Michel Redolfi

Profile:
Michel Redolfi (b. Dec 8, 1951) is a French electroacoustic composer and experimental musician from Marseille, best known for the 'underwater music' concept. In 1969, he co-founded GMEM (Groupe de musique expérimentale de Marseille) with Marcel Frémiot and Georges Boeuf.

Redolfi moved to the USA in 1973, working as a guest resident at several major computer music research centers: Bregman Digital Music Studio at Dartmouth College (directed by Jon Appleton, one of the inventors of groundbreaking digital synthesizer Synclavier), University of Wisconsin-Madison studios, and California Institute Of The Arts. He collaborated with several prominent composers and musicians in the United States, such as Terry Riley, Jon Hassell, Daniel R. Harris, Steve Shehan, and John Cage. From 1977 to 1984, Michel Redolfi worked at the UC San Diego, where Center For Music Experiment had been funding his pioneering research in a liquid environment music broadcasting, Project WET – Water Electronically Tuned. Some of his albums were inspired by American natural landscapes.

His debut album Immersion / Pacific Tubular Waves (1980) was released in France with a stereoscopic cover and a pair of red-green glasses. The record, which was dedicated to Jon Appleton, included Pacific Tubular Waves (1979), commissioned by INA-GRM, and Redolfi's first underwater piece Immersion (1980). A year later, the composer organized Sonic Waters at San Diego Bay, the first subaqueous concert in history: the music was broadcasted underwater for a large audience floating or submerged in diving suits.

After returning to France, Michel Redolfi served as the director of the Centre International De Recherche Musicale (CIRM) in Nice from 1987 to 1998, simultaneously leading a contemporary music festival MANCA (Musiques Actuelles Nice-Côte d'Azur). Redolfi continued organizing multiple underwater concerts at swimming pools, ocean bays, and lakes around Europe and in the USA with such programs like Nucléus '89 in Antibes and Nice; Crysallis '92 opera, premiered at Grenoble / Echirolles Olympic pool with Japanese soprano Yumi Nara and percussionist Alex Grillo during the '38e Rugissants' new music festival, Virtual Lagoon '98 at Sydney Festival, and La Citta Liquida at the 2006 Venice Biennale. He wrote music for various choreographers, produced sound design for Luc Besson's Le Grand Bleu film and several animations by William Latham.
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Albums

3 D 833.12, 3D. 833.12 Immersion / Pacific Tubular Waves — Michel Redolfi Redolfi* Immersion / Pacific Tubular Waves (Album) INA-GRM, INA-GRM 3 D 833.12, 3D. 833.12 France 1980 Sell This Version
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2002 Sonic Waters (Underwater Music · Musique Subaquatique) — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Sonic Waters (Underwater Music · Musique Subaquatique)(2xLP, Album) hat ART 2002 Switzerland 1984 Sell This Version
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INA C 1005 Desert Tracks — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Desert Tracks (Album) INA-GRM INA C 1005 France 1988 Sell This Version
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hat ART CD 6026 Sonic Waters #2 (Underwater Music) 1983 - 1989 — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Sonic Waters #2 (Underwater Music) 1983 - 1989 (Album) hat ART hat ART CD 6026 Switzerland 1989 Sell This Version
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CIRM 9104 Nausicaā: Bande Originale De L'Exposition — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi, Luc Martinez, Michel Pascal Michel Redolfi, Luc Martinez, Michel Pascal - Nausicaā: Bande Originale De L'Exposition (Album) CIRM CIRM 9104 France 1991 Sell This Version
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10393 Jungle — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi, Hervé Di Rosa Michel Redolfi, Hervé Di Rosa - Jungle(CD, Dlx) Albin Michel 10393 France 1991 Sell This Version
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INA C 2005 Appel D'Air — Michel Redolfi Redolfi* Appel D'Air(CD) INA-GRM INA C 2005 France 1993 Sell This Version
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121 522, LL 1102 Jungles — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Jungles (Album) Disques Adès 121 522, LL 1102 France 1997 Sell This Version
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CC975 Crysallis (Underwater Music) — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Crysallis (Underwater Music)(CD) Inner Ear (4), CIRM CC975 France 1997 Sell This Version
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CEZ 4022 Underwater Music — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Underwater Music(CD, Album) Cezame CEZ 4022 France 2002 Sell This Version
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AUD6004 Nausicaā - Musique Originale — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Nausicaā - Musique Originale Audionaute AUD6004 France 2004 Sell This Version
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SIG 11025 Vox In Vitro : Opéra Noir — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Vox In Vitro : Opéra Noir(CD, Album) Signature (9) SIG 11025 France 2004 Sell This Version
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INAG 6031 Sons-Frissons — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Sons-Frissons(CD, Album) INA-GRM INAG 6031 France 2012 Sell This Version
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SIG 11075 Music On Mars — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Music On Mars(CD) Signature (9) SIG 11075 France 2014 Sell This Version
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SRV493 Sonic Waters, Underwater Music 1979-1987 — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Sonic Waters, Underwater Music 1979-1987 (Album) Sub Rosa SRV493 Belgium 2021 Sell This Version
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CDA 02 Hardscore — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi / André Jaume Michel Redolfi / André Jaume - Hardscore(LP) Côte D'Azur CDA 02 France Unknown Sell This Version
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Singles & EPs

38R 001 Crysallis (Un Opéra Subaquatique = An Underwater Opera) — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Crysallis (Un Opéra Subaquatique = An Underwater Opera)(CD, Mini) Ultrason 38R 001 France 1992 Sell This Version
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Compilations

mm303 Detours — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi Detours (Comp) Mirage Musical mm303 France 1995 Sell This Version
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AD032016 The Exoplanets / Sci-Fi Memories — Michel Redolfi Michel Redolfi The Exoplanets / Sci-Fi Memories(2xCDr, Album, Comp) Audionaute, Cezame Music Agency AD032016 France 2016 Sell This Version