Credits List

Eine Diskussion über die Möglichkeiten, an Veröffentlichungen mitwirkende Personen einzutragen, sollte im offiziellen Forenthread New Credit Roles stattfinden.

Funktion Verzeichnet? Kopf Unterkategorie Anmerkungen
Artwork By Nein NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. Use "Artwork" for a linked credit.
Photography Nein NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. Use "Photography By" for a linked credit.
Executive Producer Nein NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. Use "Executive-Producer" for a linked credit.
Other Nein NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. To be used for roles credited on the release that are not musical or technical, and should not be linked, for example, catering personnel, drivers etc. Please see the note here regarding 'Thank You' type credits.
Written By Nein NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. This is a special unlinked role that can be used to group all credited writers of the music and display their names as formatted on the release. e.g. Lennon/McCartney. If the full name of the artist is displayed on the release you must use the linked Written-By credit, but can also use the unlinked credit if the formatting is of significance. The Artist Name Variation function should also be considered when deciding which credit should be used.
Written-By Nein Writing & Arrangement This is the new version of the Written By credit that is linked. It is used in the same way as all other linked credits. Note the dash '-', it is vital it is entered exactly this way.
Adapted By Nein Writing & Arrangement Somewhat similar to Arranged By.
Arranged By Nein Writing & Arrangement
Beats Nein Writing & Arrangement A diverse role that signifies a contribution to the instrumental component of a track or a release. On some releases, it is synonymous with Producer, on others it can range from sampling to Drum Programming to playing a traditional, typically percussion-oriented, instrument.
Cadenza Nein Writing & Arrangement (Italian for cadence) Generically, an improvised or written-out ornamental passage played or sung by a soloist or soloists, usually in a "free" rhythmic style, and often allowing for virtuosic display. Often refers to a portion of a concerto in which the orchestra stops playing, leaving the soloist to play alone in free time (without a strict, regular pulse) and can be written or improvised, depending on what the composer specifies. Please also include the instrument they are playing, as a separate credit, if noted on the release. See Soloist.
Composed By Nein Writing & Arrangement Person who writes the musical composition or melody to songs (valid for all genres)
Concept By Nein Writing & Arrangement
Copyist Nein Writing & Arrangement Employed by the music industry to produce written parts for individual musicians from an orchestral score or composer's manuscript.
Created By Nein Writing & Arrangement
Instrumentation By Nein Writing & Arrangement For orchestral and other groups, refers to the selection of instruments to play the different parts.
Libretto By Nein Writing & Arrangement The text used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. The term "libretto" is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as mass and requiem.
Lyrics By Nein Writing & Arrangement Person who writes the lyrics to songs
Music By Nein Writing & Arrangement
Musical Assistance Nein Writing & Arrangement
Orchestrated By Nein Writing & Arrangement
Programmed By Nein Writing & Arrangement (also programming) - Working a computer or electronic instrument in order to create a sound or sequence of notes (see also Drum Programming, Sequenced By)
Score Nein Writing & Arrangement This is almost the same as Composed By
Score Editor Nein Writing & Arrangement
Sequenced By Nein Writing & Arrangement The act of programming a computer, drum machine, or other sequencer to play a sequence of musical events.
Songwriter Nein Writing & Arrangement Use if the artist is credited as "Songwriter" or with "Songs By" or "Songs written by" on the release
Sound Designer Nein Writing & Arrangement
Transcription By Nein Writing & Arrangement Notating a piece or a sound which was previously unnotated, or rewriting a piece of music, either solo or ensemble, for another instrument or other instruments than which it was originally intended.
Translated By Nein Writing & Arrangement For roles that involve translating lyrics from one language to another. This role is for translations that are used in the audio work only. For Liner Notes translation and the like, please use brackets such as "Liner Notes [Translated By]" (or whatever the role was) instead.
Words By Nein Writing & Arrangement Appears on many records as an alternative to "Lyrics By".
Featuring Ja Featuring & Presenting
Hosted By Nein Featuring & Presenting An alternative credit for someone who presents a show, mixtape etc.
Music Consultant Nein Writing & Arrangement
Presenter Nein Featuring & Presenting If no specific credit is apparent on the release, an artist with a following 'Presents' joiner must be credited with 'Presenter' in the credits section, with specific tracks indicated if relevant
Chorus Master Nein Conducting & Leading
Concertmaster Nein Conducting & Leading (also concert-master, leader, concertmistress) The leader of the first violin section of a symphony orchestra. Any violin solo in an orchestral work is played by the concertmaster (except in the case of a concerto, in which case guest soloists may be heard).
Concertmistress Nein Conducting & Leading (also concertmaster, leader) The leader of the first violin section of a symphony orchestra. Any violin solo in an orchestral work is played by the concertmaster (except in the case of a concerto, in which case guest soloists may be heard).
Conductor Nein Conducting & Leading Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. Orchestras, choirs, concert bands and other musical ensembles are often conducted. The principal conductor of an orchestra or opera company is sometimes referred to as a music director or chief conductor, or by the German word, Kapellmeister. Conductors of choirs or choruses are sometimes referred to as choral director, chorus master, or choirmaster, particularly for choirs associated with an orchestra. Conductors of military bands and other bands may hold the title of bandmaster, or drum major. Respected senior conductors are sometimes referred to by the Italian word, maestro ("master").
Contractor Nein Conducting & Leading (also fixer) - A musical casting assistant, he is the person who hires the musicians to form an orchestra / choir / etc for a specific piece.
Directed By Nein Conducting & Leading Can be used for all types of music or non-music (radio plays etc) Director roles, but not to be used for video roles.
Leader Nein Conducting & Leading Also Band Leader or Orchestra Leader, the head of a group, orchestra, or other music ensemble who often takes on tasks such as organization, musical arrangement, hiring and firing musicians, musical direction, and other group based tasks.
Music Director Nein Conducting & Leading
Repetiteur Nein Conducting & Leading (also Répétiteur) - In opera, the person responsible for coaching singers and playing the piano for music and production rehearsals. In ballet, a répétiteur teaches the steps and interpretation of the roles to some or all of the company
Co-producer Ja Production
Collected By Nein Production Similar to Compiled By
Commissioned By Nein Production
Compilation Producer Nein Production Use instead of Other [Compilation Producer] or Producer [Compilation]
Compiled By Nein Production
Curated By Nein Production
Editor Nein Production Record company staff job, often synonymous to producer or supervisor, and not to be confused with technical editing ("cutting") of audio material.
Executive-Producer Nein Production This is the linked version of the legacy unlinked "Executive Producer" role.
Post Production Nein Production
Producer Ja Production In the music industry, a record producer has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. This has been a major function of producers since the inception of sound recording, but in the latter half of the 20th century producers have also taken on a wider entrepreneurial role.
Recording Supervisor Nein Production Follows the orchestral scores during the recording process in a very critical way, in order to spot any mistakes that musicians or a conductor wouldn't notice or simply ignore. Common on classical recordings. For example on Deutsche Grammophon, it is "Aufnahmeleitung".
Reissue Producer Nein Production Someone who oversees the production of a reissued release.
Research Nein Production
Supervised By Nein Production
Remix Ja Remix The creative manipulation of some elements of the original track into a different but derivative musical piece.
DJ Mix Ja DJ Mix DJ Mix - to be used for crediting the creation of a mixed or partially mixed release. Don't confuse this credit with "Mixed By" (which is used for the artist that mixes the multitrack music to the final release mixdown) or "Remix".

DJ Mix [Megamix] - to be used for crediting the creation of megamixes (this is a track that is made up of sections from many other tracks, cut together one after the other)
Animation Nein Visual
Art Direction Nein Visual
Artwork Ja Visual Replaces the non-linked "Artwork By" credit, which can still be used if you are not sure of the artist to credit.
Assemblage Nein Visual Any form of composite assembly or 3-d form.
Calligraphy Nein Visual
Cameraman Nein Visual
CGI Artist Nein Visual Computer-generated imagery
Cinematographer Nein Visual
Costume Designer Nein Visual
Cover Ja Visual A generic credit for cover artwork and / or design.
Creative Director Nein Visual
Design Nein Visual
Design Concept Nein Visual
Director Of Photography Nein Visual
Film Director Nein Visual This umbrella role is for any visual director, for example, a music video director or a director of a concert recording. An alternative name may be "video director", but the role usually appears on video / DVD releases as "directed by".
Film Editor Nein Visual
Film Producer Nein Visual Not to be confused with the audio producer role. Audio producers "Producer" credit may be listed on video / DVD releases as "Concert Sound Production" or "DVD Post Production Producer" or similar.
Film Technician Nein Visual
Filmed By Nein Visual
Gaffer Nein Visual
Graphic Design Nein Visual
Graphics Nein Visual
Grip Nein Visual
Hair Nein Visual
Illustration Ja Visual
Image Editor Nein Visual
Layout Nein Visual
Lettering Nein Visual For artistic lettering that is not calligraphy.
Lighting Nein Visual
Lighting Director Nein Visual
Lithography Nein Visual
Make-Up Nein Visual
Model Nein Visual Only use this credit when the person is explicitly credited as Model (or similar wording). This is not meant to simply capture the person in a photo, but a specific credited role.
Painting Ja Visual
Photography By Ja Visual Replaces the non-linked "Photography" credit, which can still be used if you are not sure of the artist to credit.
Production Manager Nein Visual Responsible for realizing the visions of the producer and the director or choreographer for stage productions. Please do not confuse with 'Product Manager'.
Realization Nein Visual denotes final stages of visual design
Screen Printing Nein Visual
Set Designer Nein Visual
Sleeve Ja Visual A generic credit for sleeve artwork and / or design.
Stage Manager Nein Visual
Stylist Nein Visual
Typography Nein Visual
Video Editor Nein Visual
VJ Nein Visual Video Jockey - Someone who mixes video footage and graphics.
Abridged By Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken The person who condenses text from a book to be used as an audio book
Adapted By (Text) Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken Similar to Abridged By but in this case although the text has been condensed down it will also be rearranged and have additional text also. More commonly used for Radioplays.
Author Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Booklet Editor Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Choreography Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Commentator Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Dialog Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Interviewee Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken The person getting interviewed
Interviewer Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Liner Notes Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken (also sleeve notes or album notes) are the writings found in booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or the equivalent packaging for vinyl records and cassettes. Such notes often contained a mix of factual and anecdotal material, and occasionally a discography for the artist or the issuing record label. They were also an occasion for thoughtful signed essays on the artist by another party, often a sympathetic music journalist.
Music Librarian Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken The area of librarianship that pertains to music collections and their development, cataloging, preservation and maintenance, as well as reference issues connected with musical works and music literature.
Narrator Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Proofreader Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Read By Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken The act of reading from a book or other manuscript.
Screenwriter Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Script By Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken Used for radio plays etc.
Sleeve Notes Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken Also see 'Liner Notes'
Text By Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken
Voice Actor Nein Acting, Literary & Spoken Used for actors in radio plays etc.
A&R Nein Management Short for Artists and repertoire, the person that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists. They also acts as a liaison between artists and the record label.
Administrator Nein Management
Advisor Nein Management
Booking Ja Management
Consultant Nein Management
Coordinator Nein Management (also Co-ordination / Coordination / Co-ordinator / Coordinator)
Legal Ja Management
Management Nein Management
Product Manager Nein Management The person who looks after the creation and promotion of the physical release. Please don't confuse with 'Production Manager', which is a mainly theatrical role.
Project Manager Nein Management
Promotion Nein Management
Public Relations Nein Management
Tour Manager Nein Management
Authoring Nein Technical
Crew Nein Technical Stage Crew, Road Crew etc.
DAW Nein Technical (also Digital Audio Workstation)
Edited By Nein Technical
Engineer Nein Technical
Field Recording Nein Technical
Lacquer Cut By Nein Technical An engineer cuts an acetate/dubplate blank with a lathe. Exclusive to grooved formats but not DMM. Can often be identified by a unique etching or stamp in the runout grooves. If in doubt, then please ask in the database forum section.
Lathe Cut By Nein Technical
Luthier Nein Technical Person who makes or repairs stringed instruments.
Mastered By Nein Technical A catch-all term for any role performed by an engineer (or team of engineers) during the post-mixing audio process.
Mixed By Ja Technical This credit is for the person that mixes the multitrack music to the final release mixdown, NOT for a mix by a DJ (which should be credited as "DJ Mix"), nor a remix type production (which should be credited as "Remix")
Overdubbed By Nein Technical
Plated By Nein Technical An engineer dips a lacquer into a chemical bath for an electrolysis galvanic plating process. If in doubt, then please ask in the database forum section.
Recorded By Nein Technical
Remastered By Nein Technical An engineering / production role where previously released audio is put through the mastering process again, often to improve upon previous efforts, taking into account more up to date technology, different tastes, and changed requirements of the mastering process, for example for digital releases.
Restoration Nein Technical
Tape Op Nein Technical
Technician Nein Technical General, non-specific role for technical credits, use the brackets [...] to add more information if available.
Tracking By Nein Technical The act of recording, most likely overdubbing and building up the track.
Transferred By Nein Technical (also Audio Transfer, CD Transfer, Digital Transfer) - Technical transferring of audio from one medium to another, for example, analog tape to digital.
Tuner Nein Technical The person who tunes an instrument, most commonly a concert piano or organ
Alto Vocals Nein Vocals
Backing Vocals Nein Vocals
Baritone Vocals Nein Vocals
Bass Vocals Nein Vocals
Bass-Baritone Vocals Nein Vocals
Caller Nein Vocals
Choir Nein Vocals A company of singers, esp. an organized group employed in church service or sings sacred music.
