Eddie Barclay

Real Name:
Édouard Ruault
Profile:
Founder of Barclay Records and the Barclay label. Born Édouard Ruault, the son of a Parisienne waiter, Barclay grew to become the doyen of the French recording industry. From the early 40's, to his death in 2005 aged 84, he also carved a reputation as a playboy and self-confessed scoundrel with the ladies - marrying no less than nine times.

Self-taught on the piano he gained a taste for the industry as a teenager playing in the bar his parents subsequently ran, opposite the Gare de Lyon, where he befriended Louis De Funès. He also attended concerts by Stéphane Grappelli and Django Reinhardt and played in his first nightspot at Le Club before the onset of war. After the liberation of France he changed his name to the American-influenced 'Eddie Barclay' and in 1945 was briefly married to Michèle Barraud. His taste in jazz and knowledge of café society held him in good stead when he opened his first discothèque The Barclay in 1947, also forming a jazz group with his second wife Nicole Vandenbusche (aka Eve Williams) as vocalist. He and Nicole later formed their first label, Blue Star, featuring artists such as Eddie Constantine and Don Byas initially on 78 rpm issues, which they ran from their home. The couple later founded Jazz Magazine with editor Boris Vian and their work featured in the Blue Star series House Of Jazz (2). By 1955 Barclay had gained sound knowledge of LP and 45rpm production techniques after a trip to America, returning with a contract to distribute Mercury in Europe.

It was from this point in the late 50s that Barclay's reputation in French-issue jazz recordings was founded. He released many discs in the new 'microgroove' format via Pathé Marconi's studio which became Studio Pathé Marconi EMI and pressing plant at Pathé Marconi, Chatou. Apart from manufacturing & distributing artists from other labels he also hired Gerhard Lehner to record them for the Barclay label. The roster of artists was vast. From Ray Charles, Dizzy Gillespie, Sammy Davis Jr. and Duke Ellington to the likes of Mireille Mathieu, Dalida and Jean Ferrat. He lured Juliette Gréco and Jaques Brel from Philips and also signed Léo Ferré and Charles Aznavour, among many other renowned French artistes. He also transcribed jazz recordings, co-wrote and also scored soundtracks for a number of films.

The Barclay trademark of opulence was his passion for the white suit, his ever-expanding house and estate in Saint-Tropez - a location to which he had been introduced by Bridget Bardot - and his lavish celebrity parties which were the stuff of legend and as much a benefit for the paparazzi as for the guests. Following treatment for throat cancer in 1979 he sold 80% of his Company to PolyGram. His wives were Michèle, Nicole (to whom he was married for 14 years), Marie-Christine Steinberg (By whom he had a son Guillaume), Béatrice (Subsequently the wife of Guy Marchand), Michele, Daniele, Cathy, Caroline (to whom he was married for 11 years) and his last wife Tiare, whom he married in 2002 on the Tahitian island of Moʻorea. Barclay published his autobiography in 1988. After quadruple heart-bypass surgery in 1994 he suffered a number of infections in April 2005 and was admitted to Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, where he subsequently died.
Born: 26th January 1921, Paris, France.
Died: 13th May 2005, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.
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Albums

