Gustav Mahler

Vrai Nom:
Gustav Mahler
Profil:
Austrian composer and conductor.
Born 7 July 1860 in Kalischt, Bohemia (today Kaliště, Czech Republic) and died 18 May 1911 in Vienna, Austria.

Gustav Mahler (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʊstaf ˈmaːlɐ]; was a late-Romantic Austrian-Bohemian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler showed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner and Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small—for much of his life composing was a part-time activity, secondary to conducting—and is confined to the genres of symphony and song, except for one piano quartet. Most of his ten symphonies are very large-scale works, several of which employ soloists and choirs in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and were slow to receive critical and popular approval; an exception was the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Mahler's immediate musical successors were the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.
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Albums

Gustav Mahler - Zweite Symphonie - Symphony No. 2 illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner Gustav Mahler, Oskar Fried, Gertrud Bindernagel, Emmi Leisner - Zweite Symphonie - Symphony No. 2 (Album) Grammophon Germany 1925 Vendre cette version
E 10009-14 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major illustration d'album Gustav Mahler Symphony No. 4 In G Major(3xShellac, Album) Parlophone E 10009-14 Japan 1930 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") (Album) Victor Red Seal, Victor Red Seal US 1935 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman, The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman, The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* - Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde (Album) Columbia US 1937 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 9 illustration d'album Mahler* : Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* Conducted By Bruno Walter Mahler* : Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra* Conducted By Bruno Walter - Symphony No. 9 (Album) Victor Red Seal US 1938 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 1 In D Major illustration d'album Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler - Dimitri Mitropoulos Conducting the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 1 In D Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1940 Vendre cette version
MX 267 Gustav Mahler - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen) illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Fritz Reiner, Carol Brice, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer (Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen)(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia MX 267 US 1946 Vendre cette version
AK 1624-25 Gustav Mahler - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs Of A Wayfarer) illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Eugenia Zareska, Eduard van Beinum, The London Philharmonic Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugenia Zareska, Eduard van Beinum, The London Philharmonic Orchestra - Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs Of A Wayfarer)(2xShellac, 12", Album) Decca AK 1624-25 US 1947 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major illustration d'album Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban Gustav Mahler / Bruno Walter Conducting The The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Desi Halban - Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Vendre cette version
MM 809 Gustav Mahler - Mahler Songs illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Desi Halban, Bruno Walter Gustav Mahler, Desi Halban, Bruno Walter - Mahler Songs(3xShellac, 10", Album) Columbia Masterworks MM 809 US 1948 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias illustration d'album Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Gustav MahlerJohann Sebastian Bach - Carol Brice Contraalto, With Fritz Reiner Conducting The The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Songs Of A Wayfarer ‧ Sacred Arias Columbia Masterworks US 1949 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Lieder Aus „Des Knaben Wunderhorn“ illustration d'album Mahler* Lieder Aus „Des Knaben Wunderhorn“ (Album) Amadeo US 1950 Vendre cette version
ML 4295 Gustav Mahler - Great Masters of the Keyboard, Volume V illustration d'album Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabin*, Max Reger Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Alexander Scriabin*, Max Reger - Great Masters of the Keyboard, Volume V(LP, Mono) Columbia Masterworks ML 4295 US 1950 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony Nº 2 In C Minor "Resurrection" illustration d'album Otto Klemperer, Gustav Mahler Otto Klemperer, Gustav Mahler - Symphony Nº 2 In C Minor "Resurrection" (Album) Turnabout US 1951 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Das Klagende Lied illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Zoltán Fekete (2), Ilona Steingruber, Sieglinde Wagner, Erich Majkut Gustav Mahler, Zoltán Fekete (2), Ilona Steingruber, Sieglinde Wagner, Erich Majkut - Das Klagende Lied Mercury US 1951 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 8 In E Major ("The Symphony Of A Thousand") illustration d'album Mahler*, Hermann Scherchen, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Hermann Scherchen, The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 8 In E Major ("The Symphony Of A Thousand") (Album) Columbia Masterworks 1951 Vendre cette version
GNR-101 Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 10 (Posthumous): Adagio and Purgatorio illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra*, Eric Schmidt Gustav Mahler, Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra*, Eric Schmidt - Symphony No. 10 (Posthumous): Adagio and Purgatorio(LP) Gramophone Newsreel GNR-101 1951 Vendre cette version
VRS-421 Gustav Mahler - Early Songs from Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Last Songs From Ruckert illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Alfred Poell, Anny Felbermayer, Felix Prohaska, Vienna State Opera Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, Alfred Poell, Anny Felbermayer, Felix Prohaska, Vienna State Opera Orchestra* - Early Songs from Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Last Songs From Ruckert(LP, Album) Vanguard VRS-421 US 1951 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - 5th Symphony In C Sharp Minor - 10th Symphony In F Sharp Major illustration d'album Mahler* / Hermann Scherchen Conducting The Orchestra Of The Vienna State Opera* Mahler* / Hermann Scherchen Conducting The Orchestra Of The Vienna State Opera* - 5th Symphony In C Sharp Minor - 10th Symphony In F Sharp Major (Album) Westminster US 1952 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major illustration d'album Mahler* - Eduard Van Beinum Conducting The Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam* With Margaret Ritchie Mahler* - Eduard Van Beinum Conducting The Concertgebouw Orchestra Of Amsterdam* With Margaret Ritchie - Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Comp) Decca, Decca UK 1952 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 4 In G Major illustration d'album Gustav Mahler Symphony No. 4 In G Major (Album) Royale US 1952 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 3 In D-Minor / Fourteen Youth Songs illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, F. Charles Adler, The Vienna Philharmonia Orchestra* Gustav Mahler, F. Charles Adler, The Vienna Philharmonia Orchestra* - Symphony No. 3 In D-Minor / Fourteen Youth Songs (Album) SPA Records US 1952 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 6 illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Vienna Orchestra*, F. Charles Adler Gustav Mahler, Vienna Orchestra*, F. Charles Adler - Symphony No. 6 (Album) SPA Records, SPA Records US 1952 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor illustration d'album Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* Mahler*, Jascha Horenstein Conducting The Vienna Symphony Orchestra* - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor (Album) VOX (6) US 1952 Vendre cette version
Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 7 - Song Of The Night illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Hans Rosbaud Gustav Mahler, Hans Rosbaud - Symphony No. 7 - Song Of The Night (Album) Urania Records (3) US 1953 Vendre cette version