Antonio Vivaldi

Bürgerl. Name:
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
Profil:
Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric.
Born March 4, 1678, Sestiere di San Marco, Repùblica Vèneta, Italy. Died July 28, 1741, Kärntnertor, Vienna, Austria.

He is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. He is known mainly for composing many instrumental concertos, for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as sacred choral works and more than forty operas. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as "The Four Seasons".

Vivaldi's career as a violinist and composer was almost inevitable. His father was Giovanni Battista Vivaldi, a founder of the Sovvegno dei musicisti di Santa Cecilia, an early musician's collective, who's President was the Baroque operatic composer and tutor Giovanni Legrenzi. As a youth, touring and performing around Venice in accompaniment on the violin with his father, he is likely to have been influenced by Legrenzi who had become maestro di cappella at St. Mark's Basilica in 1681.

A redhead like his father, Vivaldi took up the course of attaining a priesthood in 1693 and became ordained in 1703, referred to by those around him as "Il Pretto Rossi" because of his red hair. By late 1703 he was unable to maintain his practice in the priesthood due to ill health and sought employment as a tutor of music, retaining his reverential title.

By 1704 he worked as maestro of violin in Venice at the orphanage of the Devout Hospital of Mercy, an institution known as Conservatorio dell'Ospedale della Pietà, providing shelter to orphaned and abandoned children. Here the boys were taught a trade, whilst the girls were given a musical education. The talented were selected for the conservatory's orchestra & choir, which gained high regard both in Venice and abroad. Vivaldi used this period to write the majority of his concertos, cantatas and arias.

The institute provided an ideal environment for Vivaldi to explore the avenues of the ritornello form. The first of his works were published in 1705, a second Opus in 1709. His third Opus was published in Amsterdam in 1711 and gained him enthusiastic attention throughout Europe – followed by a fourth Opus in 1714. He became Musical Director of the Pietà's institute in 1716 and was contracted to provide two concerti a month for the orchestra. Papers from the Pietà's history show that Vivaldi produced 140 concerti between 1723 and 1733.

In 1714 Vivaldi took on the role of impresario of the theater Sant'Angelo in Venice, presenting "Orlando finto pazzo", "Nerone fatto Cesare" and, despite earlier censorship, "Arsilda Regina di Ponto" in which the female lead (Arsilda) falls in love with another woman (Lisea), who is disguised as a man. Vivaldi's operatic style caused both outrage and acclaim. For three years he produced operatic work for the governor of Mantua, Prince Philip of Hesse-Darmstadt. He then moved to Milan and then Rome in 1722, performing for Pope Benedict XIII. It is in this period that he consolidated what was to become one of his most popular works "The Four Seasons", eventually published within a collection of twelve compositions "Il Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" in 1725.

Vivaldi had moved in high circles at this point, writing a wedding cantata for Louis XV and "La Cetra", a dedication to Viennese Emperor Charles VI who knighted the composer and invited him to Vienna. By 1730 Vivaldi's style and popularity had waned and he sold up much of the rights to his work and relocated to Vienna, accompanied by his father. He took residence in a four-story house known as "Satlerisch Haus" (saddle-maker's house) ran by Maria Agathe Wahler, the widow of the saddlemaker. The property was situated above the Kärntnertor, one of eight fortification gates surrounding Vienna, close to the Kärntnertortheater where Vivaldi began to stage operas such as "Farnace" in 1737.

It is likely that he was to take up a position in the court of Charles VI but when the emperor suddenly died in 1740 – reputedly of mushroom poisoning, Vivaldi was left stranded without royal support or full remuneration. His health quickly declined and his asthmatic history took its toll some nine months later. He died of 'internal infection' at his home in Vienna. He was given a simple burial in the cemetery of Spitaller Gottesacker following a funeral at St. Stephen's Cathedral.
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Albums