Chorus Nein Vocals An ensemble which performs the non-soloist parts of an opera or musical theatre production (or sometimes an oratorio). Chorus can mean a section of a song, but it should not be used in this way for the credits. The specific instrument should be listed if possible, otherwise a generic role should be used, such as Performer [Chorus].
Contralto Vocals Nein Vocals A few popular music enthusiasts define the contralto and alto separately, as the contralto having an especially dark range, from the D above low C to Tenor C, which is essentially a female of tenor range, while alto is a voice with a range from G below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C, and is closer to the mezzo-soprano. The majority however define contralto and alto as synonyms, and assign the adjectives light and dark, with a dark alto being a female of tenor range, while a light alto, commonly referred to as simply alto, to include mezzo-sopranos as well.
Coro Nein Vocals Literally 'chorus' in Spanish, the coro in most Latin music has fixed melody and lyrics. Most coros feature two or three parts, rarely more, moving in parallel lines. The coro singer's function in a band is more like an instrumentalist's than a singer's.
Countertenor Vocals Nein Vocals
Harmony Vocals Nein Vocals
Human Beatbox Nein Vocals
Humming Nein Vocals A hum is a sound made by singing a wordless tone with the mouth completely closed, forcing the sound to emerge from the nose.
Kakegoe Nein Vocals (also 掛け声) kakegoe are usually words of encouragement for the musicians, singers, or dancers performing with the music. They are also used to cue different parts of a musical piece.
Lead Vocals Nein Vocals
MC Nein Vocals A Master of Ceremonies or MC (sometimes spelled emcee), sometimes called a compère or an MJ for "microphone jockey," MC became associated with what would change to become known as the rapper. Also is the host of an official public or private staged event or other performance, where the MC usually presents performers, speaks to the audience, and generally keeps the event moving
Mezzo-soprano Vocals Nein Vocals A mezzo-soprano (meaning "half soprano" in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the A two octaves above (i.e. A3-A5, middle C = C4).
Overtone Voice Nein Vocals Overtone Voice, also known as overtone singing, throat singing, overtone chanting, or harmonic singing, is a type of singing in which the singer manipulates the harmonic resonances (or formants) created as air travels from the lungs, past the vocal folds, and out the lips to produce a melody. Throat singing is both a generic and a specific term. Generally, the term is applied to any singing style which entails the application of a harsh voice or some other constriction, although it is sometimes incorrectly applied to unconstricted overtone singing. Specifically, the term refers to a type of Central Asian overtone singing.
Rap Nein Vocals
Satsuma Nein Vocals
Scat Nein Vocals
Solo Vocal Nein Vocals
Soprano Vocals Nein Vocals
Speech Nein Vocals
Tenor Vocals Nein Vocals
Toasting Nein Vocals Toasting, chatting, or DJing (not to be confused with the more common use of DJ outside of Jamaica to mean someone who plays records) is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. Most common in the Reggae genre.
Treble Vocals Nein Vocals
Vocal Percussion Nein Vocals
Vocalese Nein Vocals
Vocals Nein Vocals
Voice Nein Vocals
Whistling Nein Vocals
Yodeling Nein Vocals (also yodelling, jodeling) A form of singing that involves singing an extended note which rapidly and repeatedly changes in pitch from the vocal or chest register (or "chest voice") to the falsetto/head register; making a high-low-high-low sound. This vocal technique is used in many cultures throughout the world.
Afoxé Nein Instruments Drums and percussion An Afro Brazilian musical instrument composed of a gourd (cabaça) wrapped in a net in which beads or small plastic balls are threaded. It looks like the xequerê, but the afoxé is smaller. The instrument is shaken to produce its musical noise.
Agogô Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (or agogo bell) - A multiple bell used in samba percussion ensembles. It is made of metal with each bell a different size. The most common arrangement is two bells attached by a U shaped piece of metal.
Ashiko Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A drum shaped like a truncated cone and meant to be played with bare hands. Played throughout sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas. In eastern Cuba, it is known as boku. Unlike the sounds of a Djembe whose body offers two main tones, the straight edges offer a continuum of tones depending on how close to the center of the head the drum is struck. Some consider the ashiko to be male and the djembe female.
Atabal Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Bapang Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Bass Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Bata Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A sacred drum used by the Yoruba (of West Africa) and in the Caribbean. In Cuba, batá consists of a set of three drums: iyá ("mother drum"), the largest; itótele ("father") and okónkolo ("baby"), the smallest.
Bell Tree Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument, consisting of vertically nested inverted metal bowls. The bowls, placed on a vertical rod, are arranged in order of pitch (inexactly). The number of bowls can vary between approximately 14 and 28. An effective glissando is done by sliding a triangle beater, a glockenspiel mallet, or a xylophone mallet down the tree.
Bells Nein Instruments Drums and percussion For all types of ringing metal. Note that Temple Bells and Tubular Bells have their own credits.
Bendir Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A frame drum used as a traditional instrument throughout North Africa, more specifically in Morocco
Bodhrán Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A frame drum ranging in anywhere from 10" to 26" in diameter, with most drums measuring from 14" to 18". The sides of the drum are 3 1/2" to 8" deep. A skin head is tacked to one side.
Body Percussion Nein Instruments Drums and percussion May be performed on its own or as an accompaniment to song. The folk traditions of many countries include the use of body percussion. Examples of these include Indonesian saman, Ethiopian armpit music, palmas in flamenco, and the hambone from the United States.
Bombo Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Bombo Legüero) An Argentine drum traditionally made of a hollowed tree trunk and covered with cured skins of animals such as goats, cows or sheep.
Bones Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument consisting of a pair of animal bones, or pieces of wood or a similar material.
Bongos Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Buhay Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Bugai, Buhai, Berebenytsia, Bika, Buga, Bochka) - A friction drum. It consists of a conical barrel (sometimes a wooden bucket). At one end a sheep membrane is stretched with a hole in this skin's center. Through this hole a tuft of horse hair with a knot at one end is passed. Usually two performers are needed to operate the instrument, one to hold the instrument, the other to pull the horsehair with moistened fingers.
Buk Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A traditional Korean drum. It is barrel-shaped, with a round wooden body covered on both ends with animal skin.
Cabasa Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also called Afuche. Similar to the shekere, is a percussion instrument that is constructed with loops of steel ball chain wrapped around a wide cylinder. The cylinder is fixed to a long, narrow wooden or plastic handle.
Caixa Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A brazilian snare drum
Caja Vallenata Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Cajón Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Calabash Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument, of the family of idiophones, consisting of a dried half calabash, of large size, that is struck with the palms, fingers, wrist or objects to produce a variety of percussive sounds.
Castanets Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Caxixi Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A Brazilian percussion instrument consisting of a closed basket with a flat-bottom filled with seeds or other small particles.
Chácaras Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument from the Canary Islands similar to castanets but larger.
Chak'chas Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Pre-Columbian percussion instrument, made from the hooves of small animals.
Chinchín Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Maracas made from the shell of fruits from morro trees
Ching Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A small bowl-shaped finger cymbals of thick and heavy bronze, with a broad rim commonly used in Cambodia and Thailand.
Clap Sticks Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A pair of wooden sticks used in indigenous Australian music by clapping them together.
Claves Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also called Clavés or Clave, a pair of short (about 20-8 cm), thick dowels. Traditionally they were made of wood, but nowadays they are also made of fibreglass or plastics. When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. Claves are sometimes hollow and carved in the middle to amplify the sound.
Congas Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Cowbell Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Cuica Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Brazilian friction drum
Cultrun Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A ceremonial drum used by the Mapuche in Chile.
Cymbal Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Daf Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also دف) A frame drum used in Middle East,Armenia, Pakistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan and India. Some dafs are equipped with rings or small cymbals, making them a form of tambourine.
Davul Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A large double-headed drum that is played with mallets.
Dhol Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A double-sided sided barrel drum (straight barrels also exist) played mostly as an accompanying instrument to the traditional Punjabi dance of Bhangra, the traditional dance of Gujarat, Raas, and the religious music of Sufism, Qawwali.
Dholak Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also ਢੋਲਕੀ, ढोलक, dholaki, dhool) A North Indian, Pakistani and Nepalese double-headed hand-drum.
Dikanza Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A notched length of bamboo rubbed by a wooden stick, used in Angolan music.
Djembe Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Doira Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A medium-sized frame drum with jingles
Doli Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Drum Programming Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Drums Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Dunun Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also: djun-djun) A West African cylindrical drum.
Electronic Drums Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Finger Cymbals Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Finger Snaps Nein Instruments Drums and percussion The act of creating a cracking/clicking sound with one's fingers by building tension between the thumb and the middle or index finger, and then moving the middle or index finger so it hits the palm of one's hand.
Frame Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A drum that has a drumhead width greater than its depth. Usually the single drumhead is made of rawhide or man-made materials.
Friction Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Rommelpot) - A percussion instrument consisting of a single membrane stretched over a sound box, whose sound is produced by the player causing the membrane to vibrate by friction.
Frottoir Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Relative to Washboard
Ganzá Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A cylindrically shaped Brazilian rattle, can be either a hand-woven basket, or a metal canister which is filled with beads, metal balls, pebbles, or other similar items. Those made from metal produce a particularly loud sound.
Ghatam Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Gatham) - An earthenware pot used in indian classical music
Ghungroo Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also گھنگرو‎, घुँघरू, Ghunghroo, Ghunghru, Ghungur, Salangai) small metallic bells strung together, a musical anklet tied to the feet of classical Indian dancers, and also Pakistani dancers.
Goblet Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also Called: Darabouka, Darbuka, Doumbek, Dumbek, Dumbeg, Tarambuke, Tombak, Zarb, Dumbelek, Tabla (not to be confused with Indian Tabla), Derbekkeh, Toumbeleki
Gong Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A wide variety of metal percussion instruments.
Gong Chime Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A series of tuned pot gongs, usually played in ensembles in south-east Asian music. Examples are: kulintang, gangsa (Bali/Java), reyong (Bali), bonang (Java), totobuang (Maluku Islands).
Guacharaca Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Güira Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A scraped metal percussion instrument in Latin American music. Similar to the güiro, which is made from a gourd.
Guiro Nein Instruments Drums and percussion The güiro is a scraped percussion instrument in Latin American music made from an open-ended, hollow gourd.
Handbell Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Handclaps Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Hang Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Hihat Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Hi-Hat) Two cymbals that are mounted on a stand, one on top of the other, and clashed together using a pedal on the stand. A narrow metal shaft or rod runs through both cymbals into a hollow tube and connects to the pedal. The top cymbal is connected to the rod with a clutch, while the bottom cymbal remains stationary resting on the hollow tube. The height of the top-cymbal (open position) is adjustable.
Hosho Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Zimbabwean percussion instrument
Hyoshigi Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Japanese wooden percussion instrument
Idiophone Nein Instruments Drums and percussion An idiophone is any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument vibrating itself, without the use of strings or membranes. Idiophones are probably the oldest type of musical instrument (not counting the human voice). Most percussion instruments which are not drums are idiophones. Struck idiophones (sometimes called concussion idiophones) include most of the non-drum percussion instruments familiar in the west. They include all idiophones which are made to vibrate by being hit, either directly with a stick or hand (like the wood block, singing bowl, triangle or marimba), or indirectly, by way of a scraping or shaking motion (like maracas or flexatone). Various types of bells fall into both categories. The other three sub-divisions are rarer. They are plucked idiophones, such as the jew's harp, amplified cactus, music box or mbira (lamellophone / thumb piano); blown idiophones, of which there are a very small number of examples, the Aeolsklavier being one; and friction idiophones, such as the singing bowl, glass harmonica, glass harp, turntable, verrophone, daxophone, styrophone, musical saw, or nail violin (a number of pieces of metal or wood rubbed with a bow). A number of idiophones that are normally struck, such as vibraphone bars and cymbals, can also be bowed.
Jaggo Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A double-headed hourglass-shaped drum generally played with one stick and one hand.
Janggu Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also called janggo or changgo. A percussion instrument used in most kinds of Korean traditional music. It is made from a hollow wooden body and two leather skins. The two sides produce sounds of different pitch and tone.
Jing Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A large gong
K'kwaengwari Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Metal idiophone.
Ka Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Percussion from the Réunion Island (and from Guadeloupe and Martinique)
Kagura Suzu Nein Instruments Drums and percussion 神楽鈴 (Japanese bells)
Kanjira Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also ganjira) is a South Indian frame drum, an instrument of the tambourine family
Karkabas Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Metal double castanets of the Gnawa (Morocco). Also known as krakebs or garagab.
Khartal Nein Instruments Drums and percussion This wooden clapper is a Ghana Vadya which has discs or plates that produce a clinking sound when clapped together.
Khurdak Nein Instruments Drums and percussion An Indian percussion instrument, a type of tambourine
Kynggari Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A small gong used primarily in folk music.
Lagerphone Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Lion's Roar Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A membranophone instrument that has a drum head and a cord or horsehair passing through it. The home-made lion's roar is a drum that sits on the floor. The cord then makes friction with the drumhead as it is moved back and forth. It makes a noise effect like lion roaring.
Madal Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Mallets Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Maracas Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Monkey stick Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Mendoza, Mendozer, Murrumbidgee River Rattler, Lagerphone) a pole affixed to a heavy boot at the base. Metal "jingles", commonly beer-bottle tops, are fastened at intervals along the shaft.
Mridangam Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument from South India. It is the primary rhythmic accompaniment in a Carnatic music ensemble. Alternate spellings include mridanga, mrudangam, mrdangam, mrithangam miruthangam and mirudhangam.
