Pierre Boulez

Pierre Boulez

Real Name:
Pierre Boulez
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Boulez was born 26 March 1925 in Montbrison, France, he died 5 January 2016 in Baden-Baden, Germany.
He studied with Messiaen at the Paris Conservatoire (1942-1945) and privately with Andrée Vaurabourg and René Leibowitz, inheriting Messiaen's concern with rhythm, non-developing forms and extra-European music along with the Schönberg tradition of Leibowitz. The clash of the two influences lies behind such intense, disruptive works as his first two piano sonatas (1946, 1948) and Livre pour quatuor for string quartet (1949). The violence of his early music also suited that of René Char's poetry in the cantatas Le visage nuptial (1946) and Le soleil des eaux (1948), though through this highly charged style he was working towards an objective serial control of rhythm, loudness and tone colour that was achieved in the Structures for two pianos (1952). At this time he came to know Stockhausen, with whom he became a leader of the European avantgarde, teaching at Darmstadt (1955-67) and elsewhere, and creating one of the key postwar works in his Le marteau sans maître (1954). Once more to poems by Char, the work is for contralto with alto flute, viola, guitar and percussion: a typical ensemble of middle-range instruments with an emphasis on struck and plucked sounds. The filtering of Boulez's earlier manner through his 'tonal serialism' produces a work of feverish speed, unrest and elegance.

In the mid-1950s Boulez extended his activities to conducting. By the mid-1960s he was appearing widely as a conductor, becoming chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1971-1974) and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra (1971-1978). Meanwhile his creative output declined. Under the influence of Mallarmé he had embarked on three big aleatory works after Le marteau, but of these the Third Piano Sonata (1957) remains a fragment and Pli selon pli for soprano and orchestra (1962) has been repeatedly revised; only a second book of Structures for two pianos (1961) has been definitively finished. Other works, notably Eclat/Multiples for tuned percussion ensemble and orchestra, also remain in progress, as if the openendedness of Boulez's proliferating musical world had committed him to incompleteness. Only the severe memorial Rituel for orchestra (1975) has escaped that fate.

Since the mid-1970s Boulez has concentrated on his work as director of the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, a computer studio in Paris where his main work has been "Répons" for orchestra and digital equipment.
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Pierre Boulez Discography

