Hans Swarowsky

Hans Swarowsky

Profile:
Austrian conductor. He was born 16 September 1899 in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (now Hungary) and died 10 September 1975 in Salzburg, Austria.

The son of a Viennese large-scale industrialist, he studied art history and philosophy at the University of Vienna. From 1920, he studied with Arnold Schönberg and then with Anton Webern in music theory and conducting. After working as a pianist, he worked as a Kapellmeister at the Vienna Volksoper and then at the Stuttgart Opera House. Subsequently, he was the first Kapellmeister and opera conductor conductor at the Reußisches Theater in Gera, before he became a Kapellmeister to the Hamburg State Opera in 1934 and to the Staatsoper in Berlin in 1935. Swarowsky worked at the Zurich Opera House from 1937 to 1940, after reportedly being forced out of his position in Berlin - however, he returned to Germany after this period. At the invitation of Richard Strauss and Clemens Krauss, Swarowsky collaborated on the libretto of the opera Capriccio, and also worked at reanslating numerous older operatic texts into German.

From 1940 to 1944 he also acted as a dramaturge at the Salzburg Festival. From 1944 until his last concert on 9 January 1945, he worked in occupied Poland, as chief conductor of the Philharmonic Orchestra of the General Government in Krakow. The premiere of Pfitzner's composition "Krakauer Begrüßung" was dedicated to Hans Frank, later hanged by the Allies as a war criminal.

After the end of the Second World War, Swarowsky, who was at that time in Stuttgart, stood briefly on the "gray list" of the US military government. From 1946 to 1947, he was chief conductor of the Wiener Symphoniker, from 1947 to 1950 director of the Graz Opera. Subsequently, he devoted himself above all to his teaching activities. Many of the most famous conductors of the last decades are from his school, such as Claudio Abbado, Paul Angerer, Rudolf Bibl, Miltiades Caridis, Gabriel Chmura, Jesús López Cobos, Yoram David, Jacques Delacote, Adam and Iván Fischer, James Allen Gähres, Theodor Guschlbauer, Erwin Ortner, Christoph Haas, Raimund Hug, Manfred Huss, Mariss Jansons, Augustin Kubizek, Miguel Gómez Martínez, Zubin Mehta, Roberto Paternostro, Heinrich Schiff, Peter Schneider, Karl Sollak, Mario Venzago, Bruno Weil and Hans Zanotelli. Thanks to his lectures and essays, he remains an authority on questions of interpretation and performance practice. Via the Forschungsprojekt Hans Swarowsky at Universität für Musik und Darstellende Kunst Wien (link below), his works continue to be researched.

From 1946 to 1975, he taught conducting at the Viennese Music Academy (lecturer from 1947, professor from 1961), a very successful and influential class internationally. From 1957 to 1959, he was chief director of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Edinburgh (as successor of Karl Rankl). From 1959, he was the permanent conductor at the Vienna State Opera. He travelled extensively, and made many recordings for radio and commercial release.

N.B. One of his students, Alfred Scholz, issued numerous sound recordings with the so-called Süddeutsche Philharmonie ("South German Philharmonic"), using the names of various conductors, including Hans Swarowsky. It is likely that hardly any of these recordings were actually conducted by Swarowsky. For these releases, Hans Swarowsky (2) should be credited.
Sites:
In Groups:
Variations:
[a864674]