Naqareh Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also naqqāra, nagara, nagada, nakers or naccaire: a Middle Eastern drum with a rounded back and a hide head, usually played in pairs.
Pakhavaj Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Pandeiro Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Brazilian tambourine with a tuned skin.
Percussion Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Quijada Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also charrasca: the jawbone of a donkey used in Latin American music. It is either struck with a stick to make the teeth rattle or the stick pulled across the teeth, creating a rasping sound.
Rainstick Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A long, hollow tube which is filled with small baubles such as beads or beans and has small pins arranged helically on its inside surface. When the stick is upended, the beads fall to the other end of the tube, making a sound reminiscent of a rainstorm as they bounce off the pins. The rainstick is generally used to create atmospheric sound effects or as a percussion instrument.
Ratchet Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Rattle Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Reco-reco Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A scraping instrument that is held in one hand whilst the other scrapes its springs with a metal stick.
Repinique Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A two-headed Brazilian drum used in samba baterias (percussion ensembles)
Rototoms Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Drums which have no shell. They consist of a single head in a die-cast zinc or aluminum frame. Unlike most other drums, they have a variable definite pitch.
Scraper Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Shaker Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A shaker may comprise a container, partially full of small loose objects such as beads, which create the percussive sounds as they collide with each other, the inside surface, or other fixed objects inside the container.
Shakubyoshi Nein Instruments Drums and percussion 笏拍子 (Japanese percussion instrument)
Shekere Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument from Africa, consisting of a dried gourd with beads woven into a net covering the gourd. Throughout the continent it is called different things, such as the lilolo, axatse (Ghana), Xequeré, and chequere.
Shuitar Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Percussion instrument
Singing Bowls Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also known as a Himalayan bowl or cup gong. The instrument is made of metal, played by hitting, striking, or slowly rubbing/stirring a wooden striker/mallet within or on the top outer surface of the bowl
Sistrum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A hand-held metal frame with hinged loops that is shaken. It originated in ancient Egypt and is now a liturgical instrument in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.
Skratjie Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Surinam drum & percussion instrument, a bass drum with two cymbals mounted on top.
Slapstick Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A wooden percussion instrument consisting of two flat pieces of wood, hinged at one end, which, when snapped together produce a slapping sound.
Slit Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A hollow percussion instrument, usually a log drum of bamboo or wood, that is made with one or more slits in it.
Snare Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire, metal cable, plastic cable, or gut cords stretched across the drumhead, typically the bottom. Pipe and tabor and some military snare drums often have a second set of snares on the bottom (internal) side of the top (batter) head to make a "brighter" sound, and the Brazilian caixa commonly has snares on the top of the upper drumhead.
Spoons Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Lojki / Lozhki in Russian for wooden spoons) Spoons can be played as a makeshift percussion instrument. A pair of spoons is held with concave sides facing out and with a finger between their handles to space them apart. When the pair is struck, the spoons sharply hit each other and then spring back to their original position. The spoons are typically struck against the knee and the palm of the hand.
Stomp Box Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Simple percussion instrument consisting of a small box placed under the foot, which is tapped or stamped on rhythmically to produce a sound similar to that of a bass drum.
String Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also lion's roar: a drum head with a horsehair cord running through it. played by rubbing against the skin, which produces a sound similar to the roar of a lion.
Surdo Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A large bass drum used in many kinds of Brazilian music, most notably samba. Sizes normally vary between 8" or even 14" and 26" or even 29" diameter.
Surigane Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Japanese metal percussion instrument
T'rung Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also t'rưng: a traditional bamboo xylophone used in Vietnam's Central Highlands.
Taal Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also talam, mandira, manjira, manjeera, jalra, karatala, kartal or gini: a pair of high-pitched clash cymbals from the Indian subcontinent.
Tabla Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A popular Indian percussion instrument used in the classical, popular and religious music of the Indian subcontinent and in Hindustani classical music. The instrument consists of a pair of hand drums of contrasting sizes and timbres.
Taiko Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Generic Japanese word for 'drum'.
Talking Drum Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also called Odondo, Dondo, Lunna, Donno, Kalangu, Doodo, Tama, Tamma, Dundun, Gangan - A West African drum whose pitch can be regulated to the extent that it is said the drum "talks". The player puts the drum under one shoulder and beats the instrument with a stick. A talking drum player raises or lowers the pitch by squeezing or releasing the drum's strings with the upper arm.
Tam-tam Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A flat faced gong
Tambora Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (from the Spanish word tambor, meaning "drum") is a name for a group of Afro-Caribbean musical instruments. It is used in many Latin American countries musical styles; in the Dominican musical folkloric styles and merengue, the Cumbia in Colombia, and the Venezuelan gaita.
Tamboril Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Tamborim Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A small, round Brazilian frame drum of Portuguese and African origin. The frame is 6" in diameter and may be made of metal, plastic or wood. The head is typically made of nylon and is normally very tightly tuned in order to ensure a high, sharp sound and a minimum of sustain. The drum is devoid of snares or jingles.
Tambourine Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Tan-Tan Nein Instruments Drums and percussion (also Tantan, Tan Tan) - a cylindrical hand drum from Brazil that is used in small samba and pagode ensembles. It imitates the big Surdo which is played by the famous samba baterias (percussion ensembles). But due to its smaller size the tan tan is not as loud as a Surdo and so it is played rarely in big samba schools.
Tap Dance Nein Instruments Drums and percussion The tapping sound made when the small metal plates on the dancer's shoes touch a hard floor. This lively, rhythmic tapping makes the performer not just a dancer, but also a percussive musician.
Tar (Drum) Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A single-headed frame drum from North Africa and the Middle East.
Temple Bells Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also called: Japanese Temple Bells, Tibetan Bells
Temple Block Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument originating in China, Japan and Korea where it is used in religious ceremonies. It is a carved hollow wooden instrument with a large slit. In its traditional form, (the Wooden Fish )the shape is somewhat bulbous; modern instruments are also used which are rectangular in shape.
Thavil Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A barrel shaped percussion instrument from Tamil Nadu.
Tifa Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A single-headed goblet drum used throughout the Maluku Islands of Eastern Indonesia.
Timbales Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Timpani Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Also known as kettledrums.
Tom Tom Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A cylindrical drum with no snare.
Triangle Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Tüngür Nein Instruments Drums and percussion While "kenggirge" is the term for "drum" (used in Lamaist temple ceremonies) in Tuvan, the term "tüngür" is used to refer to a shaman drum. Both are approximately two feet in diameter. Drums used by Tuvan shamans frequently have a skin on one side and a handle on the back; they are similar to sub-contrabass tambourines. They have small bells or jingles tied to their handle.
Udu Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A water jug with one more holes, usually made of clay
Vibraslap Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument consisting of a piece of stiff wire (bent in a handle-like shape) connecting a wood ball to a block of wood with metal "teeth" inside
Washboard Nein Instruments Drums and percussion The washboard and frottoir are used as a percussion instrument, employing the ribbed metal surface of the cleaning device as a rhythm instrument. It is played primarily by tapping and, but also scraping, the washboard with thimbles.
Waterphone Nein Instruments Drums and percussion A unique type of atonal acoustic musical instrument constructed largely of a stainless steel resonator "bowl" with a cylindrical "neck", containing a small amount of water, and with brass rods around the rim of the bowl. The waterphone produces a vibrant ethereal type of music.
Wood Block Nein Instruments Drums and percussion
Zabumba Nein Instruments Drums and percussion Brazilian percussion instrument
Amadinda Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion A tuned log mallet instrument derivative of an Ugandan xylophone.
Angklung Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion A musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved so that they have a resonant pitch when struck. The two tubes are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held with one hand while the other hand shakes the instrument rapidly from side to side. This causes a rapidly repeating note to sound
Balafon Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion (also Bala, Balaphone) - a resonated frame, wooden keyed percussion idiophone of West Africa; part of the idiophone family of tuned percussion instruments that includes the xylophone, marimba, glockenspiel, and the vibraphone. Sound is produced by striking the tuned keys with two padded sticks.
Boomwhacker Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Boomwhackers Tuned Percussion Tubes are lightweight, hollow, color-coded, plastic tubes, tuned to musical pitches by length.
Carillon Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion At least 23 cup-shaped bells played from a baton keyboard using fists and feet (such an instrument with fewer than this number of bells is known as a chime). Carillon bells are made of bell bronze, approximately 78% copper and 22% tin, normally housed in bell towers. However, there are indoor carillons usually of light weight bells which may be hung inside shopping malls or in theatres
Celesta Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion (also celeste} Operated by a keyboard, its appearance is similar to that of an upright piano (four- or five-octave) or of a large wooden music box (three-octave). The keys are connected to hammers which strike a graduated set of metal (usually steel) plates suspended over wooden resonators. One of the best-known works that makes use of the celesta is Tchaikovsky's "Dance of the Sugarplum Fairy" from The Nutcracker. The sound of the celesta is akin to that of the glockenspiel, but with a much softer and more subtle timbre. This quality gave rise to the instrument's name, celeste meaning "heavenly" in French.
Chimes Nein Instruments Tuned percussion An orchestral percussion instrument which is a set of about 18 metal tubes tuned chromatically and played with a hammer
Crotales Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion (also antique cymbals) - Percussion instruments consisting of small, tuned bronze or brass disks. Each is about 4 inches in diameter with a flat top surface and a nipple on the base. They are commonly played by being struck with hard mallets. They may also be played by striking two disks together in the same manner as finger cymbals, or by bowing. Their sound is rather like a small tuned bell, only with a much brighter sound, and a much longer resonance.
Glockenspiel Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Guitaret Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Electric lamellophone
Hammered Dulcimer Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion A western European instrument with a trapezoidal soundboard, played by striking strings with small metal hammers. Known as the Hackbrett in German. Related instruments are the Santur (Iran), Santoor (India), Cimbalom (eastern Europe) and Yangqin (China).
Jal Tarang Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion An Indian instrument consisting of a set of ceramic or metal bowls filled with water, played by striking the edge with stick.
Kalimba Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Also called Thumb Piano, Finger Harp, Mbira, Kissansi, Sansa. An African plucked idiophone.
Lamellophone Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Marimba Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Marimbula Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion A lamellophone played by plucking metal keys attached to a resonator box
Metallophone Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Any musical instrument consisting of tuned metal bars which are struck to make sound, usually with a mallet.
Musical Box Nein Instruments Tuned percussion (also music box) is a 19th century automatic musical instrument that produces sounds by the use of a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc so as to strike the tuned teeth of a steel comb.
Prempensua Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Large lamellophone that is used to provide bass in the music of Ghana.
Santoor Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion A 100-stringed trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer from India, often made of walnut and derived from the Persian Santur.
Santur Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion A trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer from Iran/Persia, often made of walnut, with 72 strings. The special-shaped mallets (mezrab) are lightweight and are held between the index and middle fingers. For the related Indian instrument with 100 strings, see Santoor.
Slagbordun Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Steel Drums Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Thumb Piano Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Tubaphone Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Type of metallophone constructed from a series of metal tubes arranged in a keyboard configuration.
Tubular Bells Nein Instruments Tuned percussion aka Orchestral Chimes
Tun Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Two-tongued wooden marimba fashioned from a block of wood
Txalaparta Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Vibraphone Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion Also called 'Vibraharp' or shortened to 'Vibes' - in the mallet subfamily of the percussion family. It is similar in appearance to the xylophone and marimba, although the vibraphone uses aluminum bars instead of the wooden bars of those instruments. Also features tuned resonators below the bars, with motor driven discs that vary the amplitude, giving the distinctive wavering sound to the instrument.
Xylophone Nein Instruments Tuned Percussion
Baby Grand Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard A grand piano that may be shorter than it is wide.
Chamberlin Nein Instruments Keyboard (also Chamberlain) - an electro-mechanical keyboard instrument that was a precursor to the Mellotron.
Claviorgan Nein Instruments Keyboard
Concert Grand Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard A grand piano that is between about 2.2 m to 3 m long.
Dulcitone Nein Instruments Keyboard A keyboard instrument in which sound is produced by a range of tuning forks, which vibrate when struck by felt-covered hammers activated by the keyboard.
Electric Harmonium Nein Instruments Keyboard
Electric Harpsichord Nein Instruments Keyboard
Electric Organ Nein Instruments Keyboard
Electric Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard For Rhodes and Wurlitzer electric pianos, and variations.
Fortepiano Nein Instruments Keyboard The fortepiano has leather-covered hammers and thin, harpsichord-like strings. It has a much lighter case construction than the modern piano and it has no metal frame or bracing. The action and hammers are lighter. The tone of the fortepiano is quite different from that of the modern piano, being softer with less sustain. Accents tend to stand out more than on the modern piano, as they differ from softer notes in timbre as well as volume, and decay rapidly.
Grand Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard Grand pianos have the frame and strings placed horizontally, with the strings extending away from the keyboard.
Harmonium Nein Instruments Keyboard Pedal or hand pumped keyboard reed instrument, common in Indian music styles.
Harpsichord Nein Instruments Keyboard
Keyboards Nein Instruments Keyboard
Mellotron Nein Instruments Keyboard An electromechanical polyphonic keyboard musical instrument, in effect the world's first sample-playback keyboard. Works by playing back a bank of magnetic tape strips, each tape with approximately eight seconds of playing time
Melodica Nein Instruments Keyboard
Omnichord Nein Instruments Keyboard An electronic musical instrument manufactured by the Suzuki Musical Instrument Corporation. It typically features a touch plate and numerous chord buttons.
Ondes Martenot Nein Instruments Keyboard (also Ondium Martenot, Martenot and ondes musicales) is an early electronic musical instrument, invented in 1928 by Maurice Martenot and originally very similar in sound to the Theremin. The instrument is especially known for its eerie wavering notes produced by the thermionic valves that produce oscillating frequencies.
