Eugene Ormandy

Eugene Ormandy

Real Name:
Jenö Blau
Profile:
Hungarian-American conductor and violinist ( November 18, 1899, Budapest, Hungary – March 12, 1985, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA).

Ormandy is best known for his longstanding post as the conductor of The Philadelphia Orchestra. He also developed what came to be known as the "Philadelphia Sound," emphasizing lush string sonorities and, often, legato phrasing and rounded tone.

Ormandy, born Jenö Blau, began his musical career at an early age. He could identify symphonies at the age of 3 and could play the violin by the age of 4. When he was 5, he became a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest (now the Franz Liszt Academy of Music). He studied with Jenő Hubay and began his conducting career with the Symphonisches Blüthner-Orchester Berlin (Blüthner Orchestra).

He moved to the United States in 1921 (taking citizenship in 1927). Around this time he changed his name to "Eugene Ormandy," "Eugene" being the equivalent of the Hungarian "Jenő." Accounts differ on the origin of "Ormandy"; it may have either been his own middle name at birth, or his mother's. In the 1920s, Ormandy worked in New York as a conductor and in 1930 made his first appearance in Philadelphia with The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra Of Philadelphia. When Arturo Toscanini was too ill to conduct the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1931, Ormandy was asked to sit in. This led to Ormandy's first major appointment as a conductor in Minneapolis.

From 1931 to 1936 Ormandy served as Music Director of Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (now the Minnesota Orchestra). During his time in Minnesota, RCA Victor contracted the orchestra and recordings were made from 1934-1935. Several premiere recordings were made in Minneapolis, including Zoltán Kodály's <i> Háry János Suite </i> and Arnold Schoenberg’s <i> Verklärte Nacht </i>.

In 1936, Eugene Ormandy began his 44-year long tenure with The Philadelphia Orchestra when he became associate conductor under Leopold Stokowski. In 1938, he was promoted to permanent conductor. Ormandy was a quick learner of scores, often conducting from memory and without a baton. He developed an amazing ensemble rapport and personally hired every one of the 104 musicians who played under his baton.

As music director, Ormandy conducted from 100 to 180 concerts each year in Philadelphia. He led the Philadelphia Orchestra on several national and international tours, including a 1955 tour of Finland, where Ormandy and Orchestra members visited the elderly composer Jean Sibelius and in 1973, they became the first American symphony orchestra in the People's Republic of China. Ormandy and the orchestra recorded extensively for Columbia and RCA, especially during the stereo LP era. Ormandy retired as conductor in Philadelphia at the end of the 1979-1980 season (whereupon he was named Conductor Laureate).

Ormandy was always a knowledgeable, well-prepared conductor, but he was most comfortable with Romantic and post-Romantic music; especially noteworthy were his performances and recordings of Richard Strauss and Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff. He led the first performances of many works by American composers and, in 1948 he led the Philadelphia Orchestra in the first symphony concert broadcast on American TV.

Ormandy's awards include: <b> The Presidential Medal of Freedom</b>, presented by Richard M. Nixon in 1970; <b> The Ditson Conductor's Award </b> for championing American music in 1977; Appointment by Queen Elizabeth II as an honorary <b> Knight of the British Empire </b> in 1976; and he was awarded the <b> Kennedy Center Honors </b> in 1982.
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Eugene Ormandy Discography

