Robert Wyatt

Vrai Nom:
Robert Wyatt Ellidge
Profil:
In the early 1960's a number of artists began to emerge in what has become termed 'The Canterbury Scene', despite the fact that they were born in far-flung fields from Canterbury and mostly performed or recorded in London, England. Robert Wyatt is one of these seminal musicians.

Born: Robert Wyatt, January 28, 1945 in Bristol, England to Honor Wyatt a teacher and BBC journalist, and George Ellidge, an industrial psychologist married at that time to another woman. Robert Wyatt became Robert Ellidge [or Robert Wyatt Ellidge] when his father and mother could finally marry in 1951 and set up home in West Dulwich, England. The family included three other children from previous relationships: George's son Mark Ellidge [later a renowned photographer and a pianist on Wyatt recordings] and Honor's daughter Prudence and son Julian Glover [later to become a renowned actor]. When George was diagnosed with MS the family moved from South London to Wellington House, a large Georgian home near Canterbury in Lydden, Kent. As Robert Ellidge, Wyatt attended the Simon Langton school.

At this school Wyatt met three people who would shape his career: Hugh Hopper and his elder brother Brian Hopper, and Brian's classmate Mike Ratledge. Skiffle and Jazz became their collective interests through school and home life.

To help maintain their large country home Wyatt's parents took in lodgers, three of whom would have a further decisive effect on his career: In late 1960 Daevid Allen arrived with a huge pile of jazz records and an unconventional lifestyle and musical philosophy. He, in turn, brought in George Neidorf from Paris, an American jazz drummer who paid his rent by teaching Wyatt the art of drumming. A footloose Kevin Ayers also arrived to share in this house's Bohemian lifestyle of jazz, beat poetry and Dadaist art concepts. In the Spring of 1962 Wyatt & Neidorf stayed in Deya on the island of Majorca at the home of poet/author Robert Graves, a friend of Wyatt's parents. [Wyatt also stayed there later with Ayers in 1965]

Allen moved to London, where he was later joined by Wyatt and Hugh Hopper. They formed the Daevid Allen Trio, gigging in the Spring & Summer of 1963 until Allen moved to Paris.

In the Summer of 1964 Wyatt co-founded Wilde Flowers with the Hopper brothers & Ayers. The band included Wyatt on drums, Hugh Hopper on bass guitar, Brian Hopper on lead guitar & sax, Kevin Ayers on vocals and young rhythm guitarist Richard Sinclair. Ayers later departed and Wyatt became the vocalist, with Richard Coughlan on drums.

Whilst still the vocalist in Wilde Flowers, Wyatt co-founded Soft Machine with Daevid Allen, Kevin Ayers and Mike Ratledge in the Summer of 1966, funded by a chance meeting on a trip in Deya with a philanthropic American spectacle-manufacturer named Wes Brunson from Tulsa, who was dropping out and tuning in to the music scene. The result was that the two bands often gigged collectively during that year. Soft Machine gained a strong 'cult' following on the London 'psychedelic underground' music scene, sharing club billings with bands such as Pink Floyd and the Jimi Hendrix Experience.

In January 1967, Soft Machine's first single release was recorded ("Love Makes Sweet Music" b/w "Feelin' Reelin' Squeelin'"). Celebrating its release on February 22nd the band gave a press conference at The Speakeasy, performing that evening at The Roundhouse as the opening act for the Jimi Hendrix Experience- where Hendrix jammed with them on bass. Earlier, a collection of demos were recorded at De Lane Lea Studios with producer Giorgio Gomelsky, but not officially released until 1971 as two compilations on the French BYG Records label.

During the summer of 1967 Wyatt toured France with Soft Machine, performing at psychedelic events along the Cote d’Azur such as Jean-Jacques Lebel’s “Sunlove Happening” and Eddie Barclay’s “La Nuit Psychedelique”. For three weeks they provided daily musical “transmissions hallucinatoires” for wildly popular performances of “Le Désir Attrapé par la Queue”, a Pablo Picasso play produced by Lebel at the Festival de la Libre Expression outside Saint-Tropez. A legendary performance of “Do It Again” helped Soft Machine to make an enormous impression in France and, by the end of the Summer of Love, they became the favorite band of the French avant-garde.