Albums

C 30 A 66 Webern* / Nono* / Stockhausen* / Boulez* Webern* / Nono* / Stockhausen* / Boulez* - Les Concerts Du Domaine Musical Vega C 30 A 66 France 1956 Sell This Version
ML 5275 Boulez* / Stockhausen* - Robert Craft Boulez* / Stockhausen* - Robert Craft - Le Marteau Sans Maître / Nr. 5 Zeitmasse For Five Woodwinds (Album, Comp) Columbia Masterworks ML 5275 US 1958 Sell This Version
C 30 A 139 Luciano Berio - Pierre Boulez - Olivier Messiaen - Karlheinz Stockhausen Luciano Berio - Pierre Boulez - Olivier Messiaen - Karlheinz Stockhausen - Serenata I / Sonatine / Cantéyodjayâ / Zeitmasze (Album) Vega C 30 A 139 France 1958 Sell This Version
C 30 A 271 Varèse* / Schönberg* - Pierre Boulez Varèse* / Schönberg* - Pierre Boulez - Hyperprisme - Octandre - Intégrales / Suite Op. 29 (Album) Vega C 30 A 271 France 1960 Sell This Version
MA 30 LA 524 Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire (Album) Disques Adès MA 30 LA 524 France 1962 Sell This Version
MA 30 LA 1003 Strawinsky*, Pierre Boulez Strawinsky*, Pierre Boulez - Hommage À Strawinsky Disques Adès MA 30 LA 1003 France 1962 Sell This Version
MA 30 LA 525 Schoenberg* - Pierre Boulez Schoenberg* - Pierre Boulez - Serenade Disques Adès MA 30 LA 525 France 1962 Sell This Version
TV 34081S Pierre Boulez Le Marteau Sans Maître Für Alt Und Sechs Instrumente Nach Texten Von René Char (Album) Harmonia Mundi TV 34081S US 1964 Sell This Version
HMO 30.545 K.P.E. Bach* - J.P. Rampal*, Robert Bex, H. Dreyfus* , Orchestre À Cordes Sous La Direction De Pierre Boulez K.P.E. Bach* - J.P. Rampal*, Robert Bex, H. Dreyfus* , Orchestre À Cordes Sous La Direction De Pierre Boulez - Concerto Pour Flûte En Ré Mineur / Concerto Pour Violoncelle En La Majeur (Album) Harmonia Mundi HMO 30.545 France 1964 Sell This Version
MA 30 LA 1006 Messiaen*, Schoenberg* - Yvonne Loriod, Pierre Boulez Messiaen*, Schoenberg* - Yvonne Loriod, Pierre Boulez - Sept Haïkaï / Kammersymphonie / 3 Orchesterstücke Disques Adès MA 30 LA 1006 France 1964 Sell This Version
SMS 2324 Stravinsky*, L'Orchestre National, Paris* | Pierre Boulez Stravinsky*, L'Orchestre National, Paris* | Pierre Boulez - Le Sacre Du Printemps - Quatre Etudes Pour Orchestre (Album) Disques Festival SMS 2324 UK 1964 Sell This Version
SMSC 2379, SMSC-2379 Handel* - Pierre Boulez Conducts The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra* Handel* - Pierre Boulez Conducts The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra* - Water Music Guilde Internationale Du Disque, Guilde Internationale Du Disque SMSC 2379, SMSC-2379 UK 1965 Sell This Version
WER 60 011 Pierre Boulez Structures Pour Deux Pianos (Album) WERGO WER 60 011 Germany 1965 Sell This Version
ASD 639 Boulez* / Messiaen* / Koechlin* Boulez* / Messiaen* / Koechlin* - Le Soleil Des Eaux / Chronochromie / Les Bandar-Log (Album) La Voix De Son Maître ASD 639 UK 1965 Sell This Version
H-71133 Igor Stravinsky / Orchestre Du Théâtre National De L'Opéra, Paris* / Pierre Boulez Igor Stravinsky / Orchestre Du Théâtre National De L'Opéra, Paris* / Pierre Boulez - Les Noces (Album) Nonesuch H-71133 US 1966 Sell This Version
LDE 3402 Olivier Messiaen - Groupe Instrumental A Percussion De Strasbourg*, Orchestre Du Domaine Musical, Pierre Boulez Olivier Messiaen - Groupe Instrumental A Percussion De Strasbourg*, Orchestre Du Domaine Musical, Pierre Boulez - Et Exspecto Resurrectionem Mortuorum / Couleurs De La Cité Céleste Erato LDE 3402 France 1966 Sell This Version
H-71127 George Frederick Handel* - The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra*, Pierre Boulez George Frederick Handel* - The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra*, Pierre Boulez - Water Music(LP, Album) Nonesuch H-71127 US 1966 Sell This Version
92 786 Boulez* Dirigiert Debussy* Boulez* Dirigiert Debussy* - La Mer • L'après-midi D'un Faune • Jeux (Album) CBS 92 786 Germany 1966 Sell This Version
SDBR 3170 Pierre Boulez Conducts The Domaine Musical Ensemble* / Schoenberg* / Eloy* / Pousseur* Pierre Boulez Conducts The Domaine Musical Ensemble* / Schoenberg* / Eloy* / Pousseur* - Equivalences / Madrigal III / Verklarte Nacht Disques Adès SDBR 3170 US 1967 Sell This Version
72614 Boulez* Conducts Berg* - BBC Symphony Orchestra / Daniel Barenboim / Sachko Gawriloff* / Halina Lukomska Boulez* Conducts Berg* - BBC Symphony Orchestra / Daniel Barenboim / Sachko Gawriloff* / Halina Lukomska - Three Pieces For Orchestra / Chamber Concerto / Altenberg Lieder, Op. 4 Columbia Masterworks 72614 UK 1967 Sell This Version
77393 Alban Berg - Pierre Boulez / Walter Berry / Isabel Strauss / Fritz Uhl / Carl Doench* Alban Berg - Pierre Boulez / Walter Berry / Isabel Strauss / Fritz Uhl / Carl Doench* - Wozzeck (Album) CBS Masterworks 77393 UK 1967 Sell This Version
VICS-1312 Boulez*Haubenstock-Ramati*Maderna* - Rome Symphony Orchestra* / Bruno Maderna Boulez*Haubenstock-Ramati*Maderna* - Rome Symphony Orchestra* / Bruno Maderna - The New Music (Volume 2) (Album, Comp) RCA Victrola VICS-1312 US 1968 Sell This Version
S 72705 Hector Berlioz, Pierre Boulez, Jean-Louis Barrault, John Mitchinson, John Shirley-Quirk, The London Symphony Orchestra Chorus, John Alldis, The London Symphony Orchestra Hector Berlioz, Pierre Boulez, Jean-Louis Barrault, John Mitchinson, John Shirley-Quirk, The London Symphony Orchestra Chorus, John Alldis, The London Symphony Orchestra - Berlioz:Lelio (The Return To Life)(LP) CBS S 72705 UK 1968 Sell This Version
CBS 75 652 Bartók*, Stravinsky*, Pierre Boulez, The BBC Symphony Orchestra* Bartók*, Stravinsky*, Pierre Boulez, The BBC Symphony Orchestra* - Musique Pour Cordes, Percussion Et Célesta / L'oiseau de Feu - Suite(LP, RE) CBS CBS 75 652 Switzerland 1968 Sell This Version
75 652 Stravinsky* / Bartok*, Boulez* Conducts The BBC Symphony Orchestra* Stravinsky* / Bartok*, Boulez* Conducts The BBC Symphony Orchestra* - Bartok - Musique / Strawinsky - L'oiseau de Feu(LP, Album) CBS 75 652 France 1968 Sell This Version