [1900-1999](Box + 5xCD, Comp) Chappell Recorded Music Library, Zomba Production Music CHAP 235, CHAP 236, CHAP 237, CHAP 238, CHAP 239 Austria 1999 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay - De.Barclay.A.Barclay 50/70 album art Various Numéro 13 Various - De.Barclay.A.Barclay 50/70 (Comp) Barclay Canada 2001 Sell This Version
PL211064, 3070322 Eddie Barclay - Du Rififi Au Ciné - Bandes Originales De Polars Des Années 50 À 80 album art Various Thème De Bob Various - Du Rififi Au Ciné - Bandes Originales De Polars Des Années 50 À 80(4xCD, Comp, Lon) Play Time, FGL Productions S.A. PL211064, 3070322 France 2001 Sell This Version
IMV050 Eddie Barclay - Inédits Radio album art Boris Vian Entretien Eddie Barclay Et Boris Vian Boris Vian - Inédits Radio(CD, Comp) INA IMV050 France 2003 Sell This Version
12310 Eddie Barclay - Hard To Find Jukebox Classics: Fabulous Fifties Instrumentals & More album art Various The Bandit (O' Cangaciero) Various - Hard To Find Jukebox Classics: Fabulous Fifties Instrumentals & More(CD, Comp) Hit Parade Records (4) 12310 Canada 2009 Sell This Version
817424 Eddie Barclay - Paris En Chansons album art Various French Can Can Various - Paris En Chansons(2xCD, Album, Comp) Stick Music (2) 817424 France 2010 Sell This Version
533.157-7 Eddie Barclay - De Pre Historie 60 album art Various Mustapha Various - De Pre Historie 60(4xCD, Comp + Box) ARS Entertainment, Universal Music Belgium 533.157-7 Belgium 2010 Sell This Version
CELCD 145 (PM) Eddie Barclay - Swing The Big Bands album art Various Manhattan Spiritual Various - Swing The Big Bands(CD, Comp) Celebration (3) CELCD 145 (PM) Spain 2012 Sell This Version
VM1434 Eddie Barclay - Swing The Big Bands album art Various Manhattan Spiritual Various - Swing The Big Bands(CD, Comp, RM) Calle Mayor VM1434 Spain 2019 Sell This Version
7-608-0 Eddie Barclay - Les Grands Triomphes 1940-1970 album art Various Un Homme Et Une Femme and 1 more… Various - Les Grands Triomphes 1940-1970(8xLP, Comp + Box) Sélection du Reader's Digest Disques 7-608-0 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
GY 161-026 Eddie Barclay - Paris Twist Vol. 1 album art Various Twist Twist and 1 more… Various - Paris Twist Vol. 1(LP, Comp) Gamma (4) GY 161-026 Mexico Unknown Sell This Version
PDL 85067 Eddie Barclay - Teenage Party album art Various Tu Joues Avec Le Feu and 1 more… Various - Teenage Party(LP, Comp) Felsted PDL 85067 UK Unknown Sell This Version
72 315, 72315, BARCLAY 72315 Eddie Barclay - Petite Surprise-Party Pour Un Célibataire album art Various Oh! Quelle Nuit (O Pauve Amour) Various - Petite Surprise-Party Pour Un Célibataire(7", EP, Comp) Barclay, Barclay, Barclay 72 315, 72315, BARCLAY 72315 France Unknown Sell This Version
82 273 Eddie Barclay - Twist Party album art Various Twist Twist Various - Twist Party(10", Comp) Barclay 82 273 France Unknown Sell This Version
33 FS 1002 Eddie Barclay - Enfin Des Vrais Disques De Danse album art Various Joli Chapeau and 1 more… Various - Enfin Des Vrais Disques De Danse(10", MiniAlbum, Comp) Columbia 33 FS 1002 France Unknown Sell This Version
5044 Eddie Barclay - Jazz & Barclay album art Various Et Voilà Various - Jazz & Barclay(CD, Comp, Promo) PolyGram Projets Spéciaux 5044 France Unknown Sell This Version

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