E.Y. Harburg

Real Name:
Isidore Hochberg
Profile:
Born Isidore Hochberg (April 8, 1896 in Manhattan, New York, USA – March 5, 1981 in Los Angeles, California, USA) to immigrant Jewish parents on the Lower East Side of New York, his name was changed to Edgar Yipsel Harburg. He is also known under his nickname Yip Harburg, "Yipsel" meaning squirrel in Yiddish. He attended Townsend Harris High School, where he and Ira Gershwin worked on the school paper and became life-long friends.
After graduating from university, Harburg spent three years in Uruguay to avoid involvement in WWI, which he opposed as a committed socialist. There he worked as a factory supervisor. After the war he returned to New York, married and had two children and started writing light verse for local newspapers. He became co-owner of Consolidated Electrical Appliance Company. The company went bankrupt following the crash of 1929, leaving Harburg "anywhere from $50,000 - $70,000 in debt,". At this point, Ira Gershwin and Yip Harburg agreed that Yip should start writing song lyrics.
Gershwin introduced Harburg to Jay Gorney, who collaborated with him on songs for an Earl Carroll Broadway review: the show was successful and Harburg was engaged as lyricist for a series of successful reviews.
Harburg and Gorney were offered a contract with Paramount: in Hollywood, Harburg worked with composers Harold Arlen, Vernon Duke, Jerome Kern, Jule Styne and Burton Lane, and wrote the lyrics for The Wizard of Oz for which he won the Academy Award for Best Music, Original Song for Somewhere Over the Rainbow.
During the McCarthy era, from about 1951 to 1962, Yip Harburg was a victim of the Hollywood blacklist when movie studio bosses blacklisted industry people for their left-wing political activity. No longer able to work in Hollywood, he continued to write musicals for Broadway, among them was Jamaica, which featured Lena Horne.
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Artist

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Albums

LSO-1149 Darling Of The Day — E.Y. Harburg Jule Styne, E.Y. Harburg - Vincent Price (2), Patricia Routledge Jule Styne, E.Y. Harburg - Vincent Price (2), Patricia Routledge - Darling Of The Day (Album) RCA Victor LSO-1149 US 1968 Sell This Version
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LOC 1036 Jamaica — E.Y. Harburg Harold Arlen, E.Y. Harburg - Lena Horne, Ricardo Montalban Harold Arlen, E.Y. Harburg - Lena Horne, Ricardo Montalban - Jamaica(LP, Album, RE) RCA Victor LOC 1036 Australia & New Zealand 1982 Sell This Version
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GD81057 Burton Lane, E.Y. Harburg / Jeannie Carson, Howard Morris, Biff McGuire, Carol Bruce, Sorrell Booke And Bobby Howes Burton Lane, E.Y. Harburg / Jeannie Carson, Howard Morris, Biff McGuire, Carol Bruce, Sorrell Booke And Bobby Howes - Finian's Rainbow (Original 1960 Broadway Cast) (Album) RCA Victor GD81057 Germany 1988 Sell This Version
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10 0531-1 801, 11 0531-1801 Divotvorný Hrnec — E.Y. Harburg E.Y.Harburg*, Fred Saidy, Burton Lane, V+W* E.Y.Harburg*, Fred Saidy, Burton Lane, V+W* - Divotvorný Hrnec(LP, Album, Mono, Num) Supraphon, Supraphon 10 0531-1 801, 11 0531-1801 Czechoslovakia 1988 Sell This Version
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SK 89208 Finian's Rainbow - Original Broadway Cast Recording — E.Y. Harburg Burton Lane, E.Y. Harburg - Ella Logan, Donald Richards, David Wayne (3), The Lyn Murray Singers Burton Lane, E.Y. Harburg - Ella Logan, Donald Richards, David Wayne (3), The Lyn Murray Singers - Finian's Rainbow - Original Broadway Cast Recording (Album) Sony Classical SK 89208 US 2000 Sell This Version
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PS 1088 Finian's Rainbow [2009 Broadway Revival Cast] — E.Y. Harburg Burton Lane, Yip Harburg* Burton Lane, Yip Harburg* - Finian's Rainbow [2009 Broadway Revival Cast](CD, Album) PS Classics PS 1088 US 2010 Sell This Version
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12T058 Galdrakarlinn í Oz - The Wizard Of Oz - Original Icelandic Cast Recording — E.Y. Harburg Harold Arlen, E.Y. Harburg, Bergur Þór Ingólfsson Harold Arlen, E.Y. Harburg, Bergur Þór Ingólfsson - Galdrakarlinn í Oz - The Wizard Of Oz - Original Icelandic Cast Recording(CD) 12 Tónar 12T058 Iceland 2011 Sell This Version
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Compilations

RD 048 16 A 23952 Smithsonian Collection of Recordings - American Songbook Series: E.Y. Harburg — E.Y. Harburg E.Y. Harburg Smithsonian Collection of Recordings - American Songbook Series: E.Y. Harburg(CD, Comp, Mono) The Smithsonian Collection Of Recordings RD 048 16 A 23952 US 1994 Sell This Version