Alexander Von Zemlinsky

Real Name:
Alexander von Zemlinsky
Profile:
Austrian composer and conductor (born October 14, 1871 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary – died March 15, 1942 in Larchmont, New York, NY, USA).

Zemlinsky studied piano at a young age and played the organ at synagogue. In 1884, at age 13, he was admitted to the Vienna Conservatory where he studied piano, theory, and composition until 1892 under Anton Door, Robert Fuchs, Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, and Anton Bruckner.

In 1895, Zemlinsky founded the amateur orchestra Polyhymnia, in which Arnold Schoenberg played the cello. Both became life-long friends, and Schoenberg married Zemlinsky's sister.

As a composer, Zemlinsky was influenced by Johannes Brahms, who supported him and recommended his work to music publishers. His first great success came in 1897 with the performance of his "Symphony Nr. 2." In 1900, Gustav Mahler conducted the premiere of his opera "Es war einmal" (Once Upon a Time) at the Viennese Hofoper.

In 1906, Zemlinsky became First Conductor at the Viennese Volksoper; in 1907-1908, he conducted at the Hofoper. This was followed by a longer stint at the Deutsches Landestheater in Prague, where he conducted between 1911 and 1927. In 1924, he premiered Schoenberg's "Erwartung" there. Zemlinsky then moved to Berlin to conduct at the Kroll Opera. The rise of the Nazis forced him to return to Austria in 1933 where he focused on composing and only occasionally worked as a guest conductor. In 1938, he and his wife fled via Prague to New York City. In contrast to his friend Schoenberg, however, Zemlinsky failed to catch on in the United States. After a series of strokes that made it impossible for him to continue composing, he died of pneumonia in 1942.

His performances of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Richard Wagner and Gustav Mahler in Prague and Berlin in the 1920s and early 1930s as well as his friendship to Arnold Schoenberg rendered Zemlinksy during his life-time an important figure of European music in the 20th century. His fame and music, however, were only rediscovered in the 1970s, several decades after his death.
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Albums

