William S. Burroughs

Bürgerl. Name:
William Seward Burroughs II
Profil:
American novelist, short story writer, essayist, painter and spoken word performer.
Born: 5th February 1914, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
Died: 2nd August 1997, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

Burroughs initially drew acclaim as a one of the leaders of the 50s Beat movement, alongside friends and peers Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg. His acclaimed publications, notably 'The Naked Lunch', 'The Soft Machine', 'The Ticket That Exploded' and 'Nova Express', exhibited the "cut-up" technique first espoused by fellow-writer Bryon Gysin, in which passages and texts were cut and reassembled to create unconscious writing. The pair subsequently brought the same method to recording during their stay at the "Beat Hotel' in Paris. Burroughs' experimental nature and his espousal of drug use made him an attractive figure of the 60's counter-culture.

His phrase "heavy metal' became the term for a musical genre, while several acts - notably "Soft Machine" and "Steely Dan" - took their names from his trilogy of works. His first album, "Call Me Burroughs", was comprised of readings from 'The Naked Lunch' and 'Nova Express'. It was initially issued in France prior to appearing on the US avant garde label, ESP. "Ali's Smile", a one-side 12-inch released via Brighton's Unicorn Bookshop, was Burroughs' only other 60s release, although it can be heard on the film soundtrack Chappaqua, and his distinctive voice was sampled in 1971 for Dashiell Hedayat's Obselete.

Burroughs was lauded at the Entermedia Theater in 1978 with "The Nova Convention", a collective of publishers, writers, academics, artists, punk personalities and counterculture followers. The event was released as an eponymously titled album and included pieces by Sanders ['Fuck You' magazine & The Fugs], Patti Smith, Anderson, Glass, Cage, Ginsberg, Gysin, Leary and others. Zappa was called in to replace the drug-busted Keith Richards and, after discussion with the writer, did "The Talking Asshole", which Burroughs had derived from the ventriloquist scene in "The Dead Of Night".

In 1982 "Throbbing Gristle"'s Genesis P. Orridge issued "Nothing Here But The Recordings", a fascinating cross-section of 50s and 60s archive recordings. Ten Years later Sub-Rosa issued a similarly structured set, "Break Through In Grey Room". The avant garde maintained its links with Burroughs during the 80s; he surfaced on several releases by poet John Giorno, notably "You're The Guy I Want To Share My Money With" (1981), "Old Man Bickford" (You're A Hook 1986) and "Like A Girl I Want To Keep Coming" (1989) and he enjoyed a cameo appearance on Laurie Anderson's "Mr. Heartbreak" (1984).

"Dead City Radio", Burroughs' first full-length album in over two decades, paired the writer with producer Hal Willner. John Cale, Donald Fagen and Sonic Youth were among the cast assembled on what was arguably his most accessible release. "Spare Ass Annie And Other Tales", a collaboration with the "Disposable Heroes Of Hiphoprisy", was much less satisfying, compromising the contributors' individual strengths. Despite advancing years, Burroughs contributed to Tom Waits' "The Black Rider" and appeared on singles by Gus Van Sant ("The Elvis Of Letters") and Ministry ("Just One Fix"). In 1993 he recorded a version of "The 'Priest' They Called Him" with Nirvana's Kurt Cobain.

Like Ginsberg, Burroughs was openly bisexual. He was also an opiate addict, almost acting out a characterization of his first novel "Junky" and his second "Queer", whilst being a 'loose cannon' in both his writing and social confrontations. He managed to avoid a jail sentence when he killed his second wife after shooting her in a drunken stupor. When Burroughs died of a heart-attack in 1997 his passing was mourned with the Internet message: "William Burroughs has finally figured out how to leave the flesh behind and assimilate with it all".
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Albums

