Walter Carlos

Real Name:
Wendy Carlos
Profile:
Electronic musician Wendy Carlos was born (as Walter Carlos) in 1939 in Pawtucket, Rhode Island (USA) and developed a significant interest in both music and technology. At the age of 10 she composed her first piece of music and at 14 built a small computer which won her a Westinghouse Science Fair scholarship. Three years later she assembled an electronic music studio and created her first electronic musical composition via tape manipulation.

At Brown University (1958-1962), Carlos studied music and physics and informally taught electronic music. While earning a Master's degree in music at Columbia University (1962-1965) she did extensive work at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center studying under composer and electronic music pioneer Vladimir Ussachevsky and recording early compositions such as Dialogues for Piano and Two Loudspeakers and Variations for Flute and Electronic Sound. During this period Wendy also assisted conductor Leonard Bernstein in a concert of electronic music at the Lincoln Center Philharmonic Hall and later found employment at Gotham Recording Studios as a recording, mastering, and cutting engineer.

With the wish to develop an electronic instrument which had the capacity for more expression and genuine musicality than most equipment could provide at that time, Carlos began a collaboration with engineer Robert Moog in 1966. The result was an ongoing evolution of the standard Moog synthesizer incorporating Carlos' suggestions and needs. The bulk of the performances found on Carlos' releases from 1968-1980 were realized on the Moog, though a few other instruments (including a Yamaha Electone organ) were also used.

In 1972 Carlos underwent the final stage of gender reassignment and changed her name from Walter to Wendy Carlos, though the transition from Walter to Wendy as credited on recordings and projects did not arrive until the release of Switched-On Brandenburgs and The Shining (Original Sound Track) in 1980. Eventually reissues of Switched-On Bach were also modified to reflect her transition, and all of the East Side Digital reissues from the late 90s/early 2000s had their credits modified to reflect this as well. Wendy has stated on her website via a dedicated page that she does not wish to discuss her past as Walter or her gender reassignment.

Further information can be found at the profile page for Wendy Carlos.
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Artist

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Albums

BSF 9138 Switched-On Bach — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Switched-On Bach (Album) Columbia Masterworks BSF 9138 South Africa 1968 Sell This Version
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MS 7286 The Well-Tempered Synthesizer — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos The Well-Tempered Synthesizer (Album) Columbia Masterworks MS 7286 US 1969 Sell This Version
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S 65048, 65048 Walter Carlos' Clockwork Orange — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Walter Carlos' Clockwork Orange (Album) CBS, CBS, Trans-Electronic Music Productions, Inc. S 65048, 65048 Italy 1972 Sell This Version
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KG 31234 Sonic Seasonings — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Sonic Seasonings (Album) Columbia KG 31234 Canada 1972 Sell This Version
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M 32659, KM 32659 Switched-On Bach II — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos, Bach* Walter Carlos, Bach* - Switched-On Bach II (Album) Columbia Masterworks M 32659, KM 32659 US 1973 Sell This Version
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VOX-RPG-ST 03033 Musica Elettronica — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos / Ilhan Mimaroglu / Andres Lewin-Richter* / Tzvi Avni Walter Carlos / Ilhan Mimaroglu / Andres Lewin-Richter* / Tzvi Avni - Musica Elettronica(LP, Album, RE) Rifi VOX-RPG-ST 03033 Italy 1973 Sell This Version
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M 32088, AS 159 By Request — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos By Request (Album) Columbia Masterworks M 32088, AS 159 US 1975 Sell This Version
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Singles & EPs

