Fritz Reiner

Bürgerl. Name:
Frederick Martin Reiner
Profil:
Prominent conductor of opera and symphonic music in the twentieth century. (December 19, 1888 – November 15, 1963).

Reiner was born in Budapest, Hungary to a secular Jewish family that resided in the Pest area of the city. After preliminary studies in law at his father’s urging, Reiner pursued the study of piano, piano pedagogy, and composition at the Franz Liszt Academy. During his last two years there his piano teacher was the young Béla Bartók.

He worked at opera houses in Budapest and Dresden, where he worked closely with Richard Strauss. He moved to the United States in 1922 to take the post of Principal Conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. He remained until 1931, having become a naturalized citizen in 1928, leaving to teach at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, where his pupils included Leonard Bernstein and Lukas Foss.

He conducted The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra from 1938 to 1948 and made a few recordings with them for Columbia Records. He then spent several years at The Metropolitan Opera, where he conducted a historic production of Strauss's Salome in 1949, and the American premiere of Igor Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress in 1951.

Reiner's focus had been on American music since his arrival in Cincinnati, but after the WWII he began increasing his European activity. When he became music director of The Chicago Symphony Orchestra in 1953 he had a completely international reputation. By common consent, the ten years that he spent in Chicago mark the pinnacle of his career, and are best-remembered today through the many recordings he made in Chicago's Orchestra Hall for RCA Victor from 1954 to 1963.
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Albums