Albums

AM-256 Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection")(11xShellac, 12", Album) RCA Victor AM-256 US 1935 Sell This Version
15408-15409-1919, M-555 Brahms*, Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Brahms*, Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Songs of Brahms(2xShellac, 12" + Shellac, 10" + Album) Victor, Victor 15408-15409-1919, M-555 US 1939 Sell This Version
MX-251, MX 251, X-MX-251 Gershwin*, Oscar Levant, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Gershwin*, Oscar Levant, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Rhapsody In Blue(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MX-251, MX 251, X-MX-251 US 1945 Sell This Version
M-588 The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston - Six Dances(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M-588 US 1947 Sell This Version
mx-279 Georg Friedrich Händel, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Georg Friedrich Händel, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Handel: Water Music Suite(2x12", Album, She) Columbia Masterworks mx-279 US 1947 Sell This Version
ML 2194 Chausson* | Saint-Saëns*, Zino Francescatti With The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Chausson* | Saint-Saëns*, Zino Francescatti With The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Chausson: Poème For Violin And Orchestra, Op. 25 • Saint-Saëns: Introduction And Rondo Capriccioso For Violin And Orchestra, Op. 28(10") Columbia Masterworks ML 2194 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4017 Brahms*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Brahms*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Symphony No. 4 In E Minor, Op. 98(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4017 US 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4015 Brahms* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Joseph Szigeti Brahms* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Joseph Szigeti - Concerto In D Major for Violin and Orchestra Op. 77(LP, Album, Mono, Pre) Columbia Masterworks ML 4015 USA & Canada 1948 Sell This Version
ML 4096 Tchaikovsky*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Oscar Levant Tchaikovsky*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Oscar Levant - Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor(LP, Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4096 USA & Canada 1948 Sell This Version
Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Franck* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Franck* - Symphony In D Minor (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1949 Sell This Version
Prokofiev* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, The Westminster Choir*, Dr. John Finley Williamson*, Jennie Tourel Prokofiev* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, The Westminster Choir*, Dr. John Finley Williamson*, Jennie Tourel - Alexander Nevsky - Cantata, Op. 78 (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1949 Sell This Version
Grieg* , Liszt* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Grieg* , Liszt* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Peer Gynt Suite No. 1, Op. 46 / Hungarian Rhapsody No. 1; Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1949 Sell This Version
Rimsky-Korsakov* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Rimsky-Korsakov* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Scheherazade (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1949 Sell This Version
Eugene Ormandy / Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy / Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - The Music Of Johann Strauss (Album) RCA Victor US 1949 Sell This Version
Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Handel*, Corelli* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / Handel*, Corelli* - A Handel - Corelli Concert Columbia Masterworks US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4121 Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / John Barbirolli* Conducts The New York Philharmonic Orchestra / Tchaikovski* Eugene Ormandy Conducts The Philadelphia Orchestra / John Barbirolli* Conducts The New York Philharmonic Orchestra / Tchaikovski* - Serenade In C & Theme And Variations(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4121 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4239 Bartok* / Miaskovski* / Ormandy* Bartok* / Miaskovski* / Ormandy* - Concerto No. 3 For Piano And Orchestra; Symphony No. 21 In F-sharp Minor, Op. 51(LP, Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4239 US 1949 Sell This Version
SL-150, ML 4167, ML 4168 Eugene Ormandy Symphony No. 9(2xLP, Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks SL-150, ML 4167, ML 4168 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4142 Eugene Ormandy Prokofiev: Scythian Suite, Op. 20 / Respighi: Feste Romane(LP) Columbia Masterworks ML 4142 US 1949 Sell This Version
ML 4177 Hindemith* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell Hindemith* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell - Nobilissima Visione / Symphonic Metamorphosis On Themes Of Carl Maria Von Weber (1943)(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4177 US 1949 Sell This Version
Tchaikovsky* ~ Philadelphia Orchestra*, Eugene Ormandy Tchaikovsky* ~ Philadelphia Orchestra*, Eugene Ormandy - Nutcracker Suite (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal US 1945 Sell This Version
R. Strauss* / The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy R. Strauss* / The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Rosenkavalier Suite • Death And Transfiguration (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks US 1950 Sell This Version
Schumann*, Rudolf Serkin, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Schumann*, Rudolf Serkin, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Concerto In A Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 54 Columbia Masterworks US 1950 Sell This Version
Dvorak*, Gregor Piatigorsky With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Dvorak*, Gregor Piatigorsky With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Dvorak Cello Concerto in B Minor (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Sell This Version
Berlioz* / The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Berlioz* / The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Symphonie Fantastique, Op. 14 (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks Canada 1950 Sell This Version

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