82.104 Eddie Barclay Musique Pour Les Amants(LP, Album) Barclay 82.104 France 1959 Sell This Version
WLP-13 Eddie Barclay Et Les Twisters, Les Chaussettes Noires, Sam & His Rocking Five Eddie Barclay Et Les Twisters, Les Chaussettes Noires, Sam & His Rocking Five - Teenager's Party(Flexi, 8", Album) Barclay WLP-13 Japan 1962 Sell This Version
82282 Eddie Barclay Et Les Twisters Eddie Barclay Et Les Twisters - Twist A Gogo(10", Album) Barclay 82282 France 1962 Sell This Version
SIBS 19 Eddie Barclay Eddie Barclay(LP, Album) RCA Victor SIBS 19 Italy 1966 Sell This Version
60035, EDI 60035 Eddie Barclay Y Gran Orquesta Sinfonica* Clasico Pop(LP, Album) Barclay, Musart 60035, EDI 60035 Mexico 1973 Sell This Version
424/7 Eddie Barclay, Georges Jouvin Eddie Barclay, Georges Jouvin - La Grande Parade Des Grands Orchestres(LP) EMI 424/7 France 1982 Sell This Version
82-013 Eddie Barclay Paris(LP, Album) Barclay 82-013 France Unknown Sell This Version
BL-408 Eddie Barclay Et Les Twisters Eddie Barclay Et Les Twisters - Twist A Gogo(10", Album, Mono) Vene Vox, Barclay BL-408 Venezuela Unknown Sell This Version
CBLP 2020 Eddie Barclay Interlude De Musique Ininterrompue(LP, Album) Barclay CBLP 2020 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
820.041 Eddie Barclay Eddie Barclay Et Son Orchestre(LP, Album) Barclay 820.041 France Unknown Sell This Version
XBLY 920 362 T Eddie Barclay Le Grande Orchestre Symphonique(LP) Barclay XBLY 920 362 T France Unknown Sell This Version

Singles & EPs

SW. 156 Eddie Barclay Djangology / Michele Blues(Shellac, 10") Swing (3) SW. 156 France 1943 Sell This Version
Eddie Barclay Et Les Careno Cuban Boys Eddie Barclay Et Les Careno Cuban Boys - La Fête Des Fleurs (Single) Riviera (3), Riviera (3) France 1954 Sell This Version
RLP 6629 Eddie Barclay Succès De Georges Brassens Joués Par Eddie Barclay(10") Riviera (3) RLP 6629 France 1955 Sell This Version
45-249 Eddie Barclay, Tito Rodriguez Eddie Barclay, Tito Rodriguez - The Bandit / Mambo Gee-Gee(7") Tico Records 45-249 US 1955 Sell This Version
BCGE 28.003 Eddie Barclay Hit Parade 57(7", EP) Barclay BCGE 28.003 Spain 1957 Sell This Version
72276 Eddie Barclay, Quincy Jones Eddie Barclay, Quincy Jones - Eddie Barclay et son grand orchestre, Arrangements Swing and sweet de Quincy Jones(7", EP, Med) Barclay 72276 France 1958 Sell This Version
72 292 Roger Williams (2), Eddie Barclay, Bob Calfati, Ben (101) Roger Williams (2), Eddie Barclay, Bob Calfati, Ben (101) - Sélection Du Passy Club(7", EP) Barclay 72 292 France 1959 Sell This Version
72 236 Eddie Barclay Sarah(7", EP) Barclay 72 236 France 1959 Sell This Version
72 146 M Eddie Barclay Noël(7", EP) Barclay 72 146 M France 1959 Sell This Version
72329 Eddie Barclay, Pierre Cavalli Eddie Barclay, Pierre Cavalli - Rendez-Vous A Saint-Tropez Dans Les Jardins De La Licorne(7") Barclay 72329 France 1959 Sell This Version
Bob Azzam & Eddie Barclay / Unknown Artist Bob Azzam & Eddie Barclay / Unknown Artist - Mustapha (Single) Disques Parade France 1960 Sell This Version
72 365 Bob Azzam, Eddie Barclay, Panchito Cui-Cui Et Son Orchestre, Ben Sa Tumba Et Son Orchestre Bob Azzam, Eddie Barclay, Panchito Cui-Cui Et Son Orchestre, Ben Sa Tumba Et Son Orchestre - Selection "Club 58"(7", EP) Barclay 72 365 France 1960 Sell This Version
72 400 Eddie Barclay, Bob Azzam, Ben (101), Panchito Cui Cui* Eddie Barclay, Bob Azzam, Ben (101), Panchito Cui Cui* - Petite Surprise-Party Cui Cui(7", EP) Barclay 72 400 France 1960 Sell This Version
72401 Bob Azzam, Onésime Grosbois, Eddie Barclay, Henri Rossotti Bob Azzam, Onésime Grosbois, Eddie Barclay, Henri Rossotti - Petite Surprise-Party Miam-Miam(7", EP) Barclay 72401 France 1960 Sell This Version

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