Artist

Hans Swarowsky Discography Tracks

Albums

OPBX 193-3 Joseph Haydn, The Orchestra And Chorus Of The Vienna State Opera*, Hans Swarowsky, Hedda Heusser, Herbert Handt, Judith Hellwig, Alfred Poell, Walter Berry Joseph Haydn, The Orchestra And Chorus Of The Vienna State Opera*, Hans Swarowsky, Hedda Heusser, Herbert Handt, Judith Hellwig, Alfred Poell, Walter Berry - Orfeo Ed Euridice(3xLP + Box) VOX (6) OPBX 193-3 US 1950 Sell This Version
Josef Haydn*, Vídeňští Symfonikové*, Hans Swarowsky Josef Haydn*, Vídeňští Symfonikové*, Hans Swarowsky - Symfonie Č. 1 D - Dur „Lukavická‟ / Symfonie Č. 45 Fis - Moll „Na Rozloučenou‟ Supraphon Czechoslovakia 1951 Sell This Version
HLP.2031 Mozart*The Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Hans Swarowsky Mozart*The Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Hans Swarowsky - Arias From Don Giovanni(LP, Album) Nixa (2) HLP.2031 UK 1951 Sell This Version
DM 5108 Daniza Ilitsch, Orchestr Vídeňské Státní Opery*, Hans Swarowsky Daniza Ilitsch, Orchestr Vídeňské Státní Opery*, Hans Swarowsky - Síla Osudu / Maškarní Ples / Aida / Cosi Fan Tutte(10", Mono) Supraphon DM 5108 Czechoslovakia 1951 Sell This Version
DM 5109 Daniza Ilitsch, Orchestr Vídeňské Státní Opery*, Hans Swarowsky Daniza Ilitsch, Orchestr Vídeňské Státní Opery*, Hans Swarowsky - Untitled(10", Mono) Supraphon DM 5109 Czechoslovakia 1951 Sell This Version
HSLP 2031 Hans Swarowsky, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Hans Swarowsky, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Mozart - Don Giovanni - Arias(LP) Haydn Society HSLP 2031 US 1951 Sell This Version
HSLP 2029 Joseph Haydn, The Orchestra Of The Vienna State Opera*, The Chorus Of The Vienna State Opera*, Hans Swarowsky Joseph Haydn, The Orchestra Of The Vienna State Opera*, The Chorus Of The Vienna State Opera*, Hans Swarowsky - Orfeo Ed Euridice(3xLP + Box) The Haydn Society, Inc. HSLP 2029 US 1951 Sell This Version
Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Conducted By: Hans Swarowsky : Richard Wagner Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Conducted By: Hans Swarowsky : Richard Wagner - Tristan And Isolde / Parsifal Supraphon, Supraphon Czechoslovakia 1952 Sell This Version
M2013-OP8 Mozart*, Chorus Of The Vienna State Orchestra*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Hans Swarowsky Mozart*, Chorus Of The Vienna State Orchestra*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Hans Swarowsky - Don Giovanni(2xLP, Album) The Opera Society M2013-OP8 US 1953 Sell This Version
Mozart* / Guiomar Novaes, Hans Swarowsky Mozart* / Guiomar Novaes, Hans Swarowsky - Piano Concerto No. 20 In D Minor, K.466 / No.9 In E Flat Major, K.271 Vox (6) US 1954 Sell This Version
Beethoven* / Friedrich Wührer, Pro Musica Symphony, Vienna*, Hans Swarowsky Beethoven* / Friedrich Wührer, Pro Musica Symphony, Vienna*, Hans Swarowsky - Piano Concerto No.1 In C Major Opus 15 / Rondo In B Flat Major, Opus Posthumous For Piano And Orchestra Vox (6) UK 1954 Sell This Version
Rachmaninoff* / Enesco* / William Strickland / Hans Swarowsky Rachmaninoff* / Enesco* / William Strickland / Hans Swarowsky - Concerto No. 2 In C Minor Music Treasures Of The World US 1955 Sell This Version
Liszt*, Chopin*, Orazio Frugoni, Orchestre "Pro Musica" Vienne*, Hans Swarowsky Liszt*, Chopin*, Orazio Frugoni, Orchestre "Pro Musica" Vienne*, Hans Swarowsky - Totentanz (Danse Macabre) / Andante Spianato & Grande Polonaise Brillante, Op.22 / Rondo Krakowiak, Op. 14 / Variations Sur "La Ci Darem La Mano", Op.2 (Album) Pathé Vox France 1955 Sell This Version