ÖPH 10009 Österreichische Musik Des 20. Jahrhunderts — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Robert Schollum, Arnold Schönberg*, Fritz Leitermeyer, Alexander Zemlinsky*, Franz Schreker Robert Schollum, Arnold Schönberg*, Fritz Leitermeyer, Alexander Zemlinsky*, Franz Schreker - Österreichische Musik Des 20. Jahrhunderts(LP) Österreichische Phonothek ÖPH 10009 Austria 1968 Sell This Version
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MG 1179, 2530 982 Streichquartett • String Quartet No. 2, Op. 15 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander von Zemlinsky, LaSalle Quartet* Alexander von Zemlinsky, LaSalle Quartet* - Streichquartett • String Quartet No. 2, Op. 15 Deutsche Grammophon MG 1179, 2530 982 Japan 1978 Sell This Version
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NR 215 Trio, Op. 3 / Twelve Songs, Op. 27 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Beverly Morgan, Chester Brezniak, Richard Sher, Christopher O'Riley Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Beverly Morgan, Chester Brezniak, Richard Sher, Christopher O'Riley - Trio, Op. 3 / Twelve Songs, Op. 27(LP, Album) Northeastern Records NR 215 US 1980 Sell This Version
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FSM 53 225 EB Kammermusik Der Jahrhundertwende (Klarinettentrios Von Wilhelm Berger Und Alexander von Zemlinsky) — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Wilhelm Berger (3) Und Alexander von Zemlinsky - Schubert-Weber-Trio Wilhelm Berger (3) Und Alexander von Zemlinsky - Schubert-Weber-Trio - Kammermusik Der Jahrhundertwende (Klarinettentrios Von Wilhelm Berger Und Alexander von Zemlinsky)(LP) FSM (2), Edition Brockhoff FSM 53 225 EB Germany 1980 Sell This Version
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VMS 1602 Lyrische Symphonie Op. 18 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander Von Zemlinsky / Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin / Bernhard Klee / Elisabeth Söderström / Dale Duesing Alexander Von Zemlinsky / Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin / Bernhard Klee / Elisabeth Söderström / Dale Duesing - Lyrische Symphonie Op. 18 (Album) Schwann Musica Mundi VMS 1602 Germany 1981 Sell This Version
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6514 134 Verein Für Musikalische Privataufführungen, Vol. 3 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Arnold Schönberg*, Max Reger, Alexander Von Zemlinsky - Schönberg Ensemble, Reinbert de Leeuw Arnold Schönberg*, Max Reger, Alexander Von Zemlinsky - Schönberg Ensemble, Reinbert de Leeuw - Verein Für Musikalische Privataufführungen, Vol. 3(LP) Philips 6514 134 Netherlands 1981 Sell This Version
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LMA 3010 Eine Florentinische Tragödie — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Orchestra Del Teatro La Fenice, Friedrich Player* Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Orchestra Del Teatro La Fenice, Friedrich Player* - Eine Florentinische Tragödie(LP, Gat) Fonit Cetra LMA 3010 Italy 1981 Sell This Version
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VMS 1603 Sechs Gesänge / Sinfonietta — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander von Zemlinsky*Glenys Linos, Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Bernhard Klee Alexander von Zemlinsky*Glenys Linos, Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Bernhard Klee - Sechs Gesänge / Sinfonietta (Comp) Schwann Musica Mundi VMS 1603 Germany 1982 Sell This Version
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2741 016 Die Streichquartette = The String Quartets = Les Quatuors À Cordes — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky*, Lasalle Quartet Zemlinsky*, Lasalle Quartet - Die Streichquartette = The String Quartets = Les Quatuors À Cordes Deutsche Grammophon 2741 016 Germany 1982 Sell This Version
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2532 021 Lyrische Symphonie — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky* - Julia Varady*, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Orchestre Philharmonique De Berlin*, Lorin Maazel Zemlinsky* - Julia Varady*, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Orchestre Philharmonique De Berlin*, Lorin Maazel - Lyrische Symphonie (Album) Deutsche Grammophon 2532 021 France 1982 Sell This Version
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120 654 Lyrische Symphonie Op. 18 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky* - Julia Varady*, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, ORF Symphonieorchester, Lothar Zagrosek Zemlinsky* - Julia Varady*, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, ORF Symphonieorchester, Lothar Zagrosek - Lyrische Symphonie Op. 18 ORF 120 654 Austria 1983 Sell This Version
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40.23 509 Auf Dem Meere Meiner Seele / Lieder — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Steven Kimbrough, Cord Garben, Alexander Von Zemlinsky Steven Kimbrough, Cord Garben, Alexander Von Zemlinsky - Auf Dem Meere Meiner Seele / Lieder (Album) Acanta 40.23 509 Germany 1983 Sell This Version
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ADW 7152 3 Centuries Of The Woodwind Quintet (Vol. 1) — Alexander Von Zemlinsky The Belgian Woodwind Quintet / Sweelinck* - Cambini* - Von Zemlinsky* - Chostakovitch* - Arnold* - Ligeti* The Belgian Woodwind Quintet / Sweelinck* - Cambini* - Von Zemlinsky* - Chostakovitch* - Arnold* - Ligeti* - 3 Centuries Of The Woodwind Quintet (Vol. 1)(LP) Pavane Records ADW 7152 Belgium 1983 Sell This Version
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VMS 1625 Eine Florentinische Tragodie, Op. 16. Oper In Einem Aufzug — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander Von Zemlinsky - Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Gerd Albrecht Alexander Von Zemlinsky - Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Gerd Albrecht - Eine Florentinische Tragodie, Op. 16. Oper In Einem Aufzug (Album) Schwann Musica Mundi VMS 1625 Germany 1984 Sell This Version
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VMS 1626 Der Geburtstag Der Infantin (Der Zwerg) — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky*Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Gerd Albrecht Zemlinsky*Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Gerd Albrecht - Der Geburtstag Der Infantin (Der Zwerg) (Album) Schwann Musica Mundi VMS 1626 Germany 1984 Sell This Version
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594 Fünf Lieder / Fantasien Op. 9 / Ein spätes Lied — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander Von Zemlinsky Fünf Lieder / Fantasien Op. 9 / Ein spätes Lied Jecklin-Disco 594 Switzerland 1985 Sell This Version
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1111 3610 String Quartet / Five Movements / String Quartet No. 3 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Berg* / Webern* / Zemlinsky*, Kroft Quartet* Berg* / Webern* / Zemlinsky*, Kroft Quartet* - String Quartet / Five Movements / String Quartet No. 3 Supraphon 1111 3610 Czechoslovakia 1985 Sell This Version
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CAL 20 842 Lieder Des Frühen 20. Jahrhunderts — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Korngold*, Schreker*, Stephan*, Zemlinsky*, Georg Jelden, Hans Dieter Wagner (2) Korngold*, Schreker*, Stephan*, Zemlinsky*, Georg Jelden, Hans Dieter Wagner (2) - Lieder Des Frühen 20. Jahrhunderts (Album) Calig CAL 20 842 Germany 1985 Sell This Version
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7006-1 Symphony In B-Flat Major — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Edgar Seipenbusch Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Edgar Seipenbusch - Symphony In B-Flat Major HK, Marco Polo 7006-1 US 1986 Sell This Version
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170012 Trio Op. 3 / Andante / Trio Op. 8 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky*, Grieg*, Shostakovich* - Wiener Schubert Trio Zemlinsky*, Grieg*, Shostakovich* - Wiener Schubert Trio - Trio Op. 3 / Andante / Trio Op. 8(LP, Album) PAN (7) 170012 Austria 1986 Sell This Version
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417 450-2 Die Seejungfrau — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky* / RSO Berlin* / Riccardo Chailly / Kammerchor Ernst Senff* Zemlinsky* / RSO Berlin* / Riccardo Chailly / Kammerchor Ernst Senff* - Die Seejungfrau (Album) Decca 417 450-2 US 1987 Sell This Version
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CDC 7243 5 56666 2 8 Transfigurations — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Arnold Schoenberg - Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Clementi-Trio* Arnold Schoenberg - Alexander Von Zemlinsky, Clementi-Trio* - Transfigurations(CD) Largo CDC 7243 5 56666 2 8 US 1987 Sell This Version
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717 Trio Op. 3 . Kammersymphonie Nr.1 Op.9 E-Dur — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky* / Schönberg* Zemlinsky* / Schönberg* - Trio Op. 3 . Kammersymphonie Nr.1 Op.9 E-Dur (Album) Tudor 717 Switzerland 1987 Sell This Version
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PACD 52 Trio D Minor Op. 3 : Trio A Minor Op. 114 — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Zemlinsky*, Brahms*, The Danish Trio* Zemlinsky*, Brahms*, The Danish Trio* - Trio D Minor Op. 3 : Trio A Minor Op. 114(CD, Album) Paula PACD 52 Denmark 1987 Sell This Version
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FK 11087 Invitation — Alexander Von Zemlinsky Fides Kwintet, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Alexander Von Zemlinsky, György Ligeti, August Klughardt Fides Kwintet, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Alexander Von Zemlinsky, György Ligeti, August Klughardt - Invitation(LP) Fides (2) FK 11087 Netherlands 1987 Sell This Version