Organ Nein Instruments Keyboard For Hammond organ use Electric Organ [Hammond]
Parlour Grand Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard A grand piano that is about 1.7 m to 2.2 m.
Pedalboard Nein Instruments Keyboard A keyboard played with the feet
Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard
Player Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard A piano that records a performance using rolls of paper with perforations, and then replays the performance using pneumatic devices.
Positive Organ Nein Instruments Keyboard A portable pipe organ, usually single-manual, common between the 10th and the 18th centuries, often used in basso continuo.
Pump Organ Nein Instruments Keyboard type of free-reed organ that generates sound as air flows past a vibrating piece of thin metal in a frame. Includes the reed organ, harmonium, and melodeon.
Regal Nein Instruments Keyboard A small late-medieval portable organ, furnished with beating reeds and having two bellows like a positive organ.
Samvadini Nein Instruments Keyboard An Indian instrument created by adding a swarmandal to the top of a harmonium.
Stylophone Nein Instruments Keyboard A miniature stylus-operated synthesizer.
Synth Nein Instruments Keyboard Shortened version of 'Synthesizer'.
Synthesizer Nein Instruments Keyboard (also Synthesiser, Synth) An electronic instrument capable of producing sounds by generating electrical signals of different frequencies. Synthesizers use a number of different technologies. Among the most popular waveform synthesis techniques are subtractive synthesis, additive synthesis, wavetable synthesis, frequency modulation synthesis, phase distortion synthesis, physical modeling synthesis and sample-based synthesis. Other sound synthesis methods, like subharmonic synthesis or granular synthesis, are not commonly found in hardware music synthesizers. Synthesizers are often controlled with a piano-style keyboard, leading such instruments to be referred to simply as "keyboards".
Tangent Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard Keyboard instrument that resembles a harpsichord and early pianos in design.
Toy Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard
Upright Piano Nein Instruments Keyboard Upright pianos, also called vertical pianos, are more compact because the frame and strings are vertical, extending up and down from the keyboard and hammers.
Virginal Nein Instruments Keyboard Member of the harpsichord family. Unlike the harpsichord and spinet, the virginal’s single set of strings runs nearly parallel to the keyboard. By building the instrument with its keyboard at one side or the other of the front of the rectangular case, different tone colours can be obtained because of the change in plucking point of the string.
12-String Acoustic Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
12-String Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
5-String Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
6-String Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
6-String Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
8-string Bass Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also octave bass: a bass guitar with paired strings tuned an octave apart, similar to a 12-string guitar.
Acoustic Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A bass version of the acoustic guitar. Please use carefully, as this is also sometimes used as a synonym for the Double Bass
Acoustic Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Folk Guitar)- Has metal strings and a larger body than a classical guitar.
Acoustic Piccolo Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An adaptation of the double bass for higher tunings.
Adungu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also a'dungu, ekidongo or ennenga: an arched harp from northwestern Uganda, usually with between seven and ten strings.
Arco Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An acoustic bass guitar redesigned to be played upright.
Arpa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A native instrument from Paraguay (South America). Unlike "Harp", this doesn't have pedals. Called also "Arpa Paraguaya" or "Arpa Criolla". Also used in folkloric music of Venezuela and Honduras. Today, Japanese artists play it in experimental music.
Autoharp Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A zither-like musical string instrument having a series of chord bars attached to dampers which, when depressed, mute all the strings other than those that form the desired chord
Baglama Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A member of the long-necked lute family, used by various cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean. Also called a Saz.
Bajo Quinto Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A five course version of the bajo sexto
Bajo Sexto Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A type of 12 string guitar, fused with a bass, used in Mexican music
Balalaika Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Bandola Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Bandolin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A smaller variation of the mandolin from Trinidad.
Bandora Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also bandore: a large long-necked plucked string-instrument that can be regarded as a bass cittern, similar to the smaller orpharion.
Bandura Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Ukrainian plucked string instrument similar to a zither.
Bandurria Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A plectrum plucked chordophone from Spain, similar to the cittern and the mandolin, primarily used in Spanish folk music.
Banhu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Chinese traditional bowed string instrument in the huqin family of instruments. It is used primarily in northern China. Ban means a piece of wood and hu is short for huqin. Like the erhu and gaohu, the banhu has two strings, is held vertically, and the bow hair passes in between the two strings. The banhu differs in construction from the erhu in that its soundbox is generally made from a coconut shell rather than wood, and instead of a snakeskin that is commonly used to cover the faces of huqin instruments, the banhu uses a thin wooden board.
Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Banjolin Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Baritone Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A variation on the standard guitar, with a longer scale length that allows it to be tuned to a lower range.
Baroque Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments String instrument with five courses of gut strings and moveable gut frets.
Baryton Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Bass Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Another method of crediting this popular instrument, instead of having to use 'Bass [Bass Guitar]. Either method is acceptable.
Bass Viol Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Berimbau Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Single-string instrument, a musical bow, from Brazil
Bhapang Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A drum with a string in the centre, that is played by plucking the string and varying the tension on the string.
Biwa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Japanese short-necked fretted lute, and a close variant of the Chinese pipa.
Blaster Beam Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also called just 'Beam'
Bolon Nein Instruments Stringed instruments 3-string instrument which is plucked and struck by hand, producing deep bass sounds
Bouzouki Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Bulbul Tarang Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A small music box like a combination of a typewriter, a mandolin and a dulcimer. 5 metal strings (usually all tuned the same) run over a square wooden box. The keys (usually keys from an old typewriter) press their arm onto the strings like it is a fret, shortening the strings to the appropriate note.
Byzaanchi Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Chinese long necked instrument
Cavaquinho Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Brazilian predecessor to the ukulele
Cello Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Short name for violoncello
Cello Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Cetara Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also cetara: a plucked string instrument from Corsica with sixteen or eighteen metal strings in paired courses, with mandolin-like body but larger.
Changi Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Georgian traditional instrument
Chanzy Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Sometimes spelled "tschansy", a lute with three strings
Chapman Stick Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Charango Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A small South American stringed instrument of the lute family, about 66 cm long, traditionally made with the shell of the back of an armadillo
Chitarrone Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument.
Chonguri Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Gregorian plucked string instrument
Chuniri Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Cigar Box Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A simple guitar, usually with three strings and an empty cigar box as a resonator.
Cimbalom Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also cymbalum, cymbalom, tambal, tsymbaly, tsimbl or santouri, a musical instrument found mainly in the music of Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Greece and Ukraine. In Czechoslovakia it was also known as a Cimbal. It is related to the hammered dulcimer of Western Europe.
Citole Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Ancestor of the Cittern
Cittern Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed instrument of the guitar family dating from the Renaissance. The name "cittern" has also been applied in the late twentieth century to a number of variant members of the mandolin family.
Clàrsach Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Classical Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Spanish guitar, Nylon String Guitar) 6-stringed plucked string instrument.
Clavichord Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments A stringed keyboard instrument known from the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras. The clavichord produces sound by striking brass or iron strings with small metal blades called tangents. Vibrations are transmitted through the bridge(s) to the soundboard.
Clavinet Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An electrophonic keyboard instrument manufactured by the Hohner company. It is essentially an electronically amplified clavichord, analogous to an electric guitar. Its distinctive bright staccato sound has appeared particularly in funk, disco, rock, and reggae songs. Not to be confused with clarinet!
Cobza Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Koboz) A Romanian and Moldovan folk instrument of the lute family.
Contrabass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also called 'Double Bass'.
Crwth Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also crowd or rote: a Welsh bowed lyre.
Cuatro Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Any of several Latin American instruments of the guitar or lute family. The cuatro is smaller in size than a guitar. Cuatro means four in Spanish, although the current instruments may have more than four strings.
Cümbüş Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Cumbus) a Turkish stringed instrument of relatively modern origin. Developed in the early 20th century by Zeynelabidin Cümbüş as an oud-like instrument that could be heard as part of a larger ensemble. In construction it resembles both the American banjo and the Middle Eastern oud.
Cura Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Deaejeng Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments A long zither with 15 strings, slightly larger than the gayageum
Diddley Bow Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Single-stringed American instrument
Dilruba Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A cross between the sitar and sarangi. It is extremely close to the esraj and the mayuri vina. It so close that most people are unable to tell them apart. The difference is to be found in the shape of the resonators and the manner in which the sympathetic strings attach. Still they are so similar that a dilruba player has no trouble playing an esraj or a mayuri vina and vice versa.
Dobro Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Resonator Guitar)
Dojo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Stringed Instrument
Dombra Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also dombıra, dambura, dumbıra, tumpıra, tumra..) Long-necked relative of the Lute
Domra Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (Ukrainian: домра) - A long-necked Ukrainian string instrument of the lute family with a round body and three or four metal strings.
Doshpuluur Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Long-necked Tuvan lute made from wood.
Dotara Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also dotar: an instrument from Bengal with two, four or five strings that are plucked. Note: not to be confused with the dutar of Iran and Central Asia.
Double Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also called: Bass Fiddle, Contrabass, Upright Bass, String Bass, Standup Bass, Acoustic Bass (careful with this, as there are sit-down acoustic basses as well), Bass Viol, Contrabass Viol, Bass Violin, Doghouse Bass, Dog-House, Bull Fiddle, Hoss Bass, Bunkhouse Bass
Dulcimer Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Please use this role only if the type of dulcimer cannot be determined. See Hammered Dulcimer, Mountain Dulcimer (Appalachian), Santur (Iran), Santoor (India), Cimbalom (eastern Europe) and Yangqin (China).
Dutar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also dotar, doutar, Persian دو تار , Uzbek dutor) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Central Asia and South Asia. (Note: not to be confused with the dotara of Bengal.)
Đàn bầu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Vietnamese monochord.
Đàn Nguyệt Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A two-stringed Vietnamese traditional instrument with a long neck and a round body.
Đàn Tỳ Bà Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A traditional Vietnamese plucked string instrument derived from the Chinese pipa.
Ektare Nein Instruments Stringed instruments From Nepal, consists of one string tied to a small drum with two flexible supports stretching the string to the 'head' of the instrument, which is constructed as a smaller version of the drum body. Played by plucking the string or playing the drum with the hand, the note can be altered by bending the supports, or by holding the string.
Electric Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also just 'Bass'
Electric Cello Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Electric Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments See also Guitar and Acoustic Guitar
Electric Sitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A type of electric guitar designed to mimic the sound of the Indian sitar.
Electric Upright Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also EUB, Stick Bass, Baby Bass) - An electronically amplified version of the double bass that has a smaller or non-existent body, which greatly reduces the size and weight of the instrument, as well as enhances the feedback resistance of the amplified instrument. The EUB retains enough of the features of the double bass so that double bass players are comfortable performing on it. While the EUB retains some of the tonal characteristics of the double bass, its electrically-amplified nature also gives it its own unique sound. Although invented in the 1930s, it wasn't really until the introduction in the late 1950s of the Ampeg Baby Bass that the concept took off.
Electric Violin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Epinette des Vosges Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Traditional plucked-string instrument of the zither family, whose use was confined to two areas in the Vosges mountains of France.
Erhu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also 二胡, èrhú, nanhu 南胡, southern fiddle, Chinese violin, Chinese two-string fiddle) - A two-stringed bowed musical instrument, used as a solo instrument as well as in small ensembles and large orchestras. It is the most popular instrument in the huqin (胡琴) family of Chinese bowed string instruments.
Esraj Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also এস্রাজ, इसराज, israja) A string instrument found in the east and central areas of India, particularly Bengal, as well as Bangladesh, and it is used in a somewhat wider variety of musical styles than is the dilruba.
Fiddle Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A violin, often used in folk music. One very slight difference between "fiddles" and ordinary violins may be seen in American (e.g., bluegrass and old-time music) fiddling: in these styles, the top of the bridge may be cut so that it is very slightly less curved. This reduces the range of right-arm motion required for the rapid string-crossings found in some styles, and is said to make it easier to play double stops and shuffles (bariolage), or to make triple stops possible, allowing one to play chords.
Flamenco Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Built lighter in weight than classical guitars, which produces a “brighter” and more percussive sound quality. Volume has traditionally been very important for flamenco guitarists, as they must be heard over the sound of the dancers’ nailed shoes. In contrast to the classical guitar, the flamenco is often equipped with a tap plate (a golpeador), commonly made of plastic, similar to a pick guard, whose function is to protect the body of the guitar from the rhythmic finger taps, or golpes.
Fretless Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Fretless Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Gadulka Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also gǎdulka, gudulka, g'dulka) A traditional Bulgarian bowed string instrument.
Gaohu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also 高胡, pgāohú, yuehu, 粤胡) is a Chinese bowed string instrument developed from the erhu in the 1920s. It belongs to the huqin family of instruments, together with the zhonghu, erhu, banhu, jinghu, and sihu, its name means "high pitched huqin". It has two strings and its soundbox is covered on the front (playing) end with snakeskin (from a python).
Gayageum Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also spelled kayagûm) - A traditional Korean zither-like string instrument, with 12 strings, although more recently variants have been constructed with 21 or other numbers of strings
Geomungo Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also spelled komungo, Komunko, or kŏmungo) is a traditional Korean stringed musical instrument of zither family instrument with both bridges and frets.
Giga Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments A type of bowed lyre
Gittern Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Gottuvâdyam Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also gottuvadyam, chitravina, chitra vina, or mahanataka vina, கோடடு வாத்தியம்) A Carnatic music string instrument played mainly in South India. It is usually used as a solo instrument in Carnatic music.
Guimbri Nein Instruments Stringed instruments North African lute.