Brandon De Wilde, Pro Musica Symphony, Hans Swarowsky Brandon De Wilde, Pro Musica Symphony, Hans Swarowsky - Prokofiev- Peter and the Wolf; Britten- Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra VOX (6) US 1955 Sell This Version
SLP-4543 Paulo Santos*, Orquestra Sinfônica Pró Música de Viena*, Hans Swarowsky Paulo Santos*, Orquestra Sinfônica Pró Música de Viena*, Hans Swarowsky - Pedro E O Lobo, Op. 67 / Guia Dos Jovens Para Orquestra, Op. 34(LP, Album) Sinter, VOX (6) SLP-4543 Brazil 1955 Sell This Version
UR 8007 Humperdinck* - Vienna Philharmusica Symphony*, Hans Swarowsky Humperdinck* - Vienna Philharmusica Symphony*, Hans Swarowsky - Hansel & Gretel●Sleeping Beauty●The King's Children(LP, Mono) Urania Records (3) UR 8007 US 1956 Sell This Version
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart / Ludwig van Beethoven - Das Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper in der Volksoper*, Hans Swarowsky Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart / Ludwig van Beethoven - Das Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper in der Volksoper*, Hans Swarowsky - Eine Kleine Nachtmusik / Ouvertüre Leonore Nr.3 Donauland Austria 1957 Sell This Version
Beethoven* ; Sinfonia Of London* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky Beethoven* ; Sinfonia Of London* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky - Symphony No. 5 In C Minor Opus 67 / Egmont Overture Opus 84 (Album) World Record Club, World Record Club UK 1957 Sell This Version
ECD 24 Beethoven* / Mozart* - Orchestra Operei De Stat Din Viena* / Hans Swarowsky / Orchestra Filarmonică Cehă* / Karel Ancerl* / David Oistrah* Beethoven* / Mozart* - Orchestra Operei De Stat Din Viena* / Hans Swarowsky / Orchestra Filarmonică Cehă* / Karel Ancerl* / David Oistrah* - Fidelio - Uvertura / Concert Nr. 3 În Sol Major Pentru Vioară Şi Orchestră (K. V. 216)(10", Mono) Electrecord ECD 24 Romania 1957 Sell This Version
Schubert* / Smetana* / The Vienna Festival Orchestra* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky Schubert* / Smetana* / The Vienna Festival Orchestra* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky - Incidental Music To "Rosamunde" - The Moldau - Overture To "The Bartered Bride" (Album) World Record Club UK 1958 Sell This Version
Johannes Brahms / Eduard Mrazek - Hans Swarowsky - Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Johannes Brahms / Eduard Mrazek - Hans Swarowsky - Vienna State Opera Orchestra* - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra In B-Flat No. 2, Op. 83 Music Treasures Of The World US 1959 Sell This Version
Beethoven*, The Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky Beethoven*, The Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky - Symphony No. 7 In A Major Opus 92 (Album) World Record Club, World Record Club UK 1959 Sell This Version
S 8 César Franck, The Vienna Festival Orchestra* under the direction of Hans Swarowsky César Franck, The Vienna Festival Orchestra* under the direction of Hans Swarowsky - Symphony In D Minor(LP, Album, Mono, Club) World Record Club S 8 Australia 1959 Sell This Version
T 25 Schubert*, The Vienna Festival Orchestra* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky Schubert*, The Vienna Festival Orchestra* Conducted By Hans Swarowsky - Symphony No. 9 In C Major (The Great)(LP, Mono, Club) World Record Club T 25 UK 1959 Sell This Version
ARST 804 Schumann* / Hans Swarowsky Conducting Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Schumann* / Hans Swarowsky Conducting Vienna State Opera Orchestra* - Spring Symphony In B-Flat Major No. 1, Op. 38(LP) American Recording Society ARST 804 US 1959 Sell This Version

Videos (9) Edit