MX 193 Tannhauser Bacchanale — Fritz Reiner Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra*, Fritz Reiner, Wagner* Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra*, Fritz Reiner, Wagner* - Tannhauser Bacchanale (Album) Columbia Masterworks MX 193 US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
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M-506, MM-506, M-MM-506 Don Quixote — Fritz Reiner Fritz Reiner, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Gregor Piatigorsky, Richard Strauss Fritz Reiner, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Gregor Piatigorsky, Richard Strauss - Don Quixote (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks M-506, MM-506, M-MM-506 US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
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x-218 Die Meistersinger Von Nürnberg (Three Excerpts) — Fritz Reiner Wagner* - The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner Wagner* - The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner - Die Meistersinger Von Nürnberg (Three Excerpts)(2xShellac, 12", Album, Mono) Columbia Masterworks x-218 US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
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M491, M=491, M 491 Debussy: Iberia, Berlioz: Hungarian March (From Debussy* / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Conducted By Fritz Reiner Debussy* / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Conducted By Fritz Reiner - Debussy: Iberia, Berlioz: Hungarian March (From "The Damnation Of Faust")(3xShellac, 12", Album, Mono) Columbia, Columbia, Columbia Masterworks M491, M=491, M 491 US 1942 Diese Version verkaufen
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M 549 A Wagner Concert: Five Famous Orchestral Excerpts From Wagner Operas — Fritz Reiner The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner - A Wagner Concert: Five Famous Orchestral Excerpts From Wagner Operas (Album) Columbia Masterworks M 549 US 1943 Diese Version verkaufen
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MM 572 Porgy And Bess  A Symphonic Picture — Fritz Reiner Gershwin*, Fritz Reiner, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gershwin*, Fritz Reiner, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Porgy And Bess A Symphonic Picture (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM 572 US 1945 Diese Version verkaufen
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MM-585 Symphony No. 6 Op. 53 — Fritz Reiner Shostakovitch* / Kabalevsky*, Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* Shostakovitch* / Kabalevsky*, Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 6 Op. 53 (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-585 US 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
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MX 267 Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen) — Fritz Reiner Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen)(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia MX 267 US 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
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MM-633 El Amor Brujo (Love By Witchcraft) — Fritz Reiner De Falla* : Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburg Symphony Orchestra* With Carol Brice De Falla* : Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburg Symphony Orchestra* With Carol Brice - El Amor Brujo (Love By Witchcraft) (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-633 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
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MM-652 Concerto No. 1 In D-minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 15 — Fritz Reiner Rudolf Serkin ,with Fritz Reiner conducting the The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Brahms* Rudolf Serkin ,with Fritz Reiner conducting the The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Brahms* - Concerto No. 1 In D-minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 15 (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-652 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 2008 Symphony No. 40 In G Minor (K. 550) — Fritz Reiner Mozart*, Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Mozart*, Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 40 In G Minor (K. 550) (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 2008 US 1948 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4108 Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias — Fritz Reiner Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Columbia Masterworks ML 4108 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 2048 Salome - Final Scene/Eugin Onegin - Tatiana's Letter Scene, Op. 24 — Fritz Reiner Ljuba Welitsch - Richard Strauss, Fritz Reiner, The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra* / Tchaikovsky*, Walter Süsskind*, The Philharmonia Orchestra* Ljuba Welitsch - Richard Strauss, Fritz Reiner, The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra* / Tchaikovsky*, Walter Süsskind*, The Philharmonia Orchestra* - Salome - Final Scene/Eugin Onegin - Tatiana's Letter Scene, Op. 24(10", Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 2048 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4085 Symphony No. 2 In D Major, Op. 36 — Fritz Reiner Beethoven* : Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Beethoven* : Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 In D Major, Op. 36 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4085 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 2062, ML-2062 Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme - Suite, Op. 60 — Fritz Reiner Fritz Reiner / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra / Strauss* Fritz Reiner / The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra / Strauss* - Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme - Suite, Op. 60 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 2062, ML-2062 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4116 Eight Hungarian Dances / Waltzes — Fritz Reiner Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Brahms*, J. Strauss* Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Brahms*, J. Strauss* - Eight Hungarian Dances / Waltzes (Album) Columbia ML 4116 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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MX 316 Salome—Final Scene — Fritz Reiner Richard Strauss, Ljuba Welitsch, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra*, Fritz Reiner Richard Strauss, Ljuba Welitsch, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra*, Fritz Reiner - Salome—Final Scene(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks MX 316 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 2079 Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks / Don Juan — Fritz Reiner Richard Strauss / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell / Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* Richard Strauss / The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell / Fritz Reiner Conducting The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* - Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks / Don Juan(10") Columbia Masterworks ML 2079 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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MM-836, MM 836 Mozart*, Fritz Reiner, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* Mozart*, Fritz Reiner, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 35 In D Major (K.385) "Haffner"(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM-836, MM 836 US 1949 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4281 Six Brandenburg Concerti, Volume One — Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner - Six Brandenburg Concerti, Volume One (Album) Columbia Entré ML 4281 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4283 Six Brandenburg Concerti Volume 3 — Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner - Six Brandenburg Concerti Volume 3 (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4283 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4282 Six Brandenburg Concerti Volume II — Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner J.S. Bach*, Fritz Reiner - Six Brandenburg Concerti Volume II (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4282 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
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LM 103 Fritz Reiner Conducts Tchaikovsky Waltzes — Fritz Reiner Tchaikovsky*, Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra Tchaikovsky*, Fritz Reiner, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra - Fritz Reiner Conducts Tchaikovsky Waltzes (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal LM 103 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 4102 Concerto For Orchestra — Fritz Reiner Bartók*, Fritz Reiner, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* Bartók*, Fritz Reiner, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra* - Concerto For Orchestra (Album) Columbia Masterworks ML 4102 US 1950 Diese Version verkaufen
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ML 2156 Debussy: Prélude à L'Après-Midi d'un Faune; Dukas: The Sorcerer's Apprentice; Honegger: Concertino for Piano and Orchestra — Fritz Reiner Eugene Ormandy , conducting The Philadelphia Orchestra, Fritz Reiner , conducting Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Oscar Levant Eugene Ormandy , conducting The Philadelphia Orchestra, Fritz Reiner , conducting Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Oscar Levant - Debussy: Prélude à L'Après-Midi d'un Faune; Dukas: The Sorcerer's Apprentice; Honegger: Concertino for Piano and Orchestra Columbia Masterworks ML 2156 US 1951 Diese Version verkaufen