Eugene Ormandy

Bürgerl. Name:
Jenö Blau
Profil:
Hungarian-American conductor and violinist ( November 18, 1899, Budapest, Hungary – March 12, 1985, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA).

Ormandy is best known for his longstanding post as the conductor of The Philadelphia Orchestra. He also developed what came to be known as the "Philadelphia Sound," emphasizing lush string sonorities and, often, legato phrasing and rounded tone.

Ormandy, born Jenö Blau, began his musical career at an early age. He could identify symphonies at the age of 3 and could play the violin by the age of 4. When he was 5, he became a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest (now the Franz Liszt Academy of Music). He studied with Jenő Hubay and began his conducting career with the Symphonisches Blüthner-Orchester Berlin (Blüthner Orchestra).

He moved to the United States in 1921 (taking citizenship in 1927). Around this time he changed his name to "Eugene Ormandy," "Eugene" being the equivalent of the Hungarian "Jenő." Accounts differ on the origin of "Ormandy"; it may have either been his own middle name at birth, or his mother's. In the 1920s, Ormandy worked in New York as a conductor and in 1930 made his first appearance in Philadelphia with The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra Of Philadelphia. When Arturo Toscanini was too ill to conduct the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1931, Ormandy was asked to sit in. This led to Ormandy's first major appointment as a conductor in Minneapolis.

From 1931 to 1936 Ormandy served as Music Director of Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (now the Minnesota Orchestra). During his time in Minnesota, RCA Victor contracted the orchestra and recordings were made from 1934-1935. Several premiere recordings were made in Minneapolis, including Zoltán Kodály's <i> Háry János Suite </i> and Arnold Schoenberg’s <i> Verklärte Nacht </i>.

In 1936, Eugene Ormandy began his 44-year long tenure with The Philadelphia Orchestra when he became associate conductor under Leopold Stokowski. In 1938, he was promoted to permanent conductor. Ormandy was a quick learner of scores, often conducting from memory and without a baton. He developed an amazing ensemble rapport and personally hired every one of the 104 musicians who played under his baton.

As music director, Ormandy conducted from 100 to 180 concerts each year in Philadelphia. He led the Philadelphia Orchestra on several national and international tours, including a 1955 tour of Finland, where Ormandy and Orchestra members visited the elderly composer Jean Sibelius and in 1973, they became the first American symphony orchestra in the People's Republic of China. Ormandy and the orchestra recorded extensively for Columbia and RCA, especially during the stereo LP era. Ormandy retired as conductor in Philadelphia at the end of the 1979-1980 season (whereupon he was named Conductor Laureate).

Ormandy was always a knowledgeable, well-prepared conductor, but he was most comfortable with Romantic and post-Romantic music; especially noteworthy were his performances and recordings of Richard Strauss and Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff. He led the first performances of many works by American composers and, in 1948 he led the Philadelphia Orchestra in the first symphony concert broadcast on American TV.

Ormandy's awards include: <b> The Presidential Medal of Freedom</b>, presented by Richard M. Nixon in 1970; <b> The Ditson Conductor's Award </b> for championing American music in 1977; Appointment by Queen Elizabeth II as an honorary <b> Knight of the British Empire </b> in 1976; and he was awarded the <b> Kennedy Center Honors </b> in 1982.

He was the brother of Martin Ormandy
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Albums

Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") Cover-Design Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") (Album) Victor Red Seal US 1935 Diese Version verkaufen
M-555, M 555 Eugene Ormandy - Songs Of Brahms Cover-Design Brahms* - Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Brahms* - Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Songs Of Brahms(2xShellac, 12" + Shellac, 10" + Album) Victor Red Seal, Victor Red Seal M-555, M 555 US 1939 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Double Concerto In A Minor, Op. 102 Cover-Design Jascha Heifetz, Emanuel Feuermann, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* Jascha Heifetz, Emanuel Feuermann, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* - Double Concerto In A Minor, Op. 102 (Album) Victor Red Seal US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Sibelius's 75th Anniversary Cover-Design Sibelius* Played By The Philadelphia Orchestra* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Sibelius* Played By The Philadelphia Orchestra* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Sibelius's 75th Anniversary (Album) Victor Red Seal US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Concerto No. 3 In D Minor, Op. 30 Cover-Design Sergei Rachmaninoff* And The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Sergei Rachmaninoff* And The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Concerto No. 3 In D Minor, Op. 30 (Album) RCA Victor US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
DM 828 Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 5 In E Minor, Op. 64 Cover-Design Tschaikowky* Played By The Philadelphia Orchestra* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Tschaikowky* Played By The Philadelphia Orchestra* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 5 In E Minor, Op. 64(5xShellac, 12", Album) Victor Red Seal DM 828 US 1941 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Concerto In A Minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 16 Cover-Design Artur Rubinstein* And The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Grieg* Artur Rubinstein* And The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Grieg* - Concerto In A Minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 16 (Album) Victor Red Seal US 1942 Diese Version verkaufen
DM 854 Eugene Ormandy - Matthias The Painter ("Mathis Der Maler") Cover-Design The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Hindemith* The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Hindemith* - Matthias The Painter ("Mathis Der Maler")(3xShellac, 12", Album) Victor Red Seal DM 854 US 1942 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Beethoven Seventh Symphony Cover-Design Beethoven* ; Eugene Ormandy And The Philadelphia Orchestra Beethoven* ; Eugene Ormandy And The Philadelphia Orchestra - Beethoven Seventh Symphony (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1944 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor, Op. 125 ("Choral") Cover-Design The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Beethoven* The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Beethoven* - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor, Op. 125 ("Choral") (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1945 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Piano Concerto Number 2 In B-Flat Major Cover-Design Rudolf Serkin / The Philadelphia Orchestra / Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* Rudolf Serkin / The Philadelphia Orchestra / Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* - Piano Concerto Number 2 In B-Flat Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1945 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Rhapsody In Blue Cover-Design Gershwin* / Oscar Levant with The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Gershwin* / Oscar Levant with The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Rhapsody In Blue (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks US 1945 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 4 In E Minor, Op. 98 Cover-Design Johannes Brahms, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Johannes Brahms, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 4 In E Minor, Op. 98 (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1945 Diese Version verkaufen
MM-564 Eugene Ormandy - Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole In D Minor, Op. 21 Cover-Design Lalo*, Nathan Milstein With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Lalo*, Nathan Milstein With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole In D Minor, Op. 21(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-564 US 1945 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Brahms: Symphony No. 3 In F Major Cover-Design The Philadelphia Orchestra , conducted by Eugene Ormandy The Philadelphia Orchestra , conducted by Eugene Ormandy - Brahms: Symphony No. 3 In F Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
MM-616 Eugene Ormandy - The Pines Of Rome  Cover-Design Respighi*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Respighi*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - The Pines Of Rome (3xShellac, 10", Album + Box) Columbia Masterworks MM-616 US 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
MM-707 Eugene Ormandy - Feste Romane Cover-Design Respighi* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Conductor* Respighi* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Conductor* - Feste Romane(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia MM-707 US 1946 Diese Version verkaufen
M-588 Eugene Ormandy - Six Dances Cover-Design The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston - Six Dances(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M-588 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
mx-279 Eugene Ormandy - Handel: Water Music Suite Cover-Design Georg Friedrich Händel, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Georg Friedrich Händel, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Handel: Water Music Suite(2x12", Album, She) Columbia Masterworks mx-279 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
MM 658 Eugene Ormandy - Concerto In B Minor For 'Cello And Orchestra, Op. 104 Cover-Design Gregor Piatigorsky, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Dvořák* Gregor Piatigorsky, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Dvořák* - Concerto In B Minor For 'Cello And Orchestra, Op. 104(5xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks MM 658 US 1947 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - New World Symphony Cover-Design Antonín Dvořák, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Antonín Dvořák, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - New World Symphony (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor Cover-Design Tchaikovsky*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Oscar Levant Tchaikovsky*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Oscar Levant - Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor (Album) Columbia Masterworks USA & Canada 1948 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Stauss Overtures/ Strauss Waltzes Cover-Design The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Stauss Overtures/ Strauss Waltzes (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 4 In F Minor Op. 36 Cover-Design Tchaikovsky* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Tchaikovsky* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 4 In F Minor Op. 36 Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Diese Version verkaufen
Eugene Ormandy - Concerto In D Major for Violin and Orchestra Op. 77 Cover-Design Brahms* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Joseph Szigeti Brahms* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Joseph Szigeti - Concerto In D Major for Violin and Orchestra Op. 77 (Album) Columbia Masterworks USA & Canada 1948 Diese Version verkaufen