Guitalele Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also guitarlele) A guitar-ukulele hybrid.
Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Guitar Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Guitar Synthesizer Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Guitarrón Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (literally "large guitar" in Spanish) A very large, deep-bodied Mexican 6-string acoustic bass played in mariachi bands.
GuitarViol Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Bowed Guitar) - a guitar-formatted bowed string instrument.
Guqin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also 古琴, gǔqín, ku-ch'in) - The modern name for a plucked seven-string Chinese musical instrument of the zither family.
Gusli Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An ancient generic Slavic term for a stringed musical instrument. The term and its derivatives is used for either a plucked psaltery or zither-like instrument or for the violin or bowed equivalents. Originally the instrument had gut strings made from pig entrails. In recent times concert versions of the instrument have steel strings.
Guzheng Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also gu zheng, gu-zheng, 古箏, gǔzhēng) A Chinese musical instrument that belongs to the zither family of string instruments.
Haegum Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments A vertical fiddle with two strings.
Halldorophone Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An electro-acoustic instrument is loosely based on a cello and allows the player to color the sound of what is being played by feeding the vibrations of each string back into the body of the instrument.
Hardingfele Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Hardanger fiddle or hardingfele (Norwegian) is a traditional stringed instrument from Norway. In modern designs, the instruments are very similar to the violin, but typically with thinner wood. The instrument typically has eight or nine strings; four are played like a violin, while the rest (aptly named sympathetic strings) resonate under the influence of the other four.
Harp Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Harp Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar with any number of additional unstopped strings that can accommodate individual plucking.
Huapanguera Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also guitarra quinta huapanguera or guitarra huapanguera: a Mexican guitar-like instrument with a large resonating body with a short neck with 8 to 10 frets, that usually takes the bass part in a conjunto huasteco ensemble, along with the jarana huasteca and violin.
Hummel Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An old Swedish stringed instrument similar to an older type of zither and is related to the Norwegian langeleik.
Huqin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A family of bowed string instruments used in Chinese music. The most common huqin are the erhu (essentially a Chinese violin, also spelt Urhu), zhonghu (Chinese viola), and gaohu (a higher pitched instrument commonly used in Cantonese music.) Over thirty types of huqin instruments have been documented.
Hurdy Gurdy Nein Instruments Stringed instruments On this instrument, several strings arranged so that they can be played simultaneously by a rotating wheel covered with rosin. It is essentially a mechanical violin.
Ichigenkin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also sumagoto: a Japanese single-stringed plucked zither with a slender, slightly curved body.
Igil Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Two-stringed Tuvan musical instrument, played by bowing the strings. The strings, and those of the bow, are traditionally made of hair from a horse's tail (strung parallel), but may also be made of nylon.
Irish Bouzouki Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An adaptation of the Greek 4-course bouzouki for Irish traditional music.
Jarana Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar-shaped fretted stringed instrument from Mexico
Jinghu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Chinese bowed string instrument in the huqin family, used primarily in Beijing opera. It is the smallest and highest pitched instrument in the huqin family.
Jouhikko Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Jouhikannel) An ancient Finnish instrument, a type of bowed lyre, consisting of 2-4 strings. Its strings are traditionally of horsehair, though some modern instruments are made with carbon fibre, nylon, gut or metal viola strings.
Kabosy Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A box-shaped wooden guitar commonly played in music of Madagascar. It has four to six strings and is commonly thought to be a direct descendant of the Arabic lute. Known to locals as a 'mandoliny', also spelt kabossy
Kamancha Nein Instruments Stringed instruments folk fiddle of Rajasthan, is a rounded bowed instrument. It is also known as the Armenian spiked fiddle.
Kanklės Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Kannel Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A type of Baltic psaltery (box zither) from Estonia.
Kantele Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A traditional plucked string instrument of the zither family. It is related to the Russian gusli, the Latvian kokle and the Lithuanian kanklės. Together these instruments make up the family known as Baltic Psalteries.
Kanun Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Qanun, քանոն, K’anon, قانون , Qānūn, قوانين , Qawānīn, κανονάκι, κανονακια, قانون , Qānūn, Kanun, Qanún, Kanun) - A string instrument found in the 10th century in Farab in Turkestan.
Kemenche Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (Kurdish: kemençe, Turkish: kemençe, Laz: Ç'ilili Greek: κεμεντζές) is a bottle-shaped, 3-stringed type of rebec or fiddle from the Black Sea region of Asia Minor also known as the "kementche of Laz" in Turkey. In Greece and the Pontian Greek diaspora, it is known as the "Pontian lyra". It is the main instrument used in Pontian music. The kemenche is played in the upright position, either by resting it on the knee when sitting, or held in front of the player when standing.
Kirar Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Lyre from Ethopia, played acoustic in traditional styles, but also amplified.
Kobyz Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Kazakh: қобыз, Kyl-Kobyz) - An ancient Kazakh string instrument. It has two strings made of horsehair. The resonating cavity is usually covered with goat leather.
Kokle Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A type of Baltic psaltery (box zither) from Latvia.
Kokyu Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also kokyū) - A traditional Japanese string instrument, the only one played with a bow.
Kora Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A 21 string harp-lute used extensively by Mandingo peoples in West Africa.
Koto Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Traditional stringed musical instrument from Japan resembling a zither.
Krar Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments five or six-stringed bowl-shaped lyre from Ethiopia
Langeleik Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Laouto Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A long-necked lute similar to the oud.
Lap Steel Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A type of steel guitar, an instrument derived from and similar to the guitar, in which the strings are raised at both the nut and bridge ends of the fingerboard, typically to about half an inch. This makes the frets unusable, and they may be replaced by markers on some guitars. The player changes pitch by pressing a metal or glass bar against the strings instead of by pressing strings against the fingerboard.
Laúd Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Laud) - Belongs to the cittern family of instruments. Although "laúd" translates as "lute" in Spanish, it is a different instrument than the lute. A plectrum plucked chordophone from Spain, it consists of twelve metallic strings (six double), as the bandurria, but the neck is longer than a bandurria. Traditionally it forms part of serenaders or folk string musical groups, together with the guitar and the bandurria.
Lavta Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Lead Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Lira Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Lira da Braccio Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Lirone Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Liuqin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also 柳琴; pinyin: liǔq­ín) is a four-stringed Chinese mandolin with a pear-shaped body. It is small in size, almost a miniature copy of another Chinese plucked instrument, the pipa. But the range of its voice is much higher than the pipa.
Lute Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Lute Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also German lute, lotar, lutar or gittar: an instrument common in Germany from around 1850 with a body like a lute and usually six strings, although there are variants with up to 11 strings.
Lyra Viol Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Lyra Viol – A small bass viol often used as a solo instrument.
Lyre Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed musical instrument well known for its use in Classical Antiquity. The recitations of the Ancient Greeks were accompanied by lyre playing. The lyre is a member of the zither family, and was ordinarily played by strumming with a plectrum, like a guitar, rather than being plucked, like a harp.
Mandobass Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Mandocello Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (Mandoloncello, Liuto cantabile, Liuto moderno) - a plucked string instrument of the mandolin family. It has eight strings in four paired courses, tuned in 5ths like a mandolin, but is larger, and tuned CC-GG-dd-aa (low to high in pitch). It is to the mandolin what the cello is to the violin.
Mandoguitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A hybrid musical instrument that allows you to play mandolin music, sounding more or less like a mandolin, while playing the left-hand fingerings like a guitar. It has 6 single or double strings tuned to allow guitar-style fingerings and that it can be played in the tonal range of a standard mandolin.
Mandola Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also tenor mandola) A fretted stringed musical instrument with the same relationship to the mandolin as the viola to the violin.
Mandolin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Mandolin Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Mandolincello Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument of the mandolin family. It has eight strings in four paired courses, tuned in fifths like a mandolin, but is larger.
Marxophone Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A fretless zither played via a system of metal hammers.
Masinko Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Traditional Ethiopian instrument, one stringed, bowed lute.
Monochord Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An ancient musical and scientific laboratory instrument. The word "monochord" comes from the Greek and means literally "one string." A misconception of the term lies within its name. Often a monochord has more than one string, most of the time two, one open string and a second string with a movable bridge. In a basic monochord, a single string is stretched over a sound box.
Morinhoor Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also spelt as Morinhuur, A Horse-headed Mongolian Cello.
Mountain Dulcimer Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also known as the Appalachian Dulcimer.
Musical Bow Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A simple string musical instrument consisting of a string supported by a flexible string bearer, usually made out of wood. Often, it is a normal archery bow used for music rather than as a weapon.
N'vike Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also novike, n'vique, nobike: an instrument native to the Toba people of the Gran Chaco of South America with a neck made from a pickaxe handle, a resonator made from a tin box and a single string played with a horsehair bow.
Ngoni Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Nigenkin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Japanese two-stringed plucked zither similar to the single-stringed ichigenkin.
Nyckelharpa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Keyed Fiddle) - A traditional Swedish musical instrument. It is a string instrument or chordophone. Its keys are attached to tangents which, when a key is depressed, serve as frets to change the pitch of the string.
Octavina Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar-shaped instrument with a tuning similar to the laúd, originally Spanish, now used mostly in the Philippines.
Open-Back Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Organistrum Nein Instruments Stringed instruments The precursor to the hurdy-gurdy, invented in the 10th or 11th centuries and played by two individuals: one to turn the crank while the other operated the keys.
Orpharion Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Renaissance instrument in the cittern family, similar to the larger bandora.
Oud Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Small, pear-shaped, stringed musical instrument, used in traditional Middle Eastern music.
Outi Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A post-Baroque instrument similar to a lute
Panduri Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Pedal Steel Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A type of electric guitar that uses a metal slide to stop the strings, rather than fingers on strings as with a conventional guitar. The pedal steel is placed horizontally on a stand, with the strings facing up towards the player, and is typically plucked with fingerpicks. The instrument's pedals are used to change the pitch of its strings while being played; the action of the pedals may either be fixed, or may be configurable by the player to select which strings are affected by the pedals. The pedal steel, with its smooth portamenti, bending chords and complex riffs, is one of the most recognizable and characteristic instruments of American country music.
Piccolo Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Piccolo Bass Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An adaptation of the electric bass guitar for higher tunings.
Pipa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also pípá) - A plucked Chinese string instrument. Sometimes called the Chinese lute, the instrument has a pear-shaped wooden body.
Plectrum Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Portuguese Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Portuguese Guitarra, Guitarra Portuguesa) - a plucked string instrument with twelve steel strings, strung in six courses comprising two strings each. It is one of the few musical instruments to use Preston tuners.[clarification needed] It is most notably associated with fado.
Psalmodicon Nein Instruments String instruments (also Psalmodikon) - a single-stringed musical instrument. It was developed in Scandinavia for simplifying music in churches and schools.
Psaltery Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed musical instrument of the harp or the zither family.
Rabab Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (not to be confused with Rebab) - The best known of all Afghan musical instruments. The rabab has a deep, waisted body, and the entire instrument is carved out of a single piece of mulberry wood. Its neck and upper body are hollow, covered with a thin piece of wood, and a membrane covers the lower body. It has three main playing strings tuned a fourth apart along with 12 to 15 wire sympathetic strings.
Rabeca Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Fiddle from northeastern Brazil and northern Portugal
Rebab Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also (الرباب , رباب, rebap, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa)(not to be confused with Rabab) - The rebab usually consists of a small, usually rounded body, the front of which is covered in a membrane such as parchment or sheepskin and has a long neck attached. There is a long thin neck with a pegbox at the end and there are one, two or three strings. There is no fingerboard. The instrument is held upright, either resting on the lap or on the floor. The bow is usually more curved than that of the violin. The rebab, though valued for its voice-like tone, has a very limited range (little over an octave), and was gradually replaced throughout much of the Arab world by the violin and kemenche.
Rebec Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (sometimes rebeck, and originally various other spellings) A bowed string musical instrument. In its most common form, it has three strings and is played on the arm or under the chin, like a violin. Dates back to the Middle Ages and was particularly popular in the 15th and 16th centuries. The instrument is European, but probably developed from the arabo-islamic instrument, the rebab.
Reikin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A metal-stringed koto
Requinto Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Has six nylon strings and is about 18% smaller than a standard guitar scale. Requintos made in Mexico have a deeper body than a standard classical guitar (110 mm as opposed to 105 mm). Requintos made in Spain tend to be of the same depth as the standard classical. Requinto guitars are also used throughout Latin America.
Resonator Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Resonator Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Dobro) - An acoustic guitar whose sound is produced by one or more metal cones (resonators) instead of the wooden soundboard (guitar top/face). Resonator guitars were originally designed to be louder than conventional acoustic guitars which were overwhelmed by horns and percussion instruments in dance orchestras. They became prized for their distinctive sound however, and found life with several musical styles (most notably bluegrass and also blues) well after electric amplification solved the issue of inadequate guitar sound levels.
Rhythm Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Ronroco Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A larger version of a Charango
Ruan Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Chinese moon shaped, short necked, lute type instrument family. Please use the brackets to give the type - Ruan [Gaoyin], Ruan [Da], Ruan [Zhong], Ruan [Ziao]
Rudra Veena Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also rudraveena, rudra vina, and called bīn in northern India: a large veena with two large resonators made from calabash gourds.
Sanshin Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments A three-stringed Okinawan musical instrument with a snakeskin-covered body, the precursor of the mainland Japanese shamisen.
Sanxian Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also 三弦) A Chinese lute — a three-stringed fretless plucked musical instrument. It has a long fingerboard, and the body is traditionally made from snakeskin stretched over a rounded rectangular resonator. It is made in several sizes for different purposes and in the late 20th century a four-stringed version was also developed.
