Gustav Mahler

Bürgerl. Name:
Gustav Mahler
Profil:
Austrian composer and conductor.
Born 7 July 1860 in Kalischt, Bohemia (today Kaliště, Czech Republic) and died 18 May 1911 in Vienna, Austria.

Gustav Mahler (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʊstaf ˈmaːlɐ]; was a late-Romantic Austrian-Bohemian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler showed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Richard Wagner and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's The Metropolitan Opera and The New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
He wed fellow composer and musician Alma Mahler-Werfel on 9 March 1902. They had two daughters, Maria Anna Mahler (03.11.1902-05.07.1907) & Anna Mahler.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small—for much of his life composing was a part-time activity, secondary to conducting—and is confined to the genres of symphony and song, except for one piano quartet. Most of his ten symphonies are very large-scale works, several of which employ soloists and choirs in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and were slow to receive critical and popular approval; an exception was the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Mahler's immediate musical successors were the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.
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Albums

B 20314-35 Gustav Mahler - Zweite Symphonie - Symphony No. 2 Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner - Zweite Symphonie - Symphony No. 2 (Album) Grammophon B 20314-35 Germany 1925 Diese Version verkaufen
E 10009-14 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major Cover-Design Gustav Mahler Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Parlophone E 10009-14 Japan 1930 Diese Version verkaufen
DB 8395/8405 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") (Album) Victor Red Seal, Victor Red Seal DB 8395/8405 UK 1935 Diese Version verkaufen
M-MM-300 Gustav Mahler - Das Lied Von Der Erde Cover-Design Mahler*, Bruno Walter Conducting The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra*, Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman Mahler*, Bruno Walter Conducting The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra*, Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman - Das Lied Von Der Erde (Album) Columbia M-MM-300 US 1937 Diese Version verkaufen
M-469 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 1 In D Major Cover-Design Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks M-469 US 1940 Diese Version verkaufen
DB8569-78 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 9 Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* - Symphony No. 9 (Album) Victor Red Seal DB8569-78 UK 1938 Diese Version verkaufen
MX 267 Gustav Mahler - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen) Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen)(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia MX 267 US 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
M-718 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 5 Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, The New York Philharmonic Orchestra - Symphony No. 5 (Album, Comp) Columbia M-718 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
AK 1624-25 Gustav Mahler - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs Of A Wayfarer) Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Eugenia Zareska, Eduard van Beinum, The London Philharmonic Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugenia Zareska, Eduard van Beinum, The London Philharmonic Orchestra - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs Of A Wayfarer)(2xShellac, 12", Album) Decca AK 1624-25 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
LX.8522, LX.8523, LX.8524, LX.8525, LX.8526, LX.8527 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major Cover-Design Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban - Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks LX.8522, LX.8523, LX.8524, LX.8525, LX.8526, LX.8527 UK 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
MM 809 Gustav Mahler - Mahler Songs Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Desi Halban, Bruno Walter Gustav Mahler, Desi Halban, Bruno Walter - Mahler Songs(3xShellac, 10", Album) Columbia Masterworks MM 809 US 1948 Diese Version verkaufen
ML 4108 Gustav Mahler - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Cover-Design Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contralto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contralto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Columbia Masterworks ML 4108 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
VRS 412/413 Gustav Mahler - The Youth's Magic Horn = Des Knaben Wunderhorn Cover-Design Gustav Mahler / Lorna Sydney, Alfred Poell With The Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Conducted By Felix Prohaska Gustav Mahler / Lorna Sydney, Alfred Poell With The Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Conducted By Felix Prohaska - The Youth's Magic Horn = Des Knaben Wunderhorn (Album) Vanguard VRS 412/413 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
ML 4295 Gustav Mahler - Great Masters of the Keyboard, Volume V Cover-Design Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabin*, Max Reger Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabin*, Max Reger - Great Masters of the Keyboard, Volume V(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4295 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
AVRS 6040 Gustav Mahler - Early Songs from Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Last Songs From Ruckert Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Orchester Der Wiener Staatsoper, Felix Prohaska, Anny Felbermayer, Alfred Poell Gustav Mahler, Orchester Der Wiener Staatsoper, Felix Prohaska, Anny Felbermayer, Alfred Poell - Early Songs from Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Last Songs From Ruckert (Album) Vanguard AVRS 6040 Austria 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
PL 7010 Gustav Mahler - Symphony Nº 2 In C Minor "Resurrection" Cover-Design Otto Klemperer, Gustav Mahler Otto Klemperer, Gustav Mahler - Symphony Nº 2 In C Minor "Resurrection" (Album) Turnabout PL 7010 US 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
XLP 8882 / SL 164 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 8 In E Major ("The Symphony Of A Thousand") Cover-Design Mahler*, Hermann Scherchen, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Hermann Scherchen, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 8 In E Major ("The Symphony Of A Thousand") Columbia Masterworks XLP 8882 / SL 164 US 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
C 1009 Gustav Mahler - Kindertotenlieder Cover-Design Rückert* - Mahler* / Kathleen Ferrier And The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* , Conducted By Bruno Walter Rückert* - Mahler* / Kathleen Ferrier And The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* , Conducted By Bruno Walter - Kindertotenlieder Columbia Masterworks C 1009 Netherlands 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
MG 10102 Gustav Mahler - Das Klagende Lied Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Zoltán Fekete (2), Ilona Steingruber, Sieglinde Wagner, Erich Majkut Gustav Mahler, Zoltán Fekete (2), Ilona Steingruber, Sieglinde Wagner, Erich Majkut - Das Klagende Lied Mercury MG 10102 US 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
WDM 1627 Gustav Mahler - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen Cover-Design Blanche Thebom, Gustav Mahler Blanche Thebom, Gustav Mahler - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen(2x7", Album, Red + Box) RCA Victor Red Seal WDM 1627 US 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
GNR-101 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 10 (Posthumous): Adagio and Purgatorio Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra*, Erich Schmid Gustav Mahler, Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra*, Erich Schmid - Symphony No. 10 (Posthumous): Adagio and Purgatorio(LP) Gramophone Newsreel GNR-101 1951 Diese Version verkaufen
A 00103 R Gustav Mahler - Kindertotenlieder Cover-Design G. Mahler*, Hermann Schey, Residency-Orchestra (The Hague)*, Willem Van Otterloo G. Mahler*, Hermann Schey, Residency-Orchestra (The Hague)*, Willem Van Otterloo - Kindertotenlieder (Album) Philips A 00103 R Netherlands 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
1308 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major Cover-Design Gustav Mahler Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Royale 1308 US 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
LXT 2718, LXT.2718 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major Cover-Design Mahler* - Eduard Van Beinum Conducting The Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam* With Margaret Ritchie Mahler* - Eduard Van Beinum Conducting The Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam* With Margaret Ritchie - Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Decca, Decca LXT 2718, LXT.2718 UK 1952 Diese Version verkaufen
PL 7602 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor Cover-Design Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor (Album) VOX (6) PL 7602 US 1952 Diese Version verkaufen