Antonio Vivaldi - Concerti Delle Stagioni (The Four Seasons) Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi - Louis Kaufman, Concert Hall Society String Orchestra*, Henry Swoboda Antonio Vivaldi - Louis Kaufman, Concert Hall Society String Orchestra*, Henry Swoboda - Concerti Delle Stagioni (The Four Seasons) Concert Hall Society US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Violin Concerto In A Minor / Violin Concerto In A Minor Cover-Design J. S. Bach*, Antonio Vivaldi, Joseph Bernstein, Concert Hall String Ensemble J. S. Bach*, Antonio Vivaldi, Joseph Bernstein, Concert Hall String Ensemble - Violin Concerto In A Minor / Violin Concerto In A Minor Concert Hall Society, Concert Hall US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Les Quatre Saisons Cover-Design Vivaldi* Les Quatre Saisons Guilde Internationale Du Disque France 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - 2 Concerti For Viola D'amore, Strings And Cembalo Cover-Design Vivaldi* - Renzo Sabatini, The London Chamber Orchestra conducted by Anthony Bernard Vivaldi* - Renzo Sabatini, The London Chamber Orchestra conducted by Anthony Bernard - 2 Concerti For Viola D'amore, Strings And Cembalo (Album) Everest US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
D-1, DL 1 Antonio Vivaldi - Symphonies In C Major And F Major / Concerto Grosso In D Major Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi - Concert Hall Symphony Orchestra*, Henry Swoboda, George Ales* Antonio Vivaldi - Concert Hall Symphony Orchestra*, Henry Swoboda, George Ales* - Symphonies In C Major And F Major / Concerto Grosso In D Major(LP, Mono, Ltd, Red) Concert Hall, Concert Hall D-1, DL 1 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
MG 10002 Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto Grosso In D Minor, Op. 3, No. 11 / Divertimento In D Major (K. 251) Cover-Design Vivaldi* / Mozart* - Dumbarton Oaks Chamber Orchestra, Alexander Schneider Vivaldi* / Mozart* - Dumbarton Oaks Chamber Orchestra, Alexander Schneider - Concerto Grosso In D Minor, Op. 3, No. 11 / Divertimento In D Major (K. 251)(LP, Mono) Mercury Classics (3), Mercury MG 10002 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
CHC - 37 Antonio Vivaldi - Concerti For Cello And String Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi Concerti For Cello And String(LP) Concert Hall CHC - 37 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
CHC-56 Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto In B Flat Major For Bassoon, Strings And Cembalo, "La Notte" / Concerti For Flute And Strings, Op. 10, No. 5 In F ‒ No. 1 In F ‒ No. 4 In G Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi - Bernard Garfield, Paul Renzi, Niels Lee Groen, Gothic String Ensemble Antonio Vivaldi - Bernard Garfield, Paul Renzi, Niels Lee Groen, Gothic String Ensemble - Concerto In B Flat Major For Bassoon, Strings And Cembalo, "La Notte" / Concerti For Flute And Strings, Op. 10, No. 5 In F ‒ No. 1 In F ‒ No. 4 In G(LP, Mono) Concert Hall Society CHC-56 US 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Beatus Vir - Oratorio Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi, Pro Musica Orchestra Stuttgart Antonio Vivaldi, Pro Musica Orchestra Stuttgart - Beatus Vir - Oratorio (Album) Pathé Vox France 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - L'Estro Armonico 12 Concerto For String Orchestra, Opus 3 Cover-Design A. Vivaldi*, Orchestre A Cordes "Pro Musica" De Stuttgart* , Direction Rolf Reinhardt A. Vivaldi*, Orchestre A Cordes "Pro Musica" De Stuttgart* , Direction Rolf Reinhardt - L'Estro Armonico 12 Concerto For String Orchestra, Opus 3 (Album) Vox (6), Vox (6), Vox (6) France 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
CHS 1134 Antonio Vivaldi - La Cetra [The Lyre], Twelve Concerti, Opus IX Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi - Louis Kaufman, The String Ensemble Of The Orchestre National, Paris* Antonio Vivaldi - Louis Kaufman, The String Ensemble Of The Orchestre National, Paris* - La Cetra [The Lyre], Twelve Concerti, Opus IX(2xLP, Album, Mono) Concert Hall CHS 1134 US 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
F-17 Antonio Vivaldi - Four Concerti Cover-Design Vivaldi* / Torelli* / Albinoni* / Manfredini* - The Concert Hall String Ensemble*, Clemens Dahinden Vivaldi* / Torelli* / Albinoni* / Manfredini* - The Concert Hall String Ensemble*, Clemens Dahinden - Four Concerti(LP, Mono, Ltd, Num, Red) Concert Hall F-17 US 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Bassoon Concerto In D Minor / Oboe Concerto In C Minor Cover-Design Vivaldi*, Marcello*, Ernest Ansermet Conducting L'Orchestre De La Suisse Romande Vivaldi*, Marcello*, Ernest Ansermet Conducting L'Orchestre De La Suisse Romande - Bassoon Concerto In D Minor / Oboe Concerto In C Minor Decca, Decca UK 1953 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Sonates Et Concerti Cover-Design Vivaldi*, Rampal*Pierlot*Gendre*Hongne*Veyron-Lacroix* Vivaldi*, Rampal*Pierlot*Gendre*Hongne*Veyron-Lacroix* - Sonates Et Concerti (Album) BAM France 1953 Diese Version verkaufen