RDM-100-MONO Moog 900 Series - Electronic Music Systems — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Moog 900 Series - Electronic Music Systems R. A. Moog Company, Inc. RDM-100-MONO US 1967 Sell This Version
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8-3322 Third Movement, Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos With The Assistance Of Benjamin Folkman Walter Carlos With The Assistance Of Benjamin Folkman - Third Movement, Brandenburg Concerto No. 3(7", Mono, Promo) Columbia 8-3322 US 1968 Sell This Version
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4296 Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 In G Major — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 In G Major (Single) CBS 4296 UK 1969 Sell This Version
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BA-221628 Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 in G Major First Movement — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 in G Major First Movement (Single) Columbia BA-221628 Australia 1968 Sell This Version
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4271 Walter Carlos Brandenburg Concerto No° 3, In G Major(7", Jukebox, Promo) CBS 4271 France 1969 Sell This Version
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K 16145 March From Walter Carlos March From "A Clockwork Orange" / Theme From "A Clockwork Orange" (Single, EP) Warner Bros. Records, Warner Bros. Records K 16145 UK 1971 Sell This Version
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4-45741 What's New Pussycat? — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos What's New Pussycat? CBS 4-45741 US 1972 Sell This Version
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YD 323 Evil Ways / Marcia Da Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles / Walter Carlos Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles / Walter Carlos - Evil Ways / Marcia Da "Arancia Meccanica" (Clockwork Orange) Beethoven: Quarto Tempo Della Nona Sinfonia(7", Jukebox) CBS YD 323 Italy 1972 Sell This Version
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4-45741 Eleanor Rigby / What's New Pussycat — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Eleanor Rigby / What's New Pussycat (Single) CBS 4-45741 US 1972 Sell This Version
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CBS S 1637 Also Sprach Zarathustra / Clockwork Orange — Walter Carlos New Yorker Philharmoniker*, Leonard Bernstein / Richard Strauss, Walter Carlos New Yorker Philharmoniker*, Leonard Bernstein / Richard Strauss, Walter Carlos - Also Sprach Zarathustra / Clockwork Orange (Single) CBS CBS S 1637 Germany 1973 Sell This Version
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SOCB 10 ウォーター・パーティー — Walter Carlos ワルター・カーロス* ウォーター・パーティー(7", Single) CBS/Sony SOCB 10 Japan 1973 Sell This Version
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AS 159 The Greatest Show On Record — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos The Greatest Show On Record(7", Promo, Smplr, Styrene) Columbia Masterworks AS 159 US 1975 Sell This Version
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4-45033 Excerpt From Third Movement Of J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 In G Major — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Excerpt From Third Movement Of J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 In G Major Columbia 4-45033 US Unknown Sell This Version
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SONG 80101 Switched-On Bach — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Switched-On Bach CBS/Sony SONG 80101 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
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Compilations

MT-32054 Bach's Greatest Hits Vol. 1 — Walter Carlos Bach*, E. Power Biggs, Pablo Casals, Walter Carlos, Eugene Ormandy Bach*, E. Power Biggs, Pablo Casals, Walter Carlos, Eugene Ormandy - Bach's Greatest Hits Vol. 1 (Comp, Album) Columbia Masterworks MT-32054 US 1969 Sell This Version
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MS 7322 Wishing You A Merry Christmas — Walter Carlos Leonard Bernstein, Walter Carlos, Pablo Casals, Anna Moffo, Mormon Tabernacle Choir, Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Brass Ensemble, George Szell, Richard Tucker (2) Leonard Bernstein, Walter Carlos, Pablo Casals, Anna Moffo, Mormon Tabernacle Choir, Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Brass Ensemble, George Szell, Richard Tucker (2) - Wishing You A Merry Christmas (Comp) Columbia Masterworks MS 7322 Canada 1970 Sell This Version
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SOCL-211 Switched-On Bach Encore — Walter Carlos Walter Carlos Switched-On Bach Encore(LP, Album, Comp) CBS/Sony SOCL-211 Japan 1973 Sell This Version
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55.568 Festival de Exitos de Bach - Vol.2 — Walter Carlos E. Power Biggs, Pablo Casals, Walter Carlos, Glenn Gould, Coro Del Tabernáculo Mormón*, Eugene Ormandy, Orquesta de Filadelfia*, John Williams (7) E. Power Biggs, Pablo Casals, Walter Carlos, Glenn Gould, Coro Del Tabernáculo Mormón*, Eugene Ormandy, Orquesta de Filadelfia*, John Williams (7) - Festival de Exitos de Bach - Vol.2(Cass, Comp, Mono) CBS 55.568 Argentina 1973 Sell This Version