On the way back Daevid Allen was refused re-entry to England and reluctantly stayed in France (subsequently moving on to various projects before forming Gong). Meanwhile, Wyatt, Ratledge and Ayers decided to carry on Soft Machine as a trio to fulfill what was now a host of UK engagements.

In February 1968, Soft Machine embarked on a three-month American tour (opening for the Jimi Hendrix Experience), recording their first album during their touring schedule in New York over four days in April, with production handled by Tom Wilson (2) and former Animals bassist and Hendrix producer Chas Chandler. Although quickly made and not particularly well-recorded, the band's album "The Soft Machine" is now considered a classic of the extraordinarily creative post-psychedelic and pre-progressive period of the late 60's. The band split up in December 1968, re-formed in February 1969 and carried on until the late 1970's through many line-up changes and leaving no original member on board. It re-formed briefly in 1980 and 1984.

Shortly after recording the third Soft Machine album (during which time he developed his keyboard talents) Wyatt released his first solo album, "The End Of An Ear". He recorded with pianist Keith Tippett in the Keith Tippett Group in 1970 and in Tippett's 'jazz big-band' Centipede (see Centipede (3)) in 1971.

Robert Wyatt then formed the band Matching Mole in October 1971. "Matching Mole" is a clever mis-pronounciation/spelling of "La Machine Molle", the French title of William Burroughs' novel "The Soft Machine". Matching Mole disbanded in 1972 after Wyatt went with his future wife, Alfreda Benge, to Italy. On his return to the UK he was in the midst of reforming Matching Mole when at a birthday party for Gilli Smyth, on June 1, 1973, he fell from a third-floor window in a drunken stupor which left him paralyzed from the waist down.

A benefit concert by Pink Floyd helped raise funds and spirits for Wyatt's recovery back into the music business. Wyatt's album Rock Bottom was recorded three months after he was released from hospital in 1974 with the aid of Pink Floyd's Manor Mobile and Nick Mason as producer. Since then, Wyatt has achieved a successful and well-respected solo career outside the mainstream of popular music, working with a whole spectrum of renowned musicians. One of his most popular works as a solo artist has been "Shipbuilding", written for him by Elvis Costello and Clive Langer.
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Albums