LAGF1 William S. Burroughs - Call Me Burroughs Cover-Design William Burroughs* Call Me Burroughs (Album) The English Bookshop LAGF1 France 1965 Diese Version verkaufen
UB LP 1 William S. Burroughs - Ali's Smile Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Ali's Smile Unicorn Books UB LP 1 UK 1971 Diese Version verkaufen
S Press 31 William S. Burroughs - Excerpts from Naked Lunch & Nova Express Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Excerpts from Naked Lunch & Nova Express(Cass, Album) Edition S Press S Press 31 Germany 1975 Diese Version verkaufen
GPS 006-007 William S. Burroughs - William S. Burroughs / John Giorno Cover-Design William S. Burroughs / John Giorno William S. Burroughs / John Giorno - William S. Burroughs / John Giorno(2xLP, Album) Giorno Poetry Systems GPS 006-007 US 1975 Diese Version verkaufen
GPS 42-2, GPS 042-4 William S. Burroughs - You're The Guy I Want To Share My Money With Cover-Design Laurie Anderson · John Giorno · William S. Burroughs Laurie Anderson · John Giorno · William S. Burroughs - You're The Guy I Want To Share My Money With (Comp) Giorno Poetry Systems GPS 42-2, GPS 042-4 US 1981 Diese Version verkaufen
IR0016 William S. Burroughs - Nothing Here Now But The Recordings Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Nothing Here Now But The Recordings (Album) Industrial Records IR0016 UK 1981 Diese Version verkaufen
LTM V:XX William S. Burroughs - The Doctor Is On The Market Cover-Design William S. Burroughs The Doctor Is On The Market (Album) LTM (4) LTM V:XX UK 1986 Diese Version verkaufen
SUB 33005-8 William S. Burroughs - Break Through In Grey Room Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Break Through In Grey Room (Album, Comp) Sub Rosa SUB 33005-8 Belgium 1986 Diese Version verkaufen
CDPT 85011 William S. Burroughs - Uncommon Quotes Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Uncommon Quotes (Album) Caravan Of Dreams Productions, Caravan Of Dreams Productions CDPT 85011 US 1988 Diese Version verkaufen
422-846 264-1 William S. Burroughs - Dead City Radio Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Dead City Radio (Album) Island Records 422-846 264-1 US 1990 Diese Version verkaufen
74321 16648 2 William S. Burroughs - Spare Ass Annie And Other Tales Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Spare Ass Annie And Other Tales (Album) Island Red Label 74321 16648 2 Germany 1993 Diese Version verkaufen
PRCD 5003-2 William S. Burroughs - Spare Ass Annie And Other Tales - The Operator's Manual Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Spare Ass Annie And Other Tales - The Operator's Manual(CD, Promo) Island Red Label PRCD 5003-2 US 1993 Diese Version verkaufen
GM02CD William S. Burroughs - Vaudeville Voices Cover-Design William Burroughs* Vaudeville Voices(CD) Grey Matter GM02CD UK 1993 Diese Version verkaufen
4-522206 William S. Burroughs - Naked Lunch Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Naked Lunch Warner Bros. Records 4-522206 US 1995 Diese Version verkaufen
ISBN 0-14-086445-8 William S. Burroughs - Junky Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Junky (Album) Penguin Audiobooks ISBN 0-14-086445-8 1997 Diese Version verkaufen
314 558 021-1 William S. Burroughs - The Road To The Western Lands Cover-Design Material With William S. Burroughs Material With William S. Burroughs - The Road To The Western Lands (Album) Triloka Records, Mercury 314 558 021-1 US 1998 Diese Version verkaufen
Crash 01 William S. Burroughs - Electronic Revolution Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Electronic Revolution(CD, Ltd) Crash Magazine Crash 01 France 1998 Diese Version verkaufen
soleil 6 William S. Burroughs - Last Words: Qui Vivre Verra Cover-Design William S. Burroughs / Ulrike Haage / Barbara Schäfer William S. Burroughs / Ulrike Haage / Barbara Schäfer - Last Words: Qui Vivre Verra(CD, Album) Sans Soleil soleil 6 Germany 2001 Diese Version verkaufen
D41-83 William S. Burroughs - Live At The Kabuki Cover-Design William Burroughs* Live At The Kabuki(CDr, Album) Sound Photosynthesis D41-83 US 2001 Diese Version verkaufen
none William S. Burroughs - The Last Interview With William S. Burroughs Cover-Design William S. Burroughs The Last Interview With William S. Burroughs(CDr, Album) Cardinal Sindustries none US 2003 Diese Version verkaufen
W823D William S. Burroughs - First Thought Best Thought Cover-Design William S. Burroughs, Diane Di Prima, Allen Ginsberg, Anne Waldman William S. Burroughs, Diane Di Prima, Allen Ginsberg, Anne Waldman - First Thought Best Thought(4xCD) Sounds True W823D US 2004 Diese Version verkaufen
ISBN 3-936165-35-1 William S. Burroughs - Tagebuch Eines Rückzugs / The Retreat Diaries Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Tagebuch Eines Rückzugs / The Retreat Diaries(CD, Album) Edition Galerie Vevais ISBN 3-936165-35-1 Germany 2005 Diese Version verkaufen
ARECD301 William S. Burroughs - Real English Tea Made Here Cover-Design William S. Burroughs Real English Tea Made Here(3xCD, Album) Audio Research Editions ARECD301 UK 2007 Diese Version verkaufen
0604WB William S. Burroughs - The Instrument Of Control Cover-Design William S. Burroughs The Instrument Of Control(CD) Archivio Letterario 0604WB Italy 2008 Diese Version verkaufen
NSACD 111 William S. Burroughs - The Spoken Word Cover-Design William S Burroughs* And Brion Gysin William S Burroughs* And Brion Gysin - The Spoken Word (Album) British Library NSACD 111 UK 2012 Diese Version verkaufen