Having spent the last number of years performing as Lynched, the band decided that they would no longer continue with the name due to the unavoidable implications that it has in regards to acts of racist violence. (This was first publicly announced in an Instagram posting by the band on 19 October 2016, which noted that the band "will complete all gigs booked under our current name until February 2017, after which we will be working under the name Lankum".)
Their new name comes from the ballad ‘False Lankum’, as sung by the Irish Traveller John Reilly Jr. The band was originally formed (under the name 'Lynched') as an experimental-psychedelic-folk-punk-duo by brothers Ian and Daragh Lynch in the early 2000s, and has since progressed through a number of incarnations, culminating in the four piece group playing today (along with Cormac MacDiarmada and Radie Peat who joined in 2012).
Although an acoustic group whose repertoire is fundamentally based on traditional song, influenced by legends such as Frank Harte, Planxty, The Dubliners and The Watersons, subtle traces of the group’s collective influences can be detected, from American old-timey music, krautrock, ambient techno and psychedelic folk, to black metal, drone, punk and rock n’ roll.