64189, S 64189 Robert Wyatt - The End Of An Ear illustration d'album Robert Wyatt The End Of An Ear (Album) CBS, CBS 64189, S 64189 UK 1970 Vendre cette version
V 2017 Robert Wyatt - Rock Bottom illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Rock Bottom (Album) Virgin V 2017 UK 1974 Vendre cette version
89061-I Robert Wyatt - Ruth Is Stranger Than Richard illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Ruth Is Stranger Than Richard (Album) Virgin 89061-I Spain 1975 Vendre cette version
ROUGH 40 Robert Wyatt - The Animals Film illustration d'album Robert Wyatt The Animals Film (MiniAlbum) Rough Trade ROUGH 40 Italy 1982 Vendre cette version
ROUGH 69 Robert Wyatt - Old Rottenhat illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Old Rottenhat (Album) Rough Trade ROUGH 69 Scandinavia 1985 Vendre cette version
RTD 101.1234.1 Robert Wyatt - Dondestan illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Dondestan (Album) Rough Trade RTD 101.1234.1 Germany 1991 Vendre cette version
VP180CD Robert Wyatt - The Garden Of Love illustration d'album Kevin Ayers, Mike Oldfield, Robert Wyatt, David Bedford, Lol Coxhill, Six Beautiful Girls Kevin Ayers, Mike Oldfield, Robert Wyatt, David Bedford, Lol Coxhill, Six Beautiful Girls - The Garden Of Love (MiniAlbum) Voiceprint VP180CD Europe 1997 Vendre cette version
HNCD 1418 Robert Wyatt - Shleep illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Shleep (Album) Hannibal Records HNCD 1418 UK 1997 Vendre cette version
IPS 0800 Robert Wyatt - MW3 illustration d'album Robert Wyatt, Jean-Michel Marchetti Robert Wyatt, Jean-Michel Marchetti - MW3 AEncrages & Co IPS 0800 France 2000 Vendre cette version
HNCD1468 Robert Wyatt - Cuckooland illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Cuckooland (Album, Single) Hannibal Records HNCD1468 UK & Europe 2003 Vendre cette version
Rune 175 Robert Wyatt - Solar Flares Burn For You illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Solar Flares Burn For You(CD, Album, Enh) Cuneiform Records Rune 175 US 2003 Vendre cette version
Tip-888 848 2 Robert Wyatt - musiK / Re-Arranging The 20th Century illustration d'album Gilad Atzmon & The Orient House Ensemble With Robert Wyatt And Guillermo Rozenthuler Gilad Atzmon & The Orient House Ensemble With Robert Wyatt And Guillermo Rozenthuler - musiK / Re-Arranging The 20th Century(CD) Enja Records Tip-888 848 2 Germany 2004 Vendre cette version
HNCD 1507ADV Robert Wyatt - Theatre Royal Drury Lane 8th September 1974 illustration d'album Robert Wyatt & Friends* Robert Wyatt & Friends* - Theatre Royal Drury Lane 8th September 1974 (Album) Hannibal Records HNCD 1507ADV Europe 2005 Vendre cette version
HSE-10053 Robert Wyatt - Comicopera illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Comicopera (Album) Domino HSE-10053 Japan 2007 Vendre cette version
RTPJ 0014v Robert Wyatt - Radio Experiment Rome, February 1981 illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Radio Experiment Rome, February 1981 (Album) Rai Trade RTPJ 0014v Italy 2009 Vendre cette version
dno271 Robert Wyatt - '..........For The Ghosts Within' illustration d'album Wyatt* / Atzmon* / Stephen* Wyatt* / Atzmon* / Stephen* - '..........For The Ghosts Within' (Album) Domino dno271 US 2010 Vendre cette version
Rune 375 Robert Wyatt - '68 illustration d'album Robert Wyatt '68 (Album) Cuneiform Records Rune 375 US 2013 Vendre cette version
flau61 Robert Wyatt - KiTsuNe / Brian The Fox illustration d'album The Future Eve Featuring Robert Wyatt The Future Eve Featuring Robert Wyatt - KiTsuNe / Brian The Fox (Album) Flau, Flau flau61 Japan 2019 Vendre cette version

Singles & EPs

13 617 AT Robert Wyatt - I'm A Believer illustration d'album Robert Wyatt I'm A Believer (Single) Virgin 13 617 AT Germany 1974 Vendre cette version
PR-225 Robert Wyatt - 3 Virgins illustration d'album Gong, Robert Wyatt, David Bedford Gong, Robert Wyatt, David Bedford - 3 Virgins(7", EP, Promo, Smplr) Virgin PR-225 US 1974 Vendre cette version
VS 115 Robert Wyatt - Yesterday Man illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Yesterday Man (Single) Virgin VS 115 UK 1977 Vendre cette version
RT 037 Robert Wyatt - Arauco / Caimanera illustration d'album Robert Wyatt Arauco / Caimanera Rough Trade RT 037 UK 1980 Vendre cette version
100.114 Robert Wyatt - At Last I Am Free / Strange Fruit illustration d'album Robert Wyatt At Last I Am Free / Strange Fruit (Single) Rough Trade 100.114 France 1980 Vendre cette version
RT 081 Robert Wyatt - Grass / Trade Union illustration d'album Robert Wyatt / Disharhi Robert Wyatt / Disharhi - Grass / Trade Union (Single) Rough Trade RT 081 UK 1981 Vendre cette version
100.113 Robert Wyatt - Stalin Wasn't Stalling / Stalingrad illustration d'album Robert Wyatt / Peter Blackman Robert Wyatt / Peter Blackman - Stalin Wasn't Stalling / Stalingrad (Single) Rough Trade 100.113 France 1980 Vendre cette version