G-6 Antonio Vivaldi - Concerti For Two Trumpets In C And E-Flat / Concerti For Oboe And Strings In D Minor And F Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi - Fred Hausdoerfer*, Harry Sevenstern, Concert Hall Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Ackermann / Winterthur Symphony Orchestra, Egon Parolari, Clemens Dahinden Antonio Vivaldi - Fred Hausdoerfer*, Harry Sevenstern, Concert Hall Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Ackermann / Winterthur Symphony Orchestra, Egon Parolari, Clemens Dahinden - Concerti For Two Trumpets In C And E-Flat / Concerti For Oboe And Strings In D Minor And F(LP, Mono, Ltd, Num, Tra) Concert Hall G-6 US 1953 Diese Version verkaufen
PL 7990 Antonio Vivaldi - Serenata A Tre (La Ninfa E Il Pastore) Cover-Design Vivaldi*, Orchestra Da Camera Di Milano, Edwin Loehrer Vivaldi*, Orchestra Da Camera Di Milano, Edwin Loehrer - Serenata A Tre (La Ninfa E Il Pastore)(LP) VOX (6) PL 7990 UK 1953 Diese Version verkaufen
DL 9572 Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto No. 6 In F Major For Strings - Concerto In E Major For Violin And Strings / Concerto In G Major For Cello, Strings and Cembalo - Sonata In G Minor Op. 2, No. 6 For Strings Cover-Design Virtuosi di Roma, Renato Fasano, Scarlatti* - Tartini* / Vivaldi* - Albinoni* Virtuosi di Roma, Renato Fasano, Scarlatti* - Tartini* / Vivaldi* - Albinoni* - Concerto No. 6 In F Major For Strings - Concerto In E Major For Violin And Strings / Concerto In G Major For Cello, Strings and Cembalo - Sonata In G Minor Op. 2, No. 6 For Strings(LP, Mono) Decca DL 9572 US 1953 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto In D Minor For Strings & Cembalo "Madrigalesco"; Concerto In D Minor For Viola D'Amore, Strings & Cembalo; Concerto In D Major For Violin & Strings; Concerto In A Major For Strings & Cembalo Cover-Design Vivaldi*, I Musici Vivaldi*, I Musici - Concerto In D Minor For Strings & Cembalo "Madrigalesco"; Concerto In D Minor For Viola D'Amore, Strings & Cembalo; Concerto In D Major For Violin & Strings; Concerto In A Major For Strings & Cembalo (Album) Columbia Netherlands 1954 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - La Stravaganza, 12 Concerti For Solo Violin, Strings And Continuo, Op. 4 (Complete) Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi La Stravaganza, 12 Concerti For Solo Violin, Strings And Continuo, Op. 4 (Complete) (Album) Vox (6) US 1954 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Vivaldi Concerto In E Minor Couperin Pieces En Concert Boccherini Concerto In B Flat Major Cover-Design Antonio Vivaldi, François Couperin, Luigi Boccherini, Pierre Fournier With The Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra* Conducted By Karl Münchinger Antonio Vivaldi, François Couperin, Luigi Boccherini, Pierre Fournier With The Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra* Conducted By Karl Münchinger - Vivaldi Concerto In E Minor Couperin Pieces En Concert Boccherini Concerto In B Flat Major (Album) Decca, Decca UK 1954 Diese Version verkaufen
FBLP 25.095, FBLP 25095 Antonio Vivaldi - Vivaldi : 2 Concertos Cover-Design Vivaldi*, Virtuosi Di Roma Direction Renato Fasano Vivaldi*, Virtuosi Di Roma Direction Renato Fasano - Vivaldi : 2 Concertos(10", Album) La Voix De Son Maître, La Voix De Son Maître FBLP 25.095, FBLP 25095 France 1954 Diese Version verkaufen
HSL-147, HSL 147 Antonio Vivaldi - Four Concertos For Trumpet, Woodwinds, And Strings Cover-Design Torelli*, Vivaldi*, Locatelli*, The J.M. Leclair Instrumental Ensemble, Jean-François Paillard Torelli*, Vivaldi*, Locatelli*, The J.M. Leclair Instrumental Ensemble, Jean-François Paillard - Four Concertos For Trumpet, Woodwinds, And Strings(LP, Album, Mono) Haydn Society, Haydn Society HSL-147, HSL 147 US 1954 Diese Version verkaufen
WL 5341 Antonio Vivaldi - Concerto In A Minor For Bassoon / Concerto In F Major For Flute / Concerto In G Minor ("For The Dresden Orchestra") / Concerto In D Minor For Oboe Cover-Design Vivaldi* - Nouvel Orchestre De Chambre De Paris, André Jouve Vivaldi* - Nouvel Orchestre De Chambre De Paris, André Jouve - Concerto In A Minor For Bassoon / Concerto In F Major For Flute / Concerto In G Minor ("For The Dresden Orchestra") / Concerto In D Minor For Oboe(LP, Mono) Westminster WL 5341 US 1954 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Bach: Two Violin Concertos, No. 1 In A Minor, No. 2 In E Major (Bwv. 1041/2), Nathan Milstein, Vivaldi: Two Violin Concertos, In D Minor And A Major (F. I Nos. 28 & 39) Cover-Design Bach*Vivaldi* - Nathan Milstein Bach*Vivaldi* - Nathan Milstein - Bach: Two Violin Concertos, No. 1 In A Minor, No. 2 In E Major (Bwv. 1041/2), Nathan Milstein, Vivaldi: Two Violin Concertos, In D Minor And A Major (F. I Nos. 28 & 39) (Album) Angel Records US 1955 Diese Version verkaufen
Antonio Vivaldi - Four Concertos From Op. 8 " Le Quattro Stagioni" (The Four Seasons) Cover-Design Vivaldi* - Reinhold Barchet, Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra*, Karl Munchinger* Vivaldi* - Reinhold Barchet, Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra*, Karl Munchinger* - Four Concertos From Op. 8 " Le Quattro Stagioni" (The Four Seasons) (Album) Decca UK 1955 Diese Version verkaufen