Sapeh Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also sape', sampek, sambe', sapek: a traditional single-stringed lute carved from a single bole of wood, used by the Kenyah and Kayan people of East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan, Indonesia and Sarawak, Malaysia.
Sarangi Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A bowed string instrument of India
Sarod Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Indian classical musical instrument, a 25-stringed lute-like instrument
Selmer-Maccaferri Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Semi-Acoustic Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Hollow-Body Electric Guitar) - a type of electric guitar with both a sound box and one or more electric pickups. They evolved out of the full-bodied electric f hole archtop guitar. They do not provide enough acoustic volume to for live performance, but can be used "unplugged" for quiet practice.
Seperewa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Shahi Baaja Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An electrified and slightly modified version of the Indian bulbul tarang, a type of Indian zither to which have been added typewriter keys which depress several of the strings to change their pitch. The modifications also include the addition of 12 additional unfretted strings which serve as an attached swarmandal (drone harp).
Shamisen Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Sintir Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Three stringed bass lute from the Sub-Saharian West African region.
Sitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Slide Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Spinet Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A smaller type of harpsichord, or other keyboard instrument such as a piano or organ. A spinet is a cheaper and more compact version of the full-size original, used primarily in the home.
Steel Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Refers to at least three types of horizontally played guitar: pedal steel guitar, console (or table) steel guitar, and lap steel guitar. For the first two, please use the credit roles Pedal Steel Guitar or Lap Steel Guitar as appropriate. For the third, type of electric steel guitar intermediate between the lap steel guitar and the pedal steel guitar, please enter "Steel Guitar [Console]" or "Steel Guitar [Table]" Please also use this role if the type of steel guitar is not specified on this release.
Strings Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Generic credit for stringed instruments
Stroh Violin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also violinophone or horn-violin) A violin that amplifies its sound through a metal resonator and metal horns rather than a wooden sound box as on a standard violin. The instrument is named after its German designer, Johannes Matthias Augustus Stroh.
Strumstick Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed instrument that uses a diatonic scale fretting (the notes of a major scale). The strings are tuned in a drone relationship (octaves and fifth).
Surbahar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument used in the Hindustani classical music of North India. It is related to the better-known sitar but has a lower tone.
Svara Mandala Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A rare kind of harp used in Indian classical music.
Swarmandel Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also spelt Swarmandal and also credited as Indian harp, this is an Indian stringed instrument. The Indian harp is used in many traditional Hindu and Muslim rituals, and is a traditional instrument.
Sympitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A modern form of guitar combining functional aspects of the guitar and the Indian sitar. This instrument has a unique feature: there is a graphite channel which guides a series of "sympathetic" resonating strings through the neck from the bridge up to the headstock. These strings vibrate or resonate against a "jiwari" bridge, which produces the sustaining drone typically associated with Indian music.
SynthAxe Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A fretted, guitar-like MIDI controller, created in 1986 by Bill Aitken and manufactured in England in the middle to late 1980s.
Taishōgoto Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Talharpa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A four-stringed bowed lyre from northern Europe
Tambura Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also called Tanpura, Tamboura. Found in various models in Bulgaria, Croatia, and India.
Tamburitza Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A Balkan stringed instrument similar to a mandolin in shape and sound. Variants include samica (three double strings), bisernica (two double strings and two single strings; four tones), prim (one double string and three single strings; four tones), bas-prim or brac (instrument) (two double strings and two single strings; four tones), celovic (two double strings and two single strings; four tones), celo (four strings), bas or berda (four strings), and the bugarija or kontra (one double string and three single strings; four tones).
Tapboard Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar-based instrument which uses parts of a shower hose and an egg timer
Tar (lute) Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A long-necked, waisted lute found in Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and other areas near the Caucasus region.
Tarawangsa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A traditional Sundanese instrument from West Java, Indonesia, with two metal strings.
Tea Chest Bass Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A simple upright bass using a tea chest as a resonator, usually with a single string.
Tenor Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Tenor Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Tenor Viol Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Theorbo Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A number of long-necked lutes with second peg-boxes, such as the liuto attiorbato, the French théorbe des pieces, the English theorbo, the archlute, the German baroque lute, the angelique or angelica
Timple Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Traditional 5-string plucked string instrument of the Canary Islands
Tiple Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A small chordophone of the guitar family
Tipple Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Small ten-stringed instrument
Tonkori Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument played by the Ainu people of Hokkaido, northern Japan and Sakhalin. It is unfretted and has between three and five strings which are not stopped but instead played "open."
Tovshuur Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also topshur: a two- or three-stringed lute from Western Mongolia.
Treble Viol Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Tres Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Tromba Marina Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Tumbi Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also toombi, tumba, toomba: a high-pitched, single-string instrument from Punjab made of a wooden stick attached to a gourd shell. The single metallic string is plucked with a continuous flicking motion.
Twelve-String Guitar Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Tzouras Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Greek instrument. Also known as Dzoura, Dzurato
Ukulele Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Ukelele, also abbreviated as uke.) A Hawaiian interpretation of small Portuguese guitar-like instruments. Ukuleles come in four sizes; Soprano, Concert, Tenor, and Baritone.
Ukulele Banjo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Ütőgardon Nein Instruments Stringed instruments (also Gardon) - a folk musical instrument originating in Transylvania and played by the Székelys and Csángós, a Hungarian ethnic group in Transylvania, with a violin playing a melody. It is similar in appearance to a cello, but it is played percussively. It can have three or four strings, usually tuned to D and d, and is played with a stick instead of a bow, providing a droning accompaniment.
Valiha Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A bamboo tube zither from Madagascar. It is played by plucking the strings, which may be made of metal or (originally) the bamboo skin which is pried up in long strands and propped up by small bridges.
Veena Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked stringed instrument used in Indian classical music from Southern India
Vielle Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A European bowed stringed instrument used in the Medieval period, similar to a modern violin but with a somewhat longer and deeper body, five (rather than four) gut strings, and a leaf-shaped pegbox with frontal tuning pegs.
Vihuela Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments A name given to two different guitar-like string instruments: one from 15th and 16th century Spain, usually with 12 paired strings, and the other, the Mexican vihuela, from 20th century Mexico with five strings and typically played in Mariachi bands.
Viol Nein Instruments Stringed instruments The viol (also called viola da gamba) is any one of a family of bowed, fretted stringed musical instruments developed in the 1400s and used primarily in the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
Viola Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Viola Braguesa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed instrument similar to a guitar from Braga, north-western Portugal, with 10 paired steel strings.
Viola Caipira Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments Brazilian ten-string guitar with five courses of strings arranged in pairs.
Viola d'Amore Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A 7- or 6-stringed musical instrument with sympathetic strings used chiefly in the baroque period. It is played under the chin in the same manner as the violin.
Viola da Gamba Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Viola de Cocho Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments 5-string lute-like viola played in Pantanal region, frontier with Paraguay.
Viola Kontra Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A three-stringed viola used in Hungarian, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Slovak and Romani dance music. It has a flattened bridge and is used to play chords rather than single notes.
Viola Nordestina Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments 10-string acoustic guitar with vents that kind of make it sound like a dobro. Very common in the Northeastern part of Brazil for regional music.
Viola Pomposa Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also violino pomposo: a five-stringed instrument slightly larger than a viola, developed around 1725.
Violin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Violino Piccolo Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Violoncello Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Violone Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Instrument belonging to both the viol and violin families with many variations.
Washtub Bass Nein Instruments Stringed Instruments
Xalam Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also spelled khalam, also called bappe, diassare, hoddu, koliko, komsa, kontigi, koni, konting, molo, ndere, ngoni, and tidinit. a simple lute with one to five strings. The wooden body (soundbox) of the instrument is oval-shaped and covered with the hide of cattle. The strings of the xalam are typically made of two or three tightly wound strands of low-gauge nylon fishing line; these strings are fixed to the instrument's wooden neck by long and narrow leather strips and to its wooden bridge by cotton strings. By moving these strips, the instrument's tune can be adjusted. The xalam usually has two main melody strings that are fingered by the left hand (like the strings of a guitar or banjo) and two to three supplementary strings of fixed pitch.
Yang T'Chin Nein Instruments Stringed instruments No information available.
Yanggeum Nein Instruments Stringed instruments A traditional Korean string instrument
Yangqin Nein instruments Stringed instruments (also 扬琴, 揚琴, yángqín) A Chinese hammered dulcimer originally from Central Asia (Persia (modern-day Iran)).
Zeze Nein Instruments Stringed instruments Also tzetze or dzendze in mainland Africa, and lokanga voatavo in Madagascar. An instrument with 3 wire strings, that can be plucked or bowed. The instrument's body is a gourd attached to a stick with three frets carved into it.
Zither Nein Instruments Stringed instruments
Zongora Nein Instruments Stringed instruments An instrument typical of Maramureş, a region of Romania. It is similar to a guitar, but has fewer strings. In the past it had two strings, but nowadays it has four or even five.
Accordion Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Algoza Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also: Jorhi, Ngoza) a Punjabi woodwind instrument adopted by Sindhi folk musicians.
Alphorn Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also called alpenhorn, a wind instrument consisting of a natural wooden horn of conical bore, having a cup-shaped mouthpiece.
Alto Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Alto Flute Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Alto Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also: Tenor horn, Althorn, E♭ horn)
Alto Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Alto Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Apito Nein Instruments Wind instruments A whistle from Brazil. Unlike the European variety the Apito has two openings at the sides and can thus make three different pitches.
Bagpipes Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bandoneon Nein Instruments Wind instruments A free-reed instrument particularly popular in Argentina
Bansuri Nein Instruments Wind instruments An Indian side-blown flute made of bamboo or reed with six or seven holes
Baritone Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Baritone Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Baritone Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Barrel Organ Nein Instruments Wind instruments A mechanical musical instrument consisting of bellows and one or more ranks of pipes housed in a case, usually of wood, and often highly decorated. The basic principle is the same as a traditional pipe organ, but rather than being played by an organist, the barrel organ is activated either by a person turning a crank, or by clockwork driven by weights or springs. The pieces of music are encoded onto wooden barrels (or cylinders), which are analogous to the keyboard of the traditional pipe organ.
Bass Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Flute Nein Instruments Winged Instruments
Bass Harmonica Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Trombone Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Bass Trumpet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Tuba Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Basset Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also basset-horn) A member of the clarinet family. A wind instrument with a single reed and a cylindrical bore. However, the basset horn is larger and has a bend near the mouthpiece rather than an entirely straight body
Bassoon Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bawu Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bayan Nein Instruments Wind instruments A type of chromatic button accordion developed in Russia in the early 20th century and named after the bard, Boyan. It differs from western chromatic button accordions
Bellowphone Nein Instruments Wind instruments http://www.bellowphone.com/
Beresta Nein Instruments Wind instruments Russian Silver Birch Bark Bird Whistle
Blues Harp Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also called a richter tuned harmonica or 10-hole harmonica (in Asia), is the most widely known type of harmonica. In the United States and Europe, it is called a diatonic harmonica. It has ten holes which offer the player 19 notes (10 holes times a draw and a blow for each hole minus one repeated note) in a three octave range.
Bolivian Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Bombarde Nein Instruments Wind instruments A folk musical instrument from Brittany and Cornwall that is a cross between an oboe and a conical-bored pipe chanter
Border Pipes Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also Lowland pipes, reel pipes, half-long pipes: a bagpipe from the Anglo-Scottish Borders region.
Brass Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Brass Bass Nein Instruments Wind instruments An older term for Bass Tuba which appears on early 20th century records.
Bucium Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also trâmbiţă or tulnic) is a type of alphorn used by mountain dwellers in Romania.
Bugle Nein Instruments Wind instruments
C Melody Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments A saxophone between alto and tenor, tuned to C, and popular in the early 1900s.
Caramusa Nein Instruments Wind instruments A bagpipe from Corsica made of wood, leather and reed.
Carnyx Nein Instruments Wind instruments A bronze trumpet of the Iron Age Celts with an elongated S shape, held so that the long straight tube was vertical and the bell, shaped like an animal's head, was horizontal.
Chalumeau Nein Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind instrument of the late baroque and early classical era, in appearance rather like a recorder, but with a mouthpiece like a clarinet's.
Chanter Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Charamel Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Chirimia Nein Instruments Wind instruments Predecessor of oboe, used in medieval Europe and in colonial Spanish America.
Clarín Cajamarquino Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also qewayllo, kepa or shukcha. A Peruvian wind instrument made from a single thick reed 3 to 4 metres long, with a bell made from a gourd.
Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Clarion Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also: claro) A type of cylindrical brass instrument dating from the 11th to 14th centuries. It is the ancestor to the trumpet and was used by cavalries in camp and as a signal during war.
Claviola Nein Instruments Wind instruments Similar to a melodica, but worn like an accordion, the claviola has a set of piano keys on the right side that range 2 1/2 octaves. The left side is a set of pipes that range in length depending on the corresponding pitch.
Comb Nein Instruments Wind instruments A simple combination of a comb and wax paper to form a kazoo like instrument
Concert Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Western Concert Flute, Transverse Flute, Flute Traversière) - A side-blown woodwind instrument made of metal or wood. It is the most common variant of the flute.
Concertina Nein Instruments Wind instruments A member of the free-reed family of instruments. Concertinas typically have buttons on both ends and are distinguished from an accordion (piano or button) by the direction of their button travel when pushed. Concertina buttons travel in the same direction as the bellows
Conch Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Contra-Alto Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Contrabass Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Contrabass Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Contrabass Trombone Nein Instruments Wind instruments The lowest instrument in the trombone family of brass instruments.
Contrabassoon Nein Instruments Wind instruments The contrabassoon, also contrafagotto or double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower.
