It was originally composed of Claude Moine, aka Eddy Mitchell (vocals), William Benaïm (guitar solo), Tony D'Arpa (rhythm guitar), Aldo Martinez (bass guitar), and Jean-Pierre Chichportich (drums)
Les Chaussettes Noires signed in late 1960 with Barclay Records, under which the band recorded a score of successful gramophone records.
The band declined from 1962 with the departure of Mitchell for his military service. He would then start a solo career in 1963. The group stopped recording in late 1964.