Cor Anglais Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also known as English Horn
Cornet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Cornett Nein Instruments Wind instruments An early wind instrument, dating from the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods. It is not to be confused with the trumpet-like instrument cornet.
Cromorne Nein Instruments Wind instruments French woodwind reed instrument used in the early Baroque period in French court music.
Crumhorn Nein Instruments Wind instruments A musical instrument of the woodwind family, a capped reed instrument. A double reed is mounted inside a windcap at one end of a long pipe. Blowing into the windcap produces a musical note. The pitch of the note can be varied by opening or closing finger holes along the length of the pipe.
Daegeum Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also spelled taegum or taegŭm) is a large bamboo transverse flute used in traditional Korean music. It has a buzzing membrane that gives it a special timbre.
Danso Nein Instruments Wind instruments A Korean notched, end-blown vertical bamboo flute used in Korean folk music.
Didgeridoo Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also spelt Didjeridu
Dili Tuiduk Nein Instruments Wind instruments also( дилли туйдук, dilli düdük, dilli tuyduk , dili tüidük, dilli tüidük) is a Turkmen woodwind instrument. It is a clarinet-like, single-reed instrument used mainly in Turkmen folk music.
Dizi Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also dízi di 笛, hengdi 橫笛, has varieties including the qudi 曲笛 and bangdi 梆笛), is a Chinese transverse flute, it is a major Chinese musical instrument, and is widely used in many genres of Chinese folk music, as well as Chinese opera, and the modern Chinese orchestra.
Drone Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Duduk Nein Instruments Wind instruments A traditional woodwind instrument of Armenian origins.[1][2] This English word is often used generically for a family of ethnic instruments including the doudouk or duduk (դուդուկ) (previously dziranapogh (ծիրանափող, literally "apricot horn") in Armenia, the düdük or mey in Turkey, the duduki in Georgia, the balaban in Azerbaijan, the narmeh-ney in Iran, the duduka or dudka in Russia and Ukraine, duduk in Serbia, and the daduk in Bulgaria.
Dulcian Nein Instruments Wind instruments Predecessor of bassoon (actually called "bajón" in Spanish).
Dulzaina Nein Instruments Wind instruments Spanish wind instrument (not to be confused with *dulcian*), somewhat similar to Chirimia.
Dvojačka Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also dvojačky, dvojanka, dvojacka. A double-core flute traditional to Slovakia, that combines a 6-hole shepherd's flute with an overtone flute.
Electronic Valve Instrument Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also EVI) - A controller intended to be played by brass instrumentalists.
Electronic Wind Instrument Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also EWI) - A combination of a controller and synthesizer that lets wind musicians (for example saxophonists) play electronic synthesizers using their breath and fingering technique.
English Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also known as Cor Anglais
Euphonium Nein Instruments Wind instruments A conical-bore, tenor-voiced brass instrument.
Fife Nein Instruments Wind instruments A small, high-pitched, transverse flute that is similar to the piccolo, but louder and shriller due to its narrower bore. The fife originated in medieval Europe and is often used in military and marching bands. Someone who plays the fife is called a fifer. The word fife comes from the German Pfeife, or pipe, ultimately derived from the Latin word pipare.
Flageolet Nein Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind instrument and a member of the fipple flute family
Flugabone Nein Instruments Wind instruments A mix of trombone and flugelhorn
Flugelhorn Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Fluier Nein Instruments Wind instruments A Romanian 6 hole pipe similar to a tin whistle, but made out of wood.
Flumpet Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Flute D'Amour Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Free-reed Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments A single tube with finger-holes and a mouthpiece with a metal free reed, found in many forms throughout south-east Asia.
French Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Friscaletto Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Fujara Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Gaita Nein Instruments Wind instruments A family of bagpipes from various regions of Spain and Portugal. Examples include the Asturian gaita, the Galician gaita, the Portuguese gaita transmontana, the Aragonese gaita de boto.
Galoubet Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Garklein Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments also known as the sopranissimo recorder or piccolo recorder.
Gemshorn Nein Instruments Wind instruments An instrument of the ocarina family that was historically made from the horn of a chamois, goat, or other suitable animal.
Gralla Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also grall de pastor, xaramita or xirimita. A traditional Catalan double-reed instrument in the shawm family.
Gudastviri Nein Instruments Wind instruments droneless, double-chantered, horn-belled bagpipe played in Georgia. Also known as the chiboni, stviri, or tulumi.
Harmet Nein Instruments Wind instruments Finnish flute
Harmonica Nein Instruments Wind instruments A free reed wind instrument which is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers) or multiple holes. The pressure caused by blowing or drawing air into the reed chambers causes a reed or multiple reeds to vibrate up and down creating sound. Each chamber has multiple, variable-tuned brass or bronze reeds which are secured at one end and loose on the other end, with the loose end vibrating and creating sound. The harmonica is used in blues and American folk music, jazz, classical music, country music, rock and roll, and pop music. The harmonica has other nicknames, especially in blues music, including: "harp," "blues harp," and "mouth organ."
Heckelphone Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A double reed instrument of the oboe family, but with a wider bore and hence a heavier and more penetrating tone. It is pitched an octave below the oboe. Approximately four feet in length, and is quite heavy, it rests on the floor, supported by a short metal peg attached to the underside of its bulbous bell. (An alternate second bell, called a "muting" bell, is also available, which serves to muffle the instrument for playing in a small ensemble.)
Helicon Nein Instruments Wind instruments Tuba-like brass instrument. Predecessor to the sousaphone, which was an improved version with a different shape.
Hichiriki Nein Instruments Wind Instruments 篳篥 (Japanese flute)
Highland Pipes Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Horagai Nein Instruments Wind instruments Horagai (also 法螺貝. jinkai, 陣貝) - Large conch shells that have been used as a trumpets in Japan for many centuries. The instrument, which has served a number of purposes throughout Japanese history, has been given a number of Japanese names depending on its function. Special schools still teach students to play the traditional music associated with the conch.
Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments Please use French Horn, Alphorn, Cor Anglais, Crumhorn, English Horn, and Flugelhorn if these are specifically used.
Horns Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Hotchiku Nein Instruments Wind instruments A Japanese flute, manufactured solely from bamboo. Reminiscent of the Shakuhachi flute, but is larger and has a more brittle tone.
Hulusi Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also huluxi, pi lamtao, pi namtao: a Chinese free-reed instrument made from three bamboo pipes passing through a Calabash gourd.
Hunting Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Jug Nein Instruments Wind instruments A jug (usually made of glass or stoneware) played with the mouth. With an embouchure like that used for a brass instrument, the musician holds the mouth of the jug about an inch from his or her mouth and emits a blast of sound, made by a "buzzing" of the lips, directly into it. The jug does not touch the musician's mouth, but serves as a resonating chamber to amplify and enrich the sound made by the musician's lips. Changes in pitch are controlled by loosening or tightening the lips, and an accomplished jugplayer might have a two octave range.
Kagurabue Nein Instruments Wind Instruments 神楽笛 (Japanese side-blown flute)
Kaval Nein Instruments Wind instruments A chromatic end-blown flute traditionally played throughout Azerbaijan, Turkey, Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo / Serbia (Kavall), northern Greece (Kavali or Dzhamara), southern Romania (Caval), Armenia (Բլուլ or Blul) and Kurdistan (Blul).
Kazoo Nein Instruments Wind instruments A simple musical instrument (membranophone) that adds a "buzzing" timbral quality to a player's voice when one hums into it.
Khene Nein Instruments Wind instruments A mouth-organ whose pipes are connected with a small, hollowed-out wooden reservoir into which air is blown. Associated with the Lao of Laos and Northeast Thailand, similar instruments date back to the bronze age of Southeast Asia.
Kortholt Nein Instruments Wind instruments Renaissance period woodwind instrument
Launeddas Nein Instruments Wind instruments A very ancient woodwind instrument from Sardinia, Italy. Consists of three pipes of different length, played with circular respiration.
Limbe Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A Mongolian end-blown flute
Liru Nein Instruments Wind instruments A traditional clarinet-like instrument from Karelia. Manufactured from aspen or alder trees, length varies from 25 to 50 centimeters.
Low Whistle Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also concert whistle) A variation of the traditional tin whistle / pennywhistle, distinguished by its lower pitch and larger size.
Lur Nein Instruments Wind instruments The more recent type is made of wood and was in use in Scandinavia during the Middle Ages. The older type, named after the more recent type, is made of bronze, dates to the Bronze Age and was often found in pairs, deposited in bogs, mainly in Denmark.
Lyricon Nein Instruments Wind instruments An electronic wind instrument. It enabled instrumentalists to control a synthesizer by playing a type of electronic saxophone, the synthesizer being contained in a fur-lined plastic case.
Mänkeri Nein Instruments Wind instruments A traditional clarinet-like instrument from Western Finland. Manufactured from pinewood, length varies from 10 to 30 centimeters.
Mellophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments The mellophone is a brass instrument that is typically used in place of the horn in marching bands or drum and bugle corps.
Melodeon Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also diatonic button accordion) - A type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard is limited to the notes of diatonic scales in a small number of keys (sometimes only one). The bass side usually contains the principal chords of the instrument's key and the root notes of those chords.
Mey Nein Instruments Wind Instruments Double-reed aerophone used in Turkish folk music
Mizmar Nein Instruments Wind instruments In Arabic music, a mizmar is any single or double reed wind instrument. In Egypt mizmar usually refers to a surnay. Mizmar is also a term used for a group of musicians, usually a duo or trio, that play a mizmar instrument along with an accompaniment of one or two double-sided bass drums.
Mizwad Nein Instruments Wind instruments (Also: mezoued, mizwid, مِزْود, مَزاود, mazāwid) a type of bagpipes played in Tunisia
Moceño Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Moxeño, Mozeño) - a flute used by the people in the Andes. It's played like a travers flute but the mouth is not directly on the flute. The mouth is a separate piece that goes to the left, as the flute itself goes to the right.
Mouth Organ Nein Instruments Wind Instruments Relative to the Harmonica / Melodica
Murli Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also: Murala, Been) An aerophonic double reed Instrument made of bamboo pipe and gourd shell.
Musette Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Oboe Musette) - the smallest member of the shawm family. Shawms were the renaissance/early baroque version of the oboe. [not a Musette de Cour - use the credit "Bagpipes"].
Nadaswaram Nein Instruments Wind Instruments (also nadhaswaram, nagaswaram) Classical instruments of South India, a wind instrument similar to the North Indian shehnai but larger, with a hardwood body and a large flaring bell made of wood or metal.
Ney Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Nay) - End-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music
Northumbrian Pipes Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Nose Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments A popular musical instrument played in Polynesia and the Pacific Rim countries. Other versions are found in Africa, China and India.
Oboe Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Oboe d'Amore Nein Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind instrument. It is a member of the double reed family, very similar to the oboe. Slightly larger than the oboe, it has a less assertive and more tranquil and serene tone, and is considered the mezzo-soprano or alto of the oboe family.
Oboe Da Caccia Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Ocarina Nein Instruments Wind Instruments Sometimes called the sweet potato, an ancient flute-like wind instrument. It usually is made up of an oval-shaped enclosed space and four to thirteen finger holes, though there are some variations on the standard design.
Ophicleide Nein Instruments Wind instruments A family of conical bore, brass keyed bugles, and an early ancestor of the saxophone.
Overtone Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Panpipes Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also called Bolivian Pipes
Piano Accordion Nein Instruments Wind instruments An accordion equipped with a right-hand keyboard similar to a piano or organ.
Piccolo Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Piccolo Trumpet Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Pifana Nein Instruments Wind instruments A type of gemshorn from Corsica, usually made from goat horn.
Pipe Nein Instruments Wind instruments A wide range of instruments used especially in folk music. There are many specific types of pipes known, just to name Piszczałka (Poland), Fujara (Slovakia), Fluieraş (Romania), Zhaleika (Russia).
Piri Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A cylindrical oboe with a bamboo body.
Pirula Nein Instruments Wind instruments A reed recorder from Corsica.
Pito Nein Instruments Wind instruments A wooden flute used in the Andes. The mouth and the body are made of one piece. The sound of it is sharp and high.
Pito Herreño Nein Instruments Wind instruments A small metal whistle/flute typical of El Hierro in the Canary Islands.
Pixiephone Nein Instruments Wind instruments A children's toy sold in the UK in the 1960s and 1970s, similar to the Melodica.
Quena Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Kena, Qina) - traditional flute of the Andes. Usually made of bamboo, it has 6 finger holes and one thumb hole and is open on both ends. To produce sound, the player closes the top end of the pipe with the flesh between his chin and lower lip, and blows a stream of air downward, along the axis of the pipe, over an elliptical notch cut into the end. It is normally in the key of G, with G being the lowest note (all holes covered). It produces a very breathy or airy tone.
Quenacho Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Kenacho) South American (Andean) flute, a greater, lower-toned version of the quena.
Quray Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Rackett Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also cervelas or sausage bassoon: a Renaissance-era double-reed wind instrument, introduced late in the sixteenth century.
Rauschpfeife Nein Instruments Wind instruments A wooden double-reed instrument with the reed enclosed in a windcap
Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind musical instrument of the family known as fipple flutes, blockflutes or internal duct flutes. The recorder is end-blown and the mouth of the instrument is constricted by a wooden plug, known as a block or fipple.
Reeds Nein Instruments Wind instruments For the general crediting of reed instruments.
Rhaita Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Ghaita) - A reed instrument from Northern Africa
Rondador Nein Instruments Wind instruments A set of chorded bamboo panpipes that produces two tones simultaneously. It consists of pieces of cane, placed side by side in order by size and closed at one end, and is played by blowing across the top of the instrument. The rondador is considered the national instrument of Ecuador.
Rozhok Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also vladimirskiy rozhok,Rojok, Владимирский Рожок) An ancient Russian musical instrument made of wood. A rozhok is a conical straight tube with the five playing holes on the top of it and one - below. At the low end is a small bell at the top the pasted in mouthpiece. The total length of a rozhok ranges from 320 to 830 mm. A mouthpiece is cut in the form of a small cap and the lower end of the tube is in the form of a conic bell.
Ryuteki Nein Instruments Wind instruments (龍笛, literally "dragon flute") is a Japanese transverse fue made of bamboo. It is used in gagaku, the Shinto classical music associated with Japan's imperial court.
Sackbut Nein Instruments Wind instruments Predecessor of trombone used in Renaissance and Baroqque times, it has a softer sound.
Saenghwang Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also saeng: a Korean mouth-blown free-reed instrument consisting of 17 bamboo pipes. It is similar to the Chinese sheng, but with different tuning.
Salamuri Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Sampona Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Sampoña, Zampoña, or Siku), an Andean pan flute.
Sarrusophone Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A family of transposing musical instruments, its intended use was to serve as a replacement for the oboe and bassoon.
Saxello Nein Instruments Wind instruments Essentially a straight soprano sax, but with a slightly curved neck and tipped bell.
Saxhorn Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Schwyzerörgeli Nein Instruments Wind instruments A type of accordion used in Swiss folk music
Serpent Nein Instruments Wind instruments A bass wind instrument, descended from the cornett, and a distant ancestor of the tuba, with a mouthpiece like a brass instrument but side holes like a woodwind. It is usually a long cone bent into a snakelike shape, hence the name.
Shakuhachi Nein Instruments Wind instruments Japanese bamboo flute
Shanai Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Shehnai, Shenai) - a tube-like instrument that gradually widens towards the lower end. It usually has between six and nine holes. It employs two sets of double reeds, making it a quadruple reed woodwind. By controlling the breath, various tunes can be played on it.
Shawm Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also possably Bass-Shalm ?) A medieval and Renaissance musical instrument of the woodwind family made in Europe from the late 13th century until the 17th century. It was developed from the oriental zurna and is the predecessor of the modern oboe.
Shenai Nein Instruments Wind instruments Indian reed instrument
Sheng Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A mouth-blown free reed instrument (the first) consisting essentially of vertical pipes.
Shinobue Nein Instruments Wind instruments A Japanese flute, very important in Noh and Kabuki theatre, as well as in shinto and folk music.
Sho Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Shofar Nein Instruments Wind instruments An ancient instrument typically made of a ram's horn, used in Jewish religious ceremonies.
Shruti Box Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A small wooden instrument that traditionally works on a system of bellows. It is similar to a harmonium and is used to provide a drone in a practice session or concert of Indian classical music. It is used as an accompaniment to other instruments and notably the flute.
Slide Whistle Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also: swanee, swannee whistle, piston flute, jazz flute)
Smallpipes Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Sodina Nein Instruments Wind instruments Relative of flute
Sopilka Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also; Cопiлка, Сопел) A name applied to a variety of woodwind instruments of the flute family used by Ukrainian folk instrumentalists.
Sopranino Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Sopranino Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Soprano Clarinet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Soprano Cornet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Soprano Flute Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Soprano Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments also known as the descant recorder.
Soprano Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Soprano Trombone Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Souna Nein Instruments Wind instruments A Chinese a double reed instrument.
Sousaphone Nein Instruments Wind instruments A type of tuba that is widely employed in marching bands. Designed so that it fits around the body of the tubist and is supported by the left shoulder, the sousaphone may be readily played while being carried.
Steirische Harmonika Nein Instruments Wind instruments A type of diatonic button accordion used in the alpine folk music of Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Austria, Bavaria and the Tyrol.
Subcontrabass Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Suling Nein Instruments Wind instruments An Indonesian/Philippine flute made out of bamboo used in gamelan ensembles.
Suona Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Dida, Laba) - An ancient double-reed wind instrument. It was introduced into China from Persia and Arabia during the Ming dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). The mouthpiece of suona is made of two small and thin pieces of reeds. The middle section is a metal bell. Its tone is sonorous and penetrating. The instrument is famous for its capacity to depict joyous and vigorous moods. Its role at first was to inspire the army of the Ming dynasty. Gradually it came to be commonly used in wedding and funeral ceremonies, orchestral, and theatrical music.
Taepyungso Nein Instruments Wind Instruments A conical oboe with a wooden body and metal bell.
Tambin Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also sereendu, fulannu or Fulani flute: a diagonal diatonic flute of the West African Fula people with three finger-holes similar in sound to the ney.
Tarka Nein Instruments Wind instruments An indigenous wooden blockflute of the Andes with 6 finger-holes.
Tárogató Nein Instruments Wind instruments A single reed instrument. It is made out of wood and has a conical bore, similar to the soprano saxophone.
Tenor Flute Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Tenor Horn Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Tenor Recorder Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Tenor Saxophone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Tenor Trombone Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Ti-tse Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Ti) - A traditional Chinese bamboo flute.
Tin Whistle Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also called the tinwhistle, whistle, pennywhistle, or Irish whistle, is a simple six-holed woodwind instrument.
Tonette Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Trombone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Trumpet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Trutruka Nein Instruments Wind instruments A coiled trumpet made of bamboo, used by the Mapuche of Chile and Argentina.
Tsuur Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also choor or chuur: a Mongolian end-blown flute without a mouthpiece, usually made from light wood.
Tuba Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Txirula Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Txistu Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Uilleann Pipes Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Valve Trombone Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Valve Trumpet Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Wagner Tuba Nein Instruments Wind Instruments Brass instrument that combines tonal elements of both the French horn and the trombone.
Washint Nein Instruments Wind instruments Also Washnt: an end-blown wooden flute from Ethiopia.
Whistle Nein Instruments Wind instruments
Whistling Water Jar Nein Instruments Wind Instruments An ancient instrument, usually made from pottery, containing water that changes and / or produces the sound.
Wind Nein Instruments Wind instruments To be used for general wind instruments, when a specific instrument is not specified. Also see Brass and Woodwind for more specific generalisations!
Woodwind Nein Instruments Wind Instruments
Xiao Nein Instruments Wind Instruments Chinese bamboo flute
Yorgaphone Nein Instruments Wind instruments A reed instrument from Romania
Zhaleika Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also Jaleika) A Russian single-reed woodwind instrument
Zukra Nein Instruments Wind instruments a Libyan bagpipe with a double-chanter terminating in two cow horns.
Zurna Nein Instruments Wind instruments (also surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an multinational outdoor wind instrument, usually accompanied by a davul (bass drum) in Anatolian folk music.
Automatic Orchestra Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Computer Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Drum Machine Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Effects Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Electronics Nein Instruments Technical Musical The general manipulation of electronic instruments and effects
Groovebox Nein Instruments Technical Musical A self-contained instrument for the production of live, loop-based electronic music. A groovebox consists of three integrated elements; one or more sound sources, such as a drum machine, a synthesizer or a sampler; a music sequencer; and a control surface.
Loops Nein Instruments Technical Musical
MIDI Controller Nein Instruments Technical Musical The most common MIDI Controller is the standard keyboard, but MIDI notes can be triggered from almost any imaginable device; electronic drums, wind controllers, breaking light beams etc.
Noises Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Sampler Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Scratches Ja Instruments Technical Musical
Sequencer Nein Instruments Technical Musical An electronic device that can be programmed to store sequences of rhythms or music.
Software Instrument Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Talkbox Nein Instruments Technical Musical (also Talk Box, Voice Box) A musical sound effects device that allows a musician to modify the sound of a musical instrument. The musician controls the modification by changing the shape of their mouth. Usually an effects pedal that sits on the floor and contains a speaker attached with an air tight connection to a plastic tube
Tannerin Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Tape Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Theremin Nein Instruments Technical Musical
Turntables Nein Instruments Technical Musical Also called decks, phonograph, record player, or gramophone
Vocoder Nein Instruments Technical Musical A speech analyzer and synthesizer. A vocoder has two inputs, and combines them such that, for example, a synthesized tone input is filtered to follow the spectral profile of the voice input. Other input combinations can be used for different results.
Accompanied By Nein Instruments Other musical Generic credit for backing musicians. Specific roles should be used instead if known.
Audio Generator Nein Instruments Other muscial An unspecified instrument, presumed to be an electronic device such as a test signal generator.
Backing Band Nein Instruments Other musical Used to credit the whole band, common on reggae releases.
Band Nein Instruments Other musical
Bass Nein Instruments Other musical Generic credit for the playing of a bass instrument or generating bass sounds. Please use a more specific credit where possible, such as Electric Bass for the standard bass guitar, Double Bass or Contrabass for the upright acoustic instrument, Acoustic Bass for the bass version of the acoustic guitar, Electric Upright Bass for the electrified double bass, and Arco Bass, Bass Vocals, Bass Drum, Guitarrón, Bass Clarinet, Bass Harmonica, Bass Saxophone for their specific instruments.
Basso Continuo Nein Instruments Other musical Common in music from the Baroque era, this is an improvised bass line and chord progression played by a group of instruments to provide the harmonic structure in an orchestral piece.
Brass Band Nein Instruments Other musical
Bullroarer Nein Instruments Other Musical A longish piece of cord fixed to an oval piece of wood or other suitable material which usually is thicker in the center, and sharpish at the edges.
Concert Band Nein Instruments Other Musical A concert band, also called wind band, symphonic band, symphonic winds, wind orchestra, wind symphony, wind ensemble, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of several members of the woodwind instrument family, brass instrument family, and percussion instrument family.
E-Bow Nein Instruments Other musical This is not an instrument in its own right, as it does not make any sound on its own. It is a battery-powered hand-held electronic device, which effectively gives a performer another method for playing any stringed instrument. As it uses a magnetic field, it only works on steel strings, so is usually only credited for steel-stringed instruments.
Ensemble Nein Instruments Other Musical A musical ensemble is a group of two or more musicians who perform instrumental or vocal music. In each musical style or genre, different norms have developed for the sizes and composition of different ensembles, and for the repertoire of songs or musical works that these ensembles perform. Can be expanded on with brackets, for example "Ensemble [Quartet]"
Gamelan Nein Instruments Other musical A musical ensemble from Indonesia, typically from the islands of Bali or Java, featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings. Vocalists may also be included.
Glass Harmonica Nein Instruments Other Musical Uses a series of glass bowls or goblets graduated in size to produce musical tones by means of friction.
Guest Nein Instruments Other musical A musician or vocalist that is a non-band member.
Homus Nein Instruments Other musical A version of Jew's Harp from Asia.
Instruments Nein Instruments Other musical A general credit for the playing of musical instruments
Jew's Harp Nein Instruments Other musical Also jaw harp, jaws harp, Jew's trump, guimbarde, juice harp, or mouth harp - A flexible metal or bamboo tongue or reed attached to a frame. The tongue/reed is placed in the performer's mouth and plucked with the finger to produce a note. The frame is held against the performer's teeth or lips, using the jaw (thus "jaw harp") and mouth as a resonator, greatly increasing the volume of the instrument. The note thus produced is constant in pitch, though by changing the shape of his or her mouth and the amount of air contained in it the performer can cause different overtones to sound and thus create melodies.
Mbira Nein Instruments Other Musical (also Likembe, Sanza, Zanza, Mbila, Thumb Piano, Mbira Huru, Mbira Njari, Mbira Nyunga Nyunga, Karimba or Kalimba) A wooden board or box to which staggered metal or wooden keys have been attached.
Morchang Nein Instruments Other musical A brass horseshoe shaped ring with a metal tongue that is made to vibrate with the hands and teeth to mimic speech. (like a mouth harp)
Musician Nein Instruments Other Musical
Orchestra Nein Instruments Other musical
Performer Nein Instruments Other musical A generic musical role, use brackets to add specifics
Rhythm Section Nein Instruments Other Musical
Saw Nein Instruments Other musical
Siren Nein Instruments Other musical Sirens are used as musical instruments, such as in Edgard Varèse's Hyperprism (1924), Ionisation (1931), recorded, in his Poeme Electronique (1958), George Antheil's "Ballet Mécanique" (1926), The Klaxon: March of the Automobiles (1929 by Henry Fillmore, The Chemical Brothers's Song to the Siren and, (in a CBS News 60 Minutes segment) by experimental percussionist Evelyn Glennie.
Soloist Nein Instruments Other musical This is a musical role, rather than the more common instrument credit used for musicians on Discogs. It denotes that the musician has taken a solo on the track - where one performer is playing either completely alone, or with accompaniment from the others. Common examples are jazz improvisation, featured musicians in classical music, and lead guitar in rock. Please also include the instrument they are playing, as a separate credit, if noted on the release, for example "Soloist, Guitar - Jimi Hendrix"
Sounds Nein Instruments Other musical General credit sometimes used in a non-specific way on releases, for example Additional Sounds, All sounds by, Sound sources etc
Tifa Totobuang Nein Instruments Other musical A music ensemble from the Maluku Islands consisting of totobuang (gong chimes) and a set of tifa drums.
Toy Nein Instruments Other musical Generic role for the use of toy instruments.
Trautonium Nein Instruments Other musical A monophonic electronic musical instrument
Wind Chimes Nein Instruments Other musical
Wobble Board Nein Instruments Other musical An instrument popularized by the Australian musician and artist Rolf Harris. Wobble boards are not commercially made, and most are made by the player. Almost any large, rigid but flexible sheet of material can be used as an impromptu wobble board, although